These pages represent the work of an amateur researcher and should not be used as the sole source by any other researcher. Few primary sources have been available. Corrections and contributions are encouraged and welcomed. -- Karen (Johnson) Fish

The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families


First Generation  Next



1. Cohen Adam Fish


previous  Second Generation  Next




2. Kenneth LeRoy Fish

Kenneth married Peggy Nicole Underwood.

Children from this marriage were:

1         i.  Cohen Adam Fish

         ii.  Liam Frederick Fish

        iii.  Elizabeth Ann Fish

         iv.  Sarah Phayla Fish


3. Peggy Nicole Underwood

Peggy married Kenneth LeRoy Fish.

previous  Third Generation  Next




4. George Michael Fish

George married Jennifer Laraine Tatem ____________.1

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  David Aaron Fish

2        ii.  Kenneth LeRoy Fish

        iii.  Michelle Laraine Fish



George next married Karen Gail Johnson, daughter of DeWayne Burton Johnson 2 3 and Lorna Doone Wallace,.4

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  David Aaron Fish

2        ii.  Kenneth LeRoy Fish

        iii.  Michelle Laraine Fish


5. Jennifer Laraine Tatem

Jennifer married George Michael Fish ____________.1

Jennifer next married Roy Tompkins.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  David Aaron Fish

2        ii.  Kenneth LeRoy Fish

        iii.  Michelle Laraine Fish


6. Fredrick Priestly Underwood

Fredrick married Peggy Matthews.

The child from this marriage was:

3         i.  Peggy Nicole Underwood


7. Peggy Matthews

Peggy married Fredrick Priestly Underwood.

previous  Fourth Generation  Next






8. LeRoy Paschal Fish,5 6 son of Joseph Pascal Fish 7 8 9 and Clara Mae Carnal,7 10 was born on 21 Aug 1928 in Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States, was christened on 15 Aug 1948 in Sambongi, Japan, died on 6 Sep 1983 in Rex Hospital, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States at age 55, and was buried in Raleigh Memorial Park, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States.

Christening Notes: Roman Catholic

Death Notes: Source: Certificate of Death.
Cause of Death: Metastatic adenocarcinoma

State of North Carolina Inheritance and Estate Tax Certification File No. 83-E-1060:
:In the Matter of the Estate of: Deceased LeRoy Paschal Fish, Date of Death September 6, 1983"

Research Notes: From memoirs of Carol Jean Kirk Fish around 2002:

LeRoy Paschal Fish was born August 21, 1928 in Ottawa County Oklahoma. The mailing address was Baxter Springs Kansas. He was born at home to Clara May Carnal Fish and Joseph Paschal Fish. Clara's father was Solomon Carnal and Joseph's was Leander Jackson Fish. His Grandmother was Mary but I know nothing more about that.

When Joseph was about 12 years old his father served as representative of the Quapaw tribe in Washington DC. Joseph got to be a congressional page. By blood they were primarily Wyandotte-Shawnee, Miami and Delaware, but Paschal Fish, Leander's father, had sold his headright in the Shawnee tribe and been adopted by the Quapaw in Northeastern Oklahoma.

LeRoy was the third child of his mother's marriage; Mary Kathryn was four yrs old and Dorothy May was 18 months. Four years later Frederick Marvin was born, but he died at age two from eating glass from a broken sugar bowl. I do not know that even in this day and age anything could be done for him, but nothing could be done then. Later Clara Eudora was born in 1935 then Wynona Francis in 1937. Their mother was either pregnant with Wynona or Wynona was only three months old when Mr. Fish died of what was believed to be Bright's Disease. LeRoy was 9 years old.

The previous year LeRoy had colitis so badly he had a temperature of 108 degrees and was packed in ice. Although he was in a coma a good deal of the time, he can remember people praying over him. When he came back to the world his mom had little porcelain dogs for him. He said, "they won't have fleas."

The place where they lived was very rural and often if a neighbor wanted to visit in the evening, he or she carried a lantern to light the way. There is a legend in the area about a mysterious light that could be seen coming down the road. LeRoy said that once when his parents sent him to meet the coming guest, there was no one there. According to the story, the corps of engineers investigated these phenomena but found no reason for it. it was called the "Spook Light" and a lot of teenagers used this as an excuse to park on that road and "wait for the light." there are a lot of legends in the area, it is definitely Indian territory; but this is the most popular one.

After Mr. Fish died life became very hard for the family. Clara married the brother of her sister's husband. They lived in Colorado and missed a whole year of school because of weather. ... Clara went back to Oklahoma where she worked in a cafe in Commerce. The two younger girls were placed in a home in Oklahoma City because she couldn't provide for them. Years later when LeRoy got a military allotment for them when he was in the Army Air Force they were able to return Home. I don't know where Kathryn was during this period. At age 14 after a lot of bad happenings for her she divorced him and came home. I think this was when she started working at the drug store. Sometime during this period LeRoy was sent to live with his Uncle Earl Carnal in Arizona. Earl had 2 daughters and a son. LeRoy felt like a true outsider, treated he felt as a poor relation instead of a nephew who was loved. Sometime in here he rode the bus back to Commerce. He had to hunt to find out where his mom was and from that point he stayed with her until he graduated from high school and joined the Army Air Force (it was some time later that Arizona Air Force became separate from the Army).

When he was in the military, he quickly rose to Sergeant and was head of the radar shop where he worked. He was the youngest person there so he grew a mustache to look older. This was in occupied Japan. Although the war was over, the status was still wartime because of the dangers involved in occupying a country.

I know very little else about his early years.

LeRoy married Carol Jean Kirk 11 on 24 Jun 1950 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.12 Carol was born on 8 Jul 1932 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States, died on 7 Feb 2008 in Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States13 at age 75, and was buried on 9 Feb 2008 in Raleigh Memorial Park, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States.

Noted events in their marriage were:

• Holy Matrimony: in Holy Roman Catholic Church, 22 May 1954, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  David Paschal Fish (born on 7 Apr 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 28 Sep 1979 in Pinellas, Florida, United States)

4        ii.  George Michael Fish

        iii.  Gregory LeRoy Fish

         iv.  Theresa Lynn Fish

          v.  Mark Joseph Fish




9. Carol Jean Kirk,11 daughter of George Edward Kirk 7 and Hattie Switzer,7 14 was born on 8 Jul 1932 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States, died on 7 Feb 2008 in Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States13 at age 75, and was buried on 9 Feb 2008 in Raleigh Memorial Park, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States.

Birth Notes: Standard Certificate of Birth
Oklahoma State Board of Health
Bureau of Vital Statistics
Oklahoma City, Okla.
Place of Birth: Ottawa County, city of Miami
Name: Carol Jean Kirk
Date of Birth: 7-8-32
Father:
Geo[rge] Kirk, Miami, Okla., White, 26, born Okla., laborer
Hattie Suntze [sic], Miami, White, 25, born Ark,

General Notes: From Theresa Fish Smith 8 July 2010:
Happy Birthday to Mema, 7-8-1932. Her favorite Birthday Dinner _ Hot Dogs with mustard and onions, dessert - Banana Split.

Research Notes: Family records of Carol Jean (Kirk) Fish and George Michael Fish.

From memoirs of Carol Kirk Fish:
"To continue with my young memories, when I was six years old, we went to California, as did a lot of 'Okies' seeking better living because of the job situation. Daddy had rheumatoid arthritis, and with the depression job situation, even able-bodied men had trouble finding good work. There were five children by this time, and unbeknownst to me, the sixth one on the way. We all loaded our worldly possessions into a Model B Ford sedan and headed west on Route 66. I don't recall much in detail and I probably only heard about it and understood through a six year olds mind, but when we arrived in Bakersfield, we turned around without even stopping and headed back to Miami, Oklahoma. I recall a terrible odor and assumed people made it, but it was probably smoke from factories. On the return trip we stayed at a motel only once and it had an outside toilet."

"When I was in second grade we lived in a house Dad built near my grandparents and uncles and aunts. One summer evening we had a tornado or a cyclone. We all gathered in my grandparent's house and we children had to stay under tables, etc. The men actually held up the walls of the house. After it was over, we went to our own home, but it was sitting halfway off the foundation. I assume we slept at my grandparents that night. We had oil lamps with heavy bases and thin globes, and I recall one base was broken, but no globes.

"I remember in second grade when they passed out ages of children for the needy program, some children the ages of my brothers and sisters were not there and I went and whispered to the teacher that this was an oversight, since I knew we were among the needy. This was one of those embarrassing moments, but I didn't want any one of us left out so I did speak to her. She explained to me that our family had been chosen already by a group and that was why our ages weren't there. In looking back, I know I had a lot of courage to talk to her and that I probably embarrassed her too."

"I remember the times dad blew warm cigarette smoke in our ears when we had earache. Dad was a very warm loving man and mom was the one who pushed us to learn and better ourselves, both of them were good parents who did everything they could to make our lives good and happy."

"The 17th year of my life was one of the most eventful. I met my husband that summer before my senior year in high-school. His sister and I both worked in the same drug store, she as a cosmetologist and I as a soda jerk. It was a drug store in which my older brother and sister had worked. It was on the corner of Main and 1st Avenue in Miami, Oklahoma. I grew up there and went through all my high-school years at Miami High. Junior high was in the same complex. I was a good student and sort of planning a medical career when He came along. I remember well that I did my junior essay on medicine, but my senior I did it on roller skating which was my sporting passion. We dated all through that year. He was a freshman at the junior college there, having spent his time in the Army Air Force after high-school graduation. He really had a problem with my age I believe, because he always treated me as if I were soo much younger. But a few weeks into the summer after he had left for LA to attend UCLA he called and asked me to marry him. Of course, I said yes. I was devastated when he went away. I had told my Mom I was going to join the WACs when I was 18, just a few weeks away. She preferred that I marry rather than THAT. So she signed for me to marry. We were married on June 24th by a Justice of the Peace with only a couple of friends as witnesses. The JP chewed tobacco during the ceremony and spelled LeRoy's middle name incorrectly. But we were married. We went to Noel, Missouri for the night. It was a teen-age place then. Since then, the area has become something of a resort town. we spent our second night in a motel in Miami, then left on Monday by train for LA. I had never ridden a train; I had never seen a city as large as Kansas City, Missouri, where we changed to the Silver Streak for LA. It was a fairy-tale kind of trip. The dining car was sumptuous; we did not have berths or a compartment to save money. But we managed to enjoy the whole ride since we were so young and didn't really sleep. When we arrived in the LA station it was again a fairy tale land. The station was like a castle and when we left the station and were outside once again a magic land with palm trees and hibiscus and many kinds of flora. We walked to Olvera Street which was a Mexican paradise, and we ate hot food and walked around. It is still there. I went with my son and his wife and son when I was there last year [1999 or 2000]. We caught a city bus to Santa Monica which was where his sister lived. The Pacific Palisades were fantastic. When we arrived there, we walked to her place of work, picked up a key and went to her apartment. She and her husband had a TV, which I certainly had seen before but never owned. When they got home we toured the city a bit, but didn't go near the Pacific because LeRoy wanted to show me that on his own. They had rented us an apartment, actually the lower floor of an old house in Venice, and we had a car which they had sold LeRoy. The next day the first thing we did was go to the ocean. So vast and noisy and beautiful, but also so cold! Venice as a beach town was one curious shop after the other."
------------
Obituary and memorial bookmark from Carol's funeral:

Carol Kirk Fish "Mema"

RALEIGH, NC: Carol Kirk Fish, 75, entered into eternal rest on Thursday morning, February 7, 2008. Born on July 8, 1932 in Miami, Oklahoma; she was the daughter of the late George and Hattie Switzer Kirk.

Carol was a member of St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Raleigh and was a wonderful and nurturing homemaker and mother.

She is survived by her four children: George Michael Fish and wife Karen, of Slymar Park, CA [sic], Gregory LeRoy Fish and wife Sharon, of Tallahassee, FL, Theresa Fish Smith and husband Eric and Mark Joseph Fish, of Wake Forest, NC, of Raleigh; by her seven grandchildren: David Aaron Fish, Kenneth LeRoy Fish, Michelle Laraine Fish, Erica Lynn Smith, Curtis Watson Smith, Margo Leanne Layerd, and Danielle Paschal Fish; by her seven great-grandchildren and "one on the way"; and by her siblings: Buddy Kirk and Joy teal, both of Oklahoma.

Carol was preceded in death by her husband: LeRoy P. Fish; by her son: David Paschal Fish; and by her siblings: Bob Kirk, Jimmie Kirk and Pat Wright.

Family will receive friends on Saturday, February 9th from 12 Noon until time of service at St. Joseph's Catholic Church on Poole Road. A funeral Mass will be held at 1 PM, with Committal Services to follow at Raleigh Memorial Park.

Noted events in her life were:

• Moved: to California from Oklahoma, 1938.

Carol married LeRoy Paschal Fish 5 6 on 24 Jun 1950 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.12 LeRoy was born on 21 Aug 1928 in Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States, was christened on 15 Aug 1948 in Sambongi, Japan, died on 6 Sep 1983 in Rex Hospital, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States at age 55, and was buried in Raleigh Memorial Park, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States.

10. Kenneth Earl Tatem

Kenneth married Phala Carmen Jordan.15 Phala was born on 5 Aug 1938 in Urlah, Monroe, Alabama, United States and died in Oct 1999 at age 61.

The child from this marriage was:

5         i.  Jennifer Laraine Tatem


11. Phala Carmen Jordan 15 was born on 5 Aug 1938 in Urlah, Monroe, Alabama, United States and died in Oct 1999 at age 61.

Phala married Kenneth Earl Tatem.

12. Priestly Frederick Underwood,16 son of Frederick Josiah Underwood 17 18 19 and Bessie Mae Cain,15 18 was born on 19 Apr 1916 in Georgia, United States and died on 22 Dec 2010 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 94. Other names for Priestly were Fred Underwood and P. Frederick Underwood.

Research Notes: His middle name was misspelled "Fredderick" on his 1941 draft card. It was actually supposed to be "Fredrick" or "Frederick."

Priestly married Joan Blondell Harrell.16 Joan was born on 3 Jan 1920 in Alabama, United States and died on 2 Oct 2007 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 87. Another name for Joan was Blondell Harrell.

The child from this marriage was:

6         i.  Fredrick Priestly Underwood


13. Joan Blondell Harrell,16 daughter of Christopher Columbus De Lafayette Harrell 16 and Henrietta Merritt,15 16 was born on 3 Jan 1920 in Alabama, United States and died on 2 Oct 2007 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 87. Another name for Joan was Blondell Harrell.

Joan married Priestly Frederick Underwood.16 Priestly was born on 19 Apr 1916 in Georgia, United States and died on 22 Dec 2010 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 94. Other names for Priestly were Fred Underwood and P. Frederick Underwood.

14. John Matthews 15 was born on 4 Sep 1929 in Georgia, United States and died on 20 Mar 2004 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 74.

John married Joyce Bynum.15 Joyce was born on 16 Sep 1933 in Georgia, United States and died on 21 Oct 2001 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 68.

The child from this marriage was:

7         i.  Peggy Matthews


15. Joyce Bynum 15 was born on 16 Sep 1933 in Georgia, United States and died on 21 Oct 2001 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 68.

Joyce married John Matthews.15 John was born on 4 Sep 1929 in Georgia, United States and died on 20 Mar 2004 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States at age 74.

previous  Fifth Generation  Next




16. Joseph Pascal Fish,7 8 9 son of Leander Jackson "Leading Turtle" Fish and Mary Kathern Large,20 21 22 23 was born on 21 Jan 1895 in Douthat, Indian Territory, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States, died on 23 Jul 1937 in Indian Hospital, Claremore, Rogers, Oklahoma, United States at age 42, and was buried in Newman Cemetery, [NE of Miami, ] Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.24

Birth Notes: Family Bible of his son LeRoy has b. in Douthatt, Okla (Indian Territory)

Noted events in his life were:

• Occupation: farmer, 1930, Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

• Census: U.S., 11 Apr 1930, Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. 25

Joseph married Clara Mae Carnal 7 10 on 29 Oct 1921 in Galena, Cherokee, Kansas, United States. Clara was born on 10 Jun 1903 in Lincolnville, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States, died on 18 Dec 1972 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 69, and was buried in Newman Cemetery, [NE of Miami, ] Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.26 Other names for Clara were Clara Mae Carnel and Clara Mae Carnal Martin.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Mary Kathryn Fish (born on 9 May 1925 in Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 2 Dec 1989, buried in Newman Cemetery, [NE of Miami, ] Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         ii.  Dorothy May Fish

8       iii.  LeRoy Paschal Fish (born on 21 Aug 1928 in Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 6 Sep 1983 in Rex Hospital, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States)

         iv.  Frederic Marvin "Jack" Fish (born on 8 May 1932 in Peoria, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 4 Apr 1934)

          v.  Wynona Francis Fish

         vi.  Claire Eudora Fish




17. Clara Mae Carnal,7 10 daughter of Solomon Madison Carnal 27 and Hattie Eudora Thomas,28 was born on 10 Jun 1903 in Lincolnville, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States, died on 18 Dec 1972 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 69, and was buried in Newman Cemetery, [NE of Miami, ] Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.26 Other names for Clara were Clara Mae Carnel and Clara Mae Carnal Martin.

Birth Notes: Family Bible of her son LeRoy has b. in Douthatt, Okla (Indian Territory)

Burial Notes: According to Claire Eudora (Fish) Warner 2/13/09, "a Zane was a pallbearer" at her funeral.

From FindaGrave.com:

Clara Mae Carnal Fish Martin.

Daughter of William A. and Emma Carnal.

She married Joseph P. Fish.

He preceded her in death.

Mother of Mary Kathryn Cook.


Research Notes: The LeRoy Paschal Fish family Bible (has born in Douthat, OK).

From FindaGrave.com 7 Jun 2011 (may be inaccurate):
"Daughter of William A. and Emma Carnal."

Clara married Joseph Pascal Fish 7 8 9 on 29 Oct 1921 in Galena, Cherokee, Kansas, United States. Joseph was born on 21 Jan 1895 in Douthat, Indian Territory, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States, died on 23 Jul 1937 in Indian Hospital, Claremore, Rogers, Oklahoma, United States at age 42, and was buried in Newman Cemetery, [NE of Miami, ] Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.24

Clara next married Davie B. Martin.




18. George Edward Kirk,7 son of George Robert Kirk 10 and Grace Elizabeth Parsons,10 was born on 2 Feb 1906 in <Centralia>, Oklahoma Territory (Oklahoma), United States, died on 25 Sep 1961 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 55, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for George was George Kirk Jr.

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: U.S., 11 Apr 1940, Ottawa District, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. 29

George married Hattie Switzer 7 14 on 31 Oct 1925 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Hattie was born on 10 Jan 1907 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States, was christened in 1975 in Church of the Nazarene, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States, died on 23 Apr 1991 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States30 at age 84, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Joyce Clotene Kirk (born on 25 Jun 1927 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 25 Jan 2010 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         ii.  George Edward "Buddy" Kirk Jr. (born on 3 Jun 1930 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died before 2010)

9       iii.  Carol Jean Kirk (born on 8 Jul 1932 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 7 Feb 2008 in Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina, United States)

         iv.  Jimmy Max Kirk (born on 10 Jul 1934 - died before 2010)

          v.  Patricia Colleen Kirk (born on 1 Oct 1936 - died before 2010)

         vi.  Robert Dan Kirk (born on 26 Apr 1939 - died before 2010)


19. Hattie Switzer,7 14 daughter of Daniel Wesley Switzer 31 32 33 34 and Georgia Augusta Seitz,31 35 36 37 38 was born on 10 Jan 1907 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States, was christened in 1975 in Church of the Nazarene, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States, died on 23 Apr 1991 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States30 at age 84, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Hattie married George Edward Kirk 7 on 31 Oct 1925 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. George was born on 2 Feb 1906 in <Centralia>, Oklahoma Territory (Oklahoma), United States, died on 25 Sep 1961 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 55, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for George was George Kirk Jr.

20. Ernest Russell Tatem,15 son of Rev. William Carl Tatem, was born on 5 May 1904 in Kokomo, Howard, Indiana, United States and died on 1 Dec 1996 at age 92.

Ernest married Margaret Park Armstrong.15 Margaret was born on 4 May 1909 in Salsburgh, Lanark, Scotland and died on 14 Aug 2005 in Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana, United States at age 96.

The child from this marriage was:

10        i.  Kenneth Earl Tatem


21. Margaret Park Armstrong 15 was born on 4 May 1909 in Salsburgh, Lanark, Scotland and died on 14 Aug 2005 in Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana, United States at age 96.

Margaret married Ernest Russell Tatem.15 Ernest was born on 5 May 1904 in Kokomo, Howard, Indiana, United States and died on 1 Dec 1996 at age 92.

24. Frederick Josiah Underwood,17 18 19 son of William Elijah Underwood 15 39 and Mary Ann Perritt,40 was born on 11 Apr 1884 in Houston, Alabama, United States, died on 22 Sep 1973 in Alabama, United States at age 89, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for Frederick was Josiah Underwood.

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: U.S., 1930, Houston, Alabama, United States. 41

• Census: U.S., 1940, Houston, Alabama, United States. 42

Frederick married Bessie Mae Cain 15 18 about 1913 in Houston, Alabama, United States. Bessie was born on 8 Sep 1888 in Tennessee, Alabama, United States, died on 23 Nov 1946 at age 58, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for Bessie was Broxie Underwood.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Mildred W. Underwood (born about 1913 in <Tennessee>, United States)

12       ii.  Priestly Frederick Underwood (born on 19 Apr 1916 in Georgia, United States - died on 22 Dec 2010 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States)

        iii.  Myrtle L. Underwood (born about 1919 in Alabama, United States)


25. Bessie Mae Cain 15 18 was born on 8 Sep 1888 in Tennessee, Alabama, United States, died on 23 Nov 1946 at age 58, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for Bessie was Broxie Underwood.

Noted events in her life were:

• Occupation: public school teacher, 1940. 43

Bessie married Frederick Josiah Underwood 17 18 19 about 1913 in Houston, Alabama, United States. Frederick was born on 11 Apr 1884 in Houston, Alabama, United States, died on 22 Sep 1973 in Alabama, United States at age 89, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for Frederick was Josiah Underwood.

26. Christopher Columbus De Lafayette Harrell,16 son of Benjamin Franklin Harrell 16 and Martha Mary Watford,17 was born on 1 Dec 1874 in Henry, Alabama, United States and died on 24 Jan 1961 at age 86.

Research Notes: Second husband of Henrietta Merritt.

Christopher married Henrietta Merritt.15 16 Henrietta was born on 22 Jun 1888 in Geneva, Geneva, Alabama, United States, died on 26 Apr 1961 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States at age 72, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

13        i.  Joan Blondell Harrell (born on 3 Jan 1920 in Alabama, United States - died on 2 Oct 2007 in Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United States)


27. Henrietta Merritt,15 16 daughter of Henry Lennon Merritt 17 and Catherine Elizabeth Baxley,17 was born on 22 Jun 1888 in Geneva, Geneva, Alabama, United States, died on 26 Apr 1961 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States at age 72, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States.

Henrietta married Christopher Columbus De Lafayette Harrell.16 Christopher was born on 1 Dec 1874 in Henry, Alabama, United States and died on 24 Jan 1961 at age 86.

previous  Sixth Generation  Next




32. Leander Jackson "Leading Turtle" Fish, son of Chief Paschal "Pas-Cal-We" Fish 44 45 46 47 48 49 and Jane "Hoh-tha-wa-ka-se" Quinney, was born on 7 May 1852 in (Wyandotte), Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States, died in 1912 in [near Quapaw], Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 60, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Other names for Leander were Leading Turtle, Jackson Fish, Leander "Leading Turtle" Fish, and Leander Jackson.

Birth Notes: Birth date needs further research.
At least one source says that the 1854 Indian Census lists Leander as age 7 (i.e., born 1846 or 1847). Captions accompanying photographs of Jackson Fish by Dinwiddie in 1896, archived in the Smithsonian Institution, say that he was born in 1855 in Wayndotte, Oklahoma.

Burial Notes: Lot 20, Block 3, Grave 6, Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery, Miami, Oklahoma

Research Notes: Text accompanying a photographic reproduction from the Smithsonian Institution acquired between 1970-1985.
Joseph Pascal T.(?) Fish
Age 10 in 1905
His father was Leander Jackson Fish. We are assuming that this photo of "Jackson Fish" is that man and that Joseph P.T. Fish is Joseph Pascal Fish.
aka Jackson Fish, Leading Turtle

Look at % of each tribe in Jackson's father & mother.
Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware.
Jackson Fish's mother [Mary Ann Steele?] was one fourth Wyandotte (Huron).

----------
"If duplicated, please credit Smithsonian Institution National Anthropological Archives, Bureau of American Ethnology Collection.
Public inquiry 202/357-2700
catalog of current items 800/322-0344

"Neg. No. 978 Tribe: Shawnee

"Tribe: SHAWNEE
Name: Pi'saa'ka or Leading Turtle. Mixed blood - Wyandot, Shawnee and white. Called L. J. Fish. With Joseph P. T. Fish, his son.
Home: Quapaw Agency, Okla.
By Gill, 1905

"Leading Turtle, also called Jackson Fish, with Joseph P. T. Fish, his son. Jackson Fish's father was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware; his mother was one fourth Wyandotte (Huron). Home: Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma.
By Delancy Gill of the B.A.E., Washington, D.C., 1905."

