The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Francis Hutchins and Elizabeth Burrage




Husband Francis Hutchins 1

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Wife Elizabeth Burrage 2

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Children
1 F Mary Hutchins of Calvert 1

            AKA: Marey Hutchins
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Jul 1751
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Samuel Thomas (Abt 1655-Bef 1743) 2 3
           Marr: 15 Apr 1688 - Anne Arundel, Maryland, (United States)





Henry I King of England and Elizabeth de Beaumont




Husband Henry I King of England 4

            AKA: Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England
           Born: 1068
     Christened: 
           Died: 1 Dec 1135
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 

Events

• King of England: 1100-1135.




Wife Elizabeth de Beaumont 5

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         Father: Robert I de Beaumont (      -      ) 5
         Mother: 



   Other Spouse: Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England (Between 1068/1069-1135) 4 6


Children


Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England and Elizabeth de Beaumont




Husband Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England 4 6

            AKA: Henry I King of England, Henry I Beauclerc King of England
           Born: Between May 1068 and May 1069 - <Selby, Yorkshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 1 Dec 1135 - St. Denis-le-Ferment, (Eure), Normandy, France
         Buried: 


         Father: William the Conqueror Duke of Normandy, King of England (Abt 1028-1087) 7 8
         Mother: Matilda of Flanders (Abt 1032-1083) 9 10


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Matilda of Scotland (1079-1118) - 11 Nov 1100 - Westminster Abbey, London, Midlesex, England

   Other Spouse: Adeliza of Louvain (Abt 1103-1151) 11 - 1120

   Other Spouse: Sybilla Corbet of Alcester (1077-After 1157) 6

Events

• King of England: 1100-1135.




Wife Elizabeth de Beaumont 5

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         Father: Robert I de Beaumont (      -      ) 5
         Mother: 



   Other Spouse: Henry I King of England (1068-1135) 4


Children
1 F Elizabeth Princess of England 12 13

            AKA: Isabel
           Born: Abt 1095 - <Talby, Yorkshire, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Fergus Lord of Galloway (Abt 1090-1161) 13 14
           Marr: 1124 - Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland




Birth Notes: Husband - Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England

Ancestral Roots line 124-25 has b. 1070.


Research Notes: Husband - Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England

Fourth son of William the Conqueror.

From Wikipedia - Henry I of England :

Henry I (c. 1068/1069 - 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William I the Conqueror . He succeeded his elder brother William II as King of England in 1100 and defeated his eldest brother, Robert Curthose , to become Duke of Normandy in 1106. He was called Beauclerc for his scholarly interests and Lion of Justice for refinements which he brought about in the administrative and legislative machinery of the time.

Henry's reign is noted for its political opportunism. His succession was confirmed while his brother Robert was away on the First Crusade and the beginning of his reign was occupied by wars with Robert for control of England and Normandy. He successfully reunited the two realms again after their separation on his father's death in 1087. Upon his succession he granted the baronage a Charter of Liberties , which formed a basis for subsequent challenges to rights of kings and presaged Magna Carta , which subjected the King to law.

The rest of Henry's reign was filled with judicial and financial reforms. He established the biannual Exchequer to reform the treasury . He used itinerant officials to curb abuses of power at the local and regional level, garnering the praise of the people. The differences between the English and Norman populations began to break down during his reign and he himself married a daughter of the old English royal house. He made peace with the church after the disputes of his brother's reign, but he could not smooth out his succession after the disastrous loss of his eldest son William in the wreck of the White Ship . His will stipulated that he was to be succeeded by his daughter, the Empress Matilda , but his stern rule was followed by a period of civil war known as the Anarchy .

Early life
Henry was born between May 1068 and May 1069, probably in Selby in Yorkshire . His mother, Queen Matilda , was descended from Alfred the Great (but not through the main West Saxon Royal line). Queen Matilda named the infant Prince Henry, after her uncle, Henry I of France . As the youngest son of the family, he was almost certainly expected to become a Bishop and was given rather more extensive schooling than was usual for a young nobleman of that time. The Chronicler William of Malmesbury asserts that Henry once remarked that an illiterate King was a crowned ass. He was certainly the first Norman ruler to be fluent in the English language .

