The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Manfredo III di Saluzzo, Marquis of Saluzzo and Beatrix of Savoy




Husband Manfredo III di Saluzzo, Marquis of Saluzzo 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1244
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Beatrix of Savoy 2

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1259
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Thomas I di Saluzzo, Marquis of Saluzzo 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Luisa di Ceva (      -      ) 1




Thomas FitzAlan 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey and Beatrix of Portugal




Husband Thomas FitzAlan 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey 3 4 5 6

           Born: 13 Oct 1381
     Christened: 
           Died: 13 Oct 1415
         Buried: 


         Father: Sir Richard FitzAlan 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey (1346-1397) 7 8 9 10
         Mother: Elizabeth de Bohun Countess of Arundel (Abt 1350-1385) 3 9 11


       Marriage: 26 Nov 1405 - London, England

Events

• Restored: to the estates of his father, including Holt Castle, 1399 or 1400.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 1399 or 1400.

• Lord of Chirk, Oswestry and Clun: 1399 or 1400.

• Indentured: to serve Henry, Prince of Wales, 20 Feb 1408. 12

• Granted: a charter to the burgesses of Holt, Nov 1411. 13




Wife Beatrix of Portugal 14 15

            AKA: Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz of Portugal
           Born: Abt 1386 - <Portugal>
     Christened: 
           Died: 25 Oct 1437 - Bordeaux, (Gironde), Aquitaine, France
         Buried: 


         Father: John I King of Portugal and the Algarve (1357-1433) 16
         Mother: Inês Pires Estevez (Abt 1350-Abt 1400) 17


Events

• Assigned, as dower,: certain possessions of her deceased husband by Henry V, Abt Oct 1415.


Children

Research Notes: Husband - Thomas FitzAlan 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey

From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 51:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth...
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters..."
-------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.

---------
From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th series, 1907, p. 16 :
"He had a rather troublous time, many of his tenants having joined Owen Glyndwr, for which tenants he afterwards procured a pardon from the King. Moreover, it would seem that in his manor of Hewlington, just outside the franchise of Holt, now part of the township of the same, and certainly elsewhere within his lordship of Bromfield [Wrexham] and Yale, the country was wasted by Owen's adherents, and houses were destroyed; so that the stewards had to grant the lands to such as would take them at a lower rant than was formerly paid for the same...
"Altogether, we get the impression that Earl Thomas was a very fine sort of a man compared with the ordinary Lord Marcher of the time. He died without children surviving, and Henry V assigned to his widow, Beatrix of Portugal, as dower, certain possessions of the deceased lord."

-------
From Wikipedia - Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel :

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel KG (13 October 1381 - 13 October 1415) was an English nobleman, one of the principals of the deposition of Richard II , and a major figure during the reign of Henry IV .

Lineage
He was the only surviving son of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and his first wife, Elizabeth de Bohun . When he was 16 his father was executed and his lands and titles forfeited. Thomas was given as ward to the King's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , along with a large part of the Arundel estates. Holland greatly mistreated him, a matter Thomas was to cruelly repay many years later.

Escape and exile
Eventually Thomas escaped from his guardian and joined his uncle Thomas Arundel , the deposed Archbishop of Canterbury , in exile. The two eventually joined with another exile, the King's cousin Henry Bolingbroke .


The return of Bolingbroke and Restoration
Thomas followed Henry in his return to England in July 1399, and in the following events which led to the deposition of King Richard and Henry's crowning as King Henry IV. He was butler at the coronation, and shortly afterward the new King restored him to his titles and estates. These included two notable Earldoms; those of Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey , and large estates in the Welsh Marches .

The Epiphany Rising
Early the next year a group of Barons who had been close to the deposed King Richard II revolted-known as the Epiphany Rising -amongst them Thomas' former guardian John Holland. The latter was captured by followers of Thomas's aunt Joan, Countess of Hereford , and at Thomas' behest was soon executed (some claim he was tortured first).

The rebellion of Owain Glyndwr in Wales
The next few years Thomas was much occupied by events in the Welsh marches, where he had to help deal with the revolt of Owain Glyndwr which ran in full from 1400 to maybe 1412 but gained a great deal of early momentum until 1405. After the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 he was appointed to defend the Marches from further attacks along its full length and then focused on defeating Glyndwr in the northern March adjacent to North Wales.