"No. 764-a
Family: Algonquin
Tribe: Shawnee
Name: Pi-sã-'k or Leading Turtle. Called Jackson Fish. Mixed blood. (Father, Pasquel Fish, 1/2 Shawnee, 1/8 Miami, 1/16 Delaware; Chief of the Shawnees. Mother 1/4 Wyandotte).
Born: 1855
Home: Wyandotte, Okla.
By Dinwiddie, 1896"

"No. 764-b
Family: Algonquian
Tribe: Shawnee
Name: Pi-sã-'k or Leading Turtle. Called Jackson Fish. Mixed blood - Shawnee, Miami, Delaware, Wyandotte. Father, Pasqual Fish, chief of the Shawnees. Mother Wyandotte).
Born: 1855
Home: Wyandotte, Okla.
By Dinwiddie, 1896"

These photographs may be of a different person:
"No. 1069-a
Family: Muskhogean
Tribe: Chickasaw
Name: Jackson Fish. Mixed blood.
Home: Stonewall, Chickasaw Nation, Okla.
By Dinwiddie, 1896"

"No. 1069-B
Family: Muskhogean
Tribe: Chickasaw
Name: Jackson Fish. Mixed blood.
Home: Stonewall, Chickasaw Nation, Okla.
By Dinwiddie, 1896"
-----------
From http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kansas/ :
Quapaw . Between 1833 and 1867 lands in the southeastern tip of Kansas belonged to their reserve in Indian Territory (Oklahoma), but in the latter year they ceded this back to the Government. (See Arkansas .)

Shawnee . In 1825 the Shawnee residing in Missouri received a grant of land along the south side of Kansas River, west of the boundary of Missouri. In 1831 they were joined by another body of Shawnee who had formerly lived at Wapaghkonnetta and on Hog Creek, Ohio. In 1854 nearly all of this land was re-ceded to the United States Government and the tribe moved to Indian Territory, the present Oklahoma. (See Tennessee .)

Wyandot . The Wyandot purchased land in eastern Kansas on Missouri River from the Delaware in 1843 and parted with it again in 1850. A few Wyandot also held title to land along with other tribes on the border of Oklahoma and re-ceded it along with them in 1867. (See Ohio .)
----
From The Emigrant Tribes: Wyandot, Delaware & Shawnee, A Chronology by Larry Hancks:
1856
August 19; the new Wyandot Tribal Council requests that the Wyandott Commissioners make modifications in the treaty lists: to strike out Eudora Fish and Leander J. Fish (children of Paschal and Hester Zane Fish), and Sarah Zane, and to add Sarah Barbee (formerly Sarah Sarrahess), Rosanna Stone and her daughter Martha Driver, and all infants born between March 1 and December 8, 1855. The case of Noah E. Zane is to be reexamined.

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: U.S., 16 Jul 1870, Eudora, Douglas, Kansas, United States. 50

Leander married Mary Kathern Large.20 21 22 23 Mary was born on 6 May 1874 in St. Paul, Neosho, Kansas, United States, died on 11 Aug 1939 at age 65, and was buried on 14 Aug 1939 in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Other names for Mary were Katie Large, Mary C. Large, and Mary Kathryn Large.

The child from this marriage was:

16        i.  Joseph Pascal Fish (born on 21 Jan 1895 in Douthat, Indian Territory, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States - died on 23 Jul 1937 in Indian Hospital, Claremore, Rogers, Oklahoma, United States)

Leander next married Julia Parks.


33. Mary Kathern Large,20 21 22 23 daughter of Richard Joseph Large 22 51 52 53 and Mary Jane Davidson,22 54 55 56 was born on 6 May 1874 in St. Paul, Neosho, Kansas, United States, died on 11 Aug 1939 at age 65, and was buried on 14 Aug 1939 in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Other names for Mary were Katie Large, Mary C. Large, and Mary Kathryn Large.

Birth Notes: May have been 1876

Death Notes: May have been 14 Aug 1939

Research Notes:
1880 U.S. Census records have:
b. abt. 1876 in Kansas, daughter of Richard Large.

-------------
Possibly the most accurate source is Mary Jane Power McCarty (http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.martin/2944.1/mb.ashx ):

Children of Richard Joseph and Mary Jane Large:
Mary Kathern (Large) Fish, Wills b. 5-6-1874, St. Paul, Neosho County, Kansas. Buried GAR Cemetary, Miami, Oklahoma, died 8-14-1939. ( Her last husband was BOB WILLS, of BOB WILLS and the TEXAS PLAYBOYS)

DDora Rena (Large) Thomas b. 2-4-1875, Platt County, Missouri. Married Donald Thomas, they had one son, Nathan Thomas.

Della Therisia (Large) Carnal, Boggs: b. 12-23-1879, in St.Paul, Neosho County, Kansas. Died 8-12-1956, buried GAR Cemetary, Miami, Okahoma, under the name of DELLA CARNAL.

Thomas James Large: b. 8-23-1882, Bourbon County, Kansas. d. 10-5-1932.

John Henry Large: b. 7-8-1885, Bourbon County, Kansas, now Ft. Scott, Kansas. He married Allie F. Brand, 10-3-1914, Miami, Oklahoma. He died 10-16-1935, of T.B., at the time of his death he lived in Douthat, Oklahoma. He is buried in the GAR Cemetery, Miami, Oklahoma. Funeral Records are held by Jim Thomas Funeral Home, Miami, Oklahoma, services were conducted by Lane Funeral Home.

Bertie Samuel Large: b. 3-24-1891, Baxter Springs, Kansas, Cherokee County. died 8-25-1930. Twin of Gertrude Elnora Large.

Gertrude Elnora (Large) Long, b. 3-24-1891, Baxter Springs, Cherokee County, Kansas. Married Kenneth Long, had three children, Pearl Herbert, Glenn Long. Gertrude died 1931 or 1932, in Hollister California.

Herman Leroy Large: b. 5-23-1893, Indian Territory, Quapaw Reservation, Quapaw, Oklahoma.

Nathan Landon Large, b. 5-9-1888, Seneca, Newton County, Missouri. Married Alta Florence Rinehart, 3-12-1911. North Miami, Oklahoma. He died 12-8-1922, Douthat, Oklahoma of pneumonia, buried at Melrose Kansas, Fairview Cemetery.
Green-Stephens Undertaking Co. handled Funeral services.(of Picher, Oklahoma)

Mary married Leander Jackson "Leading Turtle" Fish. Leander was born on 7 May 1852 in (Wyandotte), Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States, died in 1912 in [near Quapaw], Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 60, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Other names for Leander were Leading Turtle, Jackson Fish, Leander "Leading Turtle" Fish, and Leander Jackson.

Mary next married Bob Wills 57 after 1912. Another name for Bob was Robert Wills.

Noted events in his life were:

• Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys:


34. Solomon Madison Carnal,27 son of William Henry Carnal 58 and Carra A. Bottom,59 was born on 20 Jan 1872 in Bolivar, Polk, Missouri, United States, died on 20 Dec 1956 in Picher, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 84, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Saint Clair, Missouri (FamilySearch?). FindaGrave.com has Bolivar, Missouri.

Research Notes: From FamilySearch.org:
1880 U.S. Census Johnson, Polk, Missouri :
Birth Year
Birthplace MO
Age 7
Occupation At School
Marital Status S
Race W
Head of Household William CARNAL
Relation Son
Father's Birthplace TN
Mother's Birthplace NC

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: 1880, Johnson, Polk, Missouri, United States. 60

Solomon married Hattie Eudora Thomas 28 in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States. Hattie was born on 25 Feb 1884, died on 11 Feb 1927 at age 42, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Lily Edith Carnal (born on 1 Dec 1900 - died in Alamosa, Colorado, United States)

17       ii.  Clara Mae Carnal (born on 10 Jun 1903 in Lincolnville, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States - died on 18 Dec 1972 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

        iii.  William Earl Carnal (born on 1 Sep 1905 - died before 31 Mar 1997 in Globe, Gila, Arizona, United States)

         iv.  Willis Haskell Carnal (born on 18 Sep 1907 in Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died in Aug 1941, buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

          v.  Grace Ellen Carnal (born on 15 Sep 1910 - died in Tow, Llano, Texas, United States)

         vi.  Goldie Elsie Carnal (born on 11 Nov 1914 - died in Globe, Gila, Arizona, United States)


35. Hattie Eudora Thomas,28 daughter of Albert Americus Thomas and Nancy Arminta Dobbs,61 was born on 25 Feb 1884, died on 11 Feb 1927 at age 42, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Hattie married Solomon Madison Carnal 27 in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States. Solomon was born on 20 Jan 1872 in Bolivar, Polk, Missouri, United States, died on 20 Dec 1956 in Picher, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 84, and was buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

36. George Robert Kirk,10 son of Richard J. Kirk 10 and Martha A. Crook,10 was born on 19 Aug 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States, died on 30 Jun 1944 in Miami, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States at age 71, and was buried on 2 Jul 1944 in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. 19 Aug 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri. Another source has 1872 in Tennessee.

Death Notes: FamilySearch has d. 30 Jun 1944 in Miami, OK. Another source has d. July 1944 in Miami, OK.

Research Notes: From FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File:

This information from Family Bible and from archival records in Miami, Oklahoma. Found in Ward 4 Springs Addition, Miami, Ottawa, Ok. Buried in GAR Cemetery in Miami, Oklahoma George was a railroad man. He helped build many railroads in the Miami area. George Robert was an infant of 3 months when his father, Richard J., died. His mother, Martha, remarried John G. Wahmeyer 10/10/1875, who died not long thereafter, and in 1879, Andrew T. Staley, who moved the family to Metz. Metz was a small farming community just east of Osage, Missouri, where Richard J. died, and near where he is buried in Stotesbury, Missouri. George Robert's mother died in 1883, in Metz. Her burial location is unknown. George was next located in Kansas, and later, in Arkansas. In the 1900 census he was located in Narcissa, Ottawa County, Oklahoma, and later in Centralia, Craig County, Oklahoma, whre the family lived for many years. In 1900 he, Grace Elizabeth and 3 daughters were in Crawford County, Kansas, while the family was back in Narcissa, Oklahoma, for the 1910 census and in Craig, for the 1920 census. Found this family #122, in the April 14-15,1930 census in the West Part of Ottowa County, Oklahoma, listed as G. R. Kirk, age 58, marriedat age 20 years, b. in Missouri, father born in Missouri, mother born in Tennessee; farmer, had a farm, could read and write; Grace, wife, age 54, married at age 16, b. in Kansas, father born in Ohio, mother b. in Indiana; Lewis, son, age 21, married at age 20, born in Oklahoma, father in Missouri, mother b. in Kansas; farmer, Roy, son, age 18, single, b. in Oklahoma, farmer, Lee, son, age 19, single, b.in Oklahoma; Kenneth, son, age 16, b. in Oklahoma, Ella, daughter, single, age 13, b. in Oklahoma. George Robert was a large man, standing at 6' and weighing around 200 pounds. The 1910 census reflected that he could not read or write, but by the early 1940, he is known to have read the Bible and to have prepared written sermons which he preached as a Church of God Holiness mnister. He was really a known "Hellfire and Brimstone" minister. He most probably died from Alzheimers(which we know exists now, but not then).

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: U.S., 26 Apr 1910, Narcissa Twp, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. 63

• Census: U.S., 26 Jan 1920, Twp 3, Craig, Oklahoma, United States. 64

• Census: U.S., 14 Apr 1930, Ottawa Twp, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. 65

• Residence: 1940, Ottawa District, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

• Census: U.S., 3 Apr 1940, Ottawa Twp, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. 66

George married Grace Elizabeth Parsons 10 on 17 Sep 1892 in Girard, Crawford, Kansas, United States. Grace was born on 11 Feb 1876 in Fort Scott, Bourbon, Kansas, United States, died on 26 Nov 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 75, and was buried on 27 Nov 1951 in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for Grace was Gracie Elizabeth Parsons.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Jessie May Kirk (born on 18 Aug 1893 in Kansas, United States - died on 25 Jul 1950 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         ii.  Anna Josephine Kirk (born on 14 Feb 1895 in Eureka Springs, Carroll, Arkansas, United States - died on 23 Oct 1968 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

        iii.  Jennie Pearl Kirk (born on 14 Apr 1896 in Mulberry, Crawford, Kansas, United States - died on 8 Jun 1966 in Nowata, Nowata, Oklahoma, United States)

         iv.  Nora Kirk (born about 1901 in Oklahoma, United States)

          v.  Ora Dell Kirk (born on 26 Apr 1901 in Centralia, (Craig, ) Oklahoma, United States - died on 13 Mar 1970 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         vi.  Delbert Howard Kirk (born on 26 Apr 1904 in Centralia, (Craig), Oklahoma, United States - died on 17 Jun 1987 in Chetopa, Labette, Kansas, United States)

18      vii.  George Edward Kirk (born on 2 Feb 1906 in <Centralia>, Oklahoma Territory (Oklahoma), United States - died on 25 Sep 1961 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

       viii.  Louis Mathew Kirk (born on 8 Oct 1908 in Oklahoma, United States - died on 9 Jun 1979 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         ix.  Robert Lee Kirk (born on 16 May 1910 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States - died on 15 Nov 1977 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

          x.  Roy Kirk (born about Aug 1913 in Oklahoma, United States)

         xi.  Kenneth Don Franklin Kirk (born on 6 Feb 1914 in Centralia, Craig, Oklahoma, United States - died on 10 Sep 1996 in St. Joseph, Buchanan, Missouri, United States)

        xii.  Grace Ellen Mae Kirk (born on 2 Jul 1916 in Centralia, Craig, Oklahoma, United States - died on 22 Apr 2000 in Myrtle Creek, Douglas, Oregon, United States)


37. Grace Elizabeth Parsons,10 daughter of James Densmore Parsons 10 67 and Nancy Jane White,10 was born on 11 Feb 1876 in Fort Scott, Bourbon, Kansas, United States, died on 26 Nov 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 75, and was buried on 27 Nov 1951 in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for Grace was Gracie Elizabeth Parsons.

Death Notes: May have died on 24 Nov 1951.

Grace married George Robert Kirk 10 on 17 Sep 1892 in Girard, Crawford, Kansas, United States. George was born on 19 Aug 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States, died on 30 Jun 1944 in Miami, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States at age 71, and was buried on 2 Jul 1944 in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States.

38. Daniel Wesley Switzer,31 32 33 34 son of William Henry Switzer 53 68 69 70 and Ellender Jane Manes,53 71 72 73 was born on 11 Jun 1872 in Illinois, United States and died on 26 May 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 78. Another name for Daniel was Dan Switzer.

Birth Notes: Switzer family records (via Barbara Holman 7 Sep 2006) state that he was born in Illinois.

Research Notes: From Letter from Barbara L. Holman, September 7, 2006 to Switzer descendents with family tree "The Switzer Family Heritage":
"**DANIEL WESLEY SWITZER, born June 11, 1872 in Illinois, and married June 17, 1894, in Searcy County Arkansas to Georgia Augusta Seitz. Daniel died May 26, 1951 in Miami, Oklahoma, Ottawa County"
-------
From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I239

1900 U.S. Census Searcy Co. AR:
Switzer, Dan, H, M, JA 72, 27, M 06, AR AR AR 001
Gussie, W, F, AP 74, 26, M, 06, 03, 02 AR GA
Fonzo, S, M, FE 95, 05, S, AR AR AR
Mosco, S, M, AP 97, 03, S, AR AR AR
Florence, D, F, FE 00, 03/12, S, AR AR AR
Henry, FA, M, DE 43, 56, WW, AR MO MO MO

1910 U.S. Census Searcy Co. AR:
Switzer, Dan W., Husband, Male, age 36, Married 1 for 16 years AR, MO, AR
(Seitz) Augusta, Wife, Female, age 33, Married 1 for 16 years, 6 children born, 4 living, AR, GA, GA
Fonzo, Son, Male, age 14, Single, AR, AR, AR
Mattie, Daughter, Female, age 7, Single, AR, AR, AR
Grover, Son Male, age 5, Single, AR, AR, AR
Hattie, Daughter, Female, Age 3, Single, AR, AR, AR

1920 U.S. Census Boone Co., AR:
Switzer, Daniel, head, male, age 46, married, can read & write, AR, MO, MO
Gussie, wife, age 37, read & write, AR, GA, GA
Mattie, daughter, age 16 attending school, read & write, AR, AR, AR
Grayson, son, 14, attending school, read & write, AR, AR, AR
Hattie, daughter, 12, attending school, read & write, AR, AR, AR
Hazel, daughter, 9, attending school, read & write, AR, AR, AR
Fay, son, 6, AR, AR, AR
Bruce, son, 1 year and 10 months, AR, AR, AR

1930 U.S. Census Miami, Ottawa Co., OK:
Switzer, Daniel, head, No, M, W, 56, Widowed, AR, TN, AR, carpenter
Hazel, daughter, 19
Fay, son, 16
Robert B., son, 12

Noted events in his life were:

• Charged: with disturbing the peace, 1899, Marshall, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

• Census: U.S., 4 Jun 1900, St. Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. 74

Daniel married Georgia Augusta Seitz 31 35 37 38 75 on 17 Jun 1894 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Georgia was born on 18 Mar 1876 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States, died on 5 Jul 1928 in <Oklahoma>, United States at age 52, and was buried in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for Georgia was Gussie Seitz.

Marriage Notes: Source: FamilySearch.org and http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I239, which cites:
Searcy Co., AR Marriage Book: SWITZER, DW (21) of Blanco to
Georgia A. SEITZ (18) of Blanco on 17 June 1894 by WB Drewry, JP
Book D, page 404

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Fonzo Switzer (born on 6 Feb 1895 in Arkansas, United States)

         ii.  Mosco Switzer (born in Apr 1897 in Arkansas, United States)

        iii.  Florence Switzer (born in Feb 1900 in Arkansas, United States)

         iv.  Martha Jane Switzer (born on 2 Mar 1903 in <Saint Joe, Searcy, Arkansas>, United States - died on 5 Jul 1934)

          v.  Grayson Dan Switzer (born on 9 Feb 1905 - died on 24 Nov 1979)

19       vi.  Hattie Switzer (born on 10 Jan 1907 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States - died on 23 Apr 1991 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

        vii.  Hazel Marie Switzer (born on 10 Aug 1910 in Arkansas, United States)

       viii.  Fay G. Switzer (born on 24 Sep 1913 in Arkansas, United States)

         ix.  Robert Bruce Switzer


39. Georgia Augusta Seitz,31 35 37 38 76 daughter of Henry Thomas Seitz 31 77 78 79 and Martha Ann Plemmons,80 81 was born on 18 Mar 1876 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States, died on 5 Jul 1928 in <Oklahoma>, United States at age 52, and was buried in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for Georgia was Gussie Seitz.

Birth Notes: Source:
Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk
Birthdate given in Kirk family records as 18 Mar 1876 without a place.
The present researcher guessed that she was born in Saint Joe, Arkansas. That may not be so. It may have been Snowball or Blanco.

Another (1991) source at FamilySearch.org has b. in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas.

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I439 has b. Apr 1874 in Blanco, Searcy Co., Arkansas.

Yet another Rootsweb source has b. 18 Mar 1875 in Blanco, Arkansas. That source misspells Switzer, so the 1875 may not be reliable either.

Noted events in her life were:

• Census: U.S., 4 Jun 1900, St. Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

Georgia married Daniel Wesley Switzer 31 32 33 34 on 17 Jun 1894 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Daniel was born on 11 Jun 1872 in Illinois, United States and died on 26 May 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States at age 78. Another name for Daniel was Dan Switzer.

40. Rev. William Carl Tatem 15 was born on 7 Jan 1876 in Kokomo, Howard, Indiana, United States and died on 2 Jun 1942 in West Terre-Haute, Vigo, Indiana, United States at age 66.

William married someone.

His child was:

20        i.  Ernest Russell Tatem (born on 5 May 1904 in Kokomo, Howard, Indiana, United States - died on 1 Dec 1996)


48. William Elijah Underwood,15 39 son of John Newton Underwood 82 83 and Zeleta Ann Celethia Huckaby,15 82 was born on 15 Jan 1857 in Jackson, Florida, United States, died on 21 Aug 1933 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States at age 76, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States. Other names for William were Elijah Underwood and Lige Underwood.

Research Notes: From FindaGrave.com:
Per his death certificate, William died from an intestional hemorrhage. He was 65 years old.

His parents were Newton Underwood and Solidie Huckleby. His wife was Mary Ann Underwood.

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: U.S., 1910, Taylor, Houston, Alabama, United States. 84

William married Mary Ann Perritt 40 in 1883 in Geneva, Alabama, United States. Mary was born on 28 Mar 1867 in Geneva, Alabama, United States, died on 29 Dec 1946 in Houston, Alabama, United States at age 79, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

24        i.  Frederick Josiah Underwood (born on 11 Apr 1884 in Houston, Alabama, United States - died on 22 Sep 1973 in Alabama, United States)

         ii.  Alva Laura Underwood (born in 1888 in Geneva, Alabama, United States)

        iii.  William Thomas Underwood (born on 17 Dec 1889 in Geneva, Alabama, United States - died on 14 Jun 1977 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States)

         iv.  Henry Grady Underwood (born on 11 Dec 1894 in Geneva, Alabama, United States - died on 4 Jan 1943 in <Alabama, United States>)

          v.  Priestly M. Underwood (born on 14 Dec 1895 in Geneva, Alabama, United States - died on 23 Dec 1911 in Newton, Dale, Alabama, United States)


49. Mary Ann Perritt 40 was born on 28 Mar 1867 in Geneva, Alabama, United States, died on 29 Dec 1946 in Houston, Alabama, United States at age 79, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States.

Mary married William Elijah Underwood 15 39 in 1883 in Geneva, Alabama, United States. William was born on 15 Jan 1857 in Jackson, Florida, United States, died on 21 Aug 1933 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States at age 76, and was buried in Rehobeth Cemetery, Rehobeth, Houston, Alabama, United States. Other names for William were Elijah Underwood and Lige Underwood.

52. Benjamin Franklin Harrell,16 son of Rodham Harrell 17 and Hannah Fortiner,17 was born on 8 Dec 1845 and died on 7 Oct 1913 at age 67.

Benjamin married Martha Mary Watford.17 Martha was born in 1851 in Henry, Alabama, United States. Another name for Martha was Mattie Watford.

The child from this marriage was:

26        i.  Christopher Columbus De Lafayette Harrell (born on 1 Dec 1874 in Henry, Alabama, United States - died on 24 Jan 1961)


53. Martha Mary Watford,17 daughter of Ezekiel Watford 17 and Gatsey Mixon,17 was born in 1851 in Henry, Alabama, United States. Another name for Martha was Mattie Watford.

Martha married Benjamin Franklin Harrell.16 Benjamin was born on 8 Dec 1845 and died on 7 Oct 1913 at age 67.

54. Henry Lennon Merritt,17 son of Jacob Henry Merritt 17 and Angeline Smith,17 was born about 1854 in Henry, Alabama, United States.

Henry married Catherine Elizabeth Baxley.17 Catherine was born about 1859 in Henry, Alabama, United States and died on 3 Aug 1934 about age 75.

The child from this marriage was:

27        i.  Henrietta Merritt (born on 22 Jun 1888 in Geneva, Geneva, Alabama, United States - died on 26 Apr 1961 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States)


55. Catherine Elizabeth Baxley,17 daughter of John Baxley 15 and Helon Branton,15 was born about 1859 in Henry, Alabama, United States and died on 3 Aug 1934 about age 75.

Catherine married Henry Lennon Merritt.17 Henry was born about 1854 in Henry, Alabama, United States.

previous  Seventh Generation  Next






64. Chief Paschal "Pas-Cal-We" Fish,44 45 46 47 48 49 son of William Jackson "Captain" Fish 85 86 and Polly Rogers,87 was born in 1805 in Shawnee Tribe, (Kansas Territory), (United States) and died in 1894 in Baxter Springs, Cherokee, Kansas, United States at age 89. Other names for Paschal were Andrew Jackson Fish, Andrew Jackson, and Paschal Jackson.

Birth Notes: www.whatsineudora.com has birth year as 1805.

Historic Names of the Shawnee in the 1700s - http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html
has b. abt 1792 in Ohio.

General Notes: From http://www.whatsineudora.com
http://gen3.connectingneighbors.com/static/19448.pdf

"A statue of Chief Paschal Fish and his daughter, Eudora, is being created by world renowned Lawrence [Kansas] sculptor, Jim Brothers. When completed, it will be a 7 ½ foot tall bronze statue and will be placed in the CPA Park in downtown Eudora. The casting will be completed by the Ad Astra Foundry, which is located about 10 miles NW of Eudora.

"The statue has been created to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the City of Eudora (1857-2007) and will be dedicated October 6th, 2007 during the annual EudoraFest. It depicts Shawnee Indian Chief Paschal Fish and his daughter, Eudora, in the year of 1857 with Chief Fish holding a ferry oar and with Eudora clutching his waist.

"The land Eudora was built on was purchased from Chief Fish by the German Settlement Society from Chicago. The German settlers honored the request of Chief Fish and named their new town after his daughter, Eudora.

"When the U.S. Government allotted land to the Indians, Chief Fish received 1,000 acres in this part of Douglas County. In 1857 he sold 800 acres to the German Settlement Society from Chicago. Chief Fish owned and operated the Fish Ferry, which crossed the Kaw River just north of downtown Eudora. He also owned the Fish House, which was located on the south edge of Eudora along the Westport Trail. The Westport Trail
connected Kansas City to Lawrence and tied into the Oregon and Santa Fe Trails. He often took in travelers for the night and provided them with food and shelter. On May 1, 1855, the Kansas Territorial Governor, Andrew H. Reeder, stayed at the Fish House. The Governor.s horse was hidden, so it would not be seen by pro-slavery supporters. Chief Fish was a Methodist minister and was instrumental in establishing and teaching at the Wakarusa Indian Mission which was built in Eudora 1848-1850.

