The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families



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Eadgils, King in Uppsala [Semi-Legendary] and Yrsa, of Saxony [Legendary]




Husband Eadgils, King in Uppsala [Semi-Legendary] 1108

            AKA: Adhel King of Sweden, Adils Ottarsson King in Uppsala, A­Ýsl King of Sweden, Athisl King of Sweden
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 580
         Buried: 


         Father: Ohthere, King in Sweden [Semi-Legendary] (Abt 0515-Abt 0530) 1109
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 




Wife Yrsa, of Saxony [Legendary] 1110

            AKA: Urse of Saxony, Yrs of Saxony, Yrse of Saxony
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M * Eysteinn, King in Sweden [Semi-Legendary] 1111

            AKA: Ísten King of Sweden, Eystein Adilsson King in Sweden
           Born: Abt 600 - Sweden
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Eadgils, King in Uppsala [Semi-Legendary]

Semi-legendary king of Sweden, in the house of Yngling.

From Wikipedia - Eadgils :

Eadgils, Adils, A­ils, Adillus, A­Ýsl at Upps÷lum, Athisl, Athislus, Adhel was a semi-legendary king of Sweden , who is estimated to have lived during the 6th century.[1]

Beowulf and Old Norse sources present him as the son of Ohthere and as belonging to the ruling Yngling (Scylfing) clan . These sources also deal with his war against Onela , which he won with foreign assistance: in Beowulf he gained the throne of Sweden by defeating his uncle Onela with Geatish help, and in two Scandinavian sources (Skßldskaparmßl and Skj÷ldunga saga ), he is also helped to defeat Onela in the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vńnern , but with Danish help. However, Scandinavian sources mostly deal with his interaction with the legendary Danish king Hrˇlfr Kraki (Hro­ulf), and Eadgils is mostly presented in a negative light as a rich and greedy king.

Name
The Norse forms are based an older (Proto-Norse ) *A■ag (where *a■a is short for *a■ala meaning "noble, foremost" (German 'adel') and *g means "arrow shaft"[2]). However, the Anglo-Saxon form is not etymologically identical. The A-S form would have been *Ădgils, but Eadgils (Proto-Norse *Au­a-g, *au­a- meaning "wealth") was the only corresponding name used by the Anglo-Saxons[3]. The name A­ils was so exceedingly rare even in Scandinavia that among almost 6000 Scandinavian runic inscriptions, it is only attested in three runestones (U 35 , DR 221 and Br Olsen;215)[4].

Beowulf
The Anglo-Saxon epic poem Beowulf , which was composed sometime between the 8th century and the 11th century, is beside the Norwegian skaldic poem Ynglingatal (9th century) the oldest source that mentions Eadgils.

It is implied in Beowulf that the Swedish king Ohthere died and was succeeded by his younger brother Onela , because Ohthere's two sons, Eadgils and Eanmund had to seek refuge with Heardred , Hygelac 's son and successor as king of the Geats [5]. This caused Onela to attack the Geats, and Heardred was killed. Onela returned home and Beowulf succeeded Heardred as the king of Geatland . In the following lines, Onela is referred to as the Scylfings helmet and the son of Ongen■eow , whereas Eadgils and Eanmund are referred to as the sons of Ohtere:

Later in the poem, it tells that during the battle, Eadgils' brother Eanmund was killed by Onela's champion Weohstan , Wiglaf 's father. In the following lines, Eanmund also appears as the son of Ohtere and as a brother's child:

Eadgils, however, survived and later, Beowulf helped Eadgils with weapons and warriors. Eadgils won the war and killed his uncle Onela. In the following lines, Eadgils is mentioned by name and as the son of Ohtere, whereas Onela is referred to as the king:

This event also appears in the Scandinavian sources Skßldskaparmßl and Skj÷ldunga saga , which will be treated below.

Norwegian and Icelandic sources
The allusive manner in which Eadgils and his relatives are referred to in Beowulf suggests that the scop expected his audience to have sufficient background knowledge about Eadgils, Ohthere and Eanmund to understand the references. Likewise, in the roughly contemporary Norwegian Ynglingatal , Eadgils (A­ils) is called Onela's enemy (┴la[11] dˇlgr), which likewise suggests that the conflict was familiar to the skald and his audience.
The tradition of Eadgils and Onela resurfaces in several Old Norse works in prose and poetry, and another matter also appears: the animosity between Eadgils and Hrˇlfr Kraki , who corresponds to Hro­ulf in Beowulf.

Ynglingatal
The skaldic poem Ynglingatal is a poetic recital of the line of the Yngling clan . They are also called Skilfingar in the poem (in stanza 19), a name that appears in its Anglo-Saxon form Scylfingas in Beowulf when referring to Eadgils' clan. It is presented as composed by Ůjˇ­ˇlfr of Hvinir by Snorri Sturluson in the Ynglinga saga.

Although its age has been debated, most scholars hold to date from the 9th century[12]. It survives in two versions: one is found in the Norwegian historical work Historia NorvegiŠ in Latin , and the other one in Snorri Sturluson 's Ynglinga saga , a part of his Heimskringla . It presents A­ils (Eadgils) as the successor of Ëttarr (Ohthere ) and the predecessor of Eysteinn . The stanza on A­ils refers to his accidental death when he fell from his horse:

Note that Eadgils' animosity with Onela also appears in Ynglingatal as A­ils is referred to as Ole's deadly foe (┴la dˇlgr). This animosity is treated in more detail in the Skj÷ldunga saga and Skßldskaparmßl , which follow.

The Historia NorwegiŠ , which is a terse summary in Latin of Ynglingatal, only states that Eadgils fell from his horse and died during the sacrifices. In this Latin translation, the DÝsir are rendered as the Roman goddess Diana :
Cujus filius Adils vel Athisl ante Šdem DianŠ, dum idolorum, sacrificia fugeret, equo lapsus exspiravit. Hic genuit Eustein, [...][15] His son Adils gave up the ghost after falling from his horse before the temple of Diana, while he was performing the sacrifices made to idols. He became sire to ěystein, [...][16] The same information is found the Swedish Chronicle from the mid-15th century, which calls him Adhel. It is probably based on the Ynglingatal tradition and says that he fell from his horse and died while he worshipped his god.

═slendingabˇk
In ═slendingabˇk from the early 12th century, Eadgils only appears as a name in the listing of the kings of the Yngling dynasty as A­Ýsl at Uppsala . The reason what that the author, Ari Ůorgilsson , traced his ancestry from Eadgils, and its line of succession is the same as that of Ynglingatal.

i Yngvi Tyrkjakonungr. ii Nj÷r­r SvÝakonungr. iii Freyr. iiii Fj÷lnir. sß er dˇ at Fri­frˇ­a. v Sveg­ir. vi Vanlandi. vii Visburr. viii Dˇmaldr. ix Dˇmarr. x Dyggvi. xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi. xv J÷rundr. xvi Aun inn gamli. xvii Egill Vendilkrßka. xviii Ëttarr. xix A­Ýsl at Upps÷lum. xx Eysteinn. xxi Yngvarr. xxii Braut-Ínundr. xxiii Ingjaldr inn illrß­i. xxiiii Ëlßfr trÚtelgja...[17]
As can be seen it agrees with the earlier Ynglingatal and Beowulf in presenting Eadgils as the successor of Ëttarr (Ohthere ).

Skj÷ldunga saga
The Skj÷ldunga saga was a Norse saga which is believed to have been written in the period 1180-1200. The original version is lost, but it survives in a Latin summary by ArngrÝmur Jˇnsson .

ArngrÝmur's summary relates that Eadgils, called Adillus, married Yrsa with whom he had the daughter Scullda . Some years later, the Danish king Helgo (Halga ) attacked Sweden and captured Yrsa, not knowing that she was his own daughter, the result of Helgo raping Olava, the queen of the Saxons . Helgo raped Yrsa as well and took her back to Denmark, where she bore the son Rolfo (Hro­ulf ). After a few years, Yrsa's mother, queen Olava, came to visit her and told her that Helgo was her own father. In horror, Yrsa returned to Adillus, leaving her son behind. Helgo died when Rolfo was eight years old, and Rolfo succeeded him, and ruled together with his uncle Roas (Hro­gar ). Not much later, Roas was killed by his half-brothers RŠrecus and Frodo, whereupon Rolfo became the sole king of Denmark.
In Sweden, Yrsa and Adillus married Scullda to the king of Íland , Hi°rvardus/Hiorvardus/Hevardus (Heoroweard ). As her half-brother Rolfo was not consulted about this marriage, he was infuriated and he attacked Íland and made Hi°rvardus and his kingdom tributary to Denmark.
After some time, there was animosity between king Adillus of Sweden and the Norwegian king Ale of Oppland . They decided to fight on the ice of Lake Vńnern . Adillus won and took his helmet, chainmail and horse. Adillus won because he had requested Rolfo's aid against king Ale and Rolfo had sent him his berserkers. However, Adillus refused to pay the expected tribute for the help and so Rolfo came to Uppsala to claim his recompense. After surviving some traps, Rolfo fled with Adillus' gold, helped by his mother Yrsa. Seeing that the Swedish king and his men pursued him, Rolfo "sowed" the gold on the Fyrisvellir , so that the king's men would pick up the gold, instead of continuing the pursuit.

As can be seen, the Skj÷ldunga saga retells the story of Eadgils fighting his uncle Onela , but in this version Onela is no longer Eadgils' uncle, but a Norwegian king of Oppland . This change is generally considered to be a late confusion between the core province of the Swedes, Uppland , and its Norwegian namesake Oppland[18]. Whereas, Beowulf leaves the Danish court with the suspicion that Hro­ulf (Rolfo Krage, Hrˇlfr Kraki) might claim the Danish throne for himself at the death of Hro­gar (Roas, Hrˇarr), it is exactly what he does in Scandinavian tradition. A notable difference is that, in Beowulf, Eadgils receives the help of the Geatish king Beowulf against Onela, whereas it is the Danish king Hro­ulf who provides help in Scandinavian tradition.

Skßldskaparmßl
Skßldskaparmßl was written by Snorri Sturluson , c. 1220, in order to teach the ancient art of kennings to aspiring skalds . It presents Eadgils, called A­ils, in two sections.

Snorri also presents the story of A­ils and Hrˇlfr Kraki (Hro­ulf ) in order to explain why gold was known by the kenning Kraki's seed. Snorri relates that A­ils was in war with a Norwegian king named ┴li (Onela ), and they fought in the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vńnern . A­ils was married to Yrsa , the mother of Hrˇlfr and so sent an embassy to Hrˇlfr asking him for help against ┴li. He would receive three valuable gifts in recompense. Hrˇlfr was involved in a war against the Saxons and could not come in person but sent his twelve berserkers, including B÷­varr Bjarki . ┴li died in the war, and A­ils took ┴li's helmet Battle-boar and his horse Raven. The berserkers demanded three pounds of gold each in pay, and they demanded to choose the gifts that A­ils had promised Hrˇlfr, that is the two pieces of armour that nothing could pierce: the helmet battle-boar and the mailcoat Finn's heritage. They also wanted the famous ring SvÝagris. A­ils considered the pay outrageous and refused.

When Hrˇlfr heard that A­ils refused to pay, he set off to Uppsala . They brought the ships to the river Fyris and rode directly to the Swedish king's hall at Uppsala with his twelve berserkers. Yrsa welcomed them and led them to their lodgings. Fires were prepared for them and they were given drinks. However, so much wood was heaped on the fires that the clothes started to burn away from their clothes. Hrˇlfr and his men had enough and threw the courtiers on the fire. Yrsa arrived and gave them a horn full of gold, the ring SvÝagris and asked them to flee. As they rode over the Fyrisvellir , they saw A­ils and his men pursuing them. The fleeing men threw the gold on the plain so that the pursuers would stop to collect it. A­ils, however, continued the chase on his horse Sl÷ngvir. Hrˇlfr then threw SvÝagris and saw how A­ils stooped down to pick up the ring with his spear. Hrˇlfr exclaimed that he had seen the mightiest man in Sweden bend his back.

Ynglinga saga
The Ynglinga saga was written c. 1225 by Snorri Sturluson and he used Skj÷ldunga saga as a source when he told the story of A­ils[23]. Snorri relates that A­ils succeeded his father Ëttar (Ohthere ) and betook himself to pillage the Saxons, whose king was Geir■jˇfr and queen Alof the Great. The king and consort were not at home, and so A­ils and his men plundered their residence at ease driving cattle and captives down to the ships. One of the captives was a remarkably beautiful girl named Yrsa , and Snorri writes that everyone was soon impressed with the well-mannered, pretty and intelligent girl. Most impressed was A­ils who made her his queen.

Some years later, Helgi (Halga ), who ruled in Lejre , attacked Sweden and captured Yrsa. As he did not know that Yrsa was his own daughter, he raped her, and took her back to Lejre , where she bore him the son Hrˇlfr kraki . When the boy was three years of age, Yrsa's mother, queen Alof of Saxony, came to visit her and told her that her husband Helgi was her own father. Horrified, Yrsa returned to A­ils, leaving her son behind, and stayed in Sweden for the rest of her life. When Hrˇlfr was eight years old, Helgi died during a war expedition and Hrˇlfr was proclaimed king.
A­ils waged a war against king ┴li (Onela of Oppland , and they fought in the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vńnern . ┴li died in this battle. Snorri writes that there was a long account of this battle in the Skj÷ldunga Saga, which also contained an account of how Hrˇlf came to Uppsala and sowed gold on the Fyrisvellir .