William I's second son Richard was killed in a hunting accident in 1081, so William bequeathed his dominions to his three surviving sons in the following manner:
Robert received the Duchy of Normandy and became Duke Robert II
William Rufus received the Kingdom of England and became King William II
Henry Beauclerc received 5,000 pounds in silver

The Chronicler Orderic Vitalis reports that the old King had declared to Henry: "You in your own time will have all the dominions I have acquired and be greater than both your brothers in wealth and power."

Henry tried to play his brothers off against each other but eventually, wary of his devious manoeuvring, they acted together and signed an Accession Treaty. This sought to bar Prince Henry from both Thrones by stipulating that if either King William or Duke Robert died without an heir, the two dominions of their father would be reunited under the surviving brother.

Seizing the throne of England

When, on 2 August 1100 , William II was killed by an arrow in yet another hunting accident in the New Forest, Duke Robert had not yet returned from the First Crusade . His absence allowed Prince Henry to seize the Royal Treasury at Winchester, Hampshire , where he buried his dead brother. There are suspicions that, on hearing that Robert was returning alive from his crusade with a new bride, Henry decided to act and arranged the murder of William by the French Vexin Walter Tirel .[1] Thus he succeeded to the throne of England, guaranteeing his succession in defiance of William and Robert's earlier agreement. Henry was accepted as King by the leading Barons and was crowned three days later on 5 August at Westminster Abbey . He secured his position among the nobles by an act of political appeasement: he issued a Charter of Liberties which is considered a forerunner of the Magna Carta .

First marriage

On 11 November 1100 Henry married Edith , daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland. Since Edith was also the niece of Edgar Atheling and the great-granddaughter of Edward the Confessor 's paternal half-brother Edmund Ironside , the marriage united the Norman line with the old English line of Kings. The marriage greatly displeased the Norman Barons, however, and as a concession to their sensibilities Edith changed her name to Matilda upon becoming Queen. The other side of this coin, however, was that Henry, by dint of his marriage, became far more acceptable to the Anglo-Saxon populace.

The chronicler William of Malmesbury described Henry thus: "He was of middle stature, greater than the small, but exceeded by the very tall; his hair was black and set back upon the forehead; his eyes mildly bright; his chest brawny; his body fleshy."

Conquest of Normandy
In the following year, 1101, Robert Curthose , Henry's eldest brother, attempted to seize the crown by invading England. In the Treaty of Alton , Robert agreed to recognise his brother Henry as King of England and return peacefully to Normandy , upon receipt of an annual sum of 2000 silver marks, which Henry proceeded to pay.

In 1105, to eliminate the continuing threat from Robert and the drain on his fiscal resources from the annual payment, Henry led an expeditionary force across the English Channel .

Battle of Tinchebray
On the morning of 28 September 1106, exactly 40 years after William had made his way to England, the decisive battle between his two surviving sons, Robert Curthose and Henry Beauclerc, took place in the small village of Tinchebray. This combat was totally unexpected and unprepared. Henry and his army were marching south from Barfleur on their way to Domfront and Robert was marching with his army from Falaise on their way to Mortain. They met at the crossroads at Tinchebray and the running battle which ensued was spread out over several kilometres. The site where most of the fighting took place is the village playing field today. Towards evening Robert tried to retreat but was captured by Henry's men at a place three kilometres (just under two miles) north of Tinchebray where a farm named "Prise" (taken) stands today on the D22 road. The tombstones of three knights are nearby on the same road.

King of England and Ruler of Normandy
After Henry had defeated his brother's Norman army at Tinchebray he imprisoned Robert, initially in the Tower of London , subsequently at Devizes Castle and later at Cardiff. One day whilst out riding Robert attempted to escape from Cardiff but his horse was bogged down in a swamp and he was recaptured. To prevent further escapes Henry had Robert's eyes burnt out. Henry appropriated the Duchy of Normandy as a possession of the Kingdom of England and reunited his father's dominions. Even after taking control of the Duchy of Normandy he didn't take the title of Duke, he chose to control it as the King of England.