"Paschal Fish (1805-1894). In approximately 1870, Chief Fish moved from Eudora to Indian Territory near Miami, Oklahoma. In 1894 at the age of 89, Chief Fish was found frozen to death along Tar Creek near his home at Baxter Springs, Kansas.

"Eudora Fish (ca. 1848-1877). In 1868 Eudora Fish married Dallas Emmons. They lived in LaCygne, Kansas and had 4 children. Eudora passed away unexpectedly at the age of 29. Her body was transported from LaCygne to Wyandotte, Kansas. She is buried in the Huron Indian Cemetery in downtown Wyandotte.

"Project Funding

"The primary resources for this project have been Eudora Lions Club members, personnel from various departments within the City of Eudora, and also many community partners that have hosted/assisted with fund-raising activities. There has been wide support for this project ranging from the purchase of engraved bricks that will be placed around the base of the statue to cash donors whose names will be placed on a bronze plaque that will be mounted to the base of the statue. The Shawnee Tribe that is located in Miami, Oklahoma is also very supportive of the project.

"Fund-raising activities have been sponsored/supported by the Eudora Historical Society, United Methodist Church, Knights of Columbus, Chamber of Commerce, Boy Scouts, Eudora school personnel and their facilities, Annie.s Country Jubilee from Tonganoxie, plus many Eudora businesses and individual volunteers."

------------------

From Wikipedia - Eudora, Kansas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudora%2C_Kansas

"In 1856, three members of a German Immigrant Settlement Company (called Deutsche-Neusiedlungsverein) from Chicago, sent out a location committee to choose a town site in the new Indian Territory, which had been opened up to settlement by the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, passed in May 1854 . Both pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups flocked to this territory.

"The three Germans sent to the present site were H. Heimann, F. Barteldes and C. Scheifer. Favoring the Eudora area, they drew up contracts with Chief Paschal Fish for 774 1/2 acres, from the Kansas River to the south for about a mile (over 200 blocks total), with two public squares and a park. In February 1857, Chief Fish entered into contracts with the Trustees of the Chicago Verein for purchase of the land "to secure a more perfect title" at a price of $10,000. Fish bought back on the same day the odd numbered lots of at least three blocks between the Kaw and Wakarusa rivers.

"A map of Douglas County drawn up in early 1857, before Eudora was a town, shows only four townships in the county with Eudora included in the Wakarusa township.

"A group of 16 men, 4 women, and some children had came in the spring of 1857 to begin settling at the site. Peter Hartig, age 34, was the leader of this Chicago group, and he was accompanied by his wife. The Society paid expenses for the settlers. Eight more men, who paid their own way, came later. The formal title, signed by an Indian Agent named Newsom, was drawn up on February 4 , 1860.

"The town's name was derived from the name of Chief Paschal Fish's 13-year old daughter; it is a name of Greek derivation meaning "giving" or "generous." Chief Fish said that if they did this there would never be a tornado to touch down in Eudora. There hasn't been a tornado there to this day."

--------------------------

From http://history.lawrence.com/project/community/eudora/growth.htm :

Eudora was incorporated as a city in the fall of 1858 under Territorial laws and the first election was held in 1859 under Fred Faerber as mayor as of March 10. Councilmen elected were Peter Hartig, August Ziesenis, M. Marthey, P. Hoffenau and A. Summerfield. Justice of Peace was Fred Swartz; City Treasurer was Charles Achning; City Clerk was C. F. Swartz; and Marshall was Fred Soelte.

The records of the city business transactions were written in German until 1860. The original copies are at Kansas University Spencer Research Library. Two Kansas University German students translated them for the Eudora Centennial 1957.They are microfilmed. The original copies are at Kansas University library.

In March, 1859 the Eudora City Council agreed to commission the Secretary of the Chicago company to furnish a city seal for the town with the design on it of white man shaking hands with an Indian and with some suitable adornment and with a circular inscription: City of Eudora, Douglas County, Kansas Territory.

From city council minutes:
March 17, 1860-"The Mayor presented for consideration the problem of investigating whether the city is justified in collecting real estate taxes, and in selling the lots which have accrued to the city through nonpayment of the assessed taxes, Tabled."

May 7, 1860-"Agreed to table the tax question until Paschal Fish or Clark returned from Washington (Note! Paschal Fish was still an important person in the city to go to Washington to investigate a city matter).

Research Notes: From text accompanying a photograph from the Smithsonian Institution archives:
"[Leander] Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware; his mother was one fourth Wyandot (Huron). "
--------------
Information from the following source does not match other sources. May not be accurate:

From Historic Shawnee Names of the 1700s - http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html
"Fish, Paschal aka Paschal Jackson - 1/2 Shawnee Metis born about 1792 OH-died after 1854 KS - son of Fish aka William Jackson-adopted white & Shawnee Woman, moved to KS by 1832, Treaty 1854, husband 1st of Mary Ann Steele/95-Metis, 2nd of Jane Hohthawakawe/95, 3rd of Hester Armstrong Zane-Wyandot Metis, father with Mary Ann of Leander aka Leading Turtle/1814"
--------------

From
http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/wyandott/history/1911/volume1/29.html (part of KSGenWeb Project)
and http://www.whatsineudora.com

Transcribed from History of Wyandotte County Kansas and its people ed. and comp. by Perl W. Morgan. Chicago, The Lewis publishing company, 1911. 2 v. front., illus., plates, ports., fold. map. 28 cm. [Vol. 2 contains biographical data. Paged continuously.]

Chapter III.
"Among others of the Shawnees who won distinction for meritorious work in aid of civilizing and educating the tribe was Paschal Fish. He was a local preacher and his brother Charles was an interpreter. They would listen to sermons preached by the white men in the missions and translate them for those of the Indians who could not understand English."

Chapter V.
"The Shawnee Indian mission was the most ambitious attempt of any Protestant church in the early times to care for the Indians of Kansas. In 1828 what was called the Fish band of Shawnee Indians was moved by the government from Ohio to Wyandotte county, Kansas. They were under the leadership of the Prophet [Ten-squat-a-way (The Open Door)], the brother of the great Tecumseh, who made his home near the spot where the town of Turner [Kansas] now stands. The following year [1829] the Reverend Thomas Johnson, a member of the Missouri conference of the Methodist church, followed the Indians to Turner, built a log house on the hill south of the Kansas river and began working among the red men as a missionary. In 1832 the rest of the Shawnee Indians from Ohio rejoined their tribe in Kansas. The government allotted them a large reservation of the best land in eastern Kansas..."

"The mission among the Delaware Indians [in Wyandotte County, Kansas] was opened in 1832 by the Reverend William Johnson and the Reverend Thomas Markham, appointed by the Missouri Conference of the Methodist Episcopal church to take charge Though the Delawares were advancing in agriculture and their fine prairie lands interspersed with timber were improved, they had but little culture. Many of the elder members of the tribe retained their ancient prejudices against Christianity and, in consequence, the membership of the Mission church was never large...

"The Mission was erected in 1832 near a spring in a beautiful grove.. on the high divide on the site of the present town of White Church, facing east... It was destroyed by a tornado on
May 11, 1886.... After the inauguration of the mission and school by the Reverend William Johnson and the Reverend Thomas B. Markham, E. T. Peery was in charge from 1833 to 1836 inclusive ... Others who were connected with it were ... the Reverend Nathan Scarrett for whom the Scarrett Bible Training School is named, and the Reverend Paschal Fish.

"In the early days a log parsonage was erected and a camp ground was laid out in which great camp meetings for the Indians were held. These camp meetings... were attended by Indians of various tribes, many coming in their blankets. Each tribe had its interpreters to follow the words of the preacher, or exhorter, and translate them into English. The two Ketchums, James and Charles, full-blood Delawares, were interpreters...

"Prominent among the Delawares was Charles Ketchum, for many years a preacher in the Methodist church... In the separation troubles, in 1845, the Delawares went with their church to the southern branch. But Charles Ketchum adhered to the northern branch, built a church himself and kept the little remnant of the flock together...

"The interpreters for the northern branch were Charles Ketchum, Paschal Fish and Isaac Johnnycake."
----------------

Pascal "PAS-CAL-WE" FISH:
Census: 1856, #343 age 50

Notes:
100529
Title: Document granting land to Pascal Fish on behalf of other Fish family members
Description: This document, with President Buchanan's signature signed by a secretary, granted land to Pascal Fish and his family who were members of the "united tribe of Shawnee Indians." The land was granted under provisions of a treaty between the Shawnee Indians and the U. S. government signed May 10, 1854. Specific acreage in Johnson County was designated.
Dates: September 27, 1859
Number of Images: 1
Call Number: James Stanley Emery Collection, #339, Box 3, Folder Commissions 1854-1899
Location of Original: KSHS

See KHC, vol. 9, pp. 166,167. Historian Rodney Staab of Shawnee Mission, Kansas, has furnished me with an excellent account of Chief Fish written by Fern Long. Her information conflicts somewhat with other sources, but it should not be missed by anyone doing research on the Jackson/Fish family. According to her 1978 article on Chief Fish, she agrees that [William Jackson Fish] was captured as a youth and raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. Paschal Fish was "a large-framed man" who "also acquired the Indian ways seeming to be totally Indian." but at the same time, she says "these Shawnees had associated with white people for generations and desired a settled life with homes, schools, churches, ___and agriculture."

c) Hester Zane, lived in MO, d. 4/17/1852, bur. , m. 10/14/1846, Paschal Fish
i) Eudora Fish (1849-1877)
ii) Andrew Fish, b. 1851
iii) Leander J. Fish [b. 1852]

From Eudora Community Heritage of Our USA Bicentennial, 1776-1976
History Committee, Eudora Bicentennial Committee, 1977 :

Pages 6-11

INDIAN LANDS
The Kanza Indians, who were the native inhabitants of northeast Kansas, were of Siouan linguistic stock, having permanent villages, cornfields and gardens along the fertile river valleys of the State of Kansas. They also hunted for meat.

The United States government adopted a plan by the mid 1820's to remove Indians from east of the Mississippi River to the "vacant" lands in the west. (The lands were not vacant but were less populated and the white man kept wanting more land, as more people came to America for freedom from persecution in Europe.) The government called it "for humanitarian and political reasons"!

A treaty with the Kanza and Osage Indians (in the southeast part of the state) in 1825 restricted their territory. This led to unclaimed land west of the Missouri River. President Jackson's Indian Policy proposed voluntary emigration of the East Indians to the land west of the Mississippi river, acted on by Congress May 28, 1830 with Indians north of Ohio to relocate in Territorial Kansas reservations which were offered to 27 Tribes, including the Shawnee.

THE SHAWNEE INDIAN TRIBE
The Shawnee Indian Tribes were settled in the eastern part of North America forested areas of Ohio, Tennessee, Pennsylvania and West Virginia, since the mid-1700's. They spoke the Algonquian language and were tribally related to the Sauk and the Fox Tribes.
Most Shawnees had migrated west to Ohio by 1786 when the Government moved the Indians west of the Mississippi river, by the Indian Removal Act of 1830, when they were forced to the smaller reservation in Kansas.

Chief Cornstalk and Chief Tecumseh struggled to hold their land (Battle of Tippecanoe) but were defeated. The Shawnee Prophet, brother of Tecumseh, peacefully accepted the proposition.

The United Tribe of Shawnees started coming to Kansas in 1825 to the Shawnee Township, Wyandotte County. By 1828 most were moved, but much of the Tribe of the Fish came in 1831. The Fish Tribe had children educated in a Friends Mission school in Ohio. The Shawnee Indian Chief, Paschal Fish, Sr., was white and raised with Indians.

The Shawnee Reservation was from the Missouri River on the east, to the Republican River on the west, south of the Kansas River, about 150 miles long and 20 to 30 miles wide. It was almost the same size as the Delaware reservation on the north side of the Kaw River. The Reservation included a quarter of Shawnee County and Geary Counties, one third of Morris County, half of Waubaunsee, one-fifth of northern Franklin and Miami counties and all of Douglas and Johnson counties.

The Fish Tribe settled near Kansas City before moving to Eudora. At Shawnee Mission, called Johnson's Mission at first, the Fish family helped at the school operated by the Methodist Church, 1830-1862, arriving with 40 Indians and five whites. Paschal Fish, Sr., [William Jackson Fish]died there in 1834 [October 1833].

THE FISH TRIBE
The namesake of Paschal Fish, Sr. [William Jackson Fish], assumed leadership of the Fish Tribe at age 33 [abt 1793]. Paschal, Jr., was also known by his white name of Andrew Jackson. Paschal is not an Indian name but means Easter or Passion, and could have been given him at the Friends Mission school he attended in Ohio. Paschal was also spelled Passel, Pascal, Paschal, Pascal and Pestle. He was listed on the 1854 Indian census rolls for the Shawnee Tribe as 50 years of age. He had a wife, Martha, age 40, son Obadiah age 12 years, Eudora (Udder) age 9, and Leander Jackson age 7. In 1860 Mary T. was listed as a member of the family of the original deed in Eudora, so may have been born after the census. Paschal also had a foster son, an orphan, who came here and received the same portion of land as his own children, according to an early deed and abstract. His first one or two wives apparently died and he married Mary Ann Steele (nee McClure). A daughter, Jane Q. was born, but died in 1873.

Pastel's brother Charles [b. abt 1815] also lived here and was 41 years old on the [1854] census roll. He must have been married and had a child, as early city records list him paying a fine for a child in 1862 and 1864. A Jesse Fish paid $3.00 in 1863 and no mention of any relationship to Paschal or Charles. John also lived here and was an influential member of the Tribe. There was also a Julia Fish, who was the wife of Leander Jackson.

In 1837-38 Paschal was listed as a blacksmith and gunsmith assistant at Fort Leavenworth. In 1847-52 he served preaching assignments in Eudora, Shawnee Mission and the Chicago Mission (near Weston, Mo.).

Northern Methodist Church Shawnee Indian members of Shawnee Mission who came to Eudora area were the Fish family, James Captain, Wm. Rogers, Crane, Parks, (Joe and Wm.) and the Bluejackets (Chas. Geo. and Henry.)

Paschal and other prominent Indians kept open house for early day travelers to and through Eudora on the Westport-Fremont Trail from the northeast and from the Oregon trail on the southeast, going west to Lawrence, Oregon and California.

Paschal Fish has been described as kind, friendly, educated, speaking English well, but sometimes signed his name with an X. On the Eudora deed when he sold to the German Settlement Society he wrote legibly. He probably moved to this area in the 1840's, although the land here was not given to Tribe members until the Treaty of May 10, 1854, when the Government provided 200 acres to each member of the chief's family, to be selected from the Shawnee reservation. Paschal chose 1172 1/2 acres, where the Wakarusa river joins the Kaw. They were given the right to sell their land, and he sold 774 1/2 acres in 1857 to Chicago Settlement Company.

Paschal and brother Charles operated a ferry boat across the Kansas River near the mouth of the Wakarusa. The legislature licensed him to operate the ferry a mile up and a mile down stream. DeSoto had the next ferry to the east. In 1846 a portion of Doniphan's expedition to Mexico crossed the river at Eudora on a ferry. His home was said to be where the Bob Lothholz's live, 1 mile east. These ferry boats were large flat scows (or piroughs) manned by Indians dressed in colorful shirts, shawls and headbands.

In 1854 Paschal Fish built a thatched roof hotel (store, tavern, Inn), called the Fish House, located on the 1857 Territorial Map. It was about a mile south of the river in Block no. 154, Lot no. 9 at about 17th and Main St. on the property recently sold by Mrs. Francis Skinner, half to the Highway Department for the new no. 10 highway and half to a builder. The Fish House provided meager accommodations to travelers on the early trails. An early account of an overnight stay says the sleeping room was 16' x 16' with 32 people sleeping in a mass on the floor. There was one bed with prairie hay mattress, six chairs and a fireplace, and it was overcrowded! Bedding was buffalo hides or bedding from wagons. The Territorial Governor of Kansas, Andrew Redder had to go south to Blanton's Bridge to cross, due to high water on Wakarusa and a Company of pro-slavery men at Franklin. He reached the Fish House at daylight, hiding his horse and carriage and staying hid. He left the next day. The hotel was a polling place in 1855. Reports reveal a blacksmith shop and grocery or general store in connection with the hotel. The building was later enlarged.

City records state that Paschal Fish went to Washington D.C. for the city, after Eudora was settled [in 1857]. Also there was Chief Johnny Cake living in Eudora area who went to see "the Great White Father", according to an article written by Mary E. Mosher, who lived here in 1865-66. There was also an interpreter, Charlie King, who could have been Charlie Fish. She wrote that a number of the Indians lived in houses of the best class, spoke good English, being educated in Mission schools.
-----------------------
Under Other Flags / Indian Lands / Oregon Trail / Mission / Becomes a City / Sad Years / Railroads / Business / Education
Published by West Junior High, NEH project, with permission of the Eudora Community Heritage, History Committee, Eudora Bicentennial Commission, 1977.

page 449
194. Long, Fern. "Revised Indian History re: Pascal Fish, Sr." Eudora Enterprise [Eudora, KS] June 22, 1978, 4A. This the first of three articles, traces the descendants of the Shawnee chief Pascal Fish, Sr., [William Jackson Fish] who brought the Lewis Rogers band of Shawnees from Missouri to the present day Kansas City area in 1830. According to information given here, this band was a portion of the Shawnees who had migrated to Missouri in 1784, settling on a branch of the Meramac River (while a majority settles around Cape Girardeau about 1803). A descendant, Charles Fish, was an interpreter at Dr. Abraham Still's Friends' Wakarusa Mission.
-------------------------
This woman may not have been related:
Jane "HOH-THA-WAH-KA-SE" UNKNOWN:
Census: 1856, #523 age 24

Footnotes
International Genealogical Index (R) [164 ] (February 7, 2005).
Fish-1805.ged [148 ].
Date of Import: 7 Feb 2005.
Ibid.
Date of Import: 7 Feb 2005.
Ibid.
Date of Import: 7 Feb 2005.
International Genealogical Index (R) [164 ] (February 7, 2005).
Fish-1805.ged [148 ].
Date of Import: 7 Feb 2005.
Ibid.
Date of Import: 7 Feb 2005.
Ibid.
Date of Import: 7 Feb 2005.

**************************************

From Exiles and Pioneers: Eastern Indians in the Trans-Mississippi West by John P. Bowes (New York, 2007)
pp. 1-3:
"For example, a letter written in April 1850 by six Shawnee men. Charles Fish, Paschal Fish, James Captain, John Fish, Crane, and William Rogers wrote to Commissioner of Indian Affairs Orlando Brown from their homes south of the Kansas River just west of the Missouri border. Their seven-page missive detailed a number of complaints against the Methodists living and working on their reserve. Among other misdeeds, the missionaries had bribed and corrupted members of the Shawnee Council and neglected the children who attended their manual labor school. 'The truth cannot be concealed,' the six Shawnees proclaimed, 'they [the Methodists] have departed from their legitimate office and have become "money changers."' But this accusation did not complete the list of grievances. The missionaries had also sided with proslavery forces in the recent split of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They then proceeded to harass those Shawnees who supported the antislavery Methodists and would not allow a northern preacher on the reserve. Charles Fish and his partners had a simple question for Commissioner Brown: 'Shall we who live on free soil enjoy less liberty than the citizens of a slave state?'

"...Multilayered relationships in eastern Kansas influenced those six Shawnee men. An internal power struggle with a faction of Ohio Shawnees partially explains the written attack against the Methodists. But the choice of words is also telling. Charles Fish and his compatriots charged the missionaries with abandoning their religious principles and becoming 'money changers.' The very use of the phrase, perhaps a reference to the men Jesus threw out of the temple in a familiar Biblical event, highlights the background of at least two of the Shawnees. Both Charles and his brother Paschal attended mission schools in their youth, and while Charles translated for missionaries in the 1840s, Paschal often preached at the services. Finally, in their references to slavery these men displayed a clear understanding of past legislation and contemporary politics. They knew the Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in their region and wanted it known that both missionaries and Shawnee leaders were in direct violation of that legislation."

p. 109:
"The number of ...government-appointed positions increased dramatically with the establishment of reserves and Indian agencies in the western territories. In 1838 alone, the Fort Leavenworth Agency employed eight different mixed-descent men... Among [the seven who worked as assistant blacksmiths] were Paschal Fish, Charles Fish and Nelson Rogers, all products of relations between Anglo-American men taken captive as children and Shawnee women they later married. At Indian agencies throughout the trans-Mississippi West, men like Tiblow, the Fish brothers, and Rogers performed services as interpreters and as assistant blacksmiths for salaries that by the early 1850s reached up to $400 per year."

pp. 112-113:
"A prevalent business in the 1840s entailed charging American travelers for passage across the creeks and rivers that impeded their journey along the various trails that originated in the Missouri border towns... Wyandots, Shawnees, Potawatomis, and Delawares all ran small ferries at the various rivers in eastern Kansas that coursed across both their reserves and the popular emigration trails... Only a few miles east of the Potawatomi reserve, Paschal and Charles Fish, two Anglo-Shawnee brothers, also operated a ferry on the Kansas River. They benefitted not only from emigrant travel but also from the U.S. soldiers that required the Indian flatboats on their way to Mexico in 1846.

"Paschal Fish did more than just operate a ferry, however. He took advantage of other traveler needs and by the 1850s transformed his home into an inn. Located approximately ten miles east of present-day Lawrence, his two-story house greeted weary travelers in need of food and a place to rest their heads. Although the creaking cottonwood boards did not always inspire confidence in the stability of the second floor, and competition for the single washbasin and square mirror often delayed morning preparations, the inn nevertheless received satisfactory evaluations. A hot breakfast, complete with fresh biscuits and coffee, was served, and it sent travelers on their way. Fish also owned a small store and cultivated approximately one hundred acres of corn and thirty acres of oats. Wagon train drivers told visitors stories of this Shawnee man who 'don't drink a drop of whiskey' and who sat on his porch with his hat on, 'in a ruminating mood.' Although these drivers may have tried to make their stories more colorful with such descriptions, it remained clear that informed travelers in the 1850s knew of Paschal Fish and the services he provided."

p.167:
"Federal misconceptions about Shawnee society and politics compounded [disagreements about title and rights of occupancy of the Western Reserve.] Most treaties failed to recognize the numerous bands that comprised the larger Shawnee community. The Missouri Shawnees, under which designation the Fish, Rogerstown, Apple Creek, and Cape Girardeau bands fell, were not a homogeneous entity with shared political interests. Neither were the Ohio Shawnees, whose membership included the Wapakoneta, Hog Creek, Huron River, and Lewistown bands. Many of these competing interests played out during the relocation to the Kansas River reserve. The Cape Girardeau band believed that government commissioners had misled them about the 1825 treaty and argued that they had never agreed to allow any Ohio Shawnees to settle on the western lands. As a result, a portion of the Shawnees under the leadership of Black Bob did not move to eastern Kansas and instead settled along the White River in Arkansas. Meanwhile, the Rogerstown and Fish bands traveled directly to eastern Kansas, where successive parties of Oh9io Shawnees joined them over the next several years. A more complete reunion in 1833 occurred only through intimidation. Black Bob's band still had no desire to move to the Kansas River."

pp. 169-171:
"For the better part of the first three decades they resided on the reserve, the Shawnees also used the Christian missions as a channel for their political struggles. From 1830 to the late 1850s, the Shawnees attempted to control the access and impact of missionaries. Negotiations with the Baptists, Methodist, and Quakers had begun even before the arrival of the Wapakoneta and Hog Creek Shawnees. Unfortunately, at least in the missionaries' eyes, the Shawnees in the West refused to limit themselves to the services of only one denomination. Several headmen welcomed both day and boarding schools, all the while stressing their interest in the services the missionaries provided as opposed to the theology the ministers preached. Although the struggles regarding education and religion did not always involve the larger internal conflicts, such battles more often than not reflected the political divisions on the reserve.

"In the summer of 1830, the Methodists and the Baptists answered the call for a missionary among the Shawnees. A Missouri Shawnee chief named Fish spoke to the local Indian Agent, George Vashon, and requested a missionary establishment to educate the children of his band. Fish, also known as William Jackson, was a white man raised among the Shawnees since childhood. He and his band relocated to eastern Kansas from Missouri in 1828, and now wanted a school. Vashon quickly responded to this request and passed along the message to Reverend Jesse Green, the Presiding Elder for the Missouri District of the Methodist Episcopal Church (MEC). As the letter made its way to Green, however, another missionary intruded. Isaac McCoy entered the Shawnee reserve in August 1830 while on a survey expedition for the Delawares. Themissionary and his two sons encouraged the Shawnees to accept a Baptist mission. Tenskwatawa ["the Shawnee Prophet"], Captain Peter Cornstalk, Captain William Perry, and the other assembled Shawnees appeared pleased with his offer. After the formal council, McCoy also spoke with Fish, at which time the Shawnee headman reiterated his desire for a mission school. But this meeting did not alter his first agreement. Fish's band would have a Methodist school and the Ohio Shawnees would have a Baptist school. In September 1830 the Methodists organized their mission and appointed Thomas Johnson as its supervisor. Johnston Lykins, McCoy's son-in-law, crossed the Mississippi in July 1831 and commenced construction on the Baptist mission.