Revolt in the North
In 1405 there was a revolt in the north of England, led by the Archbishop of York , Richard le Scrope , and the 2nd Duke of Norfolk , John Mowbray . Thomas was the head of the Commission which condemned the pair to death. This apparently led to a falling out between Thomas and his uncle, Archbishop Thomas Arundel, who objected to the execution of a fellow prelate.


Portuguese alliance and marriages
King Henry's sister, Philippa of Lancaster , had married King John I of Portugal , and to further cement the alliance between England and Portugal, Thomas married Beatrice , the illegitimate daughter of King John. The wedding took place in London on 26 November 1405 , with King Henry IV in attendance.

Further Welsh conflict
In the following years Thomas again had to help suppress revolts in Wales and the Welsh Marches .

Alliance with Burgundy
Politically Thomas allied himself with the King's half-brothers the Beauforts, and when Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter was appointed Chancellor in 1410, Arundel became one of the King's principal councillors. Beaufort favored an alliance with Burgundy , and Arundel was one of the leaders of those sent to help fight the rival Armagnac faction in France. Sometime in this period Arundel was made a Knight of the Garter .

Death of King Henry IV
In 1412 the Beauforts lost power, and Arundel retired to his estates until the next year, when King Henry IV died. Of course his son, King Henry V restored Arundel to a place of influence, immediately appointing him Lord Treasurer, as well as constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports .

French focus
Arundel was one of the initial commanders of Henry V's 1415 French campaign, but at the siege of Harfleur he, along with many others, fell ill and had to return to England.

Death
He never recovered, and died not long afterwards.

Succession
Arundel left no children. The castle and lordship of Arundel was inherited by his cousin John Fitzalan, 13th Earl of Arundel . The Earldom of Surrey fell into abeyance (or went extinct; authorities differ on this matter). The rest of his property was split amongst his three surviving sisters.


Death Notes: Wife - Beatrix of Portugal

Died from the Black Death.


Research Notes: Wife - Beatrix of Portugal

Illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal.

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"[Earl Thomas] died without children surviving, and Henry V assigned to his widow, Beatrix of Portugal, as dower, certain possessions of the deceased lord. We learn what these lands were from the inquisition taken in Pentecost week, in the eighteenth year of Henry VI, after the death of Beatrix, on 23rd October, 1437. This inquisition has been printed in pp. 385-388, vol. i, of Powys Fadog, and I extract therefrom all that concerns Holt, Hewlington, and what is now the parish of Isycoed. The said Countess Beatrix had, among other things, 'a third of the gaol within the Castle Leonis, by the name of the Castle of Holt, with free ingress and egress, and safe custody of prisoners, and also the third part of a house called 'The Chekers' [the Exchequer Tower] within the said Castle; also the third part of all houses outside the ward of the Castle. Also l l l a certain stable for five horses next the court-house and near the ditch of the said Castle; also the third part of a garden, together with a pasture called 'Le Quarrer' [the quarry forming part of the moat whence the stone was hewed to build the Castle] adjoining the same; also the manor of Hewlington, the ringildry of Iscoed, and the park of Merseley.'

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."
----------
From Wikipedia - Beatriz, Countess of Arundel :

Beatriz of Portugal (Portuguese pronunciation: [bi?'t?i?] ; c. 1386 - 1447), LG (English : Beatrice or Beatrix) was a natural daughter of John I of Portugal and Inês Pires . She was a sister of Afonso, Duke of Braganza and half-sister of Edward of Portugal , Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra , Henry the Navigator , Isabella of Portugal , Infante João, Lord of Reguengos and Fernando, the Saint Prince (the so called Ínclita Geração ).

Beatrice was born c. 1386 perhaps in Veiros , Alentejo and married Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel on November 26 , 1405 in London , with King Henry IV in attendance. Thomas died on October 13 , 1415 ; she may have married John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon in 1432.

She died in Bordeaux , of black death in October 25 , 1447 .

She is sometimes confused with another Portuguese lady, Beatrice, wife of Gilbert Talbot, 5th Baron Talbot and subsequently of his steward, Thomas Fettiplace of East Shefford in Berkshire .



Notes: Marriage

King Henry IV was in attendance.