In 1113, Henry attempted to reduce difficulties in Normandy by betrothing his eldest son, William Adelin , to the daughter of Fulk of Jerusalem (also known as Fulk V), Count of Anjou, then a serious enemy. They were married in 1119. Eight years later, after William's untimely death, a much more momentous union was made between Henry's daughter, (the former Empress) Matilda and Fulk's son Geoffrey Plantagenet , which eventually resulted in the union of the two Realms under the Plantagenet Kings.


Activities as a King

Henry's need for finance to consolidate his position led to an increase in the activities of centralized government. As King, Henry carried out social and judicial reforms, including:
issuing the Charter of Liberties
restoring the laws of Edward the Confessor .

Between 1103 and 1107 Henry was involved in a dispute with Anselm , the Archbishop of Canterbury , and Pope Paschal II in the investiture controversy , which was settled in the Concordat of London in 1107. It was a compromise. In England, a distinction was made in the King's chancery between the secular and ecclesiastical powers of the prelates. Employing the distinction, Henry gave up his right to invest his bishops and abbots, but reserved the custom of requiring them to come and do homage for the "temporalities " (the landed properties tied to the episcopate), directly from his hand, after the bishop had sworn homage and feudal vassalage in the ceremony called commendatio, the commendation ceremony , like any secular vassal.

Henry was also known for some brutal acts. He once threw a treacherous burgher named Conan Pilatus from the tower of Rouen; the tower was known from then on as "Conan's Leap". In another instance that took place in 1119, Henry's son-in-law, Eustace de Pacy, and Ralph Harnec, the constable of Ivry , exchanged their children as hostages. When Eustace blinded Harnec's son, Harnec demanded vengeance. King Henry allowed Harnec to blind and mutilate Eustace's two daughters, who were also Henry's own grandchildren. Eustace and his wife, Juliane, were outraged and threatened to rebel. Henry arranged to meet his daughter at a parley at Breteuil, only for Juliane to draw a crossbow and attempt to assassinate her father. She was captured and confined to the castle, but escaped by leaping from a window into the moat below. Some years later Henry was reconciled with his daughter and son-in-law.

Legitimate children
He had two children by Matilda (Edith), who died on 1 May 1118 at the palace of Westminster. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Matilda . (c. February 1102 - 10 September 1167 ). She married firstly Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor , and secondly, Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou , having issue by the second.
William Adelin , (5 August 1103 - 25 November 1120 ). He married Matilda (d.1154), daughter of Fulk V, Count of Anjou .

Second marriage
On 29 January 1121 he married Adeliza , daughter of Godfrey I of Leuven , Duke of Lower Lotharingia and Landgrave of Brabant , but there were no children from this marriage. Left without male heirs, Henry took the unprecedented step of making his barons swear to accept his daughter Empress Matilda , widow of Henry V, the Holy Roman Emperor , as his heir.

Death and legacy

Henry visited Normandy in 1135 to see his young grandsons, the children of Matilda and Geoffrey. He took great delight in his grandchildren, but soon quarrelled with his daughter and son-in-law and these disputes led him to tarry in Normandy far longer than he originally planned.

Henry died on 1 December 1135 of food poisoning from eating "a surfeit of lampreys " (of which he was excessively fond) at Saint-Denis-en-Lyons (now Lyons-la-Forêt ) in Normandy. His remains were sewn into the hide of a bull to preserve them on the journey, and then taken back to England and were buried at Reading Abbey , which he had founded fourteen years before. The Abbey was destroyed during the Protestant Reformation . No trace of his tomb has survived, the probable site being covered by St James' School. Nearby is a small plaque and a large memorial cross stands in the adjoining Forbury Gardens .

Although Henry's barons had sworn allegiance to his daughter as their Queen, her gender and her remarriage into the House of Anjou , an enemy of the Normans, allowed Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois , to come to England and claim the throne with popular support.

The struggle between the former Empress and Stephen resulted in a long civil war known as the Anarchy . The dispute was eventually settled by Stephen's naming of Matilda's son, Henry Plantagenet , as his heir in 1153.