"...arguments between the Baptists and Methodists were pointless because most Shawnees did not dwell on theological differences. Shawnee parents saw an opportunity for their children to learn to read, write, and gain skills that would give them an advantage in future interactions with American citizens and society. As a result, they protested when any missionary appeared to stray. In May 1833, John Perry, William Perry, and Peter Cornstalk complained to William Clark about the Methodists. Rather than dwelling on issues of religion, these Shawnee leaders criticized Thomas Johnson for meddling in their affairs... They even made it clear that although they had given leave to Johnson to set up a school for fish's band, they did not want him 'to meddle himself with our people.' Yet, the Shawnees' displeasure extended to the Baptists as well. At two different points in 1834 the tribal council requested that the government remove all missionaries from their lands. Isaac McCoy questioned this decision, and he implied that white men in the vicinity unduly influenced the Shawnees against the missionaries. Putting aside his differences with his religious adversaries, McCoy insisted that the majority of the western Shawnees accepted and desired the Baptists and the Methodists.

"By blaming Shawnee complaints on outside meddlers, McCoy ignored both the content of the Indians' initial requests and the missionaries' initial failure to follow through on their promises. When Fish spoke to Agent Vashon in the summer of 1830, he asked for a mission to educate the children. The Shawnee chief's son, Paschal, already had some schooling, and the headman wanted the other children in his band to learn as well. Although other Shawnee leaders did not take the same initiative as Fish, they acceded to the missionary presence, and some welcomed the educational opportunity for their children."

p. 173:
"Twenty-seven Shawnees attended regularly during the [Methodists' Manual Labor School's] first year in 1839. Over the next decade, the number rose only slightly, reaching thirty-six in 1851. Four years later, according to Johnson's records, the attendance of Shawnee children reached eighty-seven. These affiliations extended beyond the children and into the participation and conversion of adults. Although [William Jackson] Fish died in October 1834, his sons Paschal and Charles followed the wishes of their father. Paschal served as a class leader at the mission meetings by 1838, exhorted in public the following year, and became a licensed preacher in 1843. Lewis and William Rogers joined Paschal at the meetings in the late 1830s and early 1840s, which meant that the Rogerstown band also had a presence. The Rogerses were sons of Lewis Rogers, a white captive, and the daughter of the Shawnee chief Blackfish. The two boys and their brothers had gone to a Methodist school in Kentucky, which no doubt influenced their affiliation. Meanwhile, Waywaleapy continued to participate in the Methodist meetings and even spoke during religious services. Although Methodist Shawnees were still a significant minority, their participation illustrated the ability of Johnson and his colleagues to transcend tribal politics."

pp. 174-175:
The Methodist Episcopal Church "split in 1845 into a northern and a southern division, neither side willing to compromise [on the issue of slavery]. Without hesitation, Thomas Johnson affiliated himself and the school with the southern [proslavery] faction.

"The rift in the church revived the divisions within the Shawnee Methodists. By the following year [1846] Shawnees with antislavery leanings began to keep their children out of the Manual Labor School. Then in 1849, approximately eight-five Shawnees petition the MEC North to send them a preacher so that they could continue to hold services. Reverend Thomas Markham's arrival brought a quick response. Indian Agent Luke Lea notified the minister that the Shawnee Council wanted the northern preacher off the reserve... Markham's supporters countered quickly. In a communication to Commissioner of Indian Affairs Orlando Brown, Paschal Fish, Charles Fish, and William Rogers railed against Johnson's stance and argued that Lea overstepped the authority of his office. 'We as an independent people chose to remain in the old church,' they declared. More important, the Fish brothers and Rogers declared that the Shawnee council had gone too far. They asked that the Shawnee chiefs be informed, 'that this [religious affiliation] is a matter over which they have no right to control.'"

pp. 176-177:
"[In 1851] the Shawnees adopted a republican form of government, a move that heralded a more substantial transformation. This new governing structure contained seven elected officials: a head chief, a second chief, and five council members. Elections took place every autumn... A delegation of Shawnees, including Black Bob, protested to U.S. officials only a few years after the change. Rather than welcoming an elective government, Black Bob and his supporters believed that the old hereditary chief would best represent the tribe's interests..."

p. 177:
"[Joseph] Parks became the first elected chief in 1852 and over the next two years came under fire [from Black Bob and other like-minded Shawnees supporting the traditional hereditary chief system] for appearing to promote a new treaty with U.S. officials. But his position at the head of a new republican government recognized by the United States made the new chief difficult to depose or even oppose. Knowing that they lacked the power to initiate change from within, a delegation of six Shawnees visited the Kansas Agency in October 1853. Thomas Captain and Charles Bluejacket joined the familiar leading men of the Missouri bands, Charles Fish, Paschal Fish, Henry Rogers, and William Rogers, in protesting the future plans of their principal chief. They had heard that Parks was preparing to hire a frequent business partner of his, a lawyer named Richard w. Thompson, to draw up a treaty to send to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. From all appearances, their complaints went unanswered. Indeed, it helped the U.S. government to have the Shawnee principal chief amenable to a treaty at a time when American expansion had become both desired and unavoidable.

"As the Shawnees faced the prospect of an organized Kansas Territory in 1854, they remained as divided as they had been when they first arrived on the reserve."

p. 222:
"Contests over authority among the Shawnees after 1854 were imbalanced. The Shawnees who held their lands in severalty dominated the elected council. Although Ohio Shawnees formed the core of this group, the leadership ranks included men of mixed descent who nominally belonged to the Missouri faction. Graham Rogers a member of the Council in the 1850s and the elected principal chief in 1865, was one of the more prominent of these Missouri-born Shawnees who accepted allotment and allied with the Ohio faction. He was the son of Lewis Rogers, a white man adopted by the Shawnees in the 1700s, and Parlie Blackfish, the daughter of the Shawnee leader Blackfish. Along with other members of the Shawnee band that once lived at Rogerstown, Graham and his family had settled along the Kansas River in 1828. He and other members of the Rogers band allied with the leading members of the Ohio Shawnees."

pp. 223-226:
"[During the Civil War, b]oth the Black Bob and Absentee Shawnees disputed the right of the Ohio faction to control the lands in Kansas, especially since the 1825 treaty that established the Western Reserve bore the marks of Missouri Shawnees.

"...In 1861, the Confederacy sent Albert Pike on a diplomatic mission to Indian territory. Southern sympathizers, Creek Indians among them, harassed the Absentee Shawnees when the latter refused to ally with the confederacy. Rather than endure this harassment, the Shawnees left Indian Territory and traveled north to Kansas... By the summer of 1863, the migration of Absentee Shawnees had increased the population of the refugee settlements on the Black Bob lands to more than one hundred and fifty men, women, and children. In the winter of 1864 the community expanded again when five hundred to seven hundred Shawnees fled their homes along the Kansas-Missouri and Kansas-Indian Territory borders.

"With this refugee infusion, the more traditional element now had the numbers to opposed the severalty Shawnees Approximately five hundred and forty Absentees resided in Kansas by the fall of 1863, and together with the Black Bob Shawnees, this mixed band totaled nearly seven hundred and seventy... Although voting normally took place in the fall, the 1862 elections were postponed to January 1863 because of wartime unrest. But when the Shawnees came together at DeSoto on January 12, a disagreement arose as to the manner of elections and those who would be allowed to participate... Now the Black Bobs argued that 'all Shawnees that held their land in severalty were citizens, and had no rights in the tribe.' In a decisive move, they held a separate election. On January 14 these Missouri Shawnees gathered at Paschal Fish's house and elected Black Bob as head chief and Paschal Fish as assistant chief. In the election report sent to President Abraham Lincoln, this alternate leadership argued their case in simple terms. 'Which shall govern,' they asked, 'the majority or the minority[?]' From their position the proper answer was clear. Yet, neither Lincoln nor any other federal official viewed this election as legitimate and did not alter their relationship with the Ohio Shawnee Council. Nevertheless Paschal Fish continued to assert the rights and authority of the Missouri Shawnees even after Black Bob's death in 1864.

"The Ohio Shawnees eagerly cast Paschal Fish as a hypocrite. He not only owned land in severalty, they pointed out, but had also served as an elected member of the Shawnee Council at various times from 1852 to 1860. Fish and his family had accepted allotments under the terms of the 1854 treaty. He had also actively participated in the republican government before his sudden passion for Black Bob's cause. Indeed, the Shawnees elected Paschal Fish as their principal chief in the fall of 1859. However, Fish resigned in disgrace less than a year into his tenure. 'A charge was made against him,' Charles Bluejacket explained, 'of receiving a bribe of one thousand dollars to induce him to pay to certain claimants a large sum of money belonging to the tribe.' Apparently the evidence was damning enough to force Fish's resignation. According to Bluejacket, Fish became an enemy of the Council from that point forward, and in Black Bob the former headman found a person and a cause to manipulate. Because Fish had attended a missionary school as a child and even became a Methodist preacher, his western education far surpassed that of most in the Black Bob band, and an intermediary role presented opportunities to influence negotiations. Critics of Fish also attacked his association with Abelard Guthrie. Guthrie, the Wyandot by adoption who claimed in the 1860s that he alone was responsible for the organization of Kansas Territory, was often accused in the 1860s of meddling in Shawnee affairs. Charles Bluejacket and others viewed Guthrie as a blowhard and an opportunist taking advantage of dissension to promote a personal agenda.

"Consequently, Paschal Fish's leadership may have had the unfortunate consequence of undermining the legitimacy of Missouri Shawnee opposition. At the very least, his participation made it easier for federal officials to ignore the voices of those Shawnees determined to assert traditional rights to leadership. Fish's personal history as a speculator and disgraced principal chief overshadowed the fact that the Missouri Shawnees had long seen themselves as the proper leaders based on the ancient divisions. But it is also likely that the federal government would have held the same position regardless of Fish's participation. Federal officials had consistently revealed a desire to promote 'government chiefs' and to create single polities from the multiple bands and villages of Indians who once populated he southern Great Lakes region. Rather than negotiating separately with several leaders, federal agents and commissioners had long advocated centralized native governments with at least nominal authority to make business decisions. Paschal Fish's presence would not necessarily have altered their position."

pp.231-232:
"From 1857, when government surveyors finalized selections among the Kansas Shawnees, to 1866, allotment, warfare, sales, and taxation separated most Shawnees from at least a portion of their original selection. Although numerous factors made the process of dispossession seemingly complex, the actual equation was simple. Conditions in Kansas made it difficult for anyone but the wealthy to hold on to their allotments. Before 1860, land sales occurred primarily at the instigation of prosperous Shawnees. As early as July 1857 local officials reported that, 'a number of the principal men of the tribe such as the Chief Joseph Parks, Blue Jacket and others are buying out those that will sell.' they key question was whether the federal government would validate such exchanges, and how soon the Office of Indian Affairs would permit sales to white men. Paschal Fish in particular intended to profit from eager and prosperous emigrants. In the winter of 1856-1857, he met three German speculators who traveled from Chicago to Kansas to purchase land on which they might establish a town. After a brief negotiation, the three men arranged to buy a large section at the mouth of the Wakarusa River. According to the contract, the town company would survey all of the eight hundred acres purchased from Fish. In a canny business move, however, fish sold the men only half of the acreage and retained the remaining four hundred acres in alternating sections on the surveyed town site. Then, in February 1858, the Shawnee real estate mogul sent a letter to Commissioner of Indian Affairs James Denver requesting a patent in fee simple for the land he and his family selected under the 1854 treaty. 'I propose to sell all or a portion of my lands to a company of men from Chicago, Illinois who intend to build up a town,' Fish explained, 'and unless you shall favorably regard my request I shall be unable to retain them here and my lands and those of my neighbors will lose the plus value they might acquire by the instance of that town.' Yet this communication was nothing more than a formality. The Chicago group settled, built, and populated the town of Eudora, [Kansas] appropriately named after one of Fish's daughters. Following the lead of the Territorial Legislature, Governor Samuel Medary approved Eudora's charter in February 1859. The only hindrance to the town's existence was the fact that Fish still had not received an official deed to his land from the federal government by the summer of 1859.

"... an act passed by Congress and approved in March 1859 set a number of conditions to be met before an Indian could sell off part of his or her allotment. These conditions included a certificate of competency signed by two chiefs of the individual's tribe as well as a certificate from the appropriate Indian Agent. If these and other steps were not fulfilled, the Secretary of the Interior could reject the deed. As illustrated by Paschal Fish, however, federal inaction did not necessarily hinder land transfers. This lax system cut both ways. Land sales helped Shawnees in desperate need of money to purchase food and clothing in the early 1860s. Yet the ease with which deeds were written and ownership transferred also made it easier for Shawnees to lose their allotments."

pp.238-239:
"[On] June 7, 1869, the Shawnee Council reached an agreement with the Cherokees, whereby the Shawnees would pay the Cherokees approximately $50,000 and would become members of the Cherokee Nation. The severalty Shawnees thus became Cherokee-Shawnees. President Grant approved this agreement on June 9, and the Shawnees arranged the disposal of their Kansas territory. Because of this agreement, the Shawnees, through their former agent and current attorney James Abbott, requested that 'the rules and regulations for the conveyance of their lands be so modified as to permit them to dispose of all their lands.' By 1871, seven hundred and seventy Shawnees resided within the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation.

"Even as they struggled to reach this agreement, the Shawnee Council battled with the Black Bob Shawnees over the latter's thirty-three thousand acre reserve. By 1865, squatters had laid claim to most of that land. Then in 1866, right before his term ended, Shawnee Agent James Abbott issued patents to individual plots on the reserve to sixty-nine Black Bob Shawnees. Most of the plots were promptly sold to persons other than the squatters. The resulting conflicting claims placed the Black Bob band in the middle of a legal battle that lasted into the 1880s. Paschal Fish argued that Abbott had issued fraudulent patents and that the subsequent sales should not be recognized. Further investigation by Kansas officials supported Fish's accusations. 'I never applied for a patent to my land,' a Shawnee named Wahkachawa testified in July 1869, 'nor never authorized any one to do so for me; I am opposed to the issuance of patents.' On the same day Wahkachawa registered his complaint, Jim Jacob and John Perry informed Justice of the Peach for Johnson County Sherman Kellogg that at least three of the Black Bobs who reportedly requested patents had been dead for years.

"...When a series of appeals and lawsuits by squatters and other interested parties kept the issue alive, the Black Bob Shawnees chose to leave Kansas without obtaining any satisfactory resolution. Rather than wait for financial closure that might never come, most of the Black Bobs moved to Indian Territory."

----------
From http://www.kansasheritage.org/werner/tavern.html - Hotels, Taverns and Stage Stations:
Fish's Hotel 1850's, Eudora, KT. Pascal Fish, Prop. At jct. of ferry road and Westport & Lawrence road, near center of S8 T13S R23E. (KHQ V.2 P.276)

and
from http://www.kansasheritage.org/werner/ferry.html - Fords, Ferries and Bridges:
Fish's Ferry 1845 on Kansas River at present Eudora. Pascal Fish, Prop. Units of Col. Stephen W. Kearny's Army of the West crossed here in 1846. Eudora P.O.1857, Frederick Metzeke, postmaster. (KHQ v.2 p.276; Barry p.558, 585, etc.)

--------
From http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kansas/ :
Shawnee . In 1825 the Shawnee residing in Missouri received a grant of land along the south side of Kansas River, west of the boundary of Missouri. In 1831 they were joined by another body of Shawnee who had formerly lived at Wapaghkonnetta and on Hog Creek, Ohio. In 1854 nearly all of this land was re-ceded to the United States Government and the tribe moved to Indian Territory, the present Oklahoma. (See Tennessee .)
-----
From The Emigrant Tribes: Wyandot, Delaware & Shawnee, A Chronology by Larry Hancks:
1858 - January 1; Paschal Fish is elected Head Chief of the Shawnee Nation, replacing Captain Joseph Parks. Fish owns and operates a trading store and ferry on the site of the present town of Eudora (named for his daughter), some 6 miles east of Lawrence.

Noted events in his life were:

• Legislation: Indian Removal Act passed by Congress, 28 May 1830, Washington, District of Columbia, United States.

• Residence: by 1832, Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States.

• Established: Wakarusa Indian Mission, 1848, Eudora, Kansas, United States.

• Sold: 800 acres to German Settlement Society, Feb 1857, (Eudora, Kansas, United States).

• Correspondence: Letter to Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 20 Apr 1850.

• Treaty: Ceded Land along the south side of Kansas River, west of the boundary of Missouri back to United States, 10 May 1854.

• Census: of Shawnee, 1854.

• Census: 1856.

• On the same date in February 1857, Paschal Fish bought back the odd-numbered lots of at least three blocks between the Kaw and Wakarusa rivers. At that time, before Eudora was a town, there were only 4 townships in Douglas County.

• Incorporated: Eudora, Kansas, incorporated as a city, Fall 1858, Eudora, Kansas, United States.

• Elected: Elected Head Chief of the Shawnee Nation, 1 Jan 1858.

• Deed: 1860, Eudora, Kansas, (United States).

• Represented: city of Eudora, Kansas, May 1860, Washington, District of Columbia, United States.

• Census: U.S., 16 Jul 1870, Eudora, Douglas, Kansas, United States. 50

• Moved: From Eudora to Indian Territory near Miami, Oklahoma, 1870, Miami, (Ottawa), Oklahoma Territory (Oklahoma), United States.

Paschal married Hester Armstrong "Hetty" Zane, daughter of General Isaac W. Zane Jr. 10 88 89 and Hanna Dickison,10 90 91 92 on 14 Oct 1847. Hester was born in 1816 in Champaign Co., Ohio, United States, died on 17 Apr 1852 in <Wyandotte, Kansas>, United States at age 36, and was buried in Huron Indian Cemetery-Wyandotte National Burial Grounds, Kansas City, Wyandotte, Kansas, United States.

Marriage Notes: Date may have been 14 Oct 1846

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Eudora Fish (born about 1848 - died on 10 Apr 1877 in LaCygne, Kansas, United States)

         ii.  Obediah Fish (born about 1849)

        iii.  Andrew Fish (born about 1851)

32       iv.  Leander Jackson "Leading Turtle" Fish (born on 7 May 1852 in (Wyandotte), Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States - died in 1912 in [near Quapaw], Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

Paschal next married Mary Ann McClure after 1852. Mary was born about 1795. Other names for Mary were Mary Ann McLane, Mary Ann Steele, and Mary Anne Steele.

The child from this marriage was:

          i.  Mary T. Fish (born after 1854)

Paschal next married Martha Captain before 1854. Martha was born about 1814.

Paschal next married Jane "Hoh-tha-wa-ka-se" Quinney in 1859 in Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States. Jane was born about 1820 in Missouri, United States and died in 1873 about age 53. Another name for Jane was Jane Q. Fish.

Marriage Notes: Source:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2394013&id=I3288

The child from this marriage was:

32        i.  Leander Jackson "Leading Turtle" Fish (born on 7 May 1852 in (Wyandotte), Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States - died in 1912 in [near Quapaw], Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)


65. Jane "Hoh-tha-wa-ka-se" Quinney was born about 1820 in Missouri, United States and died in 1873 about age 53. Another name for Jane was Jane Q. Fish.

Research Notes: What are her dates? This wife was 50 in the 1870 census. Was it another Jane listed as daughter age 24 in 1856 census?

1856 Census has
Jane Q. age 24

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2394013&id=I3288 has married 1859 in Kansas but no birth or death dates.

Noted events in her life were:

• Census: U.S., 16 Jul 1870, Eudora, Douglas, Kansas, United States.

Jane married Chief Paschal "Pas-Cal-We" Fish 44 45 46 47 48 49 in 1859 in Kansas Territory (Kansas), United States. Paschal was born in 1805 in Shawnee Tribe, (Kansas Territory), (United States) and died in 1894 in Baxter Springs, Cherokee, Kansas, United States at age 89. Other names for Paschal were Andrew Jackson Fish, Andrew Jackson, and Paschal Jackson.

66. Richard Joseph Large,22 51 52 53 son of William Large 93 and Nancy <Thompson>,55 was born on 11 May 1849 in Lawrence, Kentucky, United States94 and was buried before 30 May 2005 in Fairview Cemetery, Melrose, Cherokee, Kansas. Another name for Richard was Dick Large.

Research Notes: http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.martin/2944.1/mb.ashx Mary June Power, McCarty wrote on 26 March 2002 :
I have been searching for my family roots for 21 years. My G-G-Grandfather was RICHARD JOSEPH LARGE, he married MARY JANE DAVIDSON. She was the daughter of MARY ELIZABETH FAEGOR-DAVIDSON and WILLIAM LARGE. Marriage date 11-21-1873, Parksville, Platt County, Missouri.

Mary Jane was born 3-11-1859 in Harrison County, Missouri. She died 5-10-1937, buried Fairview Cemetery, Melrose Kansas. Funeral Services were conducted by Lane Funeral Hme, of Miami, Oklahoma. Jim Thomas Funeral Home, Miami, Oklahoma has the records.

Parents of Richard Joseph Large: William Large and Nancy ____ Large.

Children of Richard Joseph and Mary Jane Large:
Mary Kathern (Large) Fish, Wills b. 5-6-1874, St. Paul, Neosho County, Kansas. Buried GAR Cemetary, Miami, Oklahoma, died 8-14-1939. ( Her last husband was BOB WILLS, of BOB WILLS and the TEXAS PLAYBOYS)

Dora Rena (Large) Thomas b. 2-4-1875, Platt County, Missouri. Married Donald Thomas, they had one son, Nathan Thomas.

Della Therisia (Large) Carnal, Boggs: b. 12-23-1879, in St.Paul, Neosho County, Kansas. Died 8-12-1956, buried GAR Cemetary, Miami, Okahoma, under the name of DELLA CARNAL.

Thomas James Large: b. 8-23-1882, Bourbon County, Kansas. d. 10-5-1932.

John Henry Large: b. 7-8-1885, Bourbon County, Kansas, now Ft. Scott, Kansas. He married Allie F. Brand, 10-3-1914, Miami, Oklahoma. He died 10-16-1935, of T.B., at the time of his death he lived in Douthat, Oklahoma. He is buried in the GAR Cemetery, Miami, Oklahoma. Funeral Records are held by Jim Thomas Funeral Home, Miami, Oklahoma, services were conducted by Lane Funeral Home.

Bertie Samuel Large: b. 3-24-1891, Baxter Springs, Kansas, Cherokee County. died 8-25-1930. Twin of Gertrude Elnora Large.

Gertrude Elnora (Large) Long, b. 3-24-1891, Baxter Springs, Cherokee County, Kansas. Married Kenneth Long, had three children, Pearl Herbert, Glenn Long. Gertrude died 1931 or 1932, in Hollister California.

Herman Leroy Large: b. 5-23-1893, Indian Territory, Quapaw Reservation, Quapaw, Oklahoma.

Nathan Landon Large, b. 5-9-1888, Seneca, Newton County, Missouri. Married Alta Florence Rinehart, 3-12-1911. North Miami, Oklahoma. He died 12-8-1922, Douthat, Oklahoma of pneumonia, buried at Melrose Kansas, Fairview Cemetery.
Green-Stephens Undertaking Co. handled Funeral services.(of Picher, Oklahoma)

I have the next three generations which includes me, they are the daughter of Nathan Landon Large= Charlotte Jane large, b. 12-6-1911, Douthat, Oklahoma. Married Lawrence Leroy Wood, 10-24-1924, Treece, Cherokee County, Kansas.

Lavada Marie Wood, Power , b. 9-10-1925, Douthat, Oklahoma,d. 1-8-1997, Joplin, Missouri, buried Ozark Memorial Cemetery, Joplin, Missouri,

Me,
Mary June Power, McCarty b. 5-21-1947, Miami, Oklahoma,
NOT DEAD YET!

Hope this helps you in some way. I have been searching for my grandmothers Blackfoot blood line, and her Cherkee line. Do you Know anything about these? Mary

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: U.S., 6 Feb 1920, Richland, Labette, Kansas, United States. 95

Richard married Mary Jane Davidson 22 54 55 56 on 21 Nov 1873 in Parkville, Platte, Missouri, United States. Mary was born on 11 Mar 1859 in Harrison, Missouri, United States, died on 10 May 1937 in Douthat, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States55 at age 78, and was buried on 12 May 1937 in Fairview Cemetery, Melrose, Cherokee, Kansas.

Children from this marriage were:

33        i.  Mary Kathern Large (born on 6 May 1874 in St. Paul, Neosho, Kansas, United States - died on 11 Aug 1939, buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         ii.  Dora Rena Large (born on 4 Feb 1875 in Platte Co., Missouri, United States)

        iii.  Della Theresa Large (born on 23 Dec 1880 in St. Paul, Neosho, Kansas, United States - died on 12 Aug 1956 in Blue Springs, Jackson, Missouri, United States)

         iv.  Thomas James Large (born on 23 Aug 1882 in Bourbon, Kentucky, United States - died <26 Mar 1919> in Douthat, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

          v.  John Henry Large (born on 8 Jul 1885 in (Ft. Scott), Bourbon, Kentucky, United States - died on 16 Oct 1935 in <Douthat, Oklahoma, United States>)

         vi.  Nathan Landon Large (born on 9 May 1888 in Seneca, Newton, Missouri, United States - died on 8 Dec 1922 in Douthat, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

        vii.  Bertie Samuel Large (born on 24 Mar 1891 in Baxter Springs, Cherokee, Kansas, United States - died on 25 Aug 1930)

       viii.  Gertrude Elnora Large (born on 24 Mar 1891 in Baxter Springs, Cherokee, Kansas, United States - died about 1931 in Hollister, San Benito, California, United States)

         ix.  Herman Leroy Large (born on 23 May 1893 in Quapaw, Quapaw Reservation, Indian Territory (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States)




67. Mary Jane Davidson,22 54 55 56 daughter of William Davidson 96 and Mary Elizabeth Faeger,51 96 was born on 11 Mar 1859 in Harrison, Missouri, United States, died on 10 May 1937 in Douthat, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States55 at age 78, and was buried on 12 May 1937 in Fairview Cemetery, Melrose, Cherokee, Kansas.