Snorri also relates that A­ils loved good horses and had the best horses in his days (interestingly, the contemporary Gothic scholar Jordanes noted that the Swedes were famed for their good horses). One horse was named Sl÷ngvi and another one Raven, which he had taken from ┴li. From this horse he had bred a horse also named Raven which he sent to king Godgest of Hňlogaland , but Godgest could not manage it and fell from it and died, in Omd on the island of And°ya . A­ils himself died in a similar way at the DÝsablˇt . A­ils was riding around the Disa shrine when Raven stumbled and fell, and the king was thrown forward and hit his skull on a stone. The Swedes called him a great king and buried him at Uppsala . He was succeeded by Eysteinn

Hrˇlfr Kraki's saga
Hrˇlfr Kraki's saga is believed to have been written in the period c. 1230 - c. 1450[24]. Helgi and Yrsa lived happily together as husband and wife, not knowing that Yrsa was Helgi's daughter. Yrsa's mother queen Oluf travelled to Denmark to tell her daughter the truth. Yrsa was shocked and although Helgi wanted their relationship to remain as it was, Yrsa insisted on leaving him to live alone. She was later taken by the Swedish king A­ils as his queen, which made Helgi even more unhappy. Helgi went to Uppsala to fetch her, but was killed by A­ils in battle. In Lejre , he was succeeded by his son Hrˇlfr Kraki .

After some time, B÷­varr Bjarki encouraged Hrˇlfr to go Uppsala to claim the gold that A­ils had taken from Helgi after the battle. Hrˇlfr departed with 120 men and his twelve beserkers and during a rest they were tested by a farmer called Hrani (Odin in disguise) who advised Hrˇlfr to send back all his troops but his twelve beserkers, as numbers would not help him against A­ils.

They were at first well received, but in his hall, A­ils did his best to stop Hrˇlfr with pit traps and hidden warriors who attacked the Danes. Finally A­ils entertained them but put them to a test where they had to endure immense heat by a fire. Hrˇlfr and his beserkers finally had enough and threw the courtiers, who were feeding the fire, into the fire and lept at A­ils. The Swedish king disappeared through a hollow tree trunk that stood in his hall.

Yrsa admonished A­ils for wanting to kill her son, and went to meet the Danes. She gave them a man named V÷ggr to entertain them. This V÷ggr remarked that Hrˇlfr had the thin face of a pole ladder, a Kraki. Happy with his new cognomen Hrˇlfr gave V÷ggr a golden ring, and V÷ggr swore to avenge Hrˇlfr if anyone should kill him. Hrˇlfr and his company were then attacked by a troll in the shape of a boar in the service of A­ils, but Hrˇlfr's dog Gram killed it.

They then found out that A­ils had set the hall on fire, and so they broke out of the hall, only to find themselves surrounded by heavily armed warriors in the street. After a fight, king A­ils retreated to summon reinforcements.

Yrsa then provided her son with a silver drinking horn filled with gold and jewels and a famous ring, SvÝagris. Then she gave Hrˇlf and his men twelve of the Swedish king's best horses, and all the armour and provisions they needed.

Hrˇlfr took a fond farewell of his mother and departed over the Fyrisvellir . When they saw A­ils and his warriors in pursuit, they spread the gold behind themselves. A­ils saw his precious SvÝagris on the ground and stooped to pick it up with his spear, whereupon Hrˇlf cut his back with his sword and screamed in triumph that he had bent the back of the most powerful man in Sweden.

Danish sources

Chronicon Lethrense and Annales Lundenses
The Chronicon Lethrense (and the included Annales Lundenses) tell that when the Danish kings Helghe (Halga ) and Ro (Hro­gar ) were dead, the Swedish king Hakon/Athisl[25] forced the Daner to accept a dog as king. The dog king was succeeded by Rolf Krage (Hrˇlfr Kraki ).

Gesta Danorum
The Gesta Danorum (book 2), by Saxo Grammaticus , tells that Helgo (Halga ) repelled a Swedish invasion, killed the Swedish king Hothbrodd , and made the Swedes pay tribute. However, he committed suicide due to shame for his incestuous relationship with Urse (Yrsa ), and his son Roluo (Hrˇlfr Kraki ) succeeded him.

The new king of Sweden, Athislus, thought that the tribute to the Daner might be smaller if he married the Danish king's mother and so took Urse for a queen. However, after some time, Urse was so upset with the Swedish king's greediness that she thought out a ruse to run away from the king and at the same time liberate him of his wealth. She encited Athislus to rebell against Roluo, and arranged so that Roluo would be invited and promised a wealth in gifts.

At the banquet Roluo was at first not recognised by his mother, but when their fondness was commented on by Athisl, the Swedish king and Roluo made a wager where Roluo would prove his endurance. Roluo was placed in front of a fire that exposed him to such heat that finally a maiden could suffer the sight no more and extinguished the fire. Roluo was greatly recompensed by Athisl for his endurance.

When the banquet had lasted for three days, Urse and Roluo escaped from Uppsala, early in the morning in carriages where they had put all the Swedish king's treasure. In order to lessen their burden, and to occupy any pursuing warriors they spread gold in their path (later in the work, this is referred to as "sowing the Fyrisvellir "), although there was a rumour that she only spread gilded copper. When Athislus, who was pursuing the escapers saw that a precious ring was lying on the ground, he bent down to pick it up. Roluo was pleased to see the king of Sweden bent down, and escaped in the ships with his mother.

Roluo later defeated Athislus and gave Sweden to young man named Hiartuar (Heoroweard ), who also married Roluo's sister Skulde . When Athislus learnt that Hiartuar and Skulde had killed Roluo, he celebrated the occasion, but he drank so much that he killed himself.

Archaeology

According to Snorri Sturluson , Eadgils was buried in one of the royal mounds of Gamla Uppsala , and he is believed to be buried in Adils' Mound (also known as the Western mound or Thor's mound) one of the largest mounds at Uppsala . An excavation in this mound showed that a man was buried there c. 575 on a bear skin with two dogs and rich grave offerings. There were luxurious weapons and other objects, both domestic and imported, show that the buried man was very powerful. These remains include a Frankish sword adorned with gold and garnets and a board game with Roman pawns of ivory . He was dressed in a costly suit made of Frankish cloth with golden threads, and he wore a belt with a costly buckle. There were four cameos from the Middle East which were probably part of a casket. The finds show the distant contacts of the House of Yngling in the 6th century.

Snorri's account that Adils had the best horses of his days, and Jordanes' account that the Swedes of the 6th century were famed for their horses find support in archaeology. This time was the beginning of the Vendel Age , a time characterised by the appearance of stirrups and a powerful mounted warrior elite in Sweden, which rich graves in for instance Valsgńrde and Vendel .


Research Notes: Wife - Yrsa, of Saxony [Legendary]

Legendary.

From Wikipedia - Yrsa :

Yrsa, Yrse, Yrs or Urse (6th century[1]) was a tragic heroine of Scandinavian legend.

She appears in several versions relating to her husband, the Swedish king Eadgils , and/or to her father and rapist/lover/husband Halga (the younger brother of king Hro­gar who received Beowulf ) and their son Hro­ulf . The consensus view is that the people surrounding Yrsa are the same people as those found in Beowulf [2], and the common claim in Beowulf studies that Hro­ulf probably was the son of Halga is taken from the Yrsa tradition. Several translators (e.g. Burton Raffel ) and scholars have emended her name from a corrupt line (62) in the manuscript of Beowulf, although this is guesswork.

In the Ynglinga saga , Snorri Sturluson describes her personality as follows (Samuel Laing's translation):

"Yrsa was not one of the slave girls, and it was soon observed that she was intelligent, spoke well, and in all respects was well behaved. All people thought well of her, and particularly the king; and at last it came to this that the king celebrated his wedding with her, and Yrsa became queen of Sweden, and was considered an excellent woman.

Chronicon Lethrense and Annales Lundenses
The Chronicon Lethrense (and the included Annales Lundenses) tells that one day, the Danish king Helghe arrived in Halland /Lolland [3] and slept with Thore, the daughter of one of Ro's farmers. This resulted in Yrse. Much later, he met Yrse, and without knowing that she was his daughter, he made her pregnant with Rolf Krage. Lastly, he found out that Yrse was his own daughter, went east and killed himself.

Ro is the same personage as Hro­gar , who received Beowulf at Heorot . His co-king Helghe is the same as Hro­gar's brother Halga , and Rolf Krage is the same personage as Hro­gar's nephew Hro­ulf . However, in Beowulf, it is never explained in what way they were uncle and nephew.

Gesta Danorum
The Gesta Danorum (book 2) reports that Helgo was the brother of the Danish king Ro, but whereas Ro was king of the Danish lands, Helgo had inherited the sea. One day during his sea roving, arrived at Thur° , where he found and raped the young girl Thora, who became pregnant with Urse. When Helgo after many years returned to Thur°, Thora avenged her lost virginity by sending Urse to Helgo who, unknowingly raped his own daughter. This resulted in Roluo Kraki.

During a Swedish invasion, Ro was killed by Hothbrodd , the king of Sweden. Helgo avenged his brother's death and made the Swedes pay tribute. However, he then chose to commit suicide due to his shame for his incestuous relationship with Urse, and their son Roluo Kraki succeeded him. Athislus, the new king of Sweden thought that the tribute to the Daner might be smaller if he married the Danish king's mother and so took Urse for a queen. However, after some time, Urse was so upset with the Swedish king's greediness that she thought out a ruse to run away from the king and at the same time liberate him of his wealth. She encited Athislus to rebell against Roluo, and arranged so that Roluo would be invited and promised a wealth in gifts.

When the banquet had lasted for three days, Urse and Roluo escaped from Uppsala, early in the morning in carriages where they had put all the Swedish king's treasure. In order to lessen their burden, and to occupy any pursuing warriors they spread gold in their path, although there was a rumour that she only spread gilded copper. When Athislus, who was pursuing the escapers saw that a precious ring was lying on the ground, he bent down to pick it up. Roluo was pleased to see the king of Sweden bent down, and escaped in the ships with his mother.

This account is more elaborate than that of Chronicon Lethrense and Annales Lundenses. Helgo is the same personage as Helghe/Halga . His brother the Danish king Ro is the same as Hro­gar , Roluo is the same as Hro­ulf /Rolf Krage, and the Swedish king Athislus is the same as Eadgils , the Swedish king of Beowulf. Yrse is here called Urse, and the story of her son fleeing the Swedish king with all his treasure is also found in the following accounts. It is noteworthy that all the Danish sources, Chronicon Lethrense, Annales Lundenses and Gesta Danorum differ on where Halga found Yrsa, but make her Danish. The Icelandic sources that follow make her a Saxon , on the other hand, and not Danish.

Hrˇlfr Kraki's saga
In Hrˇlfr Kraki's saga , Helgi (i.e. Halga ) went to the Saxons wanting to woo their warlike queen Oluf. She was, however, not interested and humiliated Helgi by shaving his head and covering him with tar, while he was asleep, and sending him back to his ship. Some time later, Helgi returned and through a ruse, he kidnapped the queen for a while during which time he made her pregnant.

Having returned to her kingdom, the queen bore a child, a girl which she named Yrsa after her dog. Yrsa was set to live as a shepherd, until she was 12 years old, when she met her father Helgi who fell in love with her, not knowing it was his daughter. Oluf kept quiet about the parentage and saw it as her revenge that Helgi would wed his own daughter. Helgi and Yrsa had the son Hrˇlfr Kraki (Hro­ulf).

Learning that Helgi and Yrsa lived happily together, queen Oluf travelled to Denmark to tell her daughter the truth. Yrsa was shocked and although Helgi wanted their relationship to remain as it was, Yrsa insisted on leaving him to live alone. She was later taken by the Swedish king A­ils (Eadgils ) as his queen, which made Helgi even unhappier.

Missing Yrsa, Helgi went to Uppsala to fetch her, but was killed by A­ils in battle. Yrsa was naturally upset that the man who was closest to her was killed by her husband, and promised A­ils that his berserkers would all be slain if she could help it. She was no happier in the king's company and she was not interested in making up with him either. Later, when a young Swedish warrior named Svipdag arrived to test his skills, she greatly supported him in his fights with the berserkers who eventually were all slain. Svipdag chose not to remain with king A­ils and instead he sought service with Yrsa's son Hrˇlfr who had succeeded Helgi as the king of Denmark.

After some time, when A­ils owed Hrˇlfr not only the gold he had taken from Helgi during the battle, but also tribute for his help fighting king ┴li (i.e. Onela of Beowulf ) in the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vńnern , Hrˇlfr arrived at Uppsala to gather his tribute. A­ils did his best to stop Hrˇlfr through different ruses, but had to go away to gather reinforcements. While the Swedish king was gone, Yrsa provided her son with more gold than was due to him. Then she gave Hrˇlfr and his men twelve of the Swedish king's best horses (A­ils was famous for his well-bred horses), and all the armour and provisions they needed.

Hrˇlfr took a fond farewell of his mother and departed over the Fyrisvellir . When they saw A­ils and his warriors in pursuit, they spread the gold behind themselves. A­ils saw his precious SvÝagris on the ground and stooped to pick it up with his spear, whereupon Hrˇlfr cut his back with his sword and screamed in triumph that he had bent the back of the most powerful man in Sweden.

Later, Hrˇlfr was killed by his brother-in-law Hj÷rvar­r (i.e. the Heoroweard of Beowulf ) through treason and when the battle was over Hrˇlfr's sister the half-elven Skuld ruled Denmark. Yrsa exacted revenge by sending a large Swedish army ledd by Vogg who captured Skuld before she could summon her army. Skuld was tortured to death and Hrˇlfr's daughters took over the rule of Denmark.

This account resembles that of the Gesta Danorum, but is more elaborate. A notable difference is that Yrsa is no longer Danish but Saxon, and that Yrsa stayed in Sweden, when her son Hro­ulf fled Eadgils with the gold.

Skj÷ldunga saga

The Skj÷ldunga saga [4][5] relates that Helgo (Halga ) was the king of Denmark together with his brother Roas (Hro­gar ). Helgo raped Olava, the queen of the Saxons , and she bore a daughter named Yrsa. The girl later married king Adillus (Eadgils ), the king of Sweden. Yrsa and Adillus had the daughter Scullda .

Some years later, Helgo attacked Sweden and captured Yrsa. He raped Yrsa, his own daughter, and took her back to Denmark, where she bore the son Rolfo (Hro­ulf ). After a few years, Yrsa's mother, queen Olava, came to visit her and told her that Helgo was her own father. In horror, Yrsa returned to Adillus, leaving her son behind. Helgo died when Rolfo was eight years old, and Rolfo succeeded him, and ruled together with his uncle Roas. Not much later, Roas was killed by his half-brothers RŠrecus and Frodo (Froda ), whereupon Rolfo became the sole king of Denmark.