Illegitimate children
King Henry is famed for holding the record for the largest number of acknowledged illegitimate children born to any English king, with the number being around 20 or 25. He had many mistresses, and identifying which mistress is the mother of which child is difficult. His illegitimate offspring for whom there is documentation are:
Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester . Often, said to have been a son of Sybil Corbet.
Maud FitzRoy, married Conan III, Duke of Brittany
Constance FitzRoy, married Richard de Beaumont
Mabel FitzRoy, married William III Gouet
Aline FitzRoy, married Matthieu I of Montmorency
Gilbert FitzRoy, died after 1142. His mother may have been a sister of Walter de Gand.
Emma, born c. 1138; married Gui de Laval, Lord Laval. [Uncertain, born 2 years after Henry died.][2]

With Edith
Matilda, married in 1103 Count Rotrou II of Perche. She perished 25 Nov 1120 in the wreck of the White Ship . She left two daughters; Philippa who married Helie of Anjou (son of Fulk V) and Felice.

With Gieva de Tracy
William de Tracy

With Ansfride
Ansfride was born c. 1070. She was the wife of Anskill of Seacourt, at Wytham in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire ).
Juliane de Fontevrault (born c. 1090); married Eustace de Pacy in 1103. She tried to shoot her father with a crossbow after King Henry allowed her two young daughters to be blinded.
Fulk FitzRoy (born c. 1092); a monk at Abingdon .
Richard of Lincoln (c. 1094 - 25 November 1120 ); perished in the wreck of the White Ship .

With Sybil Corbet
Lady Sybilla Corbet of Alcester was born in 1077 in Alcester in Warwickshire . She married Herbert FitzHerbert, son of Herbert 'the Chamberlain' of Winchester and Emma de Blois. She died after 1157 and was also known as Adela (or Lucia) Corbet. Sybil was definitely mother of Sybil and Rainald, possibly also of William and Rohese. Some sources suggest that there was another daughter by this relationship, Gundred, but it appears that she was thought as such because she was a sister of Reginald de Dunstanville but it appears that that was another person of that name who was not related to this family.
Sybilla de Normandy , married Alexander I of Scotland .
William Constable, born before 1105. Married Alice (Constable); died after 1187.
Reginald de Dunstanville, 1st Earl of Cornwall .
Gundred of England (1114-46), married 1130 Henry de la Pomeroy, son of Joscelin de la Pomerai.
Rohese of England, born 1114; married William de Tracy (b. 1040 in Normandy, France d. 1110 in Barnstaple, Devon, England)son of Turgisus de Tracy. They married in 1075. They had four children 1)Turgisus II de Tracy b. 1066, 2) Henry de Tracy b. 1068, 3) Gieva de Tracy b. 1068 d. 1100, 4)Henry of Barnstaple Tracy b. 1070 d.1170.

With Edith FitzForne
Robert FitzEdith, Lord Okehampton, (1093-1172) married Dame Maud d'Avranches du Sap. They had one daughter, Mary, who married Renaud, Sire of Courtenay (son of Miles, Sire of Courtenay and Ermengarde of Nevers).
Adeliza FitzEdith. Appears in charters with her brother Robert.

With Princess Nest
Nest ferch Rhys was born about 1073 at Dinefwr Castle , Carmarthenshire , the daughter of Prince Rhys ap Tewdwr of Deheubarth and his wife, Gwladys ferch Rhywallon. She married, in 1095, to Gerald de Windsor (aka Geraldus FitzWalter) son of Walter FitzOther, Constable of Windsor Castle and Keeper of the Forests of Berkshire . She had several other liaisons - including one with Stephen of Cardigan, Constable of Cardigan (1136) - and subsequently other illegitimate children. The date of her death is unknown.
Henry FitzRoy , 1103-1158.