Simon de Joinville Sénéchal of Champagne, Seigneur de Vaucouleurs and Béatrix d'Auxonne




Husband Simon de Joinville Sénéchal of Champagne, Seigneur de Vaucouleurs 18

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: May 1233 - Palestine
         Buried: 


         Father: Geoffroi IV de Joinville Sénéchal of Champagne (      -1190) 19
         Mother: Helvis de Dampierre (      -After 1295) 20


       Marriage: After 1218

   Other Spouse: Ermengarde de Moncler de Walcourt (      -Abt 1218) - by 1209



Wife Béatrix d'Auxonne

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 11 Apr 1260
         Buried: 


         Father: Étienne III de Bourgogne, Count d'Auxonne (      -      )
         Mother: Béatrix de Thiers Countess of Châlon-sur-Saône (      -      )




Children
1 M Geoffrey de Geneville Seigneur de Vaucouleurs, Lord of Trim

           Born: Abt 1226
     Christened: 
           Died: 21 Oct 1314 - Trim, Meath, Ireland
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Maud de Lacy (1230-1304) 21
           Marr: 1252


2 M John de Geneville Sénéschal of Champagne 22

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Simon de Joinville Sénéchal of Champagne, Seigneur de Vaucouleurs

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-29


Research Notes: Wife - Béatrix d'Auxonne

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-29 (Simon de Joinville)


Research Notes: Child - Geoffrey de Geneville Seigneur de Vaucouleurs, Lord of Trim

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-30


Robert d'Eu and Béatrix




Husband Robert d'Eu 23

            AKA: Robert Comté d'Eu, Robert d' Eu
           Born: Abt 986 - Rouen, (Seine-Inférieure), Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 8 Sep 1089 - Évreux, (Eure), Normandy, France
         Buried: 1089 - Le Tréport Abbey, Le Tréport, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France


         Father: Guillaume d'Eu (Abt 0978-1057) 24
         Mother: Lesceline de Harcourt (      -1057) 25


       Marriage: 



Wife Béatrix 23

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Condoha d'Eu 26

            AKA: Condoha d'Eu
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Foulques "Taillefer" Comte d'Angoulême (      -1087) 27



Research Notes: Husband - Robert d'Eu

From http://cybergata.com/roots/1988.htm :
According Cokayne's Complete Peerage, Vol. III, 1890, pg. 290, Robert was one of the Conqueror's most trusted Generals during his English invastion. He was at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, and was rewarded with the grant of the castle of Hastings and fifty-two manors in Sussex. He was living in 1066, married Beatrix and died in 1090.


Béla I King of Hungary and Rixa of Poland




Husband Béla I King of Hungary 28

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1063
         Buried: 


         Father: Vasul Duke betw. Morava and Esztergom (Hron) (      -1037)
         Mother: 


       Marriage: Between 1039 and 1042



Wife Rixa of Poland 29

            AKA: Richenza of Poland
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Mieszislav II King of Poland (      -      ) 29
         Mother: 


Events

• Living: 1051.


Children
1 F Sophia 30

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 18 Jun 1095
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Magnus Duke of Saxony (Bef 1045-1106) 31
           Marr: Between 1070 and 1071




Bellon Count of Carcassonne




Husband Bellon Count of Carcassonne 32

           Born: Abt 780 - <Carcassonne, Aube>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Sunifred Count of Urgel and Barcelona 32

           Born: Abt 810 - <Urgell, Lerida, Catalonia>, Spain
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ermesende (Abt 0814-      ) 32




Frithuwald [Mythological] and Beltsa [Mythological]




Husband Frithuwald [Mythological] 33

            AKA: Bor
           Born: Abt 190 - <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Freothalaf [Mythological] (Abt 0160-      ) 33
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife Beltsa [Mythological] 34

           Born: Abt 194 - <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Odin [Mythological] 35 36

            AKA: Woden, Wotan, Woutan
           Born: Abt 215 - <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Freya [Mythological] (Abt 0219-      ) 37 38



Research Notes: Child - Odin [Mythological]

The Norse god Odin.

From Wikipedia - Odin :

Odin (pronounced /'o?d?n/ from Old Norse Óðinn), is considered the chief god in Norse paganism . Homologous with the Anglo-Saxon Woden and the Old High German Wotan , it is descended from Proto-Germanic *Wodinaz or *W. The name Odin is generally accepted as the modern translation; although, in some cases, older translations of his name may be used or preferred. His name is related to oðr , meaning "fury, excitation", besides "mind", or "poetry". His role, like many of the Norse gods, is complex. He is associated with wisdom , war , battle, and death, and also magic , poetry , prophecy , victory, and the hunt.