In Sweden, Yrsa and Adillus married their Scullda to the king of Íland , Hi°rvardus (also called Hiorvardus and Hevardus, and who corresponds to Heoroweard in Beowulf ). As her half-brother Rolfo was not consulted about this marriage, he was infuriated and he attacked Íland and made Hi°rvardus and his kingdom tributary to Denmark.
Adillus requested Rolfo's aid against the Norwegian king Ale (Onela ). Rolfo sent his berserkers, but when the war had been won, Adillus refused to pay. Rolfo came to Uppsala and after some adventures he could flee with Adillus' gold, helped by his mother Yrsa, and he "sowed" it on the Fyrisvellir .

This account differs from Hrˇlf Kraki's saga in the respect that Yrsa was first peacefully married to Eadgils, and later captured by Halga, who raped her and made her pregnant with Hro­ulf. In Hrˇlfr Kraki's saga, she was first captured by Halga who had Hro­ulf with him. Learning that Halga was her father, she returned to Saxland from where Eadgils kidnapped her. In Hrˇlfr Kraki's saga, Helgi dies when more or less trying to save her from Eagdils, while the Skj÷ldunga saga presents her marriage with Eadgils as a happier one, and Halga died in a different war expedition.

Ynglinga saga
The Skj÷ldunga saga [6] was used by Snorri Sturluson as a source when he told the story of A­ils (Eadgils ) and Yrsa. What remains of the Skj÷ldunga saga is a Latin summary by ArngrÝmur Jˇnsson , and so the two versions are basically the same, the main difference being that ArngrÝmur's version is more terse.
Snorri relates that A­ils betook himself to pillage the Saxons, whose king was Geir■jˇfr and queen Alof the Great. The king and consort were not at home, and so A­ils and his men plundered their residence at ease driving cattle and captives down to the ships. One of the captives was a remarkably beautiful girl named Yrsa, and Snorri writes that everyone was soon impressed with the well-mannered, pretty and intelligent girl. Most impressed was A­ils who made her his queen.

Some years later, Helgi (Halga ), who ruled in Lejre , attacked Sweden and captured Yrsa. He raped Yrsa, his own daughter, and took her back to Lejre , where she bore him the son Hrˇlfr (Hro­ulf ). When the boy was three years of age, Yrsa's mother, queen Alof of Saxony, came to visit her and told her that her husband Helgi was her own father. Horrified, Yrsa returned to A­ils, leaving her son behind, and stayed in Sweden for the rest of her life. When Hrˇlfr was eight years old, Helgi died during a war expedition and Hrˇlfr was proclaimed king.

Snorri finishes his account by briefly mentioning that the Skj÷ldunga saga contained an extensive account of how Hrˇlfr came to Uppsala and sowed gold on the Fyrisvellir .

Skßldskaparmßl
In the Skßldskaparmßl , Yrsa's husband king A­ils (Eadgils ) requested Yrsa's son Hrˇlfr's help against the Norwegian king ┴li (Onela ). Hrˇlfr was busy fighting the Saxons but sent his berserkers.

When Hrˇlfr heard that A­ils refused to pay, he set off to Uppsala . They brought the ships to the river Fyris and rode directly to the Swedish king's hall at Uppsala with his twelve berserkers. Yrsa welcomed them and led them to their lodgings. Fires were prepared for them and they were given drinks. However, so much wood was heaped on the fires that the clothes started to burn away from their clothes. Hrˇlfr and his men had enough and threw the courtiers on the fire. Yrsa arrived and gave them a horn full of gold, the ring SvÝagris and asked them to flee. As they rode over the Fyrisvellir , they saw A­ils and his men pursuing them. The fleeing men threw their gold on the plain so that the pursuers would stop to collect the gold. A­ils, however, continued the chase on his horse Sl÷ngvir. Hrˇlfr then threw SvÝagris and saw how A­ils stooped down to pick up the ring with his spear. Hrˇlfr exclaimed that he had seen the mightiest man in Sweden bend his back.


Research Notes: Child - Eysteinn, King in Sweden [Semi-Legendary]

From Wikipedia - Eysteinn :

Eysteinn (d. ca 600) was the son of Eadgils and Yrsa of Saxony . He was the father of Ingvar .

Snorri Sturluson relates that Eysteinn ruled Sweden at the time when Hrˇlf Kraki died in Lejre . It was a troubled time when many sea kings ravaged the Swedish shores. One of those kings was named S÷lve and he was from Jutland (but according to Historia Norwegiae he was Geatish , see below). At this time S÷lve was pillaging in the Baltic Sea and so he arrived in Lofond (probably the island of Lov÷n or the Lagunda Hundred ), where Eysteinn was at a feast. It was night-time and S÷lve and his men surrounded the house and set it on fire burning everyone inside to death. Then S÷lve arrived at Sigtuna (Old Sigtuna ) and ordered the Swedes to accept him as king. The Swedes refused and gathered an army that fought against S÷lve and his men, but they lost after eleven days. The Swedes had to accept him as king for a while until they rebelled and killed him.

Thorsteins saga VÝkingssonar makes Eysteinn the father of Anund and grandfather of Ingjald and consequently skips Ingvar's generation. It adds a second son to Eysteinn named Olaf, who was the king of Fjordane in Norway .

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Eahlmund, King of Kent




Husband Eahlmund, King of Kent

           Born: Abt 745
     Christened: 
           Died: 827 - Kent, England
         Buried: 


         Father: Eafa, of Wessex (Abt 0723-      ) 11
         Mother: < >, [Kentish princess] (      -      ) 13


       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M * Egbert, King of Wessex

            AKA: Ecgberht King of the West Saxons
           Born: Abt 775 - Kent, England
     Christened: 
           Died: Betw 837 and 839 - Wessex, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: RŠdburga (Abt 0777-      ) 414




Research Notes: Husband - Eahlmund, King of Kent

King in Kent 784

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 1-11. Married perhaps a daughter of Aethelberht II, King of Kent, 725-762.

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872468 :

King of Kent (762-764, c784-c785)
It has been suggested that Ealhmund was the same as the earlier Eanmund, whose name appears confirming a charter of Sigered, the king of West Kent. If this is so then Ealhmund was the more senior king. He has been associated with with Ealhmund, the father of the famous Egbert of Wessex---if this is so, then we know that he was descended from Ingeld, the brother of Ine. It is quite probable that his father or grandfather had married into the Kentish royal family, thus establishing his claim on the Kentish kingdom. Ealhmund was, however, deposed by Offa of Mercia when he invaded Kent in 764. He would have been a yound king at the time, probably in his early twenties, with no power to oppose Offa. He almost certainly went into exile, but later became allied with Egbert II, the king who had displaced him but who in turn rebelled against Offa. When Egbert died, sometime in the early 780's, Ealhmund returned to the kingship. For a second time he faced the wrath of Offa, which this time was more violent and conclusive. Ealhmund was almost certainly killed, and Kent came directly under Offa's rule until the revolution of Eadbert Praen in 796.
!British Kings and Queens pg. 224

From Wikipedia - Ealhmund of Kent :

Ealhmund was born in 745 and died in 827 . Ealhmund, was King of Kent in 784 . His father was Eoffa de Wessex .
There is little historical evidence for his reign. An abstract of a charter dated 784 survives [1] , in which Ealhmund granted land to the Abbot of Reculver . But by the following year Offa of Mercia seems to have been ruling directly, as he issued a charter [2] without any mention of a local king.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , Ealhmund was the father of Ecgberht III , later King of Wessex and Kent and son of Eafa the West Saxon, and therefore a member of the House of Wessex (see House of Wessex family tree ).


Research Notes: Child - Egbert, King of Wessex

King of Wessex 802-827, first king of all England 827-836.

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871984 :

King of Wessex 802-839 and the first King of all England 827-839. Ecgberht became King of Wessex in 802, having previously spent some years serving in the army of Charlemange (RIN # 534) in Europe. He steadily increased the power and influence of Wessex, and in 825 defeated the Mercians at the Battle of Ellandun. Two years later, Northumbria submitted to him, and from 827 until his death in 839 Ecgberht was recognixed by his fellow kings as King of all England.

!Taken directly from "The Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" pg. 11

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 1-12. "The male line of kings descends from him to Edward the Confessor and the female line to the present time."


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Sigeferth and Ealdgyth




Husband Sigeferth

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 1015
         Buried: 
       Marriage: Bef 1015




Wife Ealdgyth 399

            AKA: Edith, Eldgyth
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 

   Other Spouse: Edmund II , King of England (Abt 0989-1016) 398 - 1015

Noted events in her life were:
Ľ Flourished, 1015-1016



Children

Research Notes: Husband - Sigeferth

A Danish nobleman

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 1-29 (Edmund II)


Research Notes: Wife - Ealdgyth

From Wikipedia - Ealdgyth (floruit 1015-1016) :

Ealdgyth (floruit 1015-1016), modern English Edith, may have been the name of the wife of Sigeferth son of Earngrim, thegn of the Seven Boroughs, and later of King Edmund Ironside . She was probably the mother of Edmund's sons Edward the Exile and Edmund.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Sigeferth and his brother Morcar , described as "foremost thegns of the Seven Burghs" were killed at an assembly of the English nobility at Oxford . Ealdorman Eadric Streona is said to have killed them "dishonourably" after having invited them to his rooms. The Seven Burghs, otherwise unknown, are presumed to have been the Five Burghs and Torksey and York . Following the killings, King Ăthelred the Unready had the property of Sigeferth and Morcar seized and ordered that Sigeferth's widow, whose name the Chronicle does not record, should be detained at Malmesbury Abbey . The chronicle of John of Worcester calls her Ealdgyth.[1]

In the late summer of 1015, at some time between 15 August and 8 September, Edmund Ironside raised a revolt against his father King Ăthelred. Either then, or perhaps even earlier, he removed Sigeferth's widow from Malmesbury, against his father's wishes, and married her. Sigeferth and Morcar's friends and allies supported Edmund after this.[2] While two charters issued by Edmund which mention his wife survive from about this time, neither of them contain her name in the surviving texts.[3]

It is generally, but not universally, supposed that Ealdgyth, if that was her name, was the mother of Edmund Ironside's sons.[4] These were Edmund, who died young in exile, and Edward the Exile, who returned to England late in the reign of his uncle King Edward the Confessor and died soon afterwards. Whether she went into exile with her children following Edmund's death in 1016 is unknown.

One reason advanced for supposing that John of Worcester may have been mistaken in naming this woman Ealdgyth is that Sigeferth's brother Morcar had also been married to a woman named Ealdgyth. This Ealdgyth was the daughter of Ălfthryth, and niece of Ălfhelm, Ealdorman of York and Wulfric Spot . While Ealdgyth is a common female name in the period, this coincidence has raised the suspicion that the Worcester chronicle has confused Sigeferth's widow with his sister-in-law.[5]

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Edmund II , King of England and Ealdgyth




Husband Edmund II , King of England 398

            AKA: Eadmund II "Ironside" King of England
           Born: Abt 989
     Christened: 
           Died: 30 Nov 1016 - <Oxford or London>, England
         Buried:  - Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England


         Father: Ăthelred II , King of England (Abt 0968-1016) 379
         Mother: Ălfgifu, of York (Abt 0968-Abt 1002) 380


       Marriage: 1015

Noted events in his life were:
Ľ King of England, 23 Apr 1016-30 Nov 1016




Wife Ealdgyth 399

            AKA: Edith, Eldgyth
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 

   Other Spouse: Sigeferth (      -Bef 1015) - Bef 1015

Noted events in her life were:
Ľ Flourished, 1015-1016



Children
1 M * Edward , Saxon Prince of England 430

            AKA: Edward "the Atheling" Saxon Prince of England
           Born: 1016 - England
     Christened: 
           Died: Feb 1057 - England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Agatha (Abt 1020-Aft 1070) 431
           Marr: Abt 1040




Research Notes: Husband - Edmund II "Ironside", King of England

From Wikipedia - Edmund Ironside :
Edmund Ironside or Edmund II (c. 988/993 - 30 November 1016) was king of the English from 23 April to 30 November 1016. The cognomen "Ironside" refers to his efforts to fend off a Danish invasion led by King Cnut . His actual authority was limited to Wessex, or the area south of Thames . The north was controlled by Cnut, who became "king of all England" upon Edmund's death. His name is also spelled Eadmund.

Family
Edmund was the second son of King Ăthelred the Unready (also known as Ăthelred II) and his first wife, Ălfgifu of York . He had three brothers, the elder being Ăthelstan , and the younger two being Eadred and Ecgbert. His mother was dead by 996, after which his father remarried, this time to Emma of Normandy .

Ăthelstan died in 1014, leaving Edmund as heir. A power-struggle began between Edmund and his father, and in 1015 King Ăthelred had two of Edmund's allies, Sigeferth and Morcar , executed. Edmund then took Sigeferth's widow, Ealdgyth , from Malmesbury Abbey where she had been imprisoned and married her in defiance of his father. During this time, Cnut the Great attacked England with his forces. In 1016 Edmund staged a rebellion in conjunction with Earl Uhtred of Northumbria , but after Uhtred deserted him and submitted to Cnut, Edmund was reconciled with his father.

Royal and military history

Ăthelred, who had earlier taken ill, died on 23 April 1016. Edmund succeeded to the throne and mounted a last-ditch effort to revive the defence of England. While the Danes laid siege to London , Edmund headed for Wessex , where he gathered an army. When the Danes pursued him he fought them to a standstill. He then raised a renewed Danish siege of London and won repeated victories over Cnut. However, on 18 October, Cnut decisively defeated him at the Battle of Ashingdon in Essex . After the battle the two kings negotiated a peace in which Edmund kept Wessex while Cnut held the lands north of the River Thames . In addition, they agreed that if one of them should die, territories belonging to the deceased would be ceded to the living.[1]

Death
On 30 November 1016, King Edmund died in Oxford or London and his territories were ceded to Cnut who then became king of England. The cause of Edmund's death has never been clear, with many accounts listing natural causes [2], while others suggest that he was assassinated.[3] Edmund was buried at Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset . His burial site is now lost. During the Dissolution of the Monasteries , any remains of a monument or crypt were destroyed and the location of his body is unknown.