With Isabel de Beaumont
Isabel (Elizabeth) de Beaumont (after 1102 - after 1172), daughter of Robert de Beaumont , sister of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester . She married Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke , in 1130. She was also known as Isabella de Meulan.
Isabel Hedwig of England
Matilda FitzRoy , abbess of Montvilliers, also known as Montpiller 4 6


Research Notes: Child - Elizabeth Princess of England

Probably the mother of Gunnild of Dunbar. Youngest illegitimate daughter of Henry I. 12 13


Philip Mountbatten Prince of Greece and Denmark and Queen Elizabeth II of England




Husband Philip Mountbatten Prince of Greece and Denmark (details suppressed for this person)

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Wife Queen Elizabeth II of England (details suppressed for this person)

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         Father: King George VI of England (1895-1952)
         Mother: Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (1900-2002)




Children
1 M Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor Prince of Wales (details suppressed for this person)

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         Spouse: Diana Frances Spencer Princess of Wales (1961-1997) 15




Research Notes: Child - Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor Prince of Wales

www.whitneygen.org/archives/biography/princewm.html 18


Ella King in England




Husband Ella King in England 13

           Born: Abt 758 - <England>
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Wife

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Children
1 F Heluna Princess in England 13

            AKA: Bleja Princess in England
           Born: Abt 784 - <England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
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         Spouse: Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson (Abt 0786-      ) 13
           Marr: Abt 799 - Jutland, Denmark





Roger de Mainwaring and Ellen




Husband Roger de Mainwaring 13

           Born: Abt 1130 - <Warmingham, Cheshire>, England
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Wife Ellen 13

           Born: Abt 1130 - <Warmingham, Cheshire>, England
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Children
1 M Ralph de Mainwaring 13

            AKA: Rafe de Mainwaring
           Born: Abt 1155 - <Warmingham, Cheshire>, England
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         Spouse: Amice of Chester (Abt 1167-      ) 13 19
           Marr: 1179 - Warmingham, Cheshire, England





Sigfred "The Dane" First Count of Guînes and Elstrude




Husband Sigfred "The Dane" First Count of Guînes 20 21

            AKA: Siegfried Count of Guînes
           Born: Abt 910 - Denmark
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           Died: 965
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Wife Elstrude 22 23 24

            AKA: Elftrude
           Born: Abt 912 - Flanders (France or Belgium)
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         Father: Arnulf I Count of Flanders and Artois (Abt 0890-0964/0965) 13 23 25 26
         Mother: Adele of Vermandois (Between 0910/0915-0960) 13 27 28 29




Children
1 M Adolfus Count of Guînes 30

           Born: Abt 937 - Guînes, (Pas-de-Calais), Flanders (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: 996
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Maud de Bologne (Abt 0944-      ) 31



2 F Haloise de Guines

           Born: Abt 940 - Guînes, Pas-de-Calais, France
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Research Notes: Husband - Sigfred "The Dane" First Count of Guînes

From Wikipedia - Guînes

In 928 , when the Danes invaded and seized the place, it was probably a defenceless village. A fenced mound and a double ditch would soon have been created by the Danes. This is the origin of the castle of Guînes. Arnulf I , Count of Flanders , realizing a counter-attack would be costly, arranged the marriage of his daughter Elstrude, to Sigfrid, the Danish leader, bestowing upon him the title of Count of Guînes but as vassal to him, the Count of Flanders. Under Sigfrid's successors, the county of Guînes acquired considerable importance. 20 21


Research Notes: Child - Haloise de Guines

Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872019


Gerold of Swabia, Count in Linzgau, Prefect in Bavaria and Emma of Allemania




Husband Gerold of Swabia, Count in Linzgau, Prefect in Bavaria 32 33

            AKA: Gerold of Vinzgouw, Geroud of Swabia
           Born: Abt 725
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           Died: 799
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 727



Wife Emma of Allemania 34 35 36

           Born: Abt 735 - Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia (Germany)
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 785
         Buried: 


         Father: Hnabi Duke of Alemannia (Abt 0710-Abt 0788) 37 38 39
         Mother: Hereswind (      -      ) 39



   Other Spouse: Desiderius King of the Lombards (Abt 0710-0774) 40


Children
1 M Hadrian Count of Orléans 41 42 43

            AKA: Adrian Count of Orléans, Count Hadrian of Orléans
           Born: Abt 756
     Christened: 
           Died:  - Orléans, Orléanais, (Loiret), France
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Waldrata (Abt 0758-      ) 41 44 45