Origins
Worship of Odin may date to Proto-Germanic paganism . The Roman historian Tacitus may refer to Odin when he talks of Mercury . The reason is that, like Mercury, Odin was regarded as Psychopompos ,"the leader of souls."

As Odin is closely connected with a horse and spear, and transformation/shape shifting into animal shapes, an alternative theory of origin contends that Odin, or at least some of his key characteristics, may have arisen just prior to the sixth century as a nightmareish horse god (Echwaz), later signified by the eight-legged Sleipnir . Some support for Odin as a late comer to the Scandinavian Norse pantheon can be found in the Sagas where, for example, at one time he is thrown out of Asgard by the other gods - a seemingly unlikely tale for a well established "all father". Scholars who have linked Odin with the "Death God" template include E. A. Ebbinghaus , Jan de Vries and Thor Templin . The later two also link Loki and Odin as being one-and-the-same until the early Norse Period. Odin only has one eye.

Scandinavian Óðinn emerged from Proto-Norse *W during the Migration period , artwork of this time (on gold bracteates ) depicting the earliest scenes that can be aligned with the High Medieval Norse mythological texts. The context of the new elites emerging in this period aligns with Snorri 's tale of the indigenous Vanir who were eventually replaced by the Æsir , intruders from the Continent.[1]


Parallels between Odin and Celtic Lugus have often been pointed out: both are intellectual gods, commanding magic and poetry. Both have ravens and a spear as their attributes, and both are one-eyed. Julius Caesar (de bello Gallico, 6.17.1) mentions Mercury as the chief god of Celtic religion . A likely context of the diffusion of elements of Celtic ritual into Germanic culture is that of the Chatti , who lived at the Celtic-Germanic boundary in Hesse during the final centuries before the Common Era. (It must be remembered that Odin in his Proto-Germanic form was not the chief god, but that he only gradually replaced Týr during the Migration period .)

Prose Edda

Odin had three residences in Asgard. First was Gladsheim , a vast hall where he presided over the twelve Diar or Judges, whom he had appointed to regulate the affairs of Asgard. Second, Valaskjálf , built of solid silver , in which there was an elevated place, Hlidskjalf , from his throne on which he could perceive all that passed throughout the whole earth. Third was Valhalla (the hall of the fallen), where Odin received the souls of the warriors killed in battle, called the Einherjar . The souls of women warriors, and those strong and beautiful women whom Odin favored, became Valkyries , who gather the souls of warriors fallen in battle (the Einherjar ), as these would be needed to fight for him in the battle of Ragnarök . They took the souls of the warriors to Valhalla. Valhalla has five hundred and forty gates, and a vast hall of gold , hung around with golden shields, and spears and coats of mail.

Odin has a number of magical artifacts associated with him: the spear Gungnir , which never misses its target; a magical gold ring (Draupnir ), from which every ninth night eight new rings appear; and two ravens Huginn and Muninn (Thought and Memory ), who fly around Earth daily and report the happenings of the world to Odin in Valhalla at night. He also owned Sleipnir , an octopedal horse , who was given to Odin by Loki , and the severed head of Mímir , which foretold the future. He also commands a pair of wolves named Geri and Freki , to whom he gives his food in Valhalla since he consumes nothing but mead or wine. From his throne, Hlidskjalf (located in Valaskjalf ), Odin could see everything that occurred in the universe . The Valknut (slain warrior's knot) is a symbol associated with Odin. It consists of three interlaced triangles.

Odin is an ambivalent deity. Old Norse (Viking Age ) connotations of Odin lie with "poetry, inspiration" as well as with "fury, madness and the wanderer." Odin sacrificed his eye (which eye he sacrificed is unclear) at Mímir 's spring in order to gain the Wisdom of Ages. Odin gives to worthy poets the mead of inspiration, made by the dwarfs, from the vessel Óð-rœrir.[2]


Odin is associated with the concept of the Wild Hunt , a noisy, bellowing movement across the sky, leading a host of slain warriors.