Birth Notes: Findagrave has b. 1 May 1858, but no photo.

Death Notes: Died of pneumonia. Findagrave has d. 12 May 1937, but no photo.

Research Notes: Family Records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk have only name Mary Jane.

FamilySearch.org has b. abt 1854.

Main source is Mary June Power, McCarty in boards.ancestry.com.
"I have been searching for my family roots for 21 years. My G-G-Grandfather was RICHARD JOSEPH LARGE, he married MARY JANE DAVIDSON. She was the daughter of MARY ELIZABETH FAEGOR-DAVIDSON and WILLIAM LARGE. Marriage date 11-21-1873, Parksville, Platt County, Missouri.

"Mary Jane was born 3-11-1859 in Harrison County, Missouri. She died 5-10-1937, buried Fairview Cemetery, Melrose Kansas. Funeral Services were conducted by Lane Funeral Hme, of Miami, Oklahoma. Jim Thomas Funeral Home, Miami, Oklahoma has the records."

----------
FindaGrave has b. 1 Mar 1858, d. 12 May 1937. No photo of the gravestone for confirmation.

From http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=D&GSiman=1&GSsr=41&GScid=92428&GRid=9098113& :

"MY GREAT-GREAT GRANDMOTHER"

Daughter of William and Mary Elizabeth (Faeger) Davidson.

She married Richard Joseph Large Nov. 21, 1873.

Mother of Mary Kathern, Dora Rena, Della Theresa, Thomas James, John Henry, Herman Leroy, Nathan Landon (My Great- Grandfather), and (twins) Bertie Samuel and Gertrude "Gertie" Elnora Large.

Mary married Richard Joseph Large 22 51 52 53 on 21 Nov 1873 in Parkville, Platte, Missouri, United States. Richard was born on 11 May 1849 in Lawrence, Kentucky, United States94 and was buried before 30 May 2005 in Fairview Cemetery, Melrose, Cherokee, Kansas. Another name for Richard was Dick Large.

68. William Henry Carnal 58 was born on 4 Mar 1831 in Tennessee, United States, died on 11 Feb 1889 in <Missouri>, United States at age 57, and was buried in Seneca Cemetery, Seneca, Newton, Missouri, United States.

Birth Notes: FindaGrave.com has b. 4 March 1831. Another source has 3 March 1831. May have been born in Missouri (1920 US Census - Spencer Carnal).

Research Notes: From FamilySearch.org
U.S. Census 1880 Johnson, Polk, Missouri :
Birth Year <1830>
Birthplace NC
Age 50
Occupation Blacksmith
Marital Status M <Married>
Race W <White>
Head of Household William CARNAL
Relation Self

William married Carra A. Bottom.59 Carra was born in 1833 in North Carolina, United States, died in Paris, Lamar, Texas, United States, and was buried in Seneca Cemetery, Seneca, Newton, Missouri, United States.97 Another name for Carra was Clara Jane Bottom.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Ellen M. Carnal (born on 4 Feb 1864 in Illinois, United States - died on 30 Mar 1915, buried in Forest Park Cemetery, Fort Smith, Sebastian, Arkansas, United States)

         ii.  Lisa J. Carnal (born about 1866 in Illinois, United States)

        iii.  Missouri A. Carnal (born about 1868 in Missouri, United States)

         iv.  Spencer Estes Carnal (born on 1 Sep 1869 in Chalk Level, St. Clair, Missouri, United States - died on 9 Sep 1924 in Picher, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

34        v.  Solomon Madison Carnal (born on 20 Jan 1872 in Bolivar, Polk, Missouri, United States - died on 20 Dec 1956 in Picher, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)


69. Carra A. Bottom,59 daughter of < > Bottom, was born in 1833 in North Carolina, United States, died in Paris, Lamar, Texas, United States, and was buried in Seneca Cemetery, Seneca, Newton, Missouri, United States.97 Another name for Carra was Clara Jane Bottom.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Tennessee (see 1880 and 1920 census data).

Burial Notes: Note from FindaGrave.com:
Clara / Carra's husband William is buried here. I am hoping that she is also interred beside him.

Note from volunteer:
She is not listed in the book at the gate nor the book that the cemetery superintendent has. However, he did tell me that some records were destroyed by flooding some years back. There is a lot of unmarked space around where her husband William is buried. His stone is one of the white ones that is only a couple of inches thick and there is nothing on the back of it. Sorry to be unable to definitely confirm this burial.

Noted events in her life were:

• Census: U.S., 2 Jun 1880, Johnson, Polk, Missouri, United States. 98

Carra married William Henry Carnal.58 William was born on 4 Mar 1831 in Tennessee, United States, died on 11 Feb 1889 in <Missouri>, United States at age 57, and was buried in Seneca Cemetery, Seneca, Newton, Missouri, United States.

70. Albert Americus Thomas was born about 1865 in [near Little York], Washington, Indiana, United States and died in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States. Other names for Albert were A. A. Thomas and Albert A. Thomas.

Albert married Nancy Arminta Dobbs 61 on 15 Apr 1883 in McDonald, Missouri, United States.99 Nancy was born on 9 Feb 1865 in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States and died on 16 Apr 1939 in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States at age 74. Another name for Nancy was Minta Dobbs.

The child from this marriage was:

35        i.  Hattie Eudora Thomas (born on 25 Feb 1884 - died on 11 Feb 1927, buried in G.A.R. Cemetery, Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)


71. Nancy Arminta Dobbs 61 was born on 9 Feb 1865 in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States and died on 16 Apr 1939 in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States at age 74. Another name for Nancy was Minta Dobbs.

Birth Notes: May have been born 7 Feb 1860.

Research Notes: This may be the same person - From GenForm (http://genforum.genealogy.com/dobbs/messages/721.html):
14 Sep 1999 - From Fred Warren Davis
Searching for info on Minta Dobbs, b. 7FEB1860, place unk. d. 16Apr1939, Mcdonald
County, Mo. Married to Albert Americus Thomas, b. Little York IN, d. Mcdonald County, MO. Would appreciate any help. Fred.

Followups:
30 Apr 2000 - From Leon Dobbs
I have information on a Nancy Arminta Dobbs born 9 Feb 1865 who married Albert A. Thomas on 15 Apr 1893 in Missouri. I have information about her parents, grandparents etc and their 7 children and spouses. I was not able to reach Fred through his e mail address today.

14 Sep 1999 - From Betty Dobbs Wilson
McDonald County was full of the Dobbs family from Claiborne County Tennessee. Though I am not familiar with the name Minta, many of the siblings of my suspected ancestors are from McDonald County. My known ancestors were in Laclede and Pulaski counties of Missouri. My gggrandfather was Lide W Dobbs, supposed to be the son of John Dobbs who was in McDonald County as well as many of John Dobbs siblings. Good luck in your research-You might definitely try McMinn or Claiborne county-Tennessee. Betty

Nancy married Albert Americus Thomas on 15 Apr 1883 in McDonald, Missouri, United States.99 Albert was born about 1865 in [near Little York], Washington, Indiana, United States and died in McDonald Co., Missouri, United States. Other names for Albert were A. A. Thomas and Albert A. Thomas.


72. Richard J. Kirk,10 son of William Matthew Kirk Sr. 10 100 and Elizabeth Harvill,10 was born on 4 Mar 1838 in Jefferson, Illinois, United States, died on 29 Nov 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States at age 34, and was buried in Lawrence Cemetery, Stokesbury, Vernon, Missouri, United States.

Richard married Martha A. Crook 10 on 22 Mar 1857 in Fort Scott, Bourbon, Kentucky, United States. Martha was born about 1841 in Missouri, United States, died in 1883 in Metz, Vernon, Missouri, United States about age 42, and was buried in Martin Cemetery, Childers, Nowata, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for Martha was Martha Jane Crooks.

The child from this marriage was:

36        i.  George Robert Kirk (born on 19 Aug 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States - died on 30 Jun 1944 in Miami, (Ottawa), Oklahoma, United States)


73. Martha A. Crook,10 daughter of William Crook 10 and Susan Simmons,10 was born about 1841 in Missouri, United States, died in 1883 in Metz, Vernon, Missouri, United States about age 42, and was buried in Martin Cemetery, Childers, Nowata, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for Martha was Martha Jane Crooks.

Birth Notes: May have been born about 1844.

Research Notes: From FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File:

This information from archival records in possession of Louis Dean Kirk. George's death certificate lists Martha as being Martha Cook, and birthplace as Tennessee. Informant was Lee Kirk, their son. Her maiden name was actually Martha Crook. She apparently remarried shortly after Richard's death. First to John Weymeyer, who died before 30 aug 1875, based on Vernon Co. court records that show Martha serving as the administrator of his estate and selling property listed in his name. Her third marriage was to Andrew T. STaley who she married in Vernon County around 1879, and who died, based on property sales, before July, 1881. Martha A. died in 1883 in Metz, Vernon County, Missouri. Her burial site is in Martin Cemetery, Nowata County, Oklahoma.

Martha married Richard J. Kirk 10 on 22 Mar 1857 in Fort Scott, Bourbon, Kentucky, United States. Richard was born on 4 Mar 1838 in Jefferson, Illinois, United States, died on 29 Nov 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States at age 34, and was buried in Lawrence Cemetery, Stokesbury, Vernon, Missouri, United States.

Martha next married John G. Wehmeyer Sr. 10 in 1875. John died in 1879.

Martha next married Andrew T. Staley 10 in 1879 in Missouri, United States. Andrew was born in 1831 in Indiana, United States and died in 1881 in Missouri, United States at age 50.


74. James Densmore Parsons,10 67 son of Jesse Parsons 10 and Phebe Jane < >,10 was born on 13 Mar 1849 in <Thornton, Boone, Indiana>, United States, died on 22 Nov 1896 at age 47, and was buried in Walker Cemetery, Welch, Craig, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for James was Janus D. Parsons.

Research Notes: Second husband of Nancy Jane White.

James married Nancy Jane White 10 in 1875 in Girard, Crawford, Kansas, United States. Nancy was born on 10 Aug 1839 in Thornton, Boone, Indiana, United States, died on 25 Sep 1919 in Centralia, Craig, Oklahoma, United States at age 80, and was buried in Martin Cemetery, Childers, Nowata, Oklahoma, United States.102

Children from this marriage were:

37        i.  Grace Elizabeth Parsons (born on 11 Feb 1876 in Fort Scott, Bourbon, Kansas, United States - died on 26 Nov 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         ii.  David Densmore Parsons (born in 1879 in Fort Scott, Bourbon, Kansas, United States - died in 1962 in Vinita, Craig, Oklahoma, United States)


75. Nancy Jane White,10 daughter of Samuel F. White 10 and Rebecca Jane Lipsey,10 was born on 10 Aug 1839 in Thornton, Boone, Indiana, United States, died on 25 Sep 1919 in Centralia, Craig, Oklahoma, United States at age 80, and was buried in Martin Cemetery, Childers, Nowata, Oklahoma, United States.102

Nancy married James Fredrick Hency 10 on 18 Mar 1858 in Tippecanoe, Marshall, Indiana, United States.

Nancy next married James Densmore Parsons 10 67 in 1875 in Girard, Crawford, Kansas, United States. James was born on 13 Mar 1849 in <Thornton, Boone, Indiana>, United States, died on 22 Nov 1896 at age 47, and was buried in Walker Cemetery, Welch, Craig, Oklahoma, United States. Another name for James was Janus D. Parsons.

Nancy next married Hiram Stapleton 10 in 1910. Hiram was born in <Centralia, Craig, Oklahoma>, United States.


76. William Henry Switzer,53 68 69 70 son of David Switzer 103 104 105 and Anna Campbell, was born in Dec 1843 in Ray Co., Missouri, United States and died after Jun 1900 in Hector, Pope, Arkansas, United States. Other names for William were Henry Switser and Henry S. Switzer.

Birth Notes: Source:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I59 has b. Dec 1844 in Ray Co., Missouri, but also notes discrepancies in age given in census data, making it possible that he was born between 1843 and 1847.

Family records of Carol Jean Kirk & LeRoy Paschal Fish have b. abt 1846, possibly in Arkansas.

Death Notes: From Barbara Holman's Switzer family tree 2006:
"Sarah Choate tells of Henry's death as being in Hector, Arkansas, at the ho;me of Seab Ward..."

Research Notes: From Letter from Barbara L. Holman, September 7, 2006 to Switzer descendents with family tree "The Switzer Family Heritage" :
"Note: Later wives of Henry S. Switzer were Bettie Popejoy, Mary Dickens, Ellen Frasier and Sarah Choate. Sarah Choate tells of Henry's death as being in Hector, Arkansas, at the home of Seab Ward and that Henry was a former soldier."
---------
From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I59

Census data :

1860 Shoul Creek Township, Newton Co. MO 293-291
David SWITZER, age 45, Male, Farmer, 140, Ohio
Hanna D. age 27, female, MO
Henry age 12, Male, MO
Milly, age 5, female, MO
Mary age 3, female, MO
Jane age 1, female, MO


1870 Searcy Co. AR Census-- Richland Townsp 94-95

SWITSER, Henry rw age 23 (1) b. MO (If he is 23 years old, then he must have been born in 1847) (Must have married Nellie J. in MO, since first child is born there too.)
Nelley J. age 22 (12) b. TN
Mary J. age 4 b. MO
Sarah L. age 2 b. AR
John C. age 4/12 b. Feb.AR

1880 Searcy Co. AR. Census 8-8

SWITZER, Henry, male, age 36(b. 1844, I don't think he's sure how old he is, because in the 1870 census he was 23 years old.) married, farmer, born in MO, VA, uk;
Mary, female age 34, wife b. AR;
Sarah L. age 13 female b. AR, MO, TN
John C. male age 10, b. AR, MO, TN;
Daniel W. male age 9 son b. AR, MO, TN
(Note: Wife in 1870 was Nelley J.)
SWITZER, Harriet female age 7 daughter, b. AR, MO, TN.
Samuel male age 1 b. AR, MO;
DICKENS, James age 12 stepson AR, UK, UK;
John M. male age 3 stepson, AR, UK, UK;
Bell female age 7 stepdaughter, AR, UK, UK,
Cora female age 5 stepdaughter, AR, UK, UK
Ida, age 4 stepdaughter, AR, UK, UK

1900 Searcy Co. Census: States Widowed,
and that he was born in AR but that both of his parents were born in MO. He was Living W/son Dan and gave his birthdate as Dec 1843.

Noted events in his life were:

• Occupation: Soldier.

• Census: U.S., 4 Jun 1900, St. Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

William married Ellender Jane Manes 53 71 72 106 about 1864 in <Missouri>, United States. Ellender was born in 1848 in Bradley, Tennessee, United States and died in 1879 at age 31. Other names for Ellender were Jane Manes, Nelley J. Manes, Nellie Manes, Nettie Maness, and Jane Manos.

Marriage Notes: From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I59
(Must have married Nellie J. in
MO, since first child is born there too.)

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Mary Jane Switzer (born in Aug 1865 in Missouri, United States)

         ii.  Sarah L. Switzer (born about 1868)

        iii.  John Clayborne Switzer (born on 1 Feb 1870 in Blanco, Searcy, Arkansas, United States - died on 17 Jul 1956 in <Searcy, Arkansas>, United States)

         iv.  Harriet Switzer (born in Feb 1872)

38        v.  Daniel Wesley Switzer (born on 11 Jun 1872 in Illinois, United States - died on 26 May 1951 in Miami, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)

         vi.  Samuel Switzer (born in 1879)


77. Ellender Jane Manes,53 71 72 107 daughter of Rev. Clabourn Lafayette Manes 108 109 110 and Sarah Sampley,10 111 112 was born in 1848 in Bradley, Tennessee, United States and died in 1879 at age 31. Other names for Ellender were Jane Manes, Nelley J. Manes, Nellie Manes, Nettie Maness, and Jane Manos.

Birth Notes: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I60 gives b. 1848 in Bradley Co., TN. Another source has b. abt. 1850 possibly in Arkansas. The former source seems more authoritative

Research Notes: Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk have Jane Manos, b. abt 1850, possibly in Arkansas, last name Manos. This is probably inaccurate, a misreading of handwritten name.

This site,
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I60
has other detail plus parents, with last name Manes instead of Manos.
"She was a sister to Dave and Reno Manes. He played a banjo and
played songs."

Ellender married William Henry Switzer 53 68 69 70 about 1864 in <Missouri>, United States. William was born in Dec 1843 in Ray Co., Missouri, United States and died after Jun 1900 in Hector, Pope, Arkansas, United States. Other names for William were Henry Switser and Henry S. Switzer.

78. Henry Thomas Seitz,31 77 78 79 son of Abraham Seitz 10 and Martha Conelly,10 was born on 5 May 1842 in <Saint Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States>, died on 5 Sep 1904 in <Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas., United States at age 62, and was buried in McMahan Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.113

Burial Notes: From http://www.arfamilies.info/afcemsearcymcmahan.htm - McMahan Cemetery :

Henry Seitz May 5, 1842 September 5, 1904

Husband of Elizabeth Moore

Married May 13, 1883 Book B, page 191 Searcy County, Arkansas

Noted events in his life were:

• Moved to Snowball, AR: after marriage.

• Census: 1880, Calf Creek, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. 114

• Occupation: farmer, 1880, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

Henry married Martha Ann Plemmons 80 81 <1867> in <Georgia>, United States. Martha was born on 28 Oct 1842 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States, died on 23 Oct 1882 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 39, and was buried in McMahan Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Other names for Martha were Martha Ann Plemons and Martha Ann Plimmons.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  John Thomas Seitz (born on 15 Sep 1868 - died on 21 Dec 1948, buried in Garden of Memories Cemetery, Vian, Sequoyah, Oklahoma, United States)

         ii.  Henry Oscar Seitz (born on 19 Mar 1871 in <Arkansas>, United States - died on 30 Jul 1885 in <Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas., United States)

39      iii.  Georgia Augusta Seitz (born on 18 Mar 1876 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States - died on 5 Jul 1928 in <Oklahoma>, United States)

         iv.  Martha Francis Seitz (born on 22 Nov 1877 in Blanco, Searcy, Arkansas, United States - died on 5 Feb 1963 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

          v.  Malissa Ann Seitz (born on 15 Nov 1880 - died on 15 Jun 1903, buried in McMahan Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

Henry next married Elizabeth Moore,115 daughter of Elijah Moore and Mary Jane Stanley, on 13 May 1883 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States.116 Elizabeth was born on 4 Apr 1844 in Arkansas, United States, died on 1 Nov 1903 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 59, and was buried in McMahan Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.113

Burial Notes: Elizabeth Seitz April 4, 1844 November 1, 1903
Daughter of Elijah Moore and Mary Jane Stanley
Wife of Henry Seitz


79. Martha Ann Plemmons,80 81 daughter of Thomas Plemons 10 117 118 119 and Margaret < >,120 was born on 28 Oct 1842 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States, died on 23 Oct 1882 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 39, and was buried in McMahan Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Other names for Martha were Martha Ann Plemons and Martha Ann Plimmons.

Birth Notes: May have died in 1848.
According to a transcribed 1850 census, she was 8 years old at that time. FindaGrave has b. 28 Oct 1848.

Research Notes: Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk have only Martha (no surname).

FindaGrave.com has Martha Ann Plemmons Seitz.

From http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cenfiles/ga/gilmer/1850/p376b.txt :
Year: 1850
State: Georgia
County: Gilmer Sheet
No: 377A Reel No: M432-70 Division: Subdivision 33 Page No: 754 Enumerated on: Aug - Dec 7th - 19th, 1850 by: C.H.A. Ellington Transcribed by Cassandra R. Newby for USGenWeb, http://www.rootsweb.com/census/. Copyright: 2003
397 Thomas Plemons 51 M Farmer 1000 [acres] [born in] NC
Margaret Plemons 50 F NC
Martha A. Plemons 8 F GA

Martha married Henry Thomas Seitz 31 77 78 79 <1867> in <Georgia>, United States. Henry was born on 5 May 1842 in <Saint Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States>, died on 5 Sep 1904 in <Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas., United States at age 62, and was buried in McMahan Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.113

96. John Newton Underwood,82 83 son of Aaron Underwood 121 and Sarah < >,122 was born on 9 Jul 1824 in Georgia, United States, died on 22 Jun 1906 in Geneva, Alabama, United States at age 81, and was buried in Clark Cemetery, Brannon Stand, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for John was Newton Underwood.

John married Zeleta Ann Celethia Huckaby 15 82 on 3 Aug 1842 in Columbus, Muscogee, Georgia, United States.123 Zeleta was born on 15 Feb 1819 in Jasper, Georgia, United States, died on 2 Dec 1902 in Geneva, Alabama, United States at age 83, and was buried in Clark Cemetery, Brannon Stand, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for Zeleta was Solidie Huckleby.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Priestly M. Underwood (born in 1844 in Muscogee, Georgia, United States)

         ii.  Wilmuth C. Underwood (born in 1846 in Muscogee, Georgia, United States)

        iii.  Augusta A. S. Underwood (born in 1848 in Muscogee, Georgia, United States)

         iv.  John Newton Underwood <Jr.> (born on 30 Aug 1850 in Georgia, United States - died on 18 Mar 1926 in Geneva, Alabama, United States)

          v.  George Arthur Underwood (born on 23 Sep 1852 in Georgia, United States - died on 27 Nov 1917 in Houston, Alabama, United States)

         vi.  James Beauford Underwood (born on 2 Dec 1854 in Georgia, United States - died on 19 Mar 1934, buried in Clark Cemetery, Brannon Stand, Houston, Alabama, United States)

48      vii.  William Elijah Underwood (born on 15 Jan 1857 in Jackson, Florida, United States - died on 21 Aug 1933 in Dothan, Houston, Alabama, United States)

       viii.  Thomas Anderson Underwood (born on 19 Jan 1861 in Jackson, Florida, United States - died on 19 Aug 1930 in Houston, Alabama, United States)

         ix.  Tolbert Monroe Underwood (born on 9 Jan 1864 in Jackson, Florida, United States - died on 25 Jun 1934 in Columbus, Muscogee, Georgia, United States)


97. Zeleta Ann Celethia Huckaby 15 82 was born on 15 Feb 1819 in Jasper, Georgia, United States, died on 2 Dec 1902 in Geneva, Alabama, United States at age 83, and was buried in Clark Cemetery, Brannon Stand, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for Zeleta was Solidie Huckleby.

Zeleta married John Newton Underwood 82 83 on 3 Aug 1842 in Columbus, Muscogee, Georgia, United States.123 John was born on 9 Jul 1824 in Georgia, United States, died on 22 Jun 1906 in Geneva, Alabama, United States at age 81, and was buried in Clark Cemetery, Brannon Stand, Houston, Alabama, United States. Another name for John was Newton Underwood.

104. Rodham Harrell 17 was born in 1807 in South Carolina, (United States).

Rodham married Hannah Fortiner.17 Hannah was born in 1810 in Upson, Georgia, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

52        i.  Benjamin Franklin Harrell (born on 8 Dec 1845 - died on 7 Oct 1913)


105. Hannah Fortiner 17 was born in 1810 in Upson, Georgia, United States.

Hannah married Rodham Harrell.17 Rodham was born in 1807 in South Carolina, (United States).

106. Ezekiel Watford,17 son of John Watford 17 and Nancy Parnell,17 was born in 1807 in Darlington, South Carolina, United States.

Ezekiel married Gatsey Mixon.17 Gatsey was born in 1809 in Alabama, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

53        i.  Martha Mary Watford (born in 1851 in Henry, Alabama, United States)


107. Gatsey Mixon,17 daughter of Samuel Gooden Mixon 17 and Mary,17 was born in 1809 in Alabama, United States.

Gatsey married Ezekiel Watford.17 Ezekiel was born in 1807 in Darlington, South Carolina, United States.

108. Jacob Henry Merritt,17 son of Gabriel Merritt 17 and Sarah,17 was born on 26 Jun 1830 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States.

Death Notes: Died during the Civil War.

Jacob married Angeline Smith.17 Angeline was born in Bulloch, Georgia, United States and died in 1893.

The child from this marriage was:

54        i.  Henry Lennon Merritt (born about 1854 in Henry, Alabama, United States)


109. Angeline Smith 17 was born in Bulloch, Georgia, United States and died in 1893.

Angeline married Jacob Henry Merritt.17 Jacob was born on 26 Jun 1830 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States.

110. John Baxley,15 son of John B. Boxley 15 and Harriet,15 was born in 1834 in Georgia, United States and died on 2 May 1863 in Chancellorsville, Virginia, United States at age 29.

John married Helon Branton.15 Helon was born on 16 Mar 1844 and died in 1916 in Houston, Alabama, United States at age 72.

The child from this marriage was:

55        i.  Catherine Elizabeth Baxley (born about 1859 in Henry, Alabama, United States - died on 3 Aug 1934)


111. Helon Branton 15 was born on 16 Mar 1844 and died in 1916 in Houston, Alabama, United States at age 72.

Helon married John Baxley.15 John was born in 1834 in Georgia, United States and died on 2 May 1863 in Chancellorsville, Virginia, United States at age 29.

previous  Eighth Generation  Next




128. William Jackson "Captain" Fish,85 86 son of Chief Black Fish and Watmeme, was born about 1760 and died Late Oct 1833 about age 73. Other names for William were Paschal Fish Sr and William Jackson.

Birth Notes: http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has b. abt 1760

Death Notes: www.wyandot.org/emigrant.htm has late October, 1833.
http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has d. 1833
Another source states that he died at the Shawnee Mission in 1834. Burial?