2 F Hildegard of Vinzgouw 46 47 48 49

            AKA: Hildegard "the Swabian" of Vinzgau, Hildegarde of Swabia, Hildegarde of Savoy
           Born: Abt 758 - Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), Rhineland, Prussia (Germany)
     Christened: 
           Died: 30 Apr 783 - Thionville, (Moselle, Lorraine), Austrasia (France)
         Buried:  - Abbaye de St. Arnoul, Metz, (Moselle, Lorraine), Austrasia (France)
         Spouse: Charlemagne King of France, Holy Roman Emperor (0747-0814) 50 51 52 53
           Marr: Bef 30 Apr 771 - Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), Rhineland, Prussia (Germany)



3 M Eric of Friuli

           Born: 
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           Died: 799 - Trsat, Liburnia (Croatia)
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4 M Udalrich 32

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Research Notes: Husband - Gerold of Swabia, Count in Linzgau, Prefect in Bavaria

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 50-13 (Charlemagne)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gerold of Vinzgouw (also Vintzgau or Anglachgau; c. 725 - 799) was an Alamannian nobleman, serving the Frankish King as Margrave of the Avarian March and Prefect of Bavaria . Gerold played a significant role in the integration of Bavaria into the Frankish Kingdom. Being related to the family of the Agilofings , he was appointed Prefect of Bavaria after the deposition of Duke Tassilo III in 788 . In 784 generous donations to the monastery of Lorsch by Gerold and Emma are recorded.

In 799 he fell in a battle against the Avars , a short while after his son Eric was killed by the treachery of the same. He was succeeded by his surviving sons Gerold II and Udalrich I.

Marriage and issue
In 757 , he married Emma of Alamannia (730-789), daughter of Hnabi , Duke of Alamannia . They had the following:
Eric of Friuli
Adrian, Count of Orléans , father of Odo I, Count of Orléans
Gerold
Udalrich
Hildegard , who in 771 married King Charlemagne .

Through Udalrich, Gerold is reckoned as the founder of the family of the Udalrichians.

References
The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families by Michel L. Call (chart 2002) ISBN 1-933194-22-7
Retrieved from "" 32 33


Death Notes: Wife - Emma of Allemania

May have died between 788 and 798


Research Notes: Wife - Emma of Allemania

From Wikipedia - Hildegard of Vinzgouw :

Hildegard (758 -30 April 783 ) was the daughter of count Gerold of Vinzgouw and Emma of Alamannia, daughter of Hnabi , Duke of Alamannia .
--
From Wikipedia - Gerold of Vinzgouw :

"In 757 , [Gerold of Vinzgouw] married Emma of Alamannia (730-789), daughter of Hnabi , Duke of Alamannia . They had the following:
Eric of Friuli
Adrian, Count of Orléans , father of Odo I, Count of Orléans
Gerold
Udalrich
Hildegard , who in 771 married King Charlemagne .
' 34 35 36


Research Notes: Child - Hildegard of Vinzgouw

Charlemagne's second wife.

From Wikipedia - Hildegard of Vinzgouw :
(758 -30 April 783 ) was the daughter of Count Gerold of Vinzgouw and Emma of Alamannia , daughter of Hnabi , Duke of Alamannia .

Marriage and issue
Hildegard was the second wife of Charlemagne [1], who married her about 771 . They had the following children:
Charles , (772 or 773-811), Count of Maine from 781, joint King of the Franks with Charlemagne from 800
Adelaide (773-773 or 774-774)
Pippin (773 or 777-810), born Carloman and later renamed at baptism, king of Italy from 781
Rotrude (or Hruodrud) (777-810)
Louis the Pious , king of Aquitaine from 781 , emperor from 813 (sole Emperor from 814) until 840
Lothair, twin brother of Louis, died young in 780
Bertha (779-823?)
Gisela (781-808?)
Hildegarde (782-783?)
References
1 As described by historians such as Pierre Riché (The Carolingians, p.86.), Lewis Thorpe (Two Lives of Charlemagne, p.216) and others. Other historians list Himiltrude, described by Einhard as a concubine, as Charlemagne's first wife, and reorder his subsequent wives; accordingly Hildegard is sometimes numbered as his third wife. See Dieter Hägemann (Karl der Große. Herrscher des Abendlands, Ullstein 2003, p. 82f.), Collins (Charlemagne, p. 40.). 46 47 48 49


Research Notes: Child - Eric of Friuli

From Wikipedia - Eric of Friuli :

Eric (also Heirichus or Ehericus;[1] died 799) was the Duke of Friuli (dux Foroiulensis) from 789 to his death. He was the eldest son of Gerold of Vinzgouw and by the marriage of his sister Hildegard the brother-in-law of Charlemagne .

