The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Berenger I Viscount of Narbonne and Garsinde de Bezalu




Husband Berenger I Viscount of Narbonne 1

           Born: Abt 979 - <Narbonne, Aude>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1066
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Garsinde de Bezalu 1

           Born: Abt 981 - <Bezalu>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Bernard Taillefer Seigneur de Bezalu (Abt 0955-      ) 1
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Rixinde de Narbonne 1

           Born: Abt 1005 - Narbonne, Aude, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Richard II Viscount de Rodes (Abt 1003-Bef 1051) 1





Berenger II King of Italy and Willa Princess of Tuscany




Husband Berenger II King of Italy 1

           Born: Abt 919 - <Italy>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Willa Princess of Tuscany 1

           Born: Abt 924 - <Tuscany>, (Italy)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Boso Marquis of Tuscany (Abt 0899-Abt 0938) 1
         Mother: Willa Princess of Burgundy (Abt 0906-      ) 1




Children
1 M Adalbert Marquis of Ivrea 1

           Born: Abt 947 - <(Italy)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 968
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gerberge Countess of Burgundy (Abt 0948-0986/0991) 1





Jean de Brienne King of Jerusalem and Berenguela Princess of Leon and Castile




Husband Jean de Brienne King of Jerusalem 1 2

            AKA: Jean Comte de Brienne
           Born: Abt 1195 - <Acre, Palestine>
     Christened: 
           Died: 21 Mar 1237 - Constantinople, Turkey
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Berenguela Princess of Leon and Castile 1

            AKA: Berengaria of Leon
           Born: Abt 1199 - <Léon, Léon>, Spain
     Christened: 
           Died: 12 Apr 1237
         Buried: 


         Father: Alfonso IX King of Léon (1171-1230) 1 3 4
         Mother: Berengaria of Castile (1180-1246) 1 5 6




Children
1 M Jean de Brienne of Acre 1 7

           Born: Abt 1217 - <Acre, Palestine>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1296
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Jeanne de Châteaudun (Abt 1223-      ) 1 8
           Marr: 1251




Research Notes: Wife - Berenguela Princess of Leon and Castile

Third wife of Jean de Brienne 1


Duke Bernard




Husband Duke Bernard 9

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Charles Martel King of the Franks (Abt 0676-0741) 10 11 12 13 14
         Mother: Rotrude of Treves (0690-0724) 15


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F < > [Daughter of Duke Bernard] 9

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Pepin King of Italy and Lombardy (0773-0810) 16 17




Research Notes: Husband - Duke Bernard

Younger brother of Pepin the Short. 9


Bernard King of Italy and Cunigunde




Husband Bernard King of Italy 18 19

           Born: 797 - Vermand, Picardy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 17 Apr 818 - Milan, Italy
         Buried: 


         Father: Pepin King of Italy and Lombardy (0773-0810) 16 17
         Mother: < > [Daughter of Duke Bernard] (      -      ) 9


       Marriage: 

Events

• King of Italy: 813-Dec 817.




Wife Cunigunde 20

            AKA: Cunigunda
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 835
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Pepin Count of Senlis, Peronne, St. Quentin 21 22

            AKA: Pepin of Vermandois
           Born: Between 817 and 818
     Christened: 
           Died: aft 0840
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Bernard King of Italy

Natural son of Pepin, probably by a daughter of Duke Bernard.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 50-15

Also Source: familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford)

From Wikipedia - Bernard of Italy :

Bernard (b. 797 , Vermandois , Normandy ; d. 17 April 818 , Milan , Lombardy ) was the King of Italy from 810 to 818. He plotted against his uncle, Emperor Louis the Pious , when the latter's Ordinatio Imperii made Bernard a vassal of his cousin Lothair . When his plot was discovered, Louis had him blinded, a procedure which killed him.