Heirs
Edmund had two children by Ealdgyth: Edward the Exile and Edmund, who both were sent by Cnut the Great to Sweden , in order to be murdered but were sent from there to Kiev , ending up in Hungary .



Research Notes: Wife - Ealdgyth

From Wikipedia - Ealdgyth (floruit 1015-1016) :

Ealdgyth (floruit 1015-1016), modern English Edith, may have been the name of the wife of Sigeferth son of Earngrim, thegn of the Seven Boroughs, and later of King Edmund Ironside . She was probably the mother of Edmund's sons Edward the Exile and Edmund.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Sigeferth and his brother Morcar , described as "foremost thegns of the Seven Burghs" were killed at an assembly of the English nobility at Oxford . Ealdorman Eadric Streona is said to have killed them "dishonourably" after having invited them to his rooms. The Seven Burghs, otherwise unknown, are presumed to have been the Five Burghs and Torksey and York . Following the killings, King Ăthelred the Unready had the property of Sigeferth and Morcar seized and ordered that Sigeferth's widow, whose name the Chronicle does not record, should be detained at Malmesbury Abbey . The chronicle of John of Worcester calls her Ealdgyth.[1]

In the late summer of 1015, at some time between 15 August and 8 September, Edmund Ironside raised a revolt against his father King Ăthelred. Either then, or perhaps even earlier, he removed Sigeferth's widow from Malmesbury, against his father's wishes, and married her. Sigeferth and Morcar's friends and allies supported Edmund after this.[2] While two charters issued by Edmund which mention his wife survive from about this time, neither of them contain her name in the surviving texts.[3]

It is generally, but not universally, supposed that Ealdgyth, if that was her name, was the mother of Edmund Ironside's sons.[4] These were Edmund, who died young in exile, and Edward the Exile, who returned to England late in the reign of his uncle King Edward the Confessor and died soon afterwards. Whether she went into exile with her children following Edmund's death in 1016 is unknown.

One reason advanced for supposing that John of Worcester may have been mistaken in naming this woman Ealdgyth is that Sigeferth's brother Morcar had also been married to a woman named Ealdgyth. This Ealdgyth was the daughter of Ălfthryth, and niece of Ălfhelm, Ealdorman of York and Wulfric Spot . While Ealdgyth is a common female name in the period, this coincidence has raised the suspicion that the Worcester chronicle has confused Sigeferth's widow with his sister-in-law.[5]


Research Notes: Child - Edward "the Exile", Saxon Prince of England

From Wikipedia - Edward the Exile :

Edward the Exile (1016 - February 1057), also called Edward Ătheling, son of King Edmund Ironside and of Ealdgyth , gained the name of "Exile" from his life spent mostly far from the England of his forefathers. After the Danish conquest of England in 1016 Canute had him and his brother, Edmund, exiled to the Continent. Edward was only a few months old when he was brought to the court of Olof Sk÷tkonung , (who was either Canute's half-brother or stepbrother), with instructions to have the child murdered. Instead, Edmund was secretly sent to Kiev , where Olof's daughter Ingigerd was the Queen, and then made his way to Hungary , probably in the retinue of Ingigerd's son-in-law, King Andrßs .

On hearing the news of his being alive, Edward the Confessor recalled him to England and made him his heir . Edward offered the last chance of an undisputed succession within the Saxon royal house . News of Edward's existence came at time when the old Anglo-Saxon Monarchy, restored after a long period of Danish domination, was heading for catastrophe. The Confessor, personally devout but politically weak, was unable to make an effective stand against the steady advance of the powerful and ambitious sons of Earl Godwin . From across the Channel William, Duke of Normandy also had an eye on the succession. Edward the Exile appeared at just the right time. Approved by both king and by the Witan , the Council of the Realm, he offered a way out of the impasse, a counter both to the Godwins and to William, and one with a legitimacy that could not be readily challenged.

Edward, who had been in the custody of Henry III , the Holy Roman Emperor, finally came back to England at the end of August 1057. But he died within two days of his arrival. The exact cause of Edward's death remains unclear, but he had many powerful enemies, and there is a strong possibility that he was murdered, although by whom it is not known with any certainty. It is known, though, that his access to the king was blocked soon after his arrival in England for some unexplained reason, at a time when the Godwins, in the person of Harold Godwinson , were once again in the ascendant. This turn of events left the throne of England to be disputed by Earl Harold and Duke William, ultimately leading to the Norman Conquest of England .

Edward's wife was a woman named Agatha , whose origins are disputed. Their children were Edgar Ătheling , Saint Margaret of Scotland and Cristina . Edgar was nominated as heir apparent, but was too young to count for much, and was eventually swept aside by Harold Godwinson.



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Maldred, Lord of Carlisle and Allerdale and Ealdgyth, Princess of Northumbria




Husband Maldred, Lord of Carlisle and Allerdale 395

            AKA: Maldred Earl of Dunbar
           Born: Abt 1015 - <Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1045
         Buried: 


         Father: Crinan , Lay Abbot of Dunkeld, Governor of  Scots Islands (Abt 0978-1045) 22
         Mother: Bethˇc (Abt 0984-      ) 23


       Marriage: 




Wife Ealdgyth, Princess of Northumbria 394

            AKA: Aglithia Princess of Northumberland, Aldgitha, Ealdgytfh
           Born: Abt 1020 - Northumberland, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Uchtred the Bold, Earl of Northumbria (Abt 0971-1016) 381
         Mother: Ălfgifu (Abt 0997-      ) 378





Children
1 M * Gospatric I, 1st Earl of Dunbar 410

            AKA: Gospatric Earl of Northumberland
           Born: Abt 1040 - <Northumberland, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1075
         Buried:  - Norham, Northumberland, England
         Spouse: Ăthelreda, Princess of England (Abt 1042-      ) 3




Death Notes: Husband - Maldred, Lord of Carlisle and Allerdale

Slain in battle
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Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia




Husband Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia 374

            AKA: Aldred of Bernicia, Ealdred Earl of Bamburgh
           Born: Abt 994 - <Bernicia, Northumbria>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 1038
         Buried: 


         Father: Uchtred the Bold, Earl of Northumbria (Abt 0971-1016) 381
         Mother: Ecgfrida (Abt 0973-      ) 393


       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 F * Aelfflaed, of Bernicia 373

            AKA: Aelfled of Bernicia, Elfleda of Bernicia
           Born: Abt 1031 - <Bernicia, Northumbria>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland (Bef 1013-1055) 372




Death Notes: Husband - Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia

Murdered by his cousin Carl, son of Thurbrand the Hold


Research Notes: Husband - Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia

From Wikipedia - Ealdred, Earl of Bamburgh :

Ealdred was Earl of Bernicia from 1020/25 until his murder in 1038. He was the son of Uhtred, Earl of Northumbria , who was murdered by Thurbrand the Hold in 1016 with the connivance of Canute . Ealdred's mother was Ecgfrida, daughter of Aldhun , bishop of Durham .

Ealdred succeeded his uncle Eadwulf Cudel as Earl of Bernicia in 1020/25, and some time probably in the mid 1020s he killed Thurbrand in revenge for his father's death. In 1038 Ealdred was murdered by Thurbrand's son, Carl. He was succeeded as Earl of Bernicia by his brother, another Eadwulf , who was murdered by King Harthacanute in 1041.

Ealdred's daughter, Aelfflaed, was the first wife of Siward, Earl of Northumbria and her son, and Ealdred's grandson, was Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria .


Research Notes: Child - Aelfflaed, of Bernicia

From Wikipedia - Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria :

[Waltheof] was the second son of Siward, Earl of Northumbria . His mother was Aelfflaed, daughter of Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia , son of Uhtred, Earl of Northumbria . In 1054, Waltheof's brother, Osbearn, who was much older than him, was killed in battle, making Waltheof his father's heir. Siward himself died in 1055, and Waltheof being far too young to succeed as Earl of Northumbria, King Edward appointed Tostig Godwinson to the earldom.

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Eberhard, Count in the Betuwe




Husband Eberhard, Count in the Betuwe 63

            AKA: Eberhard Count of Beteau
           Born: Abt 1031 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 F * Adelheid, Countess of Betuwe 63

            AKA: Adela, Adele, Alix Countess of Beteau
           Born: Abt 1023 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: Aft 1086
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Henry II, Count of Leuven and Brussels (Abt 1021-1079) 62




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Eberhard, Margrave of Friuli and GisŔle




Husband Eberhard, Margrave of Friuli

           Born: Abt 818 - Friuli, Italy
     Christened: 
           Died: 16 Dec 866
         Buried: 
       Marriage: Bef 840




Wife GisŔle 1112

            AKA: Gisela
           Born: 820 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1 Jul 874
         Buried: 


         Father: Louis I, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Franks (0778-0840) 1003
         Mother: Judith, of Bavaria (Abt 0798-0843) 1005





Children

Research Notes: Husband - Eberhard, Margrave of Friuli

Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871876
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Eberhard III, Count in Nordgau




Husband Eberhard III, Count in Nordgau 3

           Born: Abt 835 - <Nordgau Region>
     Christened: 
           Died: Aft 898
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 M * Hugo III, Count in Nordgau 3

           Born: Abt 870 - <Nordgau Region>
     Christened: 
           Died: 940
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hildegard (Abt 0876-      ) 3
           Marr: Abt 899




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Eberhard IV, Count in Nordgau and Liutgard




Husband Eberhard IV, Count in Nordgau 3

           Born: Abt 900 - <Nordgau>
     Christened: 
           Died: 18 Dec 973 - <Nordgau>
         Buried: 


         Father: Hugo III, Count in Nordgau (Abt 0870-0940) 3
         Mother: Hildegard (Abt 0876-      ) 3


       Marriage: 




Wife Liutgard 1113

            AKA: Luitgard
           Born: Abt 910 - <Bidgau-Trier>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



Children
1 F * Hedwig, of Nordgau 150

           Born: Betw 922 and 937
     Christened: 
           Died: 993
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Siegfried, of Luxembourg (Abt 0922-0988) 149
           Marr: Abt 950



2 M * Hugo V, Count in Nordgau 3

           Born: Abt 928 - <Nordgau Region>
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 986
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Wife - Liutgard

Her parents were probably not Wigeric and Cunigonde. From Wikipedia (Wigeric of Lotharingia ):
"Some genealogies record two other children, Henry and Liutgard, who were in fact son and daughter of another Wigeric, son of Roric, a contemporary living in the shire of Bidgau-Trier."


Research Notes: Child - Hedwig, of Nordgau

Her husband, Siegfried of Luxembourg, was her maternal uncle.

From Wikipedia - Hedwig of Nordgau :

Hedwig of Nordgau (922 - 993 ) was the daughter of count Eberhard IV of Nordgau and Luitgard of Lotharingia . Around 950 she married her maternal uncle Siegfried of Luxembourg , first count of Luxembourg and founder of the county.

Siegfried and Hedwig had 11 children, including:
Henry , count of Luxemburg
Adalbert , archbishop of Trier
Luitgard , married Aarnout
Eva , married count Gerard of Elzass
Cunigunde , married Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor
Dietrich , bishop of Metz
Frederik , father of the later counts Henry II and Giselbert

picture

Sources


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88. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 28-26 (Alan).

89. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-25, 123-25. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871913. .... Wikipedia.org, Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou.

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92. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-23, 118-25 (Geoffrey V). .... Wikipedia.org, Empress Matilda.

93. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-26, 83-26 (Isabel de Warenne). .... Wikipedia.org, Hamelin de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872178.

94. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 83-26.

95. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 189-1, 234A-28. .... Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 105.

96. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 234A-27.

97. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 234A-27 (Gilbert Malet).

98. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 189-1 (Sir William Malet), 234A-28 (William II Malet). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

99. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 234A-29, 189-2. .... Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 106.

100. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 189-2 (Hawise Malet).

101. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319822 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

102. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319823 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

103. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316385 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

104. Wikipedia.org, Gondulphus of Tongeren. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319819.

105. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-6. .... Wikipedia.org, Gondulphus of Tongeren.

106. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319842 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

107. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319843 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

108. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319844 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

109. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319841 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

110. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-2.

111. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-1.

112. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-2 (Zoltßn).

113. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-3.

114. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240-18.

115. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-17, 240-17, 140-17. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f05/a0020572.htm. .... Wikipedia.org, Reginar, Duke of Lorraine.

116. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-17 (Reginar I).

117. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-18 (Reginar II).

118. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-19. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

119. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-19 (Reginar III). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

120. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99217 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Gongioc.

121. Wikipedia.org, Gunther. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316469 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

122. Wikipedia.org, Gondioc.

123. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #154209 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Chilperic II of Burgundy.

124. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #317962 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

125. Wikipedia.org, Chilperic II of Burgundy.

126. Wikipedia.org, Gundobad; Gondioc.

127. Wikipedia.org, Gotfrid; Theodo of Bavaria. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 182-1. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #308134 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

128. Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #9898 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

129. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #98935 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria.

130. Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #98936 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

131. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 812-2. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #98929 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

132. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99022 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873346. .... Wikipedia.org, Marcomer.

133. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99023 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873347.

134. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316476 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

135. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316483 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

136. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99021 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873345. .... Wikipedia.org, Pharamond.

137. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875190. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105872 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

138. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-24.

139. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-24 (╔tienne de Vaux).

140. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-25.

141. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-25 (Geoffroi de Joinville).

142. Johnson, DeWayne B. and Lorna Wallace Johnson, Johnson/Wallace Family Tree.

143. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I018415. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2077. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16739.

144. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I018442. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2079.

145. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2080.

146. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I021330. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2075. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16743.

147. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I021329. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16748.

148. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 143-20. .... Wikipedia.org, Frederick of Luxembourg.

149. Wikipedia.org, Siegfried of Luxembourg.

150. Wikipedia.org, Hedwig of Nordgau.

151. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 143-20.

152. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-21 (Baldwin IV)). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

153. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-21. .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... Wikipedia.org, Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders.