Consistent with this, Snorri Sturluson 's Prose Edda depicts Odin as welcoming the great, dead warriors who have died in battle into his hall, Valhalla , which, when literally interpreted, signifies the hall of the slain. The fallen, the einherjar , are assembled and entertained by Odin in order that they in return might fight for, and support, the gods in the final battle of the end of Earth, Ragnarök . Snorri also wrote that Freyja receives half of the fallen in her hall Folkvang .

He is also a god of war, appearing throughout Norse myth as the bringer of victory.[citations needed ] In the Norse sagas , Odin sometimes acts as the instigator of wars, and is said to have been able to start wars by simply throwing down his spear Gungnir , and/or sending his valkyries , to influence the battle toward the end that he desires. The Valkyries are Odin's beautiful battle maidens that went out to the fields of war to select and collect the worthy men who died in battle to come and sit at Odin's table in Valhalla, feasting and battling until they had to fight in the final battle, Ragnarök . Odin would also appear on the battle-field, sitting upon his eight-legged horse Sleipnir , with his two ravens, one on each shoulder, Hugin (Thought) and Munin (Memory) , and two wolves (Geri and Freki ) on each side of him.

Odin is also associated with trickery, cunning , and deception. Most sagas have tales of Odin using his cunning to overcome adversaries and achieve his goals, such as swindling the blood of Kvasir from the dwarves .




Bera II Count de Es and Gislica Princess of the Visigoths




Husband Bera II Count de Es 39

           Born: Abt 630
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Gislica Princess of the Visigoths 40

           Born: Bef 638
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Tulga King of the Visigoths (Bef 0620-0642)
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Giselle Adele Princesse de Razes 41

           Born: Abt 653 - Razès, (Haute-Vienne, Limousin), France
     Christened: 
           Died: 676
         Buried: 





Berengar I Count of Sulzbach




Husband Berengar I Count of Sulzbach 42

            AKA: Berengar II of Sulzbach
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Luitgarde of Sulzbach

            AKA: Lutgard of Sulzbach, Lutgarde of Sulzbach
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Godfrey II Count of Leuven, Landgrave of Brabant (Abt 1110-1142) 43 44
           Marr: 1139



Research Notes: Husband - Berengar I Count of Sulzbach

Wikipedia (Godfrey II of Leuven) gives Luitgarde's father as Berengar I of Sulzbach.


Bérenger of Bayeux




Husband Bérenger of Bayeux 32 45 46

            AKA: Berengar of Rennes, Berengar II of Neustria, Bérenger Marquis de Neustria
           Born: Abt 847 - <Bayeux, (Calvados)>, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 896 - <Normandy>, France
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 

Events

• Count of Bayeux and Rennes:

• Margrave: of the Breton March, 886-896.




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Poppa de Bayeux 32 45 47

           Born: Abt 872 - <Bayeux, (Calvados)>, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hrólf "Ganger" Rognvaldsson Princeps Nortmannorum (Between 0846/0870-Abt 0929) 32 48 49 50 51
           Marr: 886



Research Notes: Husband - Bérenger of Bayeux

From Wikipedia - Berengar II of Neustria :

Berengar II (died 896) was the Count of Bayeux and Rennes and Margrave of the Breton March from 886 until his death a decade later.

Roland and his successors under Guy of Nantes were aristocrats from Maine . Berengar's kin became the first bilingual Breton and Gallo speaking lords holding residence within Brittany (Rennes and Penthièvre , rather than the Loire Valley -predominant Nantes or Vannes , which nevertheless had at least one Franco-Saxon conflict in Angers ), as a consequence of the Breton nobility being more or less broken under the Norman invasions of the 880s and as a reward for holding his ground against their attacks.

Berengar may have been son of Henry of Franconia , himself perhaps a member of the Senior Capets through the Babenberg lineage. This has been suggested because (1) Berengar named his supposed daughter with the feminine form of Poppo, a name common among the Babenbergs, and (2) the main Capetian branch had traditionally held the Breton March. There have been alternatives suggested, making him Saxon .

Berengar is speculated to have married the daughter of Gurvand, Duke of Brittany , by which relationship he attained the countship of Rennes. This would make him brother-in-law of Judicael, Duke of Brittany . He is thought to be the Berengar of Bayeux whose daughter Poppa was captured in a raid and married to Rollo of Normandy . Various reconstructions make him father, grandfather, or great-grandfather of Judicael Berengar , later Count of Rennes.