Life
Bernard was the illegitimate son of King Pepin of Italy , the second legitimate son of the Emperor Charlemagne . In 810, Pepin died from an illness contracted at a siege of Venice; although Bernard was illegitimate, Charlemagne allowed him to inherit Italy. Bernard married Cunigunda of Laon in 813. They had one son, Pepin, Count of Vermandois .
Prior to 817, Bernard was a trusted agent of his grandfather, and of his uncle. His rights in Italy were respected, and he was used as an intermediary to manage events in his sphere of influence - for example, when in 815 Louis the Pious received reports that some Roman nobles had conspired to murder Pope Leo III, and that he had responded by butchering the ringleaders, Bernard was sent to investigate the matter.
A change came in 817, when Louis the Pious drew up an Ordinatio Imperii, detailing the future of the Frankish Empire. Under this, the bulk of the Frankish territory went to Louis' eldest son, Lothair; Bernard received no further territory, and although his Kingship of Italy was confirmed, he would be a vassal of Lothair. This was, it was later alleged, the work of the Empress, Ermengarde , who wished Bernard to be displaced in favour of her own sons. Resenting Louis' actions, Bernard began plotting with a group of magnates: Eggideo, Reginhard, and Reginhar, the last being the grandson of a Thuringian rebel against Charlemagne, Hardrad. Anshelm, Bishop of Milan and Theodulf, Bishop of Orléans , were also accused of being involved: there is no evidence either to support or contradict this in the case of Theodulf, whilst the case for Anshelm is murkier.[1][2]
Bernard's main complaint was the notion of his being a vassal of Lothair. In practical terms, his actual position had not been altered at all by the terms of the decree, and he could safely have continued to rule under such a system. Nonetheless, "partly true" reports came to Louis the Pious that his nephew was planning to set up an 'unlawful' - i.e. independent - regime in Italy.[3]
Louis the Pious reacted swiftly to the plot, marching south to Chalon. Bernard and his associates were taken by surprise; Bernard travelled to Chalon in an attempt to negotiate terms, but he and the ringleaders were forced to surrender to him. Louis had them taken to Aix-la-Chapelle, where they were tried and condemned to death. Louis 'mercifully' commuted their sentences to blinding, which would neutralise Bernard as a threat without actually killing him; however, the process of blinding (carried out by means of pressing a red-hot stiletto to the eyeballs) proved so traumatic that Bernard died in agony two days after the procedure was carried out. At the same time, Louis also had his half-brothers Drogo, Hugh and Theoderic tonsured and confined to monasteries, to prevent other Carolingian off-shoots challenging the main line. He also treated those guilty or suspected of conspiring with Bernard treated harshly: Theodulf of Orleans was gaoled, and died soon afterwards; the lay conspirators were blinded, the clerics deposed and imprisoned; all lost lands and honours. [4][5][6]

Legacy
His Kingdom of Italy was reabsorbed into the Frankish empire, and soon after bestowed upon Louis' eldest son Lothair. In 822, Louis made a display of public penance at Attigny , where he confessed before all the court to having sinfully slain his nephew; he also welcomed his half-brothers back into his favour. These actions possibly stemmed from guilt over his part in Bernard's death. It has been argued by some historians that his behaviour left him open to clerical domination, and reduced his prestige and respect amongst the Frankish nobility.[7] Others, however, point out that Bernard's plot had been a serious threat to the stability of the kingdom, and the reaction no less a threat; Louis' display of penance, then, "was a well-judged gesture to restore harmony and re-establish his authority."[8]

References
^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians
^ Riche, Pierre, The Carolingians, p. 148
^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians
^ Riche, Pierre, The Carolingians, p. 148
^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians
^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge History, 700-900
^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians
^ McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge History, 700-900

Sources
McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians
Riche, Pierre, The Carolingians
McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge History, 700-900 18 19


Research Notes: Wife - Cunigunde

Source: Also familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) 20


Research Notes: Child - Pepin Count of Senlis, Peronne, St. Quentin

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 50-16

Also Source: familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) has b. abt 815.