154. Personal Documents, Donald Johnson's letter 23 July 1972.

155. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-7. .... Wikipedia.org, Gondulphus of Tongeren. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107697 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

156. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-7 (Bodegeisel II).

157. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-8. .... Wikipedia.org, Saint Arnulf of Metz. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91675 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

158. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107700 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

159. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-3 (Nesta).

160. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-3 (Nesta). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

161. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-3 (Nesta). .... Wikipedia.org, Bernard de NeufmarchÚ. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

162. Wikipedia.org, Lysimache.

163. Wikipedia.org, Talaus.

164. Schenck, Elizabeth Hubbell, The History of Fairfield: Fairfield County, Connecticut from 1700 to 1800. (Vol. 2. New York: J. J. Little, 1905), p. 441.

165. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2224.htm.

166. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2227.htm.

167. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2229.htm.

168. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/650.htm.

169. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2221.htm.

170. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2222.htm.

171. Website:, From: suthen <suthen@redshift.com>
Newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval
Subject: Re: Boteler of Warrington: The First Generations
Date: Fri, 28 Dec 2007 00:03:38 -0800 (PST)

"According to VCH Lancs VIII:300 (numerous contemporary citations in footnote.

172. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 145-16. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

173. http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872025.

174. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875368.

175. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875384.

176. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875374.

177. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875376.

178. Wikipedia.org, County of La Marche. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-3.

179. Wikipedia.org, County of La Marche. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-2.

180. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-2 (Boso I).

181. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A (Adalbert I). .... Wikipedia.org, William V, Duke of Aquitaine.

182. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-3 (Adalbert I).

183. Wikipedia.org, William V, Duke of Aquitaine.

184. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 185A-4, 275-21 (Hugh V de Lusignan). .... Wikipedia.org, County of La Marche.

185. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-4 (Bernard I).

186. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-1. .... Wikipedia.org, Adalrich, Duke of Alsace.

187. Wikipedia.org, Adalrich, Duke of Alsace.

188. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872411.

189. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873571. .... Wikipedia.org, Sigebert III.

190. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-2. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872409.

191. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875377.

192. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #317221 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

193. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105896 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

194. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #97877 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

195. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #317222 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

196. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-20, 148-20 (Gerberga). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

197. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-20, 155-20 (Lambert I).

198. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875362.

199. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14 (Louis I). .... Wikipedia.org, Louis the Pious. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871880.

200. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871881.

201. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875366.

202. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875363.

203. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-22, 140-22. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

204. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-21, 140-21. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

205. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-21 (Otho).

206. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), 50-22 (Herbert IV). .... Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Vermandois; Hugh of Vermandois; Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois.

207. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-22 (Herbert IV), 140-22 (Herbert IV).

208. Wikipedia.org, Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois.

209. Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Vermandois. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-23, 50-23. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

210. Wikipedia.org, Hugh of Vermandois. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 53-23, 140-23 (Adelaide de Vermandois).

211. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-22 (Herbert IV).

212. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240-11.

213. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240-12.

214. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), 149-23 (Adelaide of Namur).

215. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-22, 151-22 (Adele de Roucy), 149-23 (Adelaide of Namur). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f92/a0019295.htm.

216. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-22, 246-22, 149-23 (Adela de Rameru), 151A-22 (Hilduin III de Rameru). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019619.htm.

217. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-23.

218. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 169-24 (Adela of Normandy). .... Wikipedia.org, Stephen II, Count of Blois.

219. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 169-24. .... Wikipedia.org, Adela of Normandy.

220. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121-24, 169-23 (Maud of Flanders). .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

221. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-23, 169-23. .... Wikipedia.org, Matilda of Flanders.

222. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 169-25, 165-26 (Matthew of Alsace), 158-24 (Matilda of Boulogne). .... Wikipedia.org, Stephen of England.

223. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158-24, 165-26 (Matthew of Alsace). .... Wikipedia.org, Matilda of Boulogne.

224. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 264-26 (Thibaud).

225. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-17. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

226. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-16. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Robert III of Worms. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871887.

227. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-17.

228. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-6. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872395.

229. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-17. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-5. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872404.

230. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 49-17, 181-5 (Hugh III).

231. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 48-18, 53-18, 101-18.

232. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 49-18 (Herbert II), 48-18 (Robert I). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871888.

233. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-18, 53-18 (Robert I), 101-18 (Robert I). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

234. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-20 (Adelaide de Vermandois). .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4316.htm.

235. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-20 (Adelaide de Vermandois). .... Wikipedia.org, Fulk II of Anjou. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2475.htm.

236. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-20, 121-20.

237. Wikipedia.org, Robert of Vermandois. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-19. .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871886.

238. http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871933.

239. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 119A-21. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #874597 Maitland Dirk Brower.

240. http://www.familysearch.org, Disc #125 Pin #891165 Maitland Dirk Brower & Kevin Bradford. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-21 (Richard II). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

241. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-21.

242. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-21 (Fulk III).

243. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4567.htm.

244. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4566.htm.

245. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125, Pin #891152 (Maitland Dirk Brower) & Kevin Bradford.

246. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875360.

247. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593877315.

248. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875361.

249. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872168.

250. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2930.htm.

251. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876193.

252. http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876623.

253. http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876626.

254. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 117-24 (Louis VI); 101-24 (Louis VI).

255. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-24, 101-24 (Louis VI).

256. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-24 (Louis VI), 274A-24 (Humbert II). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

257. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 117-25.

258. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-16. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Louis the Stammerer.

259. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-15, 162-16 (Judith). .... Wikipedia.org, Charles the Bald.

260. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-15 (Charles II). .... Wikipedia.org, Odo I, Count of OrlÚans.

261. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-16 (Louis II), 143-16 (Louis II). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

262. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-16 (Louis II).

263. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 143-17.

264. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-17. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Charles the Simple.

265. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-20.

266. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-19.

267. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-20 (Henry).

268. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-21.

269. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 157-21.

270. Wikipedia.org, Herleva. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-24. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

271. http://www.familysearch.org, Kevin Bradford. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-23. .... Wikipedia.org, Robert I, Duke of Normandy. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

272. Wikipedia.org, Herleva (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herleva). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593882938. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com (Herleva de Falaise).

273. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-24 (Adelaide).

274. Wikipedia.org, Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-25, 98A-23, 148-22 (Lambert of Boulogne). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

275. Wikipedia.org, Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-25 (Judith of Lens). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

276. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 53-20, 101-20, 106-20, 141-20. .... Wikipedia.org, Hugh Capet.

277. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 53-19, 101-19, 141-19 (Hedwig of Saxony).

278. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141-19, 53-19 (Hugh Magnus).

279. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-20, 141-20 (Hugh Capet). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

280. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-19.

281. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-19 (William I of Poitou).

282. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 106-21, 144A-21.

283. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 106-21 (Hedwig of France), 144A-21 (Hedwig of France).

284. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-21. .... Wikipedia.org, Robert II of France.

285. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 145-19, 101-21 (Robert II).

286. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 159-20, 101-21 (Robert II).

287. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-21, 101-21 (Robert II). .... Wikipedia.org, Constance of Arles.

288. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-22.

289. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-18. .... Wikipedia.org, Herbert II, Count of Vermandois. .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871672.

290. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-19, 50-18 (Herbert II). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

291. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-20. .... Wikipedia.org, William I of Provence.

292. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A (Constance of Provence).

293. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-19.

294. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-20 (William II). .... Wikipedia.org, Adelaide of Anjou.

295. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132-24, 108-24 (Eudes I). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

296. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132-24 (William I) & Line 144-22 (William I). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

297. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-4.

298. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 180-7. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107707.

299. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 180-6. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107705.

300. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107704 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 180-6 (Ansbertus).

301. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107706.

302. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99007 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Chlothar I.

303. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-3. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872408.

304. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-18 (Ebles Mancer).

305. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18, 144A-19 (William I of Poitou). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f00/a0020075.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Rollo. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/445.htm.

306. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18 (Ganger Rolf). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/465.htm.

307. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-18. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871976.

308. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-17. .... Wikipedia.org, Baldwin II. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871978.

309. Wikipedia.org, Ălfthryth, Countess of Flanders. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 44-16, 162-17 (Baldwin II). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, Line 1-16 (Edmund I).

310. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-20; 162-18 (Arnold I). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders; Herbert II, Count of Vermandois. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871977.

311. Website - Genealogy, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872022. .... Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872022.

312. Wikipedia.org, Guţnes. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872021.

313. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #103112 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-19. .... Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871973.

314. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders.

315. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-23, 71A-27 (Geoffroi III de Joinville).

316. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-23 (Andre I de Rameru).

317. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 53-26 (Sir Robert de Beaumont). .... Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 121. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

318. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-21 (AdŔle of France).

319. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-21.

320. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-22.

321. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-22 (William I).

322. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/6928.htm.

323. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2477.htm.

324. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2478.htm.

325. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-18.

326. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 142-18, 148-18, 151-18. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f90/a0019006.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

327. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-19 (Charles of Lorraine).

328. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-20.

329. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-20 (Ermengarde of Lorraine), 164-24 (Gertrude of Flanders). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

330. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872402.

331. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-13 (Rutpert I). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872401.

332. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-13. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872400.

333. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Roger de Beaumont.

334. Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Vielles. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Barons of Loughmoe.

335. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593877461. .... Wikipedia.org, Roger de Beaumont.

336. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-24 (Isabel de Vermandois). .... Wikipedia.org, Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

337. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 50-24, 53-24, 83-24, 84-24, 88-25, 89-25, 140-24, 170-23 184-4, 215-24. .... Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Vermandois.

338. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 84-25 (Gundred de Warenne). .... Wikipedia.org, Henry de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Warwick.

339. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-24.

340. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #875067.

341. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #893292.

342. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #890538 Maitland Dirk Brower.

343. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #875070 Maitland Dirk Brower.

344. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #879585 Maitland Dirk Brower.

345. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #893495 Maitland Dirk Brower.

346. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #875061 Maitland Dirk Brower.

347. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #890540 Maitland Dirk Brower.

348. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121-25, 121B-26 (Elizabeth). .... Wikipedia.org, Henry I of England.

349. Wikipedia.org, Henry I of England.

350. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121B-26 (Elizabeth).

351. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-25.

352. Wikipedia.org, William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-25 (Adeliza of Louvain).

353. Wikipedia.org, William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel (his son).

354. Wikipedia.org, William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel (her son).

355. Wikipedia.org, William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel (his son). .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-26.

356. Wikipedia.org, John FitzGeoffrey; Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-26 (William d'Aubigny). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

357. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874986.

358. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874987.

359. Website - Genealogy, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874984.

360. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-25 (Godfrey III).

361. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-25 (Godfrey III). .... Wikipedia.org, Henry II of Limburg.

362. Wikipedia.org, Adrastus.

363. Wikipedia.org, Eurydice of Troy; Themiste; Adrastus.

364. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319840 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

365. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875424. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319839 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

366. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875423. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319838 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

367. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 111-26 (Petronilla of Aragon). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

368. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, ┴ed Find. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-10.

369. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-11.

370. Wikipedia.org, Edward the Elder. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872375.

371. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874542.

372. Wikipedia.org, Siward, Earl of Northumbria. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 13-25 (Judith of Lens). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

373. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-25 (Judith of Lens). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria.

374. Wikipedia.org, Ealdred, Earl of Bamburgh. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-25 (Judith of Lens). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

375. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-3. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

376. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-2.

377. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-2 (Leofric). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

378. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-3 (Aelfgar). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

379. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-18, 34-19. .... Wikipedia.org, Ethelred "the Unready." .... http://www.familysearch.org.

380. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-18 (Ethelred II). .... Wikipedia.org, Ălfgifu of York.

381. Wikipedia.org, Uhtred of Bamburgh. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 34-20 (Ălfgifu). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

382. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-4. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

383. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176-2. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

384. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1B-23.

385. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-3 (Aelfgar).

386. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872188. .... Wikipedia.org, Edmund I of England.

387. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-15, 45-16. .... Wikipedia.org, Edward the Elder. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872162.

388. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872190. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-15 (Edward I).

389. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-16 (Edmund I).

390. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-17.

391. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-17 (Edgar). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

392. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Waltheof of Bamburgh.

393. Wikipedia.org, Ealdred, Earl of Bamburgh. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

394. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 34-21. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

395. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 172-20. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

396. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-18 (Aethelred II). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

397. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-18 (Aethelred II). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Thored.

398. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-19. .... Wikipedia.org, Edmund Ironside.

399. Wikipedia.org, Ealdgyth (floruit 1015ľ1016). .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-19 (Edmund II).

400. Wikipedia.org, Baldwin I, Count of Flanders. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-16 (Judith). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871946.

401. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871945. .... Wikipedia.org, Judith of Flanders. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-13 (AEthelwulf).

402. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-14, 44-15. .... Wikipedia.org, Alfred the Great. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I59387198.

403. Wikipedia.org, Ealhswith, Alfred the Great. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-14 (Alfred the Great), 44-15 (Alfred the Great). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871981.

404. Wikipedia.org, Baldwin II, Count of Flanders.

405. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-17 (Edgar).

406. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/6928.htm.

407. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874489.

408. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-13. .... Wikipedia.org, Ăthelwulf of Wessex.

409. Wikipedia.org, Alfred the Great. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-13 (Aethelwulf). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871983.

410. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-22. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

411. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-23. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

412. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-23 (Waldeve). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

413. Wikipedia.org, Ăthelwulf King of Wessex.

414. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872467.

415. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872466.

416. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 112-25. .... Wikipedia.org, Afonso I of Portugal.

417. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 112-25 (Alfonso I). .... Wikipedia.org, Maud of Savoy. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

418. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274B-25.

419. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274B-25 (Amadeus III). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

420. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 112-26, 114-26 (Fernando II). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Urraca of Portugal.

421. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 114-26. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Ferdinand II of Leˇn.