Research Notes: May have been 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware (see below).
--------------
From text accompanying a photograph from the Smithsonian Institution archives:

"[Leander] Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware. "
----------
If the math is correct and Paschal Fish's mother was 100% Shawnee, then his father [William Jackson] was probably 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware. On the other hand, if Paschal Fish's mother was Polly Rogers, either Polly was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware with William Jackson Fish identifying himself as Shawnee, or Polly was 100% Shawnee and William Jackson Fish was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware.

---------
From Historic Shawnee Names of the 1700s - http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html

"Fish aka William Jackson - Adopted-white born about 1760-died 1833 - adopted son of Black Fish before 1778, raiding Ohio River valley 1788, Little Turtle War, move to MO 1828, husband 1st about 1780 of Elizabeth Bishop-white, 2nd about 1789 of Shawnee Woman, 3rd 1798 of Polly Rogers-1/2 Shawnee Metis (granddaughter of Black Fish), father with Shawnee Woman of Arch/90, Pascal/92, Isaac/94, Andrew/95, Jesse/96-all 1/2 Shawnee Metis, no children of record with Elizabeth, with Polly of Elizabeth Nakease/98, John/99, William Jr/1800-all 1/4th Shawnee Metis"

See notes under Joseph Jackson. It is unlikely that the Joseph Jackson captured by the Shawnee with Daniel Boone in 1778 was this William Jackson's father since records show this William adopted by the Shawnee before that Joseph was captured.

---------------------

See KHC, vol. 9, pp. 166,167. Historian Rodney Staab of Shawnee Mission, Kansas, has furnished me with an excellent account of Chief Fish written by Fern Long. Her information conflicts somewhat with other sources, but it should not be missed by anyone doing research on the Jackson/Fish family. According to her 1978 article on Chief Fish, she agrees that [William Jackson Fish] was captured as a youth and raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. Paschal Fish was "a large-framed man" who "also acquired the Indian ways seeming to be totally Indian." but at the same time, she says "these Shawnees had associated with white people for generations and desired a settled life with homes, schools, churches, ___and agriculture."

----------------
From Kansas State Historical Society
Letter 13 Jan 1831 from Richard W. Cummins, U.S. Ind. Agt., Delaware & Shawnee Agency to William Clark, S.I.A., St. Louis:
"Chiefs of Fish's or Jackson's band of Shawnees have agreed to allow a school to be started. Revd. Mr. McAllister & Thomas Johnson hope to have school in operation early in spring."

Noted events in his life were:

• Adopted: by Black Fish (Shawnee), Bef 1778.

• Legislation: Indian Removal Act passed by Congress, 28 May 1830.

• Moved: to Missouri, 1828.

William married Elizabeth Bishop about 1780.

William next married < > [Shawnee Woman] about 1789.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Arch Fish

         ii.  Isaac Fish (born <1828> - died <26 Aug 1891> in <Oklahoma>, United States)

        iii.  Andrew Fish

         iv.  Jesse Fish

William next married Polly Rogers 87 about 1798. Polly was born <1782> in <Missouri>, United States and died 1848 or 1849 in Pottawatomie Mission, Kansas, (United States) at age 66. Other names for Polly were Martha Rogers and Mary "Polly" Rogers.

Marriage Notes: One source has m. abt 1800, another has abt 1798. Probably makes a difference in which were her children.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  < > Fish (born in 1802)

64       ii.  Chief Paschal "Pas-Cal-We" Fish (born in 1805 in Shawnee Tribe, (Kansas Territory), (United States) - died in 1894 in Baxter Springs, Cherokee, Kansas, United States)

        iii.  Charles "Sa-La-Ne-Weh" Fish (born in 1815 in Shawnee Tribe, Kansas Territory (Kansas), (United States) - died on 27 Dec 1866)

         iv.  Andrew Fish

          v.  Arch Fish

         vi.  Elizabeth "Na-ke-a-se" Fish

        vii.  Isaac Fish (born <1828> - died <26 Aug 1891> in <Oklahoma>, United States)

       viii.  John Fish

         ix.  William Fish Jr.

          x.  Jesse Fish


129. Polly Rogers,87 daughter of Captain Henry Rogers 124 125 and Chelatha Blackfish, was born <1782> in <Missouri>, United States and died 1848 or 1849 in Pottawatomie Mission, Kansas, (United States) at age 66. Other names for Polly were Martha Rogers and Mary "Polly" Rogers.

Research Notes: I am assuming that Martha Rogers (m. abt 1800) and Polly Rogers (m. abt 1798) are the same person. This may NOT be so (see below). A Martha is listed in the 1854 Shawnee census as Paschal Fish's wife (age 40). Some sources (e.g., http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kearns_family_2&id=I5812) give William Jackson Fish's nickname as "Pascal Fish." Things have probably become muddled.

See also http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html. That site states that Polly Rogers was 1/2 Shawnee Metis and the granddaughter of Black Fish.

Since Polly Rogers is given in the following source as the wife of Rev. Mackinaw Boachman [see below], it is likely that Polly married (1) William Jackson Fish, then, after Fish died in 1833, (2) Rev. Mackinaw Boachman, who died in May 1848.

From Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1907-1908, Vol. X, edited by George W. Martin (Topeka, 1908), pp. 401-402:

"His wife was Polly Rogers, daughter of Henry Rogers and his wife, the daughter of Blackfish, chief of the Shawnees. She probably belonged to the small band of Shawnees which settled on the Meramec, near the leadmines, in Missouri, about the beginning of the last century [early 1800's]. Mrs. Boachman died a few weeks before her husband, at the old Pottawatomie mission, in the spring of 1848 or 1849. They had six children: Annie, the wife of the Rev. N. T. Shaler, who died before her parents; Washington, who died in youth; Alexander, whose allotment comprises the present Auburndale addition to the city of Topeka, supposed to be now a resident of Dowagiac, Mich.; Julia Ann, wife of the late Thomas Nesbit Stinson, born on the Shawnee reserve, Johnson county, March 26, 1834; William, who died near Fort Scott in the early '60's' and Martha, the youngest, the late Mrs. John Read, whose allotment adjoined Mrs. Stinson's, near Tecumseh, Shawnee county, Kansas. Some additional matter relating to Mr. Boachman's family will be found in the Kansas Historical Collections, volume 9, pages 170 and 212."

----

Mary Cross (12 Apr 2000) on message board (http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.rogers/1099.1112/mb.ashx) cites Richard Pagburn's Indian Blood: Finding Your Native American Ancestor, Vol 1 (Louisvills:Burler Books, 1993) when she writes [with some editing]:

"When Gen. George Rogers Clark attacked the Shawnee town of Piqua (Pickaway) in Aug of 1870, there were members of his family living among them. A nephew Joseph Rogers ran out of the village,, was shot by mistake. 'Silverheels' was among those Shawnees who fled Piqua. He reported to the British that Rogers was missing. Also Henry Rogers (a Shawnee), who had been adopted by Blackfish, but was living in another village. Henry Rogers' halfbreed children included Lewis Rogers, William Rogers, Polly Rogers, Graham Rogers. Macinaw tribe's Beauchemie [Bushman], an adopted Potawatomi, married Shawnee Polly Rogers, daughter of Henry Rogers, son-in-law of Blackfish. Their children included Anne (who married N.T. Shaler), Julia Ann (who married Thomas Nesbit Stinson), Alexander, William, Martha Boshman."
-------
The following is pretty much discredited by all the above sources:
www.wyandot.org/emigrant.htm says she was the daughter of Lewis Rogers. A different Polly? Apparently Fern Long wrote an article on Chief Fish (William Jackson) in 1978 in which she stated that he was raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. How does Lewis Rogers fit into the picture? William Jackson was adopted by Chief Black Fish.

And according to Mary Cross (12 Apr 2000), "Lewis Rogers, a white Chief of a band of Shawnees and Delawares on the upper Meramec, appealed to Meriwether Lewis for assistance after being threatened by Osage horse thieves."

Another family tree on Rootsweb (http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kearns_family_2&id=I5812) gives Mary "Polly" Rogers as the daughter of Captain Lewis Rogers (b. 1750 in Virginia) and Parlie Blackfish (b. 1756 in Ohio).

Polly married William Jackson "Captain" Fish 85 86 about 1798. William was born about 1760 and died Late Oct 1833 about age 73. Other names for William were Paschal Fish Sr and William Jackson.

Polly next married Rev. Mackinaw Boachman, son of < > Beauchemin, after 1833. Mackinaw was born before 1812 in Mackinaw, Michigan, United States and died on 12 May 1848. Another name for Mackinaw was Beauchemie.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Annie Boachman

         ii.  Julia Ann Boachman

        iii.  Alexander Boachman

         iv.  William Boachman

          v.  Martha Boshman


132. William Large 93 was born in 1815 in Virginia, United States.127

William married Nancy <Thompson> 55 on 28 Jun 1840 in Carter Co., Kentucky, United States.94 Nancy was born in 1824 in Kentucky, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

66        i.  Richard Joseph Large (born on 11 May 1849 in Lawrence, Kentucky, United States - buried before 30 May 2005 in Fairview Cemetery, Melrose, Cherokee, Kansas)


133. Nancy <Thompson> 55 was born in 1824 in Kentucky, United States.

Nancy married William Large 93 on 28 Jun 1840 in Carter Co., Kentucky, United States.94 William was born in 1815 in Virginia, United States.127

134. William Davidson .96

William married Mary Elizabeth Faeger.51 96 Other names for Mary were Mary Elizabeth Faegor-Davidson and Mary Elizabeth Taylor.

The child from this marriage was:

67        i.  Mary Jane Davidson (born on 11 Mar 1859 in Harrison, Missouri, United States - died on 10 May 1937 in Douthat, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States)


135. Mary Elizabeth Faeger .51 96 Other names for Mary were Mary Elizabeth Faegor-Davidson and Mary Elizabeth Taylor.

Mary married William Davidson.96

138. < > Bottom was born in Alabama, United States.

< married someone.

His child was:

69        i.  Carra A. Bottom (born in 1833 in North Carolina, United States - died in Paris, Lamar, Texas, United States)


144. William Matthew Kirk Sr.,10 100 son of Robert Kirk 10 128 and <Agnes> <Montgomery>,10 was born about 1785 in South Carolina, United States and died between 1860 and 1870. Another name for William was Matthew Kirk.

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: 1850, Jefferson, Illinois, United States.

• Census: 1860, Bourbon, Kentucky, United States.

William married Mary Gazaway before 1807. Mary was born in 1789, died in 1835 in <Jefferson, Illinois>, United States at age 46, and was buried in 1835 in Kirk Cemetery, Ina, Jefferson, Illinois, United States.

William next married Elizabeth Harvill 10 on 18 Sep 1837 in Jefferson, Illinois, United States. Elizabeth was born in 1813 in Hickman, Tennessee, United States, died in 1841 in Spring Garden Twp, Jefferson, Illinois, United States at age 28, and was buried in Kirk Cemetery, Ina, Jefferson, Illinois, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

72        i.  Richard J. Kirk (born on 4 Mar 1838 in Jefferson, Illinois, United States - died on 29 Nov 1872 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States)

         ii.  George Kirk

        iii.  Garland Kirk (born about 1840 in Illinois, United States)

         iv.  Johnson Kirk (born about 1841 in Illinois, United States)

William next married Lois Smith on 27 Oct 1844 in Jefferson, Illinois, United States. The marriage ended in divorce in Aug 1847. Lois was born on 29 Jun 1805 in Tennessee, United States.

William next married Winnie < > 129 before 1850. Winnie was born about 1822 in Tennessee, United States, died on 30 Jan 1879 in Barry Co., Missouri, United States about age 57, and was buried in Munsey Cemetery, Barry Co., Missouri, United States.


145. Elizabeth Harvill,10 daughter of George Harvill 130 and Mary Ann < >,131 was born in 1813 in Hickman, Tennessee, United States, died in 1841 in Spring Garden Twp, Jefferson, Illinois, United States at age 28, and was buried in Kirk Cemetery, Ina, Jefferson, Illinois, United States.

Research Notes: Second wife of William Matthew Kirk.

Elizabeth married William Matthew Kirk Sr. 10 100 on 18 Sep 1837 in Jefferson, Illinois, United States. William was born about 1785 in South Carolina, United States and died between 1860 and 1870. Another name for William was Matthew Kirk.

Elizabeth next married A. Henderson.132


146. William Crook 10 was born in 1802 in Tennessee, United States.

William married Susan Simmons.10 Susan was born in 1813 in Tennessee, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

73        i.  Martha A. Crook (born about 1841 in Missouri, United States - died in 1883 in Metz, Vernon, Missouri, United States)


147. Susan Simmons 10 was born in 1813 in Tennessee, United States.

Susan married William Crook.10 William was born in 1802 in Tennessee, United States.

148. Jesse Parsons 10 was born in 1807 in Virginia, United States and died after 1870.

Jesse married Phebe Jane < > 10 before 1830 in Ohio, United States. Phebe was born in 1814 in Kentucky, United States and died after 1870.

The child from this marriage was:

74        i.  James Densmore Parsons (born on 13 Mar 1849 in <Thornton, Boone, Indiana>, United States - died on 22 Nov 1896, buried in Walker Cemetery, Welch, Craig, Oklahoma, United States)


149. Phebe Jane < > 10 was born in 1814 in Kentucky, United States and died after 1870.

Phebe married Jesse Parsons 10 before 1830 in Ohio, United States. Jesse was born in 1807 in Virginia, United States and died after 1870.

150. Samuel F. White,10 son of Jochim White 10 and Eva Margarethe Lembke,10 was born in 1809 in Kentucky, United States.

Samuel married Rebecca Jane Lipsey 10 on 10 May 1834 in Perquimans Co., North Carolina, United States. Rebecca was born in 1816 in Kentucky, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

75        i.  Nancy Jane White (born on 10 Aug 1839 in Thornton, Boone, Indiana, United States - died on 25 Sep 1919 in Centralia, Craig, Oklahoma, United States)


151. Rebecca Jane Lipsey,10 daughter of John Lipsey 10 and Angelletta Combs,10 was born in 1816 in Kentucky, United States.

Rebecca married Samuel F. White 10 on 10 May 1834 in Perquimans Co., North Carolina, United States. Samuel was born in 1809 in Kentucky, United States.

152. David Switzer 103 104 105 was born in 1813 in Germany and died after 6 Jul 1860 in Shoul Creek Twp, Newton, Missouri, United States.

Birth Notes: The 1850 census says he was born in Germany. Other sources have Ohio.

Research Notes:
From
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I1264 :

1850 U.S. Census - Ray Co., Missouri
Switzer David 37 M Farmer Germany
Switzer Anna 35 F KY X
Hamilton Amanda J. 14 F MO
Switzer Louisa 6 F MO
Switzer Daniel 12 M MO
Switzer Henry 6 M MO

The John Switzer in the same 1850 census may have been David's brother:
Switzer John 44 M Farmer OH - possessed $2500 of real estate
Switzer Elizabeth 42 F OH
Switzer Samuel C. 20 M Farmer OH
Switzer Matthew 18 M Farmer OH
Switzer Andrew J. 17 M Farmer OH
Switzer 14 M OH
Switzer 12 F OH
Switzer 10 M MO
Switzer John F. 7 M MO
Switzer James R. 5 M MO
Switzer George A. 2 MO
Switzer Marion B. 5 months MO

1860 U.S. Census Newton Co. MO, Shoul Creek Township (close to Ozart, MO):
Switzer, David 45 M Farmer $140 OH
Hannah D 27 F MO
Henry 12 M MO
Milly 5 F MO
Mary 3 F MO
Jane 1 F MO

6 July 1860 - Buffalo Like Township, Chariton County - Robertson Moore, Asst. Marshal:
David Switzer # of slaves: 4 23 F B
4 F M
2 M B
6mths F B

Noted events in his life were:

• Occupation: Farmer.

• Residence: 1848, Caldwell, Missouri, United States.

• Census: 1850, Ray, Missouri, United States.

• Census: 1860, Shoul Creek Twp, Newton, Missouri, United States.

David married Anna Campbell on 18 Jun 1848 in Ray Co., Missouri, United States. Anna was born in 1815 in Kentucky, United States.

Marriage Notes: From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I1265

Marriage Book 1 Ray Co. MO Note:
SWITZER, David of Caldwell Co. MO married Anna Campbell 18 June
1848 page 41

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Daniel Switzer (born in 1838 in <Ray>, Missouri, United States)

76       ii.  William Henry Switzer (born in Dec 1843 in Ray Co., Missouri, United States - died after Jun 1900 in Hector, Pope, Arkansas, United States)

        iii.  Louisa Switzer (born in 1844 in <Ray>, Missouri, United States)


153. Anna Campbell was born in 1815 in Kentucky, United States.

Research Notes: Source:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I1265
"This info came from Judy Keeler, gr-niece of Georgia Augusta
Seitz wife of Daniel Wesley SWITZER. judyklr77@yahoo.com"

Anna married David Switzer 103 104 105 on 18 Jun 1848 in Ray Co., Missouri, United States. David was born in 1813 in Germany and died after 6 Jul 1860 in Shoul Creek Twp, Newton, Missouri, United States.

154. Rev. Clabourn Lafayette Manes,108 109 110 son of George R. Manes 133 134 135 and Malinda B. Lawson,136 137 was born on 20 Nov 1814 in Rhea, Tennessee, United States, died on 21 Oct 1884 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 69, and was buried in Whisenant Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Other names for Clabourn were Rev. Claiborn Lafayette Manes, Rev. Claibourn Lafayette Manes, and Claiburn Lafayette Manes.

Birth Notes: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I560 has b. 20 Nov 1814 in Hawkins Co.
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3195770613 has b. same date in Rhea Co.

Death Notes: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I560 has d. 21 Nov. 1884. FindaGrave has 21 Oct 1884.

Burial Notes: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I560

Research Notes: Per Descendants of John Maness, he was a member of "The Peace Society" during the Civil War.

From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I560:
Blue Eyes and Fair Complected
Black Hair

Clabourn enlisted in Bradley Co. TN. He & Sarah and family
lived in 1) Bradley Co. TN, 2) DeKalb Co. AL, 3) back to Bradley
Co. TN, 4) Seary Co. AR, 5) Washington Co., AR, 6) Scott Co. AR,
7)back to Searcy Co, 8)Cedar Co. MO (this is confirmed by
pension records of Frederick Wm Carsten, 2nd husband of daughter
Neoma/Naomi Manes), 9)back to Searcy Co. AR, 10) Tney Co., MO
11) Boone Co. AR, 12)Cook Co., TX, 13) Madison Co., AR, finally
14) returning to Searcy Co. AR( no dates yet but have other
correlating evidence to support a lot of these moves).
Note: Photo of tombstone in my file. Note: Came to this part of the country on the Trail of Tears. Note:
CLAIBOURN LAFAYETTE4 MANES (GEORGE R.3, SETH2, WILLIAM1) was
born November 20, 1814 in Rhea Co., Tennessee, and died August
21, 1884 in Searcy Co., Arkansas. He married SARAH SAMPLE Abt.
1838 in Bradley Co., Tennessee. She was born July 15, 1824, and
died June 11, 1895 in Searcy Co., Arkansas.
Note: More About CLAIBOURN LAFAYETTE MANES: Note: Burial: Buried in Whisenhant Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy Co., AR Note: Fact 1: Bet. 1849 - 1852, Came to Arkansas in this period
Note:
Fact 2: Owned 80 Acres in Searcy Co., Sec 32, Twp 16N, Rng 17W,
Mar. 20, 1877.

Note:
Fact 3: Owned 40 Acres in Logan Co., Sec 10, Twp 5N, Rng 27W
Sept. 1, 1860. 2 1 3 5

Military: Clabourn served as a Private in Capt. Elliott's Co. Tenn. Vols.,
Chaerokee Dist. from 01 Nov 1837 to May 9, 1838 (Wido3w's
Pension #268 filed Aug 24, 1892) witnessed by E. L. Phelps, J.
W. Rogers of St. Joe, AR.
...an Affidavit of Sarah
Manes dated 17 Aug 1893, she stated "that to the best of her knowledge her husband spelled his first name CLABOURN"

Noted events in his life were:

• Enlisted: in Tennessee Volunteers, 1 Nov 1837, Bradley, Tennessee, United States.

• Served: as a Private in Tennessee Volunteers, Cherokee District, 1 Nov 1837-9 May 1838.

• Moved: from Tennessee to Arkansas on the Trail of Tears, Between 1849 and 1852.

• Owned: 40 acres, Sec 10, Twp 5N, Rng 27W, 1 Sep 1860, Logan, Arkansas, United States.

• Owned: 80 acres, Sec 32, Twp 16N, Rng 17W, 20 Mar 1877, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

• Census: Subdivsion 26, Page 237-A, Dwelling 1394, 22 Nov 1850, Bradley, Tennessee, United States.

Clabourn married Sarah Sampley 10 111 112 on 13 Oct 1838 in Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee, United States. Sarah was born on 15 Jul 1824 in Tennessee, United States, died on 11 Jun 1895 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 70, and was buried in Whisenant Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.138 Other names for Sarah were Sarah Sample and Sally Sampley.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  John Wesley Manes (born in Nov 1841 in Arkansas, United States)

         ii.  Neoma Manes (born about 1842)

        iii.  Malinda Manes (born about 1844 in Bradley, Tennessee, United States)

         iv.  Harriett Manes (born on 15 Dec 1845 in Alabama, United States)

77        v.  Ellender Jane Manes (born in 1848 in Bradley, Tennessee, United States - died in 1879)

         vi.  Mary Manes (born in 1850 in Bradley, Tennessee, United States - died <1860>)

        vii.  George Manes (born in 1852 in Arkansas, United States)

       viii.  William C. Manes (born in Feb 1854 in Arkansas, United States)

         ix.  David Howell Caruthers Manes (born on 9 Jan 1856 in Arkansas, United States - died on 13 Jan 1947 in <Arkansas>, United States)

          x.  Lewis Hamilton Manes (born on 27 Jan 1858 in St. Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States - died on 5 Dec 1937 in Tahlequah, Cherokee, Oklahoma, United States)

         xi.  James Richard Russell Manes (born in Jan 1860 in Arkansas, United States)

        xii.  John William Manes (born in Jun 1864 - died in 1922, buried in Park Hill Cemetery, Park Hill, Cherokee, Oklahoma, United States)

       xiii.  Jesse John Manes (born about 1867 in Arkansas, United States)


155. Sarah Sampley 10 111 112 was born on 15 Jul 1824 in Tennessee, United States, died on 11 Jun 1895 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 70, and was buried in Whisenant Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.138 Other names for Sarah were Sarah Sample and Sally Sampley.

Birth Notes: May have been born on 14 July 1824.

Noted events in her life were:

• Census: Subdivsion 26, Page 237-A, Dwelling 1394, 22 Nov 1850, Bradley, Tennessee, United States.

Sarah married Rev. Clabourn Lafayette Manes 108 109 110 on 13 Oct 1838 in Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee, United States. Clabourn was born on 20 Nov 1814 in Rhea, Tennessee, United States, died on 21 Oct 1884 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States at age 69, and was buried in Whisenant Cemetery, Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Other names for Clabourn were Rev. Claiborn Lafayette Manes, Rev. Claibourn Lafayette Manes, and Claiburn Lafayette Manes.

156. Abraham Seitz .10

Research Notes: From US GenWeb http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/state/history/pub/desmond/swamp22b.txt

This may be "our" Abraham Seitz.
Arkansas State Donation and Swamp Land Sales, L-Z

Following are the patentees listed in the book "Arkansas Swamp Land Sales, 1855 - 1868" compiled by Desmond Walls Allen, ISBN 1-56546-209-2, published by Arkansas Research, Inc., PO Box 303, Conway, AR 72033, 501/470-1120 voice and fax. Price: $25.00 plus shipping. In addition to the patentees' names, the book lists the patent date, patent and application number, land description (section, range, and township), number of acres, ledger citation, and miscellaneous notes.

Seitze, Abraham
Seitze, Francis M.

Abraham married Martha Conelly.10

The child from this marriage was:

78        i.  Henry Thomas Seitz (born on 5 May 1842 in <Saint Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States> - died on 5 Sep 1904 in <Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas., United States)


157. Martha Conelly .10

Martha married Abraham Seitz.10

158. Thomas Plemons,10 117 118 119 son of John Plemons 139 140 141 and Cecelia Hailey,142 143 was born about 1799 in Buncomb, North Carolina, United States and died in 1870 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States about age 71.

Birth Notes: May have been born in 1799 in Burke Co., North Carolina.

Research Notes: Note from RootsWeb http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I121:
Entire family except the oldest child John can be found on the 1850 Gilmer Co.census.
Birthdate was given as 1779, which is impossible. This researcher has therefore changed it to 1799. See below.

From http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cenfiles/ga/gilmer/1850/p376b.txt :
Year: 1850 State: Georgia County: Gilmer Sheet No: 377A Reel No: M432-70 Division: Subdivision 33 Page No: 754 Enumerated on: Aug - Dec 7th - 19th, 1850 by: C.H.A. Ellington Transcribed by Cassandra R. Newby for USGenWeb, http://www.rootsweb.com/census/. Copyright: 2003
397 Thomas Plemons 51 M Farmer 1000 [acres] [born in] NC
Margaret Plemons 50 F NC
Cecelea Plemons 20 F NC
Olivid Plemons 18 F NC
Mary Plemons 16 F NC
Frances Plemons 14 F NC
Thomas Plemons 12 M GA
Margaret Plemons 10 F GA
Martha A. Plemons 8 F GA
Sarah K. Plemons 8 F GA

Noted events in his life were:

• Census: 1850, Gilmer, Georgia, United States. 144

• Census: 20 Jul 1860, Gilmer, Georgia, United States.