From Wikipedia - Pepin, Count of Vermandois :

Pepin (born c. 815 ) was the first count of Vermandois , lord of Senlis , Peronne , and Saint Quentin . He was the son of King Bernard of Italy and Cunigunda.
Pepin first appears in 834 as a count to the north of the Seine and then appears as same again in 840. In that year, he supported Lothair I against Louis the Pious .
Pepin's wife is unknown, but his heir inherited much Nibelungid territory and so historian K. F. Werner hypothesised a marriage to a daughter of Theodoric Nibelung . Their children were:
Bernard (c. 844-after 893), count of Laon
Pepin (c. 846-893), count of Senlis and lord of Valois (877-893)
Herbert I of Vermandois (c. 850-907)
Cunigunda
Gunhilde De Vermandois who married first the Margrave Berengar I of Neustria and then Count Guy of Senlis 21 22


Bernard I Comte d'Auvergne and Luitgarde




Husband Bernard I Comte d'Auvergne 23

            AKA: Bernard I d'Auvergne Count
           Born: Abt 815
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Luitgarde 24

           Born: Abt 817
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Bernard II Comte d'Auvergne 1 25

            AKA: Bernard II d'Auvergne Count
           Born: Abt 841 - Auvergne, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ermengarde de Chalons (Abt 0843-      ) 1 26





Bernard II Duke in Saxony and Eilika of Schweinfurt




Husband Bernard II Duke in Saxony 1 27 28

            AKA: Bernard II Billung
           Born: Abt 995 - <Namur>, Belgium
     Christened: 
           Died: 29 Jun 1059
         Buried:  - Church of St. Michael, Lüneburg, (Lower Saxony), Saxony, (Germany)
       Marriage: Abt 1020

Events

• Duke of Saxony: 1011-1059.




Wife Eilika of Schweinfurt

            AKA: Elica
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Henrich Margrave of Schweinfurt (      -      )
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Gertrude of Saxony 29 30

            AKA: Gertrude Billung
           Born: Abt 1030
     Christened: 
           Died: 4 Aug 1113
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Robert I Count of Flanders (Between 1029/1035-1093) 31 32
           Marr: 1063



2 F Ida of Saxony

            AKA: Ida Billung
           Born: Abt 1046 - Saxony, (Germany)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Albert III Count of Namur (Abt 1048-1102) 1 33
           Marr: 1065 or 1066




Death Notes: Husband - Bernard II Duke in Saxony

Ancestral Roots has d. 1057. Wikipedia has d. 29 June 1059.


Research Notes: Husband - Bernard II Duke in Saxony

From Wikipedia - Bernard II, Duke of Saxony :

Bernard II (c. 995 - 29 June 1059 ) was the Duke of Saxony (1011 - 1059), the third of the Billung dynasty, a son of Bernard I and Hildegard. He had the rights of a count in Frisia .

Bernard expanded the powers of the duke in Saxony and is regarded as the greatest of the Billungers. He was originally a supporter of Emperor Henry II and he accompanied him into Poland and negotiated the treaty of Bautzen of 1018. In 1019-1020, he revolted and gained the recognition of the tribal laws of Saxony, something his father had just failed to do. He returned then to war with the Slavs and drew them into his sphere of power and influence through their leader, Godescalc (Gottschalk).

He supported Conrad II in 1024 and his son Henry III , though he began to fear the latter for his closeness to the Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen , an inveterate enemy of the dukes of Saxony. Though he was a critical ally of the Danes, so fundamental to Henry's wars in the Low Countries , Bernard was on the brink of rebellion until the death of Adalbert. The remainder of his reign, however, was quiet.

In 1045, he erected the Alsterburg in Hamburg . He died in 1059 and was succeeded without incident by his son Ordulf . He is buried in the Church of Saint Michael in Lüneburg .