Most of Eric's tenure was occupied by the job of subduing the Avars . In this he was accompanied by Pepin of Italy and his own father, the margrave of Avaria. In 791, he and Pepin marched a Lombard army into the Drava valley and ravaged Pannonia , while Charlemagne marched along the Danube into Avar territory. Charlemagne left the campaigning to deal with a Saxon revolt in 792. Pepin and Eric continued, however, to assault the Avars' ring-shaped strongholds. The great Ring of the Avars, their capital fortress, was taken twice. The booty was sent to Charlemagne in Aachen and redistributed to all his followers and even to foreign rulers, including King Offa of Mercia .

In 795 or 796, Eric and Pepin, allied with the Western Avar tudun , led an attack which forced the submission of the chief khagan and led to the capture of the Hunorum Hringum, or Ring of the Avars, their chief camp. The khagan was taken to Aachen, where he was baptised as Theodorus. According to the Annales Fuldenses , the khagan was killed by his own men.
According to the Annales Laurissenses , Eric sent raiders against Pannonia in 796 under Vojnomir , duke of the Pannonian Croats .

Some time between 787 and 796, Paulinus of Aquileia wrote a Liber Exhortationis for Eric. The work draws from the Bible and certain Fathers of the Church to offer instruction on how to live a morally upright Christian life while carrying out secular duties.

In 799, Eric was killed at Trsat (Tharsatica) in Liburnia by the treachery of the inhabitants according to Einhard . His father died on the eve of battle with the Avars that same year.


Osbern and Emma of Ivry




Husband Osbern 13

           Born: Abt 1000 - <Normandy, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Herfast de Crepon (Abt 0975-      ) 13
         Mother: 


       Marriage: Abt 1029 - France



Wife Emma of Ivry 13

           Born: Abt 1008 - Ivry, <Normandy>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Ralph Count of Ivry (Abt 0978-      ) 13
         Mother: 




Children
1 M William FitzOsbern 1st Earl of Hereford 13

           Born: Abt 1030 - <Poitiers>, Poitou, (Vienne), France
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Feb 1071 - Flanders <France>
         Buried:  - Cormeilles Abbey, (Eure), Normandy, France
         Spouse: Alice de Toeni (Abt 1035-      ) 13
           Marr: Abt 1051 - France



2 F Emma FitzOsbern 13

           Born: Abt 1034 - <Normandy>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: William de Vernon (Abt 1030-      ) 13
           Marr: Abt 1055 - Normandy, France





Ralph de Warenne and Emma




Husband Ralph de Warenne 13 54

            AKA: Ralph de Warren
           Born: Abt 998 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: William de Warenne (Abt 0950-      ) 13
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife Emma

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M William de Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey 13 54




            AKA: William de Warren 1st Earl of Surrey
           Born: Abt 1055 - <Bellencombre, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Jun 1088 - <Lewes, Sussex, England>
         Buried:  - Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England
         Spouse: Gundred Countess of Surrey (Abt 1063-1085) 13 55




Research Notes: Husband - Ralph de Warenne

Also http://www.renderplus.com/hartgen/htm/de-warenne.htm#name8634 13 54


Research Notes: Wife - Emma

Source: William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey


Research Notes: Child - William de Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey

From Wikipedia - William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey :
William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, (died 1088 ) was one of the Norman aristocrats who fought at the Battle of Hastings and became great landowners in England .