Thomas married Margaret < > 120 in 1820 in Buncombe Co., North Carolina, United States. Margaret was born about 1800 in North Carolina, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  John Plemons (born in 1823)

         ii.  Cecilia Plemons (born in 1830)

        iii.  Samuel N. Plemons (born in 1831 - died about 1865)

         iv.  Maranda Olived Plemons (born on 13 Feb 1832 in Buncombe Co., North Carolina, United States - died on 28 Aug 1887 in Springtown, Benton, Arkansas, United States)

          v.  Mary Plemons (born in 1834 in North Carolina, United States)

         vi.  Frances Plemons (born in 1836 in North Carolina, United States)

        vii.  Thomas Plemons [Jr.] (born in 1838 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States)

       viii.  Margaret H. Plemons (born in 1840 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States)

79       ix.  Martha Ann Plemmons (born on 28 Oct 1842 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States - died on 23 Oct 1882 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

          x.  Sarah K. Plemons (born on 28 Oct 1842 in Georgia, United States)


159. Margaret < > 120 was born about 1800 in North Carolina, United States.

Margaret married Thomas Plemons 10 117 118 119 in 1820 in Buncombe Co., North Carolina, United States. Thomas was born about 1799 in Buncomb, North Carolina, United States and died in 1870 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States about age 71.

192. Aaron Underwood,121 son of Joseph D. Underwood 145 and Winifred Henderson,146 was born in 1785 in North Carolina, United States and died about 1865 in Holmes, Florida, United States about age 80.

Aaron married Sarah < > 122 about 1819 in Georgia, United States. Sarah was born in 1788 in Virginia, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

96        i.  John Newton Underwood (born on 9 Jul 1824 in Georgia, United States - died on 22 Jun 1906 in Geneva, Alabama, United States)


193. Sarah < > 122 was born in 1788 in Virginia, United States.

Sarah married Aaron Underwood 121 about 1819 in Georgia, United States. Aaron was born in 1785 in North Carolina, United States and died about 1865 in Holmes, Florida, United States about age 80.

212. John Watford,17 son of Joseph Watford, was born about 1774 in Pitt, (North) Carolina, (United States).

John married Nancy Parnell.17 Nancy was born about 1770 in [Pitt], (North) Carolina, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

106       i.  Ezekiel Watford (born in 1807 in Darlington, South Carolina, United States)


213. Nancy Parnell 17 was born about 1770 in [Pitt], (North) Carolina, United States.

Nancy married John Watford.17 John was born about 1774 in Pitt, (North) Carolina, (United States).

214. Samuel Gooden Mixon 17 was born in 1750 in Darlington, (South) Carolina, (United States) and died in 1817 in South Carolina, United States at age 67.

Samuel married Mary.17 Mary was born about 1754.

The child from this marriage was:

107       i.  Gatsey Mixon (born in 1809 in Alabama, United States)


215. Mary 17 was born about 1754.

Mary married Samuel Gooden Mixon.17 Samuel was born in 1750 in Darlington, (South) Carolina, (United States) and died in 1817 in South Carolina, United States at age 67.

216. Gabriel Merritt,17 son of Nathiel Merritt, was born on 23 Jan 1782 and died in Aug 1831 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States at age 49.

Gabriel married Sarah.17 Sarah was born about 1800 and died in Oct 1855 in Baker, Georgia, United States about age 55.

The child from this marriage was:

108       i.  Jacob Henry Merritt (born on 26 Jun 1830 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States)


217. Sarah 17 was born about 1800 and died in Oct 1855 in Baker, Georgia, United States about age 55.

Sarah married Gabriel Merritt.17 Gabriel was born on 23 Jan 1782 and died in Aug 1831 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States at age 49.

220. John B. Boxley,15 son of John B. Baxley 15 and Mary Stevenson,15 was born about 1795 in South Carolina, United States and died on 24 Dec 1870 in Dale, Alabama, United States about age 75.

John married Harriet.15

The child from this marriage was:

110       i.  John Baxley (born in 1834 in Georgia, United States - died on 2 May 1863 in Chancellorsville, Virginia, United States)


221. Harriet .15

Harriet married John B. Boxley.15 John was born about 1795 in South Carolina, United States and died on 24 Dec 1870 in Dale, Alabama, United States about age 75.

previous  Ninth Generation  Next




256. Chief Black Fish was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. Other names for Black were Chief Blackfish, Chiungulla "Black Fish," Cot-ta-wa-ma-go, Mkah-day-way-may-qua, Chinugalla Blackfish, and Pah-e-a-ta-hea-se-ka Chinugalla.

Research Notes: Shawnee, war chief of the Chillicothe division of the Shawnee tribe.

From Wikipedia - Chief Blackfish :

Blackfish (c. 1729 -1779 ), known in his native tongue as Cot-ta-wa-ma-go or Mkah-day-way-may-qua, was a Native American leader, war chief of the Chillicothe division of the Shawnee tribe. Little is known about him, since he only appears in written historical records during the last three years of his life, primarily because of his interactions with the famous American frontiersmen Daniel Boone and Simon Kenton .

When the Shawnees were defeated by Virginia in Dunmore's War in 1774, the resulting peace treaty made the Ohio River the boundary between western Virginia (what is now Kentucky and West Virginia ) and American Indian lands in the Ohio Country . Although this treaty was agreed to by Shawnee leaders such as Cornstalk , Blackfish and a number of other leaders refused to acknowledge the loss of their traditional hunting grounds in Kentucky.

Violence along the border escalated with the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1775. As a result, the Chillicothe Shawnees moved their town on the Scioto River further west to the Little Miami River , near what is now Xenia, Ohio . Encouraged and supplied by British officials in Detroit , Blackfish and others launched raids against American settlers in Kentucky, hoping to drive them out of the region. In revenge for the murder of Cornstalk by American militiamen in November 1777, Blackfish set out on an unexpected winter raid in Kentucky, capturing American frontiersman Daniel Boone and a number of others on the Licking River on February 7 , 1778 . Boone, respected by the Shawnees for his extraordinary hunting skills, was taken back to Chillicothe and adopted into the tribe. The traditional tale is that Boone was adopted by Blackfish himself, although historian John Sugden suggests that Boone was probably adopted by another family.

Boone escaped in June 1778 when he learned that Blackfish was launching a siege of the Kentucky settlement of Boonesborough , which commenced in September of that year. The siege of Boonesborough was unsuccessful, and the Kentuckians, led by Colonel John Bowman , counterattacked Chillicothe the following spring. This raid was also unsuccessful, but Blackfish was shot in the leg, a wound which became infected and was eventually fatal.

Black married Watmeme by 1745. Watmeme was born in 1730 and died in 1797 in Missouri, (United States) at age 67.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Chinwa Blackfish (born about 1745)

         ii.  Young Blackfish (born in 1750 - died after 1794)

        iii.  Pimegeezhigoqua Blackfish (born about 1759)

128      iv.  William Jackson "Captain" Fish (born about 1760 - died Late Oct 1833)

          v.  Black Fish Jr. (born about 1760)

         vi.  Chelatha Blackfish (born about 1761)

        vii.  Lemateshe Blackfish (born in 1765 - died in 1800)


257. Watmeme was born in 1730 and died in 1797 in Missouri, (United States) at age 67.

Research Notes: Shawnee

Watmeme married Chief Black Fish by 1745. Black was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. Other names for Black were Chief Blackfish, Chiungulla "Black Fish," Cot-ta-wa-ma-go, Mkah-day-way-may-qua, Chinugalla Blackfish, and Pah-e-a-ta-hea-se-ka Chinugalla.

258. Captain Henry Rogers 124 125 died about 1803. Other names for Henry were Captain Henry "Chinwa" Rogers Fish and Captain Chinwa Rogers.

Death Notes: http://familytrees.genopro.com/beltster/Marshall/default.htm?page=BigTurtleClanOfWyandotts-LeanderAkaLeadingTurtle-ind156834.htm

Research Notes: Adopted by Black Fish (Shawnee)

From Mary Cross (12 Apr 2000) on message board (http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.rogers/1099.1112/mb.ashx) cites Richard Pagburn's Indian Blood: Finding Your Native American Ancestor, Vol 1 (Louisvills:Burler Books, 1993) when she writes:
"When Gen. George Rogers Clark attacked the Shawnee town of Piqua (Pickaway) in Aug of 1870, there were members of his family living among them. A nephew Joseph Rogers ran out of the village,, was shot by mistake. 'Silverheels' was among those Shawnees who fled Piqua. He reported to the British that Rogers was missing. Also Henry Rogers (a Shawnee), who had been adopted by Blackfish, but was living in another village. Henry Rogers' halfbreed children included Lewis Rogers, William Rogers, Polly Rogers, Graham Rogers."

Henry married Chelatha Blackfish. Chelatha was born about 1761.

Children from this marriage were:

129       i.  Polly Rogers (born <1782> in <Missouri>, United States - died 1848 or 1849 in Pottawatomie Mission, Kansas, (United States))

         ii.  Lewis Rogers

        iii.  William Rogers

         iv.  Graham Rogers


259. Chelatha Blackfish, daughter of Chief Black Fish and Watmeme, was born about 1761.

Chelatha married Captain Henry Rogers.124 125 Henry died about 1803. Other names for Henry were Captain Henry "Chinwa" Rogers Fish and Captain Chinwa Rogers.

288. Robert Kirk,10 128 son of Captain James Kirk 147 148 and Mary Agnes Edmiston,149 was born about 1756 in <Ballymoney>, County Antrim, North Ireland and died before 22 Mar 1843 in <Camden District>, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States.

Birth Notes: May have been born about 1764.

Research Notes: I have found only marginal evidence for James Kirk as Robert Kirk's father, and even less evidence for Mary Agnes Edmiston as his mother. If Robert's father was James Kirk, the question is which one? There were two men named James Kirk, both from Ireland, who settled in Virginia around the same time. These two men gave one or more of their sons the same names. One James Kirk immigrated to Virginia in 1773. The other may have immigrated as early as 1749 (a land transaction, followed by mention of his name is other legal contexts). Since Robert (and his brothers) was born in Northern Ireland about 1756, it appears most likely that his father (if named James Kirk) was the one who immigrated to Virginia in 1773.

He could have been a different James Kirk altogether.
---------
From Loudene Tollar 4 Sep 2009 - http://genforum.com/kirk/messages/3938.html

The South Carolina Archives have land plat and other records for a Robert Kirk and a Robert James Kirk from the last 1700s to the 1830s in Camden District, Lancaster County. Robert James Kirk record mentioned wife Eleanor in settling his estate.
-----------
From http://wespatterson.com/forum/Black/2004003/Black_2004003.pdf :

Lancaster County, SC Court Records involving BLACKs
Source: Lancaster County, South Carolina Deed Abstracts 1787-1811 by
Brent H. Holcomb, C.A.L.S., 1981

154/F/pp. 221-222: FRANKEY BLACK of Lancaster County for $40 to ALEXANDER BLACK, 30 acres, part of the plantation on which Frankey Black now lives...23 Feb. 1805 FRANKEY BLACK ( ) (Seal), Wit. Robert Kirk, Agnes Kirk.

177/G/pp. 89-90: ALEXANDER BLACK of Lancaster Dist. for $200 to James Purdy of Lancaster Ville, merchant, tract on Hannah's Creek of Gill's Creek, adj. to Adam Carnahan, Richard Cousart, Edmund Hull, ANANIAS BLACK, John Barkley, Robert Kirk, 150 acres granted to ANANIAS BLACK, and conveyed to FRANKEY BLACK, his wife, by will and from her to ALEXANDER BLACK, also a tract adj. to it, 30 acres, 4 Oct. 1807. ALEXANDER BLACK (LS) Wit. William Ross, John Richardson. Proved by William Ross, 11 Feb. 1807 before Jno. Simpson, J.Q. ISABELLA BLACK, wife of ALEXANDER BLACK, relinquished dower, 11 Oct 1807, before W. Ross, Q.U.

177/G/pp. 93-94: FANNY BLACK of Lancaster Dist., for $50 to Annecus [Ananias?] Neely of same, land on the N side Hannahs Creek, whereon I now live, 60 acres, part of 100 acres granted to ANANIAS BLACK 29 Sept 1772 adj. Robert Kirk, Edmund Hull, James Craig, Jas, Purdy...25 Jan. 1808. FANNY BLACK (X) (Seal) Wit. James McAteer, John Neely (4). Proved by John Neely, 25 Feb 1808, before Jno. Simpson, J.Q.

Noted events in his life were:

• Immigrated: from (Northern) Ireland, 1772, Charles' Town (Charleston), South Carolina, (United States). 147

• Census: 1790, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States. 150

• Census: 1800, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States.

• Census: 1810, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States.

• Census: 1830, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States. 151

Robert married <Agnes> <Montgomery> 10 about 1783 in (Lancaster), South Carolina, United States. <Agnes> was born about 1765 and died before 1840 in Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States. Another name for <Agnes> was Agness Montgomery.

The child from this marriage was:

144       i.  William Matthew Kirk Sr. (born about 1785 in South Carolina, United States - died between 1860 and 1870)


289. <Agnes> <Montgomery> 10 was born about 1765 and died before 1840 in Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States. Another name for <Agnes> was Agness Montgomery.

Research Notes: The 1830 U.S. Census lists 9 men named Montgomery in Lancaster County, South Carolina. (Alexander, James, John, Nincon, Robert D., William, Wylie).

<Agnes> married Robert Kirk 10 128 about 1783 in (Lancaster), South Carolina, United States. Robert was born about 1756 in <Ballymoney>, County Antrim, North Ireland and died before 22 Mar 1843 in <Camden District>, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States.

290. George Harvill 130 died in 1834 in Hickman, Tennessee, United States and was buried in <Harvill Cemetery, Hickman, Tennessee>, United States.

Burial Notes: Have not yet found any evidence of his gravesite. kjf

George married Mary Ann < >.131 Mary died before 19 Jun 1856.

The child from this marriage was:

145       i.  Elizabeth Harvill (born in 1813 in Hickman, Tennessee, United States - died in 1841 in Spring Garden Twp, Jefferson, Illinois, United States)


291. Mary Ann < > 131 died before 19 Jun 1856.

Mary married George Harvill.130 George died in 1834 in Hickman, Tennessee, United States and was buried in <Harvill Cemetery, Hickman, Tennessee>, United States.

300. Jochim White 10 was born about 1789 in Germany. Another name for Jochim was Jochim Witte.

Jochim married Eva Margarethe Lembke.10 Eva was born about 1793 in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, Germany.

The child from this marriage was:

150       i.  Samuel F. White (born in 1809 in Kentucky, United States)


301. Eva Margarethe Lembke 10 was born about 1793 in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, Germany.

Eva married Jochim White.10 Jochim was born about 1789 in Germany. Another name for Jochim was Jochim Witte.

302. John Lipsey 10 was born about 1785 in Virginia, United States and died about 1840 in Wayne Co., Kentucky, United States about age 55.

John married Angelletta Combs 10 on 14 Jun 1804 in Lincoln, Kentucky, United States. Angelletta was born about 1785 in Virginia, United States, died in 1850 in Hensley Twp, Johnson, Indiana, United States about age 65, and was buried in Hensley Twp, Johnson, Indiana, United States.

The child from this marriage was:

151       i.  Rebecca Jane Lipsey (born in 1816 in Kentucky, United States)


303. Angelletta Combs 10 was born about 1785 in Virginia, United States, died in 1850 in Hensley Twp, Johnson, Indiana, United States about age 65, and was buried in Hensley Twp, Johnson, Indiana, United States.

Angelletta married John Lipsey 10 on 14 Jun 1804 in Lincoln, Kentucky, United States. John was born about 1785 in Virginia, United States and died about 1840 in Wayne Co., Kentucky, United States about age 55.

308. George R. Manes,133 134 135 son of Rev. Seth I. Manes 152 153 154 155 156 and Susan Patsy Fields,157 158 159 was born about 1785 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) and died after 1860 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Other names for George were George R. Maness and George R. Manus.

Research Notes: Source:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4177
From that source:
State of Tennessee granted land (40 acres) to George on 15 Oct 1841. Bradley Co. second range west of the basis line first township, 36 section, being the south east corner of the south east quarter of said section.
1850 Census - Bradley Co. Tn
1860 Census - Searcy Co. Ar--Tomahawk Twp (Malinda with son-in-law, J.C. McNair) 2

Noted events in his life were:

• Religion: Methodist.

• Occupation: Farmer.

• Census: 1830, Rhea, Tennessee, United States.

• Census: 1850, Bradley, Tennessee, United States.

• Granted: 40 acres by State of Tennessee, 15 Oct 1851, Bradley, Tennessee, United States.

• Moved: from Tennessee to Searcy Co., Arkansas, Abt 1851.

• Census: 1860, Tomahawk Twp, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

George married Malinda B. Lawson 136 137 in 1808 in Tennessee, United States. Malinda was born about 1787 in Rhea, Tennessee, (United States) and died <May> 1864 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States about age 77. Other names for Malinda were Malinda B. Dawson, Matilda B. Lawson, and Melinda B. Lawson.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Jacob Larkin Manes (born in 1798 in (Bradley), Tennessee, United States - died in Mar 1850 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

         ii.  Pleasant Reynolds Manes (born in 1811 in (Bradley), Tennessee, United States - died in Jun 1869 in Fair Grove, Greene, Missouri, United States)

        iii.  Larkin Harry Manes (born about 1812 in <(Bradley)>, Tennessee, United States - died after 1860)

         iv.  Allison W. Manes (born in 1814 in <(Bradley)>, Tennessee, United States - died <21 Dec 1864>, buried in <Mount Olivet Cemetery, Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee>, United States)

154       v.  Rev. Clabourn Lafayette Manes (born on 20 Nov 1814 in Rhea, Tennessee, United States - died on 21 Oct 1884 in Snowball, Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

         vi.  William L. Manes (born in 1822 in Rhea, Tennessee, United States - died in 1885 in Fulton, Arkansas, United States)

        vii.  George S. Manes (born about 1831 in Tennessee, United States)

       viii.  Harriet Manes (born on 24 Aug 1832 in Rhea, Tennessee, United States - died on 5 Jun 1907 in St. Joe, Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

         ix.  John Wesley Manes (born on 15 Oct 1835 in (Bradley), Tennessee, United States - died on 2 Nov 1913 in Nevada, Vernon, Missouri, United States)

          x.  Carter Manes

         xi.  Elizabeth Manes

        xii.  Nancy Manes

       xiii.  Reuth Manes

        xiv.  Robert Manes


309. Malinda B. Lawson,136 137 daughter of Thomas Lawson, was born about 1787 in Rhea, Tennessee, (United States) and died <May> 1864 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States about age 77. Other names for Malinda were Malinda B. Dawson, Matilda B. Lawson, and Melinda B. Lawson.

Research Notes: Appears to be the same woman who was the 4th wife of Jacob Wilson Manes (ancestry.com).

Source:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4178
"I've seen her name as DAWSON and LAWSON"

Noted events in her life were:

• Residence: 1860, Tomahawk Twp, Searcy, Arkansas, United States.

Malinda married George R. Manes 133 134 135 in 1808 in Tennessee, United States. George was born about 1785 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) and died after 1860 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Other names for George were George R. Maness and George R. Manus.

316. John Plemons,139 140 161 son of John Plemons 139 161 and Elizabeth Jane Prichard,162 was born in 1772 in Morgan, Burke, North Carolina, (United States)163 and died in 1865 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States at age 93.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Virginia.

Research Notes: From RootsWeb http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I133 :
"John and Cecilia moved from N.C. to Gilmer Co. GA about 1837. In April 1795 John Plemons and his wife were made administrators of the estate of William Hailey,"deceased." In Oct. of 1795 Thomas Plemons was appointed guardian of Robert Hailey, minor son of William Hailey.Thomas is probably the brother of John and Robert is probably the brother of Cealy. This was in Burk County, N.C."
-------------
The "5-Branches" newsletter from December 15, 2004, contains an article called "Migration of the Plemons/Plemmons Family" by Janet Webb. The article, though a bit difficult to follow, may indicate that Thomas Plemin, who lived in Rowan Co., North Carolina in the late 1750's, may have been the father of 3 sons named Thomas, Peter and John Plemons. Thomas, Peter and John lived in the Morganton District of Burke County, NC in 1790, at the same time as men named Hailey. Apparently, John was the father of this John Plemons, who married Cecelia Hailey.

Rootsweb http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1873052&id=I104801948 appears to bear this out.

Noted events in his life were:

• Moved: from North Carolina to Gilmer County, Georgia, Abt 1839.

• Census: 1840, Gilmer, Georgia, United States. 163

• Census: 20 Jul 1860, Gilmer, Georgia, United States.

John married Cecelia Hailey 142 143 in 1791 in Burke, North Carolina, United States. Cecelia was born about 1772 in Virginia, (United States) and died on 28 Sep 1851 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States about age 79. Another name for Cecelia was Cecilia Hailey.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  James Plemons (born in 1793 in Burke, North Carolina, United States - died in 1849 in Habersham, Georgia, United States)

         ii.  James Plemons (born about 1796 in Morgan District, Burke Co., North Carolina, United States - died in 1849 in Habersham, Georgia, United States)

        iii.  John Plemons Jr. (born in 1806 in Buncomb, North Carolina, United States - died before 1850 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States)

         iv.  Ann Plemons (born about 1793 in Burke Co., North Carolina, United States - died in 1861)

          v.  Mary Plemons (born about 1795 in Burke, North Carolina, United States - died in 1862)

         vi.  Nancy Plemons (born about 1797 in Burke Co., North Carolina, United States - died in 1860)

158     vii.  Thomas Plemons (born about 1799 in Buncomb, North Carolina, United States - died in 1870 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States)

       viii.  Henry C. Plemons (born about 1802 in Burke, North Carolina, United States - died in 1892 in Texas, United States)

         ix.  Samuel Jackson Plemons (born in 1810 in <Burke>, North Carolina, United States - died after 1880 in <Gilmer>, Georgia, United States)

          x.  William H. Plemons (born on 25 Jun 1816 in <Burke, North Carolina>, United States - died on 17 Nov 1874 in Mountaintown, Gilmer, Georgia, United States)


317. Cecelia Hailey,142 143 daughter of William Hailey, was born about 1772 in Virginia, (United States) and died on 28 Sep 1851 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States about age 79. Another name for Cecelia was Cecilia Hailey.

Noted events in her life were:

• Census: 1850, Gilmer, Georgia, United States.

Cecelia married John Plemons 139 140 161 in 1791 in Burke, North Carolina, United States. John was born in 1772 in Morgan, Burke, North Carolina, (United States)163 and died in 1865 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States at age 93.

384. Joseph D. Underwood,145 son of Nathan Underwood 166 and Elizabeth Anderson,167 was born in 1744 in Culpepper, Madison, Virginia, (United States) and died on 25 Nov 1822 in Elbert, Georgia, United States at age 78.

Joseph married Winifred Henderson 146 about 1779 in North Carolina, United States. Winifred was born about 1759 in North Carolina, (United States) and died in 1828 in Georgia, United States about age 69.

The child from this marriage was:

192       i.  Aaron Underwood (born in 1785 in North Carolina, United States - died about 1865 in Holmes, Florida, United States)


385. Winifred Henderson 146 was born about 1759 in North Carolina, (United States) and died in 1828 in Georgia, United States about age 69.

Winifred married Joseph D. Underwood 145 about 1779 in North Carolina, United States. Joseph was born in 1744 in Culpepper, Madison, Virginia, (United States) and died on 25 Nov 1822 in Elbert, Georgia, United States at age 78.

424. Joseph Watford,17 son of John Watford, was born on 19 Jan 1742 and died on 26 Jul 1845 at age 103.

Joseph married someone.

His child was:

212       i.  John Watford (born about 1774 in Pitt, (North) Carolina, (United States))


432. Nathiel Merritt,17 son of Robert Merritt 17 and Elizabeth,17 was born before 1755 in Sampson, (North) Carolina, (United States) and died in Aug 1819 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States.

Nathiel married someone.

His child was:

216       i.  Gabriel Merritt (born on 23 Jan 1782 - died in Aug 1831 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States)


440. John B. Baxley,15 son of John <Baxley> 15 and Mary Sprouel,15 was born on 25 Sep 1769 in Jerusalem Mills, Harford, Maryland, (United States).

John married Mary Stevenson.15 Mary was born about 1768 and died on 20 Nov 1812 in South Carolina, United States about age 44.

The child from this marriage was:

220       i.  John B. Boxley (born about 1795 in South Carolina, United States - died on 24 Dec 1870 in Dale, Alabama, United States)


441. Mary Stevenson 15 was born about 1768 and died on 20 Nov 1812 in South Carolina, United States about age 44.

Mary married John B. Baxley.15 John was born on 25 Sep 1769 in Jerusalem Mills, Harford, Maryland, (United States).

previous  Tenth Generation  Next




518. Chief Black Fish was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. Other names for Black were Chief Blackfish, Chiungulla "Black Fish," Cot-ta-wa-ma-go, Mkah-day-way-may-qua, Chinugalla Blackfish, and Pah-e-a-ta-hea-se-ka Chinugalla.
(Duplicate. See Below)

519. Watmeme was born in 1730 and died in 1797 in Missouri, (United States) at age 67.
(Duplicate. See Below)

576. Captain James Kirk 147 148 was born about 1720 in Ballymoney, County Antrim, (Northern) Ireland and died on 9 May 1783 in Fairfax, Augusta, Virginia, United States about age 63.