Issue of Bernard II, Duke of Saxony and Eilika of Schweinfurt
Gertrude of Saxony (c. 1030 - August 4 , 1113 ) Married: Floris I, Count of Holland , Married (secondly): Robert I, Count of Flanders
Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (c. 1020 - March 28 , 1072 ) Married: Ulfhilde or Wulfhilde of Norway (c. 1023 - May 24 , 1070 ), daughter of Saint & King Olaf II (St.Olaf) of Norway & Astrid of Sweden
Hermann
Ida of Saxony Married: Albert III , Count of Namur 1 27 28


Research Notes: Wife - Eilika of Schweinfurt

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 149-22 (Albert III)


Research Notes: Child - Gertrude of Saxony

Widow of Florent I (Floris I), Count of Holland.

From Wikipedia - Gertrude of Saxony :

Gertrude of Saxony (also known as Gertrude Billung) (c. 1030 - August 4 , 1113 ), was the daughter of Bernard II, Duke of Saxony and Eilika of Schweinfurt . She married Floris I, Count of Holland (c. 1017 - June 28 , 1061 ) c. 1050, and upon his death, her son Dirk V became Count of Holland . Since he was still young, she became regent.

When Dirk V came into power, William I, Bishop of Utrecht , took advantage of the situation, occupying territory that he had claimed in Holland . Gertrude and her son withdrew to the islands of Frisia (Zeeland), leaving William to occupy the disputed lands.

In 1063 Gertrude married Robert of Flanders (Robert the Frisian), the second son of Baldwin V of Flanders . This act gave Dirk the Imperial Flanders as an appanage - including the islands of Frisia west of the Frisian Scheldt . She and her husband then acted as co-regents for the young count.

Family and children
She had a total of seven children with Floris I:
Albrecht (b. ca. 1051), a canon in Liege .
Dirk V (ca. 1052, Vlaardingen -17 June 1091 ).
Pieter (b. ca. 1053), a canon in Liége.
Bertha (ca. 1055-1094, Montreuil-sur-Mer ), who married Philip I of France in 1072.
Floris (b. ca. 1055), a canon in Liége.
Machteld (b. ca. 1057)
Adela (b. ca. 1061), who married Count Baudouin I of Guînes .

From her second marriage to Robert I she had five children:
Robert II of Flanders (c. 1065 - October 5 , 1111 ).
Adela (d.1115), who first married king Canute IV of Denmark , and was the mother of Charles the Good , later count of Flanders. She then married Roger Borsa , duke of Apulia .
Gertrude, who married Thierry II, Duke of Lorraine , and was the mother of Thierry of Alsace , also later count of Flanders.
Philip of Loo, whose illegitimate son William of Ypres was also a claimant to the county of Flanders.
Ogiva, abbess of Messines. 29 30


Research Notes: Child - Ida of Saxony

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 149-22 (Albert III)


Bernard II Duke in Saxony




Husband Bernard II Duke in Saxony 1 27 28

            AKA: Bernard II Billung
           Born: Abt 995 - <Namur>, Belgium
     Christened: 
           Died: 29 Jun 1059
         Buried:  - Church of St. Michael, Lüneburg, (Lower Saxony), Saxony, (Germany)
       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Eilika of Schweinfurt (      -      ) - Abt 1020

Events

• Duke of Saxony: 1011-1059.




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children

Death Notes: Husband - Bernard II Duke in Saxony

Ancestral Roots has d. 1057. Wikipedia has d. 29 June 1059.


Research Notes: Husband - Bernard II Duke in Saxony

From Wikipedia - Bernard II, Duke of Saxony :

Bernard II (c. 995 - 29 June 1059 ) was the Duke of Saxony (1011 - 1059), the third of the Billung dynasty, a son of Bernard I and Hildegard. He had the rights of a count in Frisia .

Bernard expanded the powers of the duke in Saxony and is regarded as the greatest of the Billungers. He was originally a supporter of Emperor Henry II and he accompanied him into Poland and negotiated the treaty of Bautzen of 1018. In 1019-1020, he revolted and gained the recognition of the tribal laws of Saxony, something his father had just failed to do. He returned then to war with the Slavs and drew them into his sphere of power and influence through their leader, Godescalc (Gottschalk).