Birth Notes: Child - Poppa de Bayeux

FamilySearch has b. abt 872, Evreux, Neustria


Research Notes: Child - Poppa de Bayeux

"Danish" wife of Rollo (Ganger Rolf).

Source: familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford)

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 121E-18 (Ganger Rolf).
---
From http://cybergata.com/roots/465.htm :
A wife or mistress of Rollo of Normandy, and mother of Rollo's son and successor William "Longsword", her name is reported only by the often unreliable Dudo [ii, 16 (pp. 38-9); iii, 36 (p. 57)] and by sources depending on him (hence the quotes around her name). The only certain fact that is known about her comes from the contemporary (or nearly so) Planctus of her son William, which states (without naming her) that she was a Christian, and that her son William was born overseas.

~Stewart Baldwin


Sources


1. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 28-31 (Richard FitzAlan).

2. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274D-29.

3. Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth de Bohun.

4. Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 51.

5. Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 13-14.

6. Wikipedia.org, Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel.

7. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 20-31, 60-33.

8. Wikipedia.org, Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel.

9. Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 50.

10. Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 11-13.

11. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 15-31.

12. Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), p. 13.

13. Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 13-15.

14. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Beatriz, Countess of Arundel; Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel.

15. Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 16-17.

16. Wikipedia.org, John I of Portugal.

17. Wikipedia.org, Beatriz, Countess of Arundel.

18. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-29, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

19. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-28.

20. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 264-28, 71A-28 (Geoffroi IV de Joinville).

21. Wikipedia.org, Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville.

22. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-30, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

23. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1988.htm.

24. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1991.htm.

25. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1990.htm.

26. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4563.htm.

27. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4539.htm.

28. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-6, 166-24 (Henry I).

29. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-6 (Béla I).

30. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-7. 166-24 (Henry I).

31. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243A-23, 166-24 (Henry I).

32. http://www.familysearch.org.

33. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f54/a0025408.htm.

34. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f54/a0025409.htm.

35. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f53/a0025396.htm.

36. Wikipedia.org, Odin.

37. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f53/a0025397.htm.

38. Wikipedia.org, Freyja.

39. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319784 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

40. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319785 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

41. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319783 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

42. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-24 (Godfrey II).

43. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-24.

44. Wikipedia.org, Godfrey II of Leuven.

45. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18 (Ganger Rolf).

46. Wikipedia.org, Berengar II of Neustria.

47. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/465.htm.

48. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18, 144A-19 (William I of Poitou).

49. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f00/a0020075.htm.

50. Wikipedia.org, Rollo.

51. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/445.htm.


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2 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274D-29.

3 Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth de Bohun.

4 Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 51.

5 Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 13-14.

6 Wikipedia.org, Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 20-31, 60-33.

8 Wikipedia.org, Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel.

9 Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 50.

10 Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 11-13.

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 15-31.

12 Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), p. 13.

13 Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 13-15.

14 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Beatriz, Countess of Arundel; Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel.

15 Cambrian Archæological Association, Archæologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian Archæological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 16-17.

16 Wikipedia.org, John I of Portugal.

17 Wikipedia.org, Beatriz, Countess of Arundel.

18 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-29, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

19 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-28.

20 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 264-28, 71A-28 (Geoffroi IV de Joinville).

21 Wikipedia.org, Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville.

22 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-30, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

23 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1988.htm.

24 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1991.htm.

25 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1990.htm.

26 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4563.htm.

27 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4539.htm.

28 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-6, 166-24 (Henry I).

29 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-6 (Béla I).

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-7. 166-24 (Henry I).

31 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243A-23, 166-24 (Henry I).

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33 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f54/a0025408.htm.

34 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f54/a0025409.htm.

35 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f53/a0025396.htm.

36 Wikipedia.org, Odin.

37 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f53/a0025397.htm.

38 Wikipedia.org, Freyja.

39 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319784 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

40 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319785 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

41 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319783 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

42 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-24 (Godfrey II).

43 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-24.

44 Wikipedia.org, Godfrey II of Leuven.

45 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18 (Ganger Rolf).

46 Wikipedia.org, Berengar II of Neustria.

47 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/465.htm.

48 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18, 144A-19 (William I of Poitou).

49 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f00/a0020075.htm.

50 Wikipedia.org, Rollo.

51 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/445.htm.


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