422. Wikipedia.org, Beatrice of Castile (1242ľ1303).

423. Wikipedia.org, Alfonso X of Castile.

424. Website:, http://wiki.whitneygen.org/wrg/index.php/.

425. Wikipedia.org, ÚĂ╔ŕŔÝßÔšÚ°÷ŕĂŔ╬˝š╔ÚÔ÷ń°╬Ăţš╔Ú˘Ôˇ÷ŘÝ˝╔ŰßÚˇÔŕšĂűÓŔڢݡßĂűŠŘ÷˘ŔÚţÔ.

426. Wikipedia.org, Sancho IV of Castile.

427. Wikipedia.org, MarÝa de Molina.

428. Website:, http://wiki.whitneygen.org/wrg/index.php/. .... Wikipedia.org, Maria of Portugal.

429. Wikipedia.org, Peter I of Portugal.

430. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-20. .... Wikipedia.org, Edward the Exile.

431. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 241-6, , 1-20 (Edward the Exile), 158-23 (Eustace III). .... Wikipedia.org, Agatha, wife of Edward the Exile.

432. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-20 (Edward "the Atheling"). .... Wikipedia.org, Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden; Anne of Kiev.

433. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-26 (Frederick III, Barbarossa).

434. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1287.htm.

435. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2220.htm.

436. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105714. .... Wikipedia.org, Agilulf.

437. Wikipedia.org, Agilulf.

438. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105707. .... Wikipedia.org, Theodelinda.

439. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105706. .... Wikipedia.org, Garibald I of Bavaria.

440. Wikipedia.org, Waldrada; Theudebald.

441. Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria; Agilofings; Arnulf of Metz. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99002 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Agilofings.

442. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99003 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria.

443. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653268822.

444. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653268824.

445. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653268820.

446. Website - Genealogy, http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vfarch/genealogy-data/wc23/wc23_075.html.

447. Website - Genealogy, http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vfarch/genealogy-data/wc23/wc23_076.html.

448. Website:, http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/. .... Website - Genealogy, http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vfarch/genealogy-data/wc27/wc27_301.html.

449. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872200.

450. Wikipedia.org, Aubrey de Vere II. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019514.htm. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-25 (Adeliza de Clare). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

451. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019515.htm. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-25; 246D-25. .... Wikipedia.org, Aubrey de Vere II; Gilbert Fitz Richard.

452. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-27, 60-28 (Hawise de Quincy). .... Wikipedia.org, Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871756.

453. Wikipedia.org, Isabel de Bolebec. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-27, 60-28 (Hawise de Quincy).

454. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-22. .... Wikipedia.org, Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor.

455. Wikipedia.org, Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor.

456. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 109-23.

457. Wikipedia.org, Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor; Agnes of Poitou.

458. Wikipedia.org, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-23.

459. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-23. .... Wikipedia.org, Bertha of Savoy.

460. Wikipedia.org, Alice Comyn.

461. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-24.

462. Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_of_Germany.

463. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-25, 166-25 (Judith of Bavaria). .... Wikipedia.org, Frederick II, Duke of Swabia.

464. Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_III_of_Germany.

465. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 194-7, 127-29 (Agnes of Chester). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

466. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132C-28 (Roger de Mortimer), Line 194-6 (Sibyl de Braose). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/3349.htm.

467. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 194-6. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

468. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 127-29.

469. Wikipedia.org, Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 125-28, 126-28, 127-28. .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

470. Wikipedia.org, Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester.

471. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 127-30, 189-4 (Sir Robert de Muscegros). .... Wikipedia.org, William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

472. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 57-29, 127-30 (William de Ferrers). .... Wikipedia.org, William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

473. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 127-30 (William de Ferrers). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

474. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176C-31.

475. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), ine 108-25 (HÚlie of Burgundy).

476. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-25 (HÚlie of Burgundy).

477. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-25 (HÚlie of Burgundy). .... Wikipedia.org, William III, Count of Ponthieu.

478. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-25. .... Wikipedia.org, Helie of Burgundy.

479. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2005-01/1106320406. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2081.htm.

480. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2005-01/1106320406. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2140.htm.

481. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1382.htm. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2005-01/1106320406.

482. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1350.htm.

483. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2081.htm. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2005-01/1106320406.

484. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2005-01/1106320406.

485. Ancestry.com, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/29106850/family?cfpid=13888535299. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I184856.

486. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I487019.

487. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I487017.

488. Ancestry.com, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/29106850/family?cfpid=13888535299.

489. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_446.htm. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, genforum.genealogy.com - Bastedo Family Genealogy Forum - "Peter McMicking" discussion - Reg McMicking 2 Nov 2010.

490. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_447.htm.

491. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_447.htm. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, genforum.genealogy.com - Bastedo Family Genealogy Forum - "Peter McMicking" discussion - Reg McMicking 2 Nov 2010.

492. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_446.htm.

493. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_450.htm.

494. Website:, http://bousfield.itgo.com/bastedooutline.htm. .... Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc02/wc02_061.htm. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, genforum.genealogy.com - Bastedo Family Genealogy Forum - "David Tice Bastedo" discussion - Brent Burnham 29 Apr 2002.

495. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, genforum.genealogy.com - Bastedo Family Genealogy Forum - "Peter McMicking" discussion - Reg McMicking 2 Nov 2010.

496. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_451.htm. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, genforum.genealogy.com - Bastedo Family Genealogy Forum - "Peter McMicking" discussion - Reg McMicking 2 Nov 2010.

497. Website:, http://www.ponderroses.com/SteveJohnsonFamily/wc06/wc06_452.htm.

498. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, genforum.genealogy.com - Bastedo Family Genealogy Forum - "David Tice Bastedo" discussion - Brent Burnham 29 Apr 2002.

499. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #320455 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

500. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140507 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

501. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316473 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

502. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-4. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107703. .... Wikipedia.org, Chlodoric the Parricide.

503. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23 (Amadeus II). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

504. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23 (Amadeus II).

505. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-27, 53-28 (Roger de Quincy). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

506. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 53-28, 57-28. .... Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 122. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester.

507. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-23. .... Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 5. London: Whiting & Co., 1885.), p. 413.

508. Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Vermandois. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 89-25. .... Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 5. London: Whiting & Co., 1885.), p. 413.

509. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 193-6. .... Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 81.

510. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140414 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

511. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140409 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Galla Placidia.

512. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140408 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

513. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140407 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

514. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140415 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875434.

515. Wikipedia.org, Clodio. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873344. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99020 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

516. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316424 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Euric.

517. Wikipedia.org, Amalaric. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316461 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

518. Wikipedia.org, Clotilde (died 531). .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #98869 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

519. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 28-31. .... Wikipedia.org, Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel.

520. Wikipedia.org, John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-30.

521. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 28-30.

522. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 28-31 (Richard FitzAlan).

523. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 28-32, 83-30 (Alice de Warenne). .... Wikipedia.org, Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel.

524. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 60-31, 83-30.

525. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240-16, 140-16 (Helletrude). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f05/a0020578.htm.

526. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), 140-16.

527. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 140-18, 151-18, 240-18, 142-18 (Gerberga). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f90/a0019005.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

528. Wikipedia.org, Reginar, Duke of Lorraine.

529. Wikipedia.org, Frederick (Archbishop of Mainz).

530. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-19 (Alberade of Lorraine).

531. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-19. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f90/a0019043.htm.

532. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-20. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f90/a0019044.htm.

533. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144-26 (Matilda of Clermont), 152-26.

534. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144-26, 152-26 (Albri de Luzarches). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Simon of Dammartin; Marie, Countess of Ponthieu.

535. Wikipedia.org, Simon of Dammartin.

536. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Marie, Countess of Ponthieu. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144-25 (Clemence de Bar-le-Duc).

537. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144-25. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

538. Wikipedia.org, Marie, Countess of Ponthieu.

539. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876616.

540. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876617.

541. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-22 (Ermengard of Anjou). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871925.

542. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-22 (Ermengarde of Anjou). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871924.

543. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-24 (Gertrude of Flanders). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

544. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-24 (Gertrude of Flanders). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Gerard, Duke of Lorraine.

545. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-19, 140-19 (Gerberga), 142-19 (Gerberga). .... Wikipedia.org, Adalbert I, Count of Vermandois.

546. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-19, 50-20 (Herbert III).

547. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-20.

548. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-20 (Herbert III), 140-20 (Herbert III). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

549. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I), 149-22 (Albert III). .... Wikipedia.org, Bernard II, Duke of Saxony. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

550. Wikipedia.org, Roger the Poitevin; County of La Marche.

551. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Roger the Poitevin.

552. Wikipedia.org, Aldhun.

553. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), p. 113 (from Lewys Dwnn, vol. ii, p. 277).

554. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-27 (Philip II).

555. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-27.

556. Wikipedia.org, Gudr°d the Hunter. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

557. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f50/a0025022.htm. .... Wikipedia.org, Gudr°d the Hunter.

558. Wikipedia.org, Alfonso of Molina.

559. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-28 (Berengaria of Castile). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Alfonso IX of Leˇn.

560. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-28. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Berengaria of Castile.

561. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 112-25.

562. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144-28, 120-29 (Berengaria of Leon). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

563. Wikipedia.org, Ferdinand III of Castile.

564. Wikipedia.org, Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen.

565. Wikipedia.org, Jeanne, Countess of Ponthieu. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 109-30.

566. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-23 (Constance of Burgundy). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

567. Wikipedia.org, Alfonso VI of Leˇn and Castile. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-23 (Constance of Burgundy). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

568. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 112-24 (Henry I). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

569. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-23. .... Wikipedia.org, Constance of Burgundy.

570. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-24. .... Wikipedia.org, Urraca of Leˇn and Castile. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

571. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132-25, 113-24 (Urraca I). .... Wikipedia.org, Raymond of Burgundy.

572. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-25, 114-25. .... Wikipedia.org, Alfonso VII of Leˇn and Castile. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

573. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-25 (Alfonso VII). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

574. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-25 (Alfonso VII), 111-26 (Petronilla of Aragon). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

575. Wikipedia.org, Sancho III of Castile. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-26.

576. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113A-26, 113-26 (Sancho III). .... Wikipedia.org, Blanca GarcÚs of Navarre.

577. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-27. .... Wikipedia.org, Alfonso VIII of Castile.

578. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 110-27, 113-27 (Alfonso VIII). .... Wikipedia.org, Eleanor of England.

579. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 113-28, 101-27 (Louis VIII). .... Wikipedia.org, Blanche of Castile.

580. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-27. .... Wikipedia.org, Louis VIII of France.

581. Wikipedia.org, Violant of Aragon.

582. Wikipedia.org, James I of Aragon.

583. Wikipedia.org, Violant of Hungary.

584. Website:, http://wiki.whitneygen.org/wrg/index.php/. .... Wikipedia.org, Peter of Castile.

585. Wikipedia.org, Ealhswith.

586. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Edward the Elder. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872375.

587. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Alfred the Great.

588. Ingram, James, translator, The Annales Cambriae 447-954 (The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. London: Everyman Press, 1912.), 917 Queen Aethelflaed died.

589. Wikipedia.org, Alfred the Great.

590. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650863.

591. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650866.

592. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650867.

593. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650864.

594. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650858.

595. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650859.

596. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-24 (Alice of Normandy). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

597. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132B-25. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Ranulf de Briquessart.

598. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132B-25 (Ranulph II). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

599. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650899.

600. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650904.

601. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650905.

602. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650900.

603. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650892.

604. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650893.

605. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #263523 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

606. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #263522 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Ingham, Alfred, A History of Altrincham and Bowdon (Altrincham: Mackie, Brewtnall and Co., 1879), p. 12. .... Website:, Hamon Massy, the 5th, son and heir to the fourth Hamon, gave the advowson of the church of Bowdon unto the priory of Birkenhead in Wirrall, whereunto Richard Massey, Sheriff of Cheshire, was witness, 1278. Hamon, the fifth, married Alice de Whitney, daugh.

607. Ingham, Alfred, A History of Altrincham and Bowdon (Altrincham: Mackie, Brewtnall and Co., 1879), p. 12. .... Website - Genealogy, www.whitneygen.org/archives/biography/princewm.html.

608. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #167355 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

609. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176C-29 (Robert Tuchet).

610. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915342.

611. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915351.

612. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915341.

613. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915347.

614. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915343.

615. Ancestry.com, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/29106850/family?cfpid=12982912974.

616. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rcarroll&id=I49768.

617. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-38 (Alice d'Eu). .... Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan; Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

618. Wikipedia.org, Hugh VIII of Lusignan; County of La Marche. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 275-24.

619. Wikipedia.org, ul I of Lusignan.

620. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-28. .... Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan.

621. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 139-27, 123-27 (Maud de Warenne).

622. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-27. .... Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan.

623. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-29, 97-28 (Humphrey de Bohun V). .... Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

624. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-28, 123-29 (Maud d'Eu). .... Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

625. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025193.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org, mpact Disc #125 Pin #879421 Maitland Dirk Brower.

626. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025197.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #894665 Maitland Dirk Brower. .... Wikipedia.org, Barons of Halton.

627. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #890149 Maitland Dirk Brower.

628. Wikipedia.org, Barons of Halton.

629. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025189.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #879420 Maitland Dirk Brower. .... Wikipedia.org, Barons of Halton.

630. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025188.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #881644 Maitland Dirk Brower. .... Wikipedia.org, Barons of Halton.

631. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

632. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22 & 274A-22. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Bertha of Savoy.

633. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22.

634. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-23.

635. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23.

636. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 124-26 (Robert de Caen). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury. .... Website:, http://www.renderplus.com/hartgen/htm/montgomery.htm. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/409.htm.

637. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/428.htm.

638. Wikipedia.org, Wulgrin II, Count of Angoulŕme.

639. Wikipedia.org, Wulgrin II, Count of Angoulŕme. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 153A-25 (Marguerite de Turenne). .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1121.htm.

640. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-1 (Arpßd).

641. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91670 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

642. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-9. .... Wikipedia.org, Ansegisel. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91673 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

643. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-9 (Duke Ansegisel). .... Wikipedia.org, Saint Begga. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91674 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

644. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-10 (Pepin II of Heristal). .... Wikipedia.org, Alpaida.

645. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-11, 191-11, 50-11 (Rotrou). .... Wikipedia.org, Charles Martel. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91488 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871722.

646. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-11.

647. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019553.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

648. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019545.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874437.

649. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019546.htm has Beatrice (Beatrix) Gand (Ghent). Was that the same person??. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874438.

650. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-12.

651. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 710-13. .... Wikipedia.org, Kenneth MacAlpin. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

652. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-5 (Bertha of Hereford). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

653. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-5 (Bertha of Hereford). .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Juhel of Totnes.

654. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176A-1. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

655. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2228.htm.

656. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2513.htm.

657. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/918.htm.

658. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2226.htm.

659. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2223.htm.

660. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/9194.htm.

661. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274B-25.

662. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99017 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873339. .... Wikipedia.org, Clovis I; List of Frankish kings.

663. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-3 (Clovis I). .... Wikipedia.org, Clotilde. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105696 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873340.

664. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875286. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105758 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Athanagild; Brunhilda of Austrasia.

665. Wikipedia.org, Athanagild; Brunhilda of Austrasia. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105745 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

666. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105742 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875282.

667. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4717.htm.

668. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4722.htm.

669. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4708.htm.

670. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-23 (Fulk IV). .... Wikipedia.org, Simon I de Montfort; ╔pernon. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

671. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-23 (Fulk IV). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

672. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 275-21 (Hugh V de Lusignan). .... Wikipedia.org, Almodis de la Marche.

673. Wikipedia.org, Hugh V of Lusignan. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 275-21. .... Wikipedia.org, County of La Marche.

674. Wikipedia.org, Pons, Count of Toulouse. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-5 (Almode), 185-2 (Emma of Mortain).

675. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona.

676. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester.

677. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Audley-Stanley family.

678. Wikipedia.org, Andrew II of Hungary.

679. Wikipedia.org, Yolanda de Courtenay.

680. Wikipedia.org, Peter II of Courtenay.

681. Wikipedia.org, Yolanda of Flanders.

682. Wikipedia.org, Isaac II Angelos.

683. Website:, http://www.varrall.net/pafg45.htm#977.

684. Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), pp. 55-56. .... Richardson, Hester Dorsey, Side-Lights on Maryland History with Sketches of Early Maryland Families. (Vol. 2. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1913.), pp. 87-91. .... Spencer, Richard Henry ed, Genealogical and Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Maryland. (New York: American Historical Society, 1919.), pp. 610-611. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lzrslong/b2285.htm#P181262. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://genforum.genealogy.com/norwood/messages/1247.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=adgedge&id=I41174. .... Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/dorsey.html.

685. Website:, http://www.theharmons.us/harmon_t/b442.htm.

686. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/localities.northam.usa.states.maryland.counties.annearundel/3075.1/mb.ashx.

687. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/index.htm.

688. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/localities.northam.usa.states.maryland.counties.annearundel/3075/mb.ashx?pnt=1.

689. Richardson, Hester Dorsey, Side-Lights on Maryland History with Sketches of Early Maryland Families. (Vol. 2. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1913.), pp. 87-91. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Ancestral File. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://www.rootsweb.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/d4178.htm#P4178. .... Spencer, Richard Henry ed, Genealogical and Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Maryland. (New York: American Historical Society, 1919.), pp. 610-611. .... Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), pp. 56-58. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://genforum.genealogy.com/norwood/messages/1247.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=adgedge&id=I41176. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/b4151.htm#P4151. .... Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/dorsey.html.

690. http://www.familysearch.org, Ancestral File. .... Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), pp. 57-58.

691. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), p. 56.

692. Richardson, Hester Dorsey, Side-Lights on Maryland History with Sketches of Early Maryland Families. (Vol. 2. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1913.), pp. 87-91. .... Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), pp. 56, 61-62. .... Website:, http://www.srdunn.net/Steve%20Dunn.pdf. .... Website:, http://www.rootsweb.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/d221.htm#P221. .... Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://genforum.genealogy.com/norwood/messages/1247.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/b219.htm#P219. .... Website:, http://www.mdinns.com/inns/howard.html. .... Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/dorsey.html.

693. Richardson, Hester Dorsey, Side-Lights on Maryland History with Sketches of Early Maryland Families. (Vol. 2. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1913.), pp. 87-91, 212-213. .... Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), pp. 61-62. .... Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/dorsey.html.

694. Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), pp. 56, 59. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://www.rootsweb.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/d3730.htm#P3730.

695. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://www.rootsweb.com/~mdannear/firstfam/dorsey/d3730.htm#P3730.

696. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=adgedge&id=I41162.

697. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=adgedge&id=I41173.

698. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Spencer, Richard Henry ed, Genealogical and Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Maryland. (New York: American Historical Society, 1919.), p. 611. .... Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), p. 29. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=adgedge&id=I41172.

699. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I631844488.

700. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I631844489.

701. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I631844475.

702. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I019011.

703. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I3609.

704. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-17 (Anna of Byzantium).

705. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-17.

706. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-16.

707. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-16 (Leo VI).

708. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-18.

709. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A (Charles Constantine).

710. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105893 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Tasciovanus.

711. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105895 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Lud son of Heli; Tasciovanus.

712. Wikipedia.org, Cunobelinus. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105893 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

713. Wikipedia.org, Epaticcus.

714. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #317220 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

715. Wikipedia.org, Henry I of France; Elizabeth of Vermandois. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 53-22, 101-22.

716. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 241-6. .... Wikipedia.org, Anne of Kiev.

717. Wikipedia.org, Henry I of France.

718. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I019016.

719. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I019014. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I3599.

720. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I019015.

721. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I018407.

722. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876233.

723. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873369.

724. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873367.

725. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140487.

726. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #320456 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

727. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-9 (Duke Ansegisel). .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91441 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

728. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/426.htm.

729. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4174.htm.

730. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/425.htm.

731. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Lords and Counts of Harcourt. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/3965.htm.

732. http://www.familysearch.org, ompact Disc #94 Pin #105897 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), pp. 27-28.

733. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #111890 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873363.

734. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99038 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

735. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99039 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

736. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99037 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

737. Wikipedia.org, Anund. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

738. Wikipedia.org, Ingvar.

739. Wikipedia.org, Ingjald. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

740. Wikipedia.org, Algautsdˇttir. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

741. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875372.

742. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875373.

743. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875369.

744. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875370.

745. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-22 (Robert the Old).

746. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316370 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875191. .... Wikipedia.org, Genobaud.

747. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-1. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140410.

748. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99006 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Chlothar I; List of Frankish kings. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873337.

749. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316387 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873338.

750. Wikipedia.org, Chlothar I, Chram.

751. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-4 (Clotaire I). .... Wikipedia.org, Aregund. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873001.

752. Wikipedia.org, Chilperic I. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873575.

753. Wikipedia.org, Chlothar II. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-5 (ChilpÚric I).

754. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-23 (Renaud II).

755. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-23 (Renaud II).

756. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 107-23.

757. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I2589. .... Website:, http://www.owingsstone.com/getperson.php?personID=I270&tree=owingsstone
.

758. Website - Genealogy, http://www.angelfire.com/wa2/Gsows/Owens.html. .... Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. M. J. P. Grundy kwg@cwru.edu. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I2555.

759. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3152036&id=I608808754.

760. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I2590.

761. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html.

762. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I2591.

763. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I2592.

764. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I2593.

765. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I3241.

766. Website - Genealogy, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~paxson/southern/owings.html. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2492193&id=I3242.

767. Wikipedia.org, "Owain ap Hywel Dda," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owain_ap_Hywel_Dda.

768. Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), p. 81. .... Lee, Sidney, ed, Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XII (New York, 1909.), p. 1015. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176-1 (Llywelyn ap Seisyll). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/7137.

769. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176-1. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Lee, Sidney, ed, Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XII (New York, 1909.), p. 1015.

770. Wikipedia.org, Erichthonius of Dardania. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #98996 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

771. Wikipedia.org, Dardanus. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #98729 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

772. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140031 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Batea (mythology).

773. Wikipedia.org, Brunhilda of Austrasia. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316371 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875285.

774. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99034 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873359.

775. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99035 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

776. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105874 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873360.

777. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873358. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, King Cole.

778. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140398 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873361.

779. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105899 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873362.

780. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99033 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873357.

781. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #111280 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875435.

782. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Dammartin-en-GoŰle.

783. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240-13.

784. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-22 (Ermengarde of Anjou). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871922.

785. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-22.

786. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-23. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871918. .... Wikipedia.org, Fulk IV, Count of Anjou.

787. Wikipedia.org, Bertrade de Montfort.

788. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 119-23 (Fulk IV).

789. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875383.

790. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875382.

791. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875381.

792. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-15 (Lothair I). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

793. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-16 (Rutpert III). .... Wikipedia.org, Gerold of Vinzgouw; Odo I, Count of OrlÚans. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874377.

794. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-16 (Rutpert III). .... Wikipedia.org, Odo, Count of OrlÚans. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874378.

795. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f06/a0020602.htm.

796. Wikipedia.org, Ermengarde of Tours. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

797. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-15. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f98/a0019866.htm. .... Wikipedia.org, Lothair I. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

798. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876419.

799. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876622.

800. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876418.

801. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019609.htm. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 184-1 (Walter II Giffard).

802. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019610.htm.

803. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 184-1.

804. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019608.htm. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 184-1 (Walter II Giffard).

805. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019609.htm.

806. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 63-27 (Amice) & 149-26 (William d'Aubigny).

807. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-26 (William d'Aubigny). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

808. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246B-26. .... Wikipedia.org, Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

809. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=shesakidd&id=I1289.

810. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=shesakidd&id=I1288.

811. Wikipedia.org, Aymer of Angoulŕme. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/802.htm.

812. Wikipedia.org, William IV of Angoulŕme. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1111.htm.

813. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1112.htm.

814. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 117-26 & 153A-27. .... Wikipedia.org, Isabella of Angoulŕme.

815. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 1-25, 29A-26. .... Wikipedia.org, Line 1-25.

816. Wikipedia.org, Hugh X of Lusignan. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 275-27. .... Wikipedia.org, Isabella of Angoulŕme.

817. http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873413. .... Website:, http://library.gramps-project.org/users/tpf/I1912.html.

818. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871975. .... Wikipedia.org, Hermann Billung.

819. http://www.familysearch.org. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876112. .... Wikipedia.org, Hermann Billung.

820. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #103113 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874656.

821. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-22, 128-22 (Adele of France). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford). .... Wikipedia.org, Baldwin V, Count of Flanders.

822. Wikipedia.org, Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut.

823. Wikipedia.org, Margaret I, Countess of Flanders.

824. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-25, 165-25, 129-25 (Sybil of Anjou). .... Wikipedia.org, Thierry, Count of Flanders.

825. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 129-25, 165-25 (Thierry of Lorraine). .... Wikipedia.org, Sibylla of Anjou.

826. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23. .... Wikipedia.org, Robert I, Count of Flanders.

827. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I). .... Wikipedia.org, Gertrude of Saxony.

828. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #317960 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

829. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319830 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

830. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105692 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873342. .... Wikipedia.org, Basina, Queen of Thuringia.

831. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99018 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873341. .... Wikipedia.org, Childeric I.

832. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99024 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Wacho.

833. Wereley, Bill, Eden's Tree Genealogy: Home of the Wereley-Savey Family Tree (http://www.edenstree.com/), http://www.edenstree.com/html/fam/fam01091.html.

834. Website - Genealogy, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2591631&id=I530982716 (Rosemary Benson). .... Wereley, Bill, Eden's Tree Genealogy: Home of the Wereley-Savey Family Tree (http://www.edenstree.com/), http://www.edenstree.com/html/fam/fam00069.html.

835. Wereley, Bill, Eden's Tree Genealogy: Home of the Wereley-Savey Family Tree (http://www.edenstree.com/), http://www.edenstree.com/html/fam/fam00069.html.

836. Wereley, Bill, Eden's Tree Genealogy: Home of the Wereley-Savey Family Tree (http://www.edenstree.com/), http://www.edenstree.com/html/fam/fam01322.html.

837. Wereley, Bill, Eden's Tree Genealogy: Home of the Wereley-Savey Family Tree (http://www.edenstree.com/), http://www.edenstree.com/html/fam/fam01213.html.

838. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1267.htm.

839. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4744.htm.

840. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2298.htm.

841. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99019 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873343.

842. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875433. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #317959 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

843. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140482.

844. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 24A-8.

845. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-7. .... Wikipedia.org, Dagobert I. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873572.

846. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-7 (Dagobert I).

847. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-8 (Clovis II).

848. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-9.

849. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f004/f56/a0045689.htm.

850. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019560.htm.

851. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019617.htm.

852. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019616.htm.

853. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-5. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872406.

854. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 181-4 (Luitfride II).

855. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 12A-21 (Walter FitzOther).

856. Wikipedia.org, Gerald de Windsor; Constables and Governors of Windsor Castle; Carew Baronets. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 12A-21.

857. Wikipedia.org, Gerald de Windsor.

858. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71C-25.

859. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71C-25 (Guy II de Vignory).

860. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-26.

861. Wikipedia.org, Eleanor of Provence. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 111-30, 1-26 (Henry III).

862. Wikipedia.org, Henry III of England. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-26, 17-27.

863. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-21, 144A-22 (Beatrix of Hainaut). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f93/a0019300.htm.

864. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 106-22, 151-21 (Ebles I).

865. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 106-22.

866. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 106-22 (Regnier V).

867. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-21. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f004/f56/a0045643.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

868. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Constance of Arles; Robert II of France.

869. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-27. .... Wikipedia.org, Philip of Swabia.

870. Wikipedia.org, Irene Angelina.

871. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274D-29.

872. Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth de Bohun. .... Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 51. .... Cambrian ArchŠological Association, ArchŠologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian ArchŠological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 13-14. .... Wikipedia.org, Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel.

873. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 20-31, 60-33. .... Wikipedia.org, Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel. .... Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 50. .... Cambrian ArchŠological Association, ArchŠologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian ArchŠological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 11-13.

874. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 15-31. .... Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 50. .... Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth de Bohun.

875. Cambrian ArchŠological Association, ArchŠologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian ArchŠological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), p. 13.

876. Cambrian ArchŠological Association, ArchŠologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian ArchŠological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 13-15.

877. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Beatriz, Countess of Arundel; Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel. .... Cambrian ArchŠological Association, ArchŠologia Cambrensis, the Journal of the Cambrian ArchŠological Association. (Vol. 7, 6th series. London: Chas. J. Clark, 1907.), pp. 16-17.

878. Wikipedia.org, John I of Portugal.

879. Wikipedia.org, Beatriz, Countess of Arundel.

880. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-29, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

881. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-28.

882. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 264-28, 71A-28 (Geoffroi IV de Joinville).

883. Wikipedia.org, Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville.

884. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-30, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

885. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1988.htm.

886. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4563.htm.

887. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4539.htm.

888. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-6, 166-24 (Henry I).

889. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-6 (BÚla I).

890. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-7. 166-24 (Henry I).

891. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243A-23, 166-24 (Henry I).

892. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f54/a0025408.htm.

893. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f54/a0025409.htm.

894. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f53/a0025396.htm. .... Wikipedia.org, Odin.

895. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f53/a0025397.htm. .... Wikipedia.org, Freyja.

896. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319784 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

897. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319785 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

898. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319783 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

899. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-24 (Godfrey II).

900. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-24. .... Wikipedia.org, Godfrey II of Leuven.

901. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-18 (Ganger Rolf). .... Wikipedia.org, Berengar II of Neustria.

902. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-30. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

903. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-30 (Jean de Brienne). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

904. Wikipedia.org, Pepin, Count of Vermandois. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-16.

905. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876624.

906. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876625.

907. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876621.

908. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-4 (Sibyl de Neufmarche). .... Wikipedia.org, Walter de Gloucester. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

909. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-4 (Sibyl de Neufmarche). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

910. Wikipedia.org, Walter de Gloucester. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

911. Wikipedia.org, Walter de Gloucester.

912. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 193-4 (Sibyl de Neufmarche). .... Wikipedia.org, Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

913. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 193-4, 177-4, 237-4. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

914. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 136-20.

915. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-21 (Robert II).

916. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 157-19, 133-19, 101-21 (Robert II).

917. Wikipedia.org, Bertha of Savoy.

918. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-17, 53-18 (Robert I). .... Wikipedia.org, Herbert I, Count of Vermandois. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871673.

919. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871884.

920. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-17 (Herbert I), 118-17 (Herbert I).

921. Wikipedia.org, Herbert I, Count of Vermandois.

922. Wikipedia.org, Pepin the Short. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-12. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Disc #94 Pin #91489 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

923. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-12, 50-12 (Pepin III the Short).

924. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-11.

925. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-11 (Charibert).

926. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-10.

927. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99029 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873353.

928. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99030 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873354.

929. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99028 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873352.

930. Wikipedia.org, William I Talvas.

931. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-6. .... Wikipedia.org, Chlothar II. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873573.

932. Wikipedia.org, Chlothar II.

933. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-6 (Clotaire II).

934. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-24 (Fulk V).

935. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-18. .... Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_II_of_Scotland. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

936. Wikipedia.org, Bias (mythology).

937. Wikipedia.org, Pero.

938. Wikipedia.org, Neleus.

939. Wikipedia.org, Chloris; Pero.

940. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Hermann Billung.

941. Wikipedia.org, Hermann Billung.

942. Wikipedia.org, Wacho; Theudebald.

943. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-30 (Blanche of Artois).

944. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-30.

945. Wikipedia.org, Robert I of Artois.

946. Wikipedia.org, Henry II, Duke of Brabant; Marie of Hohenstaufen. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-29, 113-29 (Robert).

947. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 17-28, 45-30 (Blanche of Artois).

948. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-31.

949. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-30, 45-31 (Jeanne of Navarre).

950. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 17-29. .... Wikipedia.org, Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster.

951. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 72-32, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster"). .... Wikipedia.org, Maud Chaworth. .... Website:, Chaworth Family Genealogy by Albert Douglass Hart, Jr ("Our Folk").

952. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-31, 17-29 (Henry "of Lancaster").

953. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-16.

954. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-16 (Ranulf I).

955. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2937.htm.

956. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875848. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4355.htm.

957. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2539.htm.

958. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/3448.htm.

959. Wikipedia.org, Arvirargus. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873365. .... Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), p. 26. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #111888.

960. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873366.

961. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 175-1, 239-1.

962. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 175-1 (Brian).

963. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 175-2, 239-1 (Brian Boru).

964. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105746 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593876474.

965. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105744 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Reccared I.

966. Wikipedia.org, Childebert II.

967. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f004/f29/a0042955.htm.

968. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-16.

969. Wikipedia.org, Queen Gwendolen; List of legendary kings of Britain.

970. Wikipedia.org, Albanactus.

971. Wikipedia.org, Camber (legendary king).

972. Website:, http://www.lackfamily.net/genealogy/names/wallace_name/d1.htm#i2082.

973. Personal Documents, Letter from Donald Wallace to Ed Wallace. .... Johnson, DeWayne B. and Lorna Wallace Johnson, Johnson/Wallace Family Tree. .... Personal Documents, Lorna Doone Wallace (Johnson) family documents & photographs. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=alastair&id=I639. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=alastair&id=I639 (Lack Family).

974. Website:, http://www.lackfamily.net/genealogy/names/wallace_name/d1.htm#i2090.

975. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I631846490.

976. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I631846468.

977. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 4. London: Whiting & Co., 1884.), p. 342. .... Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales (Vol. 1. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Co., 1872), p. 362. .... Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), pp. 57-58. .... Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, Dictionary of Welsh Biography (National Library of Wales. 2007. Welsh Biography Online. <http://wbo.llgc.org.uk/en/index.html> ), http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html. .... Website:, http://www.varrall.net/pafg26.htm#620. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #112650 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

978. Website:, http://www.varrall.net/pafg26.htm#620. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.rootsweb.com/~wlsccaer/hall.html. .... Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, Dictionary of Welsh Biography (National Library of Wales. 2007. Welsh Biography Online. <http://wbo.llgc.org.uk/en/index.html> ), http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html.

979. Wikipedia.org, "Owen Tudor," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owen_Tudor.

980. Wikipedia.org, "Maredudd ap Tudur," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maredudd_ap_Tudur.

981. Wikipedia.org, "Catherine of Valois," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_of_Valois.

982. Wikipedia.org, "Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Tudor,_1st_Earl_of_Richmond.

983. Wikipedia.org, "Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Beaufort,_Countess_of_Richmond_and_Derby.

984. Personal Documents, DeWayne B. Johnson family documents & photographs.

985. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872476. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-3. .... Wikipedia.org, Ceawlin of Wessex.

986. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-2. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872477. .... Wikipedia.org, Cynric of Wessex.

987. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872475. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-4. .... Wikipedia.org, Cuthwine; Ceawlin of Wessex.

988. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872472. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-7. .... Wikipedia.org, Cenred of Wessex.

989. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872473. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1. .... Wikipedia.org, Ceolwald of Wessex.

990. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872471. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), line 1-8.

991. Wikipedia.org, Cutha Cathwulf. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872474. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-5.

992. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-1. .... Wikipedia.org, Cerdic of Wessex.

993. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874541. .... Wikipedia.org, Esla (Anglo-Saxon king).

994. Wikipedia.org, Ceretic Guletic.

995. Wikipedia.org, Cinuit of Alt Clut.

996. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105921 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

997. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105922 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

998. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-8.

999. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-9.

1000. Wikipedia.org, Gerold of Vinzgouw. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-13 (Charlemagne).

1001. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91443 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 182-4. .... Wikipedia.org, Hildegard of Vinzgouw; Gerold of Vinzgouw; Hnabi.

1002. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #103107 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1003. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14, 148-14. .... Wikipedia.org, Louis the Pious. .... Wikipedia.org, Chasseneuil-du-Poitou. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871724.

1004. Wikipedia.org, Ermengarde of Hesbaye. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14 (Louis I). .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f98/a0019865.htm.

1005. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14 (Louis I), 148-14 (Louis I). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871879. .... Wikipedia.org, Judith of Bavaria (795-843).

1006. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141A-18 (Charles Constantine).

1007. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871987.

1008. Wikipedia.org, Odo I, Count of OrlÚans. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-15 (Charles II).

1009. Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria. .... Wikipedia.org, Tassilo II of Bavaria.

1010. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 191-12.

1011. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-2. .... Wikipedia.org, Childebert I; Clovis I. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316468 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1012. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-3. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107702.

1013. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316462.

1014. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875371.

1015. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105753 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1016. Wikipedia.org, Chlodomer; List of Frankish kings; Clovis I.

1017. Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria; Agilofings. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #308135 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1018. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99001 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, Theodo of Bavaria.

1019. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4211.htm.

1020. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2246.htm.

1021. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/3936.htm.

1022. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4231.htm.

1023. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4204.htm.

1024. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-10.

1025. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-11.

1026. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-11 (Chrodobertus).

1027. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-12. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872403.

1028. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #107708 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), line 190-5 (Munderic).

1029. Wikipedia.org, Chram, Duke of Aquitaine, Chlothar I.

1030. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-26 (Aubrey de Vere).

1031. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-17. .... Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_II_of_Scotland. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1032. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-16. .... Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_I_of_Scotland. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1033. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-14. .... Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_I_of_Scotland. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1034. Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%81ed_of_Scotland.

1035. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 120-30 (Jean de Brienne).

1036. Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_England. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 29A-27. .... Wikipedia.org, John of England; Llywelyn the Great.

1037. Wikipedia.org, Joscelin of Leuven. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

1038. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99041 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1039. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99042 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1040. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99040 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1041. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99027 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873351.

1042. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873348. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316370 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1043. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873356. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99032 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1044. Wikipedia.org, Charibert II, Duke of Aquitaine.

1045. Wikipedia.org, Theuderic I; List of Frankish kings.

1046. Wikipedia.org, Sigismund of Burgundy.

1047. Wikipedia.org, Childebert I; List of Frankish kings.

1048. http://www.familysearch.org, Disc #125 Pin #891165 Maitland Dirk Brower.

1049. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #874597 Maitland Dirk Brower.

1050. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158B-24.

1051. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158B-23.

1052. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 119A-21 (Ermengarde of Anjou).

1053. http://www.familysearch.org, Disc #125 Pin #878217 Maitland Dirk Brower. .... Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4202.htm.

1054. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #878212 Maitland Dirk Brower.

1055. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 192-20, 45-18.

1056. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-18, 192-19.

1057. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-18.

1058. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-17, 147-19.

1059. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-17.

1060. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875364.

1061. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Baron Zouche.

1062. Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_de_holland. .... Website:, http://wiki.whitneygen.org/wrg/index.php/.

1063. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176B-36. .... Wikipedia.org, James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley. .... Website:, http://wiki.whitneygen.org/wrg/index.php/.

1064. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-15. .... Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_II_of_Scotland. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1065. Wikipedia.org, Corineus; Legendary Dukes of Cornwall.

1066. Wikipedia.org, Llywelyn the Great. .... Powys-Land Club, Collections Historical & ArchŠological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and Its Borders. (Vol. 13. London: Thomas Richards, 1880.), p. 121. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1067. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 100B-20. .... Wikipedia.org, Wigeric of Lotharingia.

1068. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 143-18, 100B-20 (Wigeric). .... Wikipedia.org, Wigeric of Lotharingia.

1069. Wikipedia.org, Godfrey I, Count of Verdun. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1070. Wikipedia.org, Halfdan the Mild.

1071. Wikipedia.org, Halfdan the Mild. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1072. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f50/a0025020.htm. .... Wikipedia.org, Halfdan the Mild.

1073. Wikipedia.org, Alrek and EirÝk. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1074. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873350. .... http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99087 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1075. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99025 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873349.

1076. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f61/a0026106.htm.

1077. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f61/a0026108.htm.

1078. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f61/a0026104.htm.

1079. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f50/a0025078.htm.

1080. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f50/a0025075.htm.

1081. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f50/a0025076.htm.

1082. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), pp. 121-122.

1083. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-22. .... Wikipedia.org, David I of Scotland.

1084. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-26. .... Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 5. London: Whiting & Co., 1885.), p. 413. .... Wikipedia.org, Maud, Countess of Huntingdon.

1085. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 130-26 (Maud of Huntingdon). .... Wikipedia.org, Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton.

1086. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-28. .... Wikipedia.org, Edward II of England.

1087. Wikipedia.org, Isabella of France. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-31, 1-28 (Edward II).

1088. Wikipedia.org, Eva MacMurrough.

1089. Wikipedia.org, Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.

1090. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91486 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1091. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 182-3. .... http://www.familysearch.org, FamilySearch.org Compact Disc #94 Pin #95135 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer) has Duke of Allemania, d. 788. .... Wikipedia.org, Hnabi.

1092. Wikipedia.org, Hnabi.

1093. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140488.

1094. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140486 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

1095. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105699. .... Wikipedia.org, Theudebert I.

1096. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Compact Disc #94 Pin #105702. .... Wikipedia.org, Theudebald.

1097. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141-18 (Henry I), 142-17 (Henry I), 148-18 (Henry I).

1098. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141-18 (Henry I), 142-17 (Henry I), 148-18 (Henry I). .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1099. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 141-18, 147-18. .... Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f01/a0020132.htm. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1100. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158A-22 (Eustace II). .... Wikipedia.org, Ida of Lorraine.

1101. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158-22, 158A-22. .... http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Eustace II, Count of Boulogne.

1102. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #103114 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer). .... Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herluin_de_Conteville. .... Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com (Herluin de Conteville).

1103. Wikipedia.org, Domangart mac Domnaill. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-8.

1104. Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owain_Gwynedd. .... Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), pp. 80, 121, 137. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 176B-25.

1105. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-4. .... Wikipedia.org.

1106. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-4.

1107. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872191. .... Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-15 (Edward I).

1108. Wikipedia.org, Eadgils. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1109. Wikipedia.org, Ohthere. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1110. Wikipedia.org, Yrsa.

1111. Wikipedia.org, Eysteinn. .... http://www.familysearch.org.

1112. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 146-15, 250-15. .... http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871877. .... Wikipedia.org, Louis the Pious.

1113. http://www.familysearch.org. .... Wikipedia.org, Wigeric of Lotharingia.



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