He supported Conrad II in 1024 and his son Henry III , though he began to fear the latter for his closeness to the Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen , an inveterate enemy of the dukes of Saxony. Though he was a critical ally of the Danes, so fundamental to Henry's wars in the Low Countries , Bernard was on the brink of rebellion until the death of Adalbert. The remainder of his reign, however, was quiet.

In 1045, he erected the Alsterburg in Hamburg . He died in 1059 and was succeeded without incident by his son Ordulf . He is buried in the Church of Saint Michael in Lüneburg .

Issue of Bernard II, Duke of Saxony and Eilika of Schweinfurt
Gertrude of Saxony (c. 1030 - August 4 , 1113 ) Married: Floris I, Count of Holland , Married (secondly): Robert I, Count of Flanders
Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (c. 1020 - March 28 , 1072 ) Married: Ulfhilde or Wulfhilde of Norway (c. 1023 - May 24 , 1070 ), daughter of Saint & King Olaf II (St.Olaf) of Norway & Astrid of Sweden
Hermann
Ida of Saxony Married: Albert III , Count of Namur 1 27 28


Bernard II Comte d'Auvergne and Ermengarde de Chalons




Husband Bernard II Comte d'Auvergne 1 25

            AKA: Bernard II d'Auvergne Count
           Born: Abt 841 - Auvergne, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Bernard I Comte d'Auvergne (Abt 0815-      ) 23
         Mother: Luitgarde (Abt 0817-      ) 24


       Marriage: 



Wife Ermengarde de Chalons 1 26

            AKA: Ermengarde de Chalons
           Born: Abt 843 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Gueron Count of Chalons (Abt 0818-0856) 34
         Mother: Avane (Abt 0820-      ) 35




Children
1 M Raculfe de Mâcon 36

           Born: Abt 867 - <Auvergne>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



2 F Adelaide 1

           Born: Abt 867 - Auvergne, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Alfred Count of Carcassonne (Abt 0860-      ) 1





Olderich Manfred II Margrave of Turin and Berta




Husband Olderich Manfred II Margrave of Turin 37

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1035
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Berta 38

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: After 4 Nov 1037
         Buried: 


         Father: Margrave Udalrich Manfred (      -      ) 38
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Alix Duchess of Turin 1 39 40

            AKA: Adelaide of Susa, Duchess of Turin
           Born: Abt 1015
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 Dec 1091
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Eudes I Count of Maurienne and Savoy (Abt 1002-1060) 1 37
           Marr: Abt 1046




Research Notes: Child - Alix Duchess of Turin

Duchess of Turin, Margravine of Susa 1 39 40


Sources


1 http://www.familysearch.org.

2 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144-28, 120-29 (Berengaria of Leon).

3 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-28 (Berengaria of Castile).

4 Wikipedia.org, Alfonso IX of León.

5 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-28.

6 Wikipedia.org, Berengaria of Castile.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-30.

8 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-30 (Jean de Brienne).

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-14 (Pepin).

10 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-11, 191-11, 50-11 (Rotrou).

11 Wikipedia.org, Charles Martel.

12 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91488 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

13 http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

14 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871722.

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-11.

16 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-14.

17 Wikipedia.org, Pepin of Italy.

18 Wikipedia.org, Bernard of Italy.

19 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-15.

20 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-15 (Bernard).

21 Wikipedia.org, Pepin, Count of Vermandois.

22 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-16.

23 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876624.

24 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876625.

25 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876623.

26 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876626.

27 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I), 149-22 (Albert III).

28 Wikipedia.org, Bernard II, Duke of Saxony.

29 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I).

30 Wikipedia.org, Gertrude of Saxony.

31 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23.

32 Wikipedia.org, Robert I, Count of Flanders.

33 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-22.

34 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876419.

35 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876622.

36 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876621.

37 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22.

38 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-23.

39 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22 & 274A-22.

40 Wikipedia.org, Bertha of Savoy.


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