He was a son of Ralph de Warenne and Emma and a grandnephew of duchess Gunnor , wife of duke Richard I of Normandy . As a young man he helped secure duke William 's hold on Normandy , most notably in the campaigns of 1052 through 1054 which culminated in the Battle of Mortemer [1]. After this battle Roger de Mortemer forfeited most of his lands, and the duke gave them to William[2]. The de Warenne surname derives from the castle of that name on the River Varenne , which flows through the territory William acquired in Upper Normandy[3].

William was one of the nobles who advised duke William when the decision to invade England was being considered. He fought at Hastings[4], and afterwards received the Rape of Lewes in Sussex [5], and subsequently lands in twelve other shires. In addition to the cluster around Lewes, there were clusters around the castles he built at Castle Acre in Norfolk and Conisbrough in Yorkshire. By the time of the Domesday survey he was one of the wealthiest landholders in England.

William was loyal to William II [6], and it was probably in early 1088 that he was created Earl of Surrey [7]. He died shortly afterwards of wounds he received while helping suppress the rebellion of 1088 . At the time of his death, it has been estimated that his wealth was equivalent to £73.9 billion in today's money.

Family
He married twice:
First, Gundred (Latin: Gundrada), sister of Gerbod the Fleming, Earl of Chester.
Second, to a sister of Richard Gouet

Children of William and Gundred
William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d. 1138)
Edith de Warenne who married Gerard de Gournay
Reynold de Warenne, who inherited lands from his mother in Flanders and died before 1118 13 54


Sources


1 Thomas, Lawrence Buckley, The Thomas Book giving the Genealogies of Sir Rhys ap Thomas, K. G., the Thomas Family descended from him, and of some Allied Families (New York: Henry T. Thomas Co., 1896.), p. 34.

2 Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), p. 46.

3 Thomas, Lawrence Buckley, The Thomas Book giving the Genealogies of Sir Rhys ap Thomas, K. G., the Thomas Family descended from him, and of some Allied Families (New York: Henry T. Thomas Co., 1896.), pp. 34-35.

4 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121-25, 121B-26 (Elizabeth).

5 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121B-26 (Elizabeth).

6 Wikipedia.org, Henry I of England.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121-24, 169-23 (Maud of Flanders).

8 Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-23, 169-23.

10 Wikipedia.org, Matilda of Flanders.

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-25.

12 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121B-26, 38-24 (Gunnild of Dunbar).

13 http://www.familysearch.org.

14 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-24 (Gunnild of Dunbar).

15 Wikipedia.org, "Diana, Princess of Wales."

16 Wikipedia.org, "Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh."

17 Wikipedia.org, "Elizabeth II."

18 Wikipedia.org, "Charles, Prince of Wales."

19 Wikipedia.org, Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester.

20 Wikipedia.org, Guînes.

21 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872021.

22 Website - Genealogy, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872022.

23 Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders.

24 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872022.

25 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-18.

26 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871976.

27 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-20; 162-18 (Arnold I).

28 Wikipedia.org, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders; Herbert II, Count of Vermandois.

29 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871977.

30 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874986.

31 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874987.

32 Wikipedia.org, Gerold of Vinzgouw.

33 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-13 (Charlemagne).

34 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91443 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

35 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 182-4.

36 Wikipedia.org, Hildegard of Vinzgouw; Gerold of Vinzgouw; Hnabi.

37 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 182-3.

38 http://www.familysearch.org, FamilySearch.org Compact Disc #94 Pin #95135 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer) has Duke of Allemania, d. 788.

39 Wikipedia.org, Hnabi.

40 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91486 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

41 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 48-16 (Rutpert III).

42 Wikipedia.org, Gerold of Vinzgouw; Odo I, Count of Orléans.

43 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874377.

44 Wikipedia.org, Odo, Count of Orléans.

45 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874378.

46 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 182-5, 140-13 (Charlemagne), 148-13 (Charlemagne), 190-13 (Charlemagne).

47 Wikipedia.org, Hildegard of Vinzgouw.

48 http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

49 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91440 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

50 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), 50-13, 140-13, 190-13.

51 Wikipedia.org, Charlemagne.

52 Wikipedia.org, Rhenish Hesse.

53 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91438 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

54 Wikipedia.org, William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey.

55 Wikipedia.org, Gundred.


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