Research Notes: The more reliable of two RootsWeb sources I consulted 6/23/13 lists 5 children: Alexander, John, Robert, James Travis and Matthew. A separate RootsWeb source has only James Travis and Matthew but adds Daniel and Nancy. Actual children need verification.
--------
Around 2010 I speculated thus, but I no longer agree with myself (kjf 6/23/13):
James Kirk (possibly the father of "our" Robert, and possibly also of John, Alexander and Matthew) may have never come to America, dying in Northern Ireland. His son James, Jr. may have remained in Ireland as well.

------------
From http://www.telegraph-office.com/McEwen_family_history/John_Kirk_1751-1822-mirror_of_history.pdf :

John Kirk was born in County Antrim, Ireland in 1751. He was of Scottish descent.iv

Kirk is the Scottish word for church.v We inherited the word 'kirkja' from the Vikings, who plundered Scotland for centuries, finally leaving the northern most islands of Scotland in the 15th
century. Generally, anyone named Kirk in Scotland or northern England took the name because they lived by a church.

Antrim is in the present Northern Ireland. In John Kirk's time, Northern Ireland's population was principally Scottish settlers who had left Scotland looking for the freedom to practice their
Presbyterian religion and a better economic climate.

John was the son of James Kirk born about 1730 in Ireland. His mother's name is unknown.

John Kirk came to America in 1772. Younger brothers Matthew and Robert came with him.

Matthew was just 12 at the time. Their father James and a brother, also named James, remained in Ireland.vi The most careful genealogists have not been able to find a record of John's mother.

It seems strange that James Kirk would send or permit his three young boys to journey to America by themselves. Perhaps they knew someone here. Or perhaps conditions were so bad in Northern Ireland that the father wanted his sons to have a better life in spite of the hardships they would encounter.

The same conditions that forced the Scottish settlers to flee Scotland emerged in Northern Ireland, causing mass migrations of the Scots-Irish to colonial America.

John Kirk and his brothers came to Charles' Town (Charleston) South Carolina, probably with Protestant settlers brought by Rev. Wm. Martin on five ships. They settled near the current town
of Lancaster, SC.

It is told that the ship left Larne, Ireland in August, but the passengers on John's ship, possibly the "Lord Dunluce" or the "James and Mary", were not allowed to leave the ship until December because of a smallpox outbreak while in transit.

There is a record of a land grant to John Kirk from the South Carolina Colonial Council in Charles' Town. He was the only one of the brothers old enough to own land.

John married Eleanor Montgomery, daughter of Hugh Montgomery and Jane Cunningham. Their children were born in South Carolina.

John Kirk served in the American Revolution under General Thomas Sumter and was wounded.

Noted events in his life were:

• Arrival in America: 1778.

James married Mary Agnes Edmiston 149 in 1750 in Antrim, (Northern) Ireland. Mary was born in 1733 in Antrim, (Northern) Ireland and died in 1774 in Fairfax Co., Virginia, (United States) at age 41.

Marriage Notes: May have been married in Fairfax, Augusta, Virginia.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Alexander Kirk (born in 1747 - died in 1849)

         ii.  John Kirk (born in 1751 in <Ballymoney>, County Antrim, (Northern) Ireland - died on 15 Oct 1822 in Murfreesboro, Rutherford Tennessee, United States)

288     iii.  Robert Kirk (born about 1756 in <Ballymoney>, County Antrim, North Ireland - died before 22 Mar 1843 in <Camden District>, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States)

         iv.  James Travis Kirk (born on 23 Mar 1759 in Stafford, Virginia, (United States) - died on 21 Jan 1857 in Lebanon, Marion, Kentucky, United States)

          v.  Matthew Kirk (born about 1760 in <Ballymoney>, County Antrim, (Northern) Ireland - died on 2 Jun 1839 in Lancaster Co., South Carolina, United States)

         vi.  James Kirk <Jr.> (born about 1770 in Virginia, (United States) - died about 1827 in Daviess, Kentucky, United States)

        vii.  Daniel Kirk (born about 1771 in Virginia, (United States) - died after 1850, buried in Farmer's field, Lebanon, Marion, Kentucky, United States)

       viii.  Nancy Kirk


577. Mary Agnes Edmiston 149 was born in 1733 in Antrim, (Northern) Ireland and died in 1774 in Fairfax Co., Virginia, (United States) at age 41.

Mary married Captain James Kirk 147 148 in 1750 in Antrim, (Northern) Ireland. James was born about 1720 in Ballymoney, County Antrim, (Northern) Ireland and died on 9 May 1783 in Fairfax, Augusta, Virginia, United States about age 63.

616. Rev. Seth I. Manes,152 153 154 155 156 son of William Jacob Maness II 168 169 170 171 and Keziah Brooks,172 173 was born on 6 Feb 1762 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States) and died in 1852 in <Rogersville>, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States at age 90. Another name for Seth was Rev. Seth I. Manus.

Death Notes: Died near Rogersville. Year may have been 1853

Research Notes: Said to be a stepchild, probably of the mother, making him the son of a first of two wives (or common-law wives). Have not yet found solid information on Billy Manes' wife or wives.
-----------
There is a town called Manes in Wright County, Missouri, named after Seth.
From Wikipedia - Manes, Missouri :

Manes (pronounced M is an unincorporated community in Wright County , Missouri , United States , about 12 miles northeast of Hartville . Located on Route 95 , several houses are located here, and at one time the town had a post office (ZIP code 65703), though mail is now served by Mountain Grove .

Manes takes its name from a Baptist minister of Richland, Missouri by the name of Seth Manes. A missionary church was established in Manes in 1893 and in 1894 the first church was built in Manes. This building was used until 1925 when the current Baptist church building was erected.

Manes was a considerable trade center in the early part of the 20th century, boasting at least 3 stores, a bank, a post office, hotel, and eating establishments until automobiles and better highways made travel to larger towns more accessible.

-----

From
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4179 :

Was in Revolutionary War--1 Sep 1780-in Cp. Williams Co.,
Colonel Caswell's NC Regt. Was in skirmish at Baties Bridge and
Battle of Lindley's Hill. Married Patsy Fields--probably in NC.
Seth, Patsy, & family moved to Moore Co, NC 1762-1780. Moved to
Hawkins Co. TN & settled in mountains there around 1782-83.
"History of Laclede,Camden, Dallas, Webster, Wright, Texas,
Pulaski, Phelps and Dent Counties, MO" says he was Welch; Rev.
War; d Hawkins Co. TN.

Note: Census Hawkins Co.TN.

Noted events in his life were:

• Baptist Minister: Richland, Missouri, United States.

• Census: 1840, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States.

Seth married Susan Patsy Fields 157 158 159 about 1780 in Knoxville, Hawkins (Knox), Tennessee, United States. Susan was born about 1763 in North Carolina, (United States), died about 1853 in Hawkins, Tennessee, United States about age 90, and was buried in Rogersville, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States. Another name for Susan was Patsy Fields.

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Jacob Wilson Manes (born in 1780 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died on 5 Jan 1853 in Mountain Grove, Texas, Missouri, United States)

         ii.  Joseph Jacob Manes (born in 1781 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died about 1840)

        iii.  William Manes (born in Feb 1782 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died on 12 Jun 1842 in Hawkins, Tennessee, United States)

308      iv.  George R. Manes (born about 1785 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died after 1860 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States)

          v.  Jesse Manes (born in 1790 in Hawkins, Tennessee, (United States) - died on 25 May 1846 in Hawkins, Tennessee, United States)

         vi.  Elizabeth Manes (born in 1794 in Hawkins, Tennessee, (United States) - died on 13 Nov 1859 in Carter, Kentucky, United States)

        vii.  John B. Manes (born in 1795 in Hawkins, Tennessee, (United States) - died in Jun 1856 in Chestnut Ridge, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States)

       viii.  James Manes (born about 1796 in Hawkins, Tennessee, United States - died about 1809 in Tennessee, United States)

         ix.  Tempe Manes (born in 1800 in Hawkins, Tennessee, United States - died in Searcy, Arkansas, United States)


617. Susan Patsy Fields 157 158 159 was born about 1763 in North Carolina, (United States), died about 1853 in Hawkins, Tennessee, United States about age 90, and was buried in Rogersville, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States. Another name for Susan was Patsy Fields.

Burial Notes: Buried at "old home place" north of Rogersville.

Research Notes: From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4180 :
Info from Barbara Couser, Buried on old home place, north of
Rogersville, Hawkins Co. Tn.--near Cinch Mountain. 1

Susan married Rev. Seth I. Manes 152 153 154 155 156 about 1780 in Knoxville, Hawkins (Knox), Tennessee, United States. Seth was born on 6 Feb 1762 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States) and died in 1852 in <Rogersville>, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States at age 90. Another name for Seth was Rev. Seth I. Manus.

618. Thomas Lawson 160 was born about 1760.

Thomas married someone.

His child was:

309       i.  Malinda B. Lawson (born about 1787 in Rhea, Tennessee, (United States) - died <May> 1864 in Searcy, Arkansas, United States)


632. John Plemons,139 161 son of Thomas Plemin 174 175 and Polly < >,174 was born in 1750 and died in 1815 in <Virginia>, United States at age 65.

Noted events in his life were:

• Residence: 1790, Burke Co., North Carolina, United States.

• Residence: 1805, Buncombe Co., North Carolina, United States.

John married Elizabeth Jane Prichard 162 about 1771 in Rowan, North Carolina, United States. Elizabeth was born in 1759 in Virginia, (United States) and died in 1862 in Buncombe Co., North Carolina, United States at age 103.

Children from this marriage were:

316       i.  John Plemons (born in 1772 in Morgan, Burke, North Carolina, (United States) - died in 1865 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States)

         ii.  Lara Elizabeth Plemons (born on 5 Sep 1778 in Lincoln, North Carolina, United States - died on 5 Jan 1829 in Columbus, (Colorado), Texas, United States)

        iii.  Rachel Plemons (born about 1783 in Burke Co., North Carolina, United States - died about 1860)

         iv.  Peter Plemons (born in 1788 in Burke Co., North Carolina, United States - died in Sep 1877 in Madison, North Carolina, United States)

          v.  Thomas Plemons (born in 1789 in Burke Co., North Carolina, United States - died in 1848 in <Monroe, Tennessee>, United States)

         vi.  Jeremiah M. Plemons (born about 1790 in Morganton, Burke, North Carolina, United States - died in 1849 in Morgan Co., Alabama, United States)

        vii.  Susan P. Plemons (born about 1804 in Leicester, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States - died in 1865)

       viii.  James Plemons


633. Elizabeth Jane Prichard 162 was born in 1759 in Virginia, (United States) and died in 1862 in Buncombe Co., North Carolina, United States at age 103.

Elizabeth married John Plemons 139 161 about 1771 in Rowan, North Carolina, United States. John was born in 1750 and died in 1815 in <Virginia>, United States at age 65.

634. William Hailey 165 was born about 1733 in Virginia, (United States) and died in 1795 in Burke, North Carolina, United States about age 62.

Research Notes: According to http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I133, "In April 1795 John Plemons and his wife were made administrators of the estate of William Hailey,'deceased.' In Oct. of 1795 Thomas Plemons was appointed gaurdian of Robert Hailey, minor son of William Hailey.Thomas is probably the brother of John and Robert is probably the brother of Cealy. This was in Burk County, N.C."

William was probably Cecilia's father.

William married someone.

His children were:

317       i.  Cecelia Hailey (born about 1772 in Virginia, (United States) - died on 28 Sep 1851 in Gilmer, Georgia, United States)

         ii.  Robert Hailey (born about 1777)


768. Nathan Underwood 166 was born on 9 Jan 1707 in Middlesex, Virginia, (United States) and died on 9 Aug 1802 in Madison, Virginia, United States at age 95.

Nathan married Elizabeth Anderson 167 about 1739 in Middlsex, Virginia, (United States). Elizabeth was born in 1718 in Middlesex, Virginia, (United States).

The child from this marriage was:

384       i.  Joseph D. Underwood (born in 1744 in Culpepper, Madison, Virginia, (United States) - died on 25 Nov 1822 in Elbert, Georgia, United States)


769. Elizabeth Anderson 167 was born in 1718 in Middlesex, Virginia, (United States).

Elizabeth married Nathan Underwood 166 about 1739 in Middlsex, Virginia, (United States). Nathan was born on 9 Jan 1707 in Middlesex, Virginia, (United States) and died on 9 Aug 1802 in Madison, Virginia, United States at age 95.

848. John Watford,17 son of Elinor Weston, was born in 1723 in Bertie Precinct, (North) Carolina, (United States).

John married someone.

His child was:

424       i.  Joseph Watford (born on 19 Jan 1742 - died on 26 Jul 1845)


864. Robert Merritt,17 son of Charles Merritt Jr., was born in 1725 in Sampson, (North) Carolina, (United States) and died in 1804 in Duplin, North Carolina, United States at age 79.

Research Notes: He was a captain in the Revolutionary War.

Robert married Elizabeth.17 Elizabeth was born in 1727 in (North) Carolina, (United States).

The child from this marriage was:

432       i.  Nathiel Merritt (born before 1755 in Sampson, (North) Carolina, (United States) - died in Aug 1819 in Sampson, North Carolina, United States)


865. Elizabeth 17 was born in 1727 in (North) Carolina, (United States).

Elizabeth married Robert Merritt.17 Robert was born in 1725 in Sampson, (North) Carolina, (United States) and died in 1804 in Duplin, North Carolina, United States at age 79.

880. John <Baxley>,15 son of John Bailey 15 and Mary Wood,15 was born on 15 Jul 1743 in Bladen, (North) Carolina, (United States) and died on 2 Dec 1743 in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware, (United States).

John married Mary Sprouel.15 Mary was born in 1741 in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware, (United States) and died on 4 Aug 1804 in Baltimore, Maryland, United States at age 63.

The child from this marriage was:

440       i.  John B. Baxley (born on 25 Sep 1769 in Jerusalem Mills, Harford, Maryland, (United States))


881. Mary Sprouel 15 was born in 1741 in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware, (United States) and died on 4 Aug 1804 in Baltimore, Maryland, United States at age 63.

Mary married John <Baxley>.15 John was born on 15 Jul 1743 in Bladen, (North) Carolina, (United States) and died on 2 Dec 1743 in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware, (United States).

previous  11th Generation  Next




1232. William Jacob Maness II,168 169 170 171 son of William Jacob Maness 176 177 178 179 180 and < >,181 was born in 1738 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, died in 1832 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States at age 94, and was buried in Maness Family Cemetery, Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, United States.182 Other names for William were Billy Manes, William Jacob Manes II, William Manis, and William Manus Jr.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland or in Kildonan, Highland, Scotland.
Other sources have Pennsylvania or Bedfored County, Virginia. Hwever, either of these is unlinkely since he is recorded as emigrating on the shop "Hope's End" between 1747 and 1749.

A William Nathan Maness was born in Pennsylvania about 1738 (info from Sons of the American Revolution application).

Burial Notes: The Maness Family Cemetery is near Pleasant Hill Church, Moore County, North Carolina, north of Robbins off the Robbins-High Falls Road.

Research Notes: Served in the Revolutionary War on the side of the Americans.

From Ancestry of Paul Bailey Maness (author Dennis Manness) - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6515 :

He "migrated to NC about 1765 by wagon train, which stopped at the site of Smyrna Methodist Church north of Robbinson Grassy Creek. He settled near Bear Creek, in what was then Cumberland County, and owned 200 acres of land near Carter's Mill- April 27th, 1767. By May 4th, 1769 owned another 100 acres in what is now Robbins. He later bought more land, owning a total of about 600 acres. His occupation was = Farmer. He enlisted on July 28, 1775 as a private, First Battallion of the North Carolina Line( Col. Thomas Clark's Battallion), part of the Continental Army. This was a dangerous move , as most of the populationof Moore County were Scots, who were loyal to the British King.He was one of only about a half dozen local men who volunteered to fight for the American cause. He appears to have fought in northern campaigns and in the guerilla fighting that continued until 1783. Military records show his last pay period to include Feb. 1, 1785, which would indicate that he was one of the few men who stayed on "in readiness" as a peacekeeper. The 1790 Census shows him to have six sons and seven or eight daughters. Some of these children may have been adopted or the children of other family members. After the war, William served as Township Constable. He died in 1832 at the age of 94, and is buried north of Robbins off the Robbins-High Falls Rd. in the Maness Family Cemetary near Pleasant Hill Church (Moore County, NC)" Source: James Peterson.

"... I will tell you that the senior William MANESS first appeared in the Moore County area comes from ABSTRACTS OF MINUTES OF THE COURT OF PLEAS AND QUARTER SESSIONS OF CUMBERLAND CO., NC, Oct. 1755-Jan. 1779. On page 175, "May 21, 1765, Wm. MANUS (sic) is appointed constable in Capt. Cheney's District." This William is believed to have been William Jr. Also on the only surviving Tax List for Cumberland County for the period 1754-1776 is for the year 1767. On this list appeared William MINUS (Maness) and William MINUS Jr. We also find another mention of a William MANESS, Sr. was in a Land Grant from the Governor of NC in the year 1772. 100 acres of land was granted to Simeon Hart on Bear Creek in Moore County, adjoining the 100 acres grant to William MANESS..etc. A later 1783 tax list for Cumberland County, also contains a William MINUS Sr. William MINUS Jr. Wm Maness did not leave a will, but his administration of his estate was granted to Wm. MANIS (sic). Assumed to be Wm. Jr. a Geo. Glascock was his security, in the amt. of 50 pounds. These two Maness' came from Pensylvania to NC in the mid 1760's." Source: Juanita Kesler

"*Oath prescribed by Act of Assembly passed at Newbern, May 10th 1777, entitled an Act for the Security of the State. *The Highlander's Oath: I, do swear and as I shall answer to God at the great day of Judgment, I have not, nor shall have in my possession any gun, pistol or arm whatsoever, and never use tartan plaid of any other part of the Highland garb; and if I do so may I be cursed in my undertakings, family and property; may I never see my wife and children, father, mother, or relation; may I be killed in battle as a coward and lie without Christian burial, in a strange land, far from the graves of my forefathers and kindred. May all this come across me if I break my oath. 1778 - The following were listed as signing the Oath of Allegiance to the State: George Eason, Robert Gilles, Gilbert Eccles, George Meek, Adam Stewart and Charles Leitch. 1778 - The following took the Oath in July Court: James Burnside, Archibald Simson, Sion Horn, Duncan Buie, Alex. Spiers, John White, Phillip Raiford and Arch. Henry. 1779 - The following took the Oath in January Court: James Emmet, Cornelious Lofton, George McKay and Daniel Monroe. 1779? - The following took the Oath in July Court: Silvanus Wilson, Philemon Hodges, William Thomson, Thomas Kees, William Lee, Bartholomew Dunn, William Dunn, William Manus, John McIntire, Samuel Campbell, Duncan McNeill, James Cooper, Jacob Matthews and Arch. Curry. At April Court [year?] Angus McDugal took the Oath." Source: Bill Mele

"During the Revolution he served with Col. Thomas Clark's 1st NC Battalion, having enlisted 7/28/1773. Records show that he served through most, or all, of the Revolution. Army accounts indicate that he was paid 9/1/1784 and 1785." Source: Charles "Ken" Maness
------------
From findagrave.com -

Maness Cemetery
Also buried:
Garner Maness 1806-1863
Katie Maness 1814-1890
Issac Maness 1810-1841
Betsy Maness 1812-1875
Emma Maness 1846-1895
Henry Maness 1828-1830
Noah Maness 1860-1861

Noted events in his life were:

• Emigrated: from Scotland to Pennsylvania, Between 1747 and 1749.

• Residence: 1749, Pennsylvania, (United States).

• Occupation: Farmer.

• Moved: Abt 1755, North Carolina, (United States).

• Residence: 1759, Hemp, Cumberland (Robbins, Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Moved: to Bear Creek in Cumberland County, North Carolina, Abt 1765.

• Land: 200 acres near Carter's Mill, Cumberland County, North Carolina, 27 Apr 1767.

• Land: 100 acres in what is now the town of Robbins, North Carolina, 4 May 1769, Cumberland, (Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Land grant: to Simeon Hart of 100 acres adjoining land of William Maness, 1772, Bear Creek, Cumberland [Moore], North Carolina, (United States).

• Enlisted: as a private in the Continental Army, 28 Jul 1775, Cumberland, (Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Served: n the Continental Army during and after the Revolutionary War, 28 Jul 1775-1 Feb 1785.

• Constable: of Township, Abt 1783.

• Tax List: 1783, Wake (Moore), North Carolina, United States.

• Census: 1790.

• Land: additional 100 acres, 15 Dec 1802.

William married Keziah Brooks.172 173 Keziah was born about 1740 in Moore, North Carolina, (United States), died in 1832 in Moore, North Carolina, United States about age 92, and was buried in Maness Family Cemetery, Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, United States.

Children from this marriage were:

616       i.  Rev. Seth I. Manes (born on 6 Feb 1762 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States) - died in 1852 in <Rogersville>, Hawkins, Tennessee, United States)

         ii.  Susannah Maness (born in 1766 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

        iii.  Shadrach Maness (born in 1770 in Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, (United States) - died on 27 Oct 1858 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

         iv.  Meschach Maness (born in 1770 in Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, (United States) - died after 1840 in Alabama, United States)

          v.  Abednego Maness (born in 1770 in Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, (United States) - died in McNairy, Tennessee, United States)

         vi.  Celia Manes (born in 1773 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died in 1850 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

        vii.  Sarah Manes (born on 10 Apr 1780 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States - died on 14 Sep 1849 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

       viii.  William Nathan Maness (born on 20 Aug 1782 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States - died by 1860 in McNairy, Tennessee, United States)

         ix.  James Manes (born about 1784 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States - died before 1840 in Sevier, Tennessee, United States)

          x.  Judith Manes (born in 1797 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States - died in 1880 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

         xi.  Daniel Maness (born about 1763 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) - died in 1850 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

        xii.  Ambrose Manes


1233. Keziah Brooks 172 173 was born about 1740 in Moore, North Carolina, (United States), died in 1832 in Moore, North Carolina, United States about age 92, and was buried in Maness Family Cemetery, Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, United States.

Research Notes: May have been second wife of "Billy" Manes. Neither Lydia nor Keziah is mentioned in most sources ("unknown").

Keziah married William Jacob Maness II.168 169 170 171 William was born in 1738 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, died in 1832 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States at age 94, and was buried in Maness Family Cemetery, Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, United States.182 Other names for William were Billy Manes, William Jacob Manes II, William Manis, and William Manus Jr.

1264. Thomas Plemin 174 175 was born about 1728 and died about 1785 in <Rowan>, North Carolina, United States about age 57.

Noted events in his life were:

• Residence: Abt 1756, Rowan, North Carolina, United States.

Thomas married Polly < >.174

Children from this marriage were:

632       i.  John Plemons (born in 1750 - died in 1815 in <Virginia>, United States)

         ii.  Peter Plemons (born in 1755 in Augusta Co., Virginia, (United States) - died in Jan 1838 in Leicester, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States)

        iii.  Thomas Plemons (born in 1760 in Rowan, North Carolina, United States - died in 1851 in Grape Creek, Cherokee, North Carolina, United States)

         iv.  Mary Plemons (born in 1765 in Rowan, North Carolina, United States - died in 1819 in Buncombe, Buncombe, North Carolina, United States)


1265. Polly < > .174

Polly married Thomas Plemin.174 175 Thomas was born about 1728 and died about 1785 in <Rowan>, North Carolina, United States about age 57.

1697. Elinor Weston 17 was born in 1680 in Lower Norfolk, Virginia, (United States).

Elinor married someone.

Her child was:

848       i.  John Watford (born in 1723 in Bertie Precinct, (North) Carolina, (United States))


1728. Charles Merritt Jr.,17 son of Charles Merritt 17 and Eleanor Evans,17 was born about 1688 in Edgecomb, (North) Carolina, (United States).

Charles married someone.

His child was:

864       i.  Robert Merritt (born in 1725 in Sampson, (North) Carolina, (United States) - died in 1804 in Duplin, North Carolina, United States)


1760. John Bailey 15 was born in 1714 in Bowes, Yorkshire, England.

John married Mary Wood.15 Mary was born in 1718 in Bowes, Yorkshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

880       i.  John <Baxley> (born on 15 Jul 1743 in Bladen, (North) Carolina, (United States) - died on 2 Dec 1743 in Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware, (United States))


1761. Mary Wood 15 was born in 1718 in Bowes, Yorkshire, England.

Mary married John Bailey.15 John was born in 1714 in Bowes, Yorkshire, England.

previous  12th Generation  Next




2464. William Jacob Maness,176 177 178 179 180 son of John Maness, was born about 1715 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland and died in 1787 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) about age 72. Other names for William were William Jacob Manes and William Manus Sr.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland or in Kildonan, Highland, Scotland.

Death Notes: May have died in Orange County, North Carolina.

Research Notes: From - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6516 (quoted by Dennis Mannes):
"William Maness, Sr. and Jr. arrived in Colonial America (Pennsyvania) shortly after the Battle of Culloden, 1745 (ca. 1747) sailing aboard the ship "Hope's End," out of Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland, though the ship's name is still in dispute. From there, they migrated to present-day Moore County, North Carolina." Source: Greg Maness

"Some of our "cousins" have argued that William Maness I could not be the son of John Maness because John is recorded as serving as J.o.P. in North Carolina in 1711 and William was born in Kildonan in 1715. Maybe . . . maybe not. However, I have always put forward the one possibilty that COULD confirm John is the father of William. It is generally held in our records (and I guess we can never confirm beyond the shadow of a doubt, but . . .) that John was born in Kildonan in 1655 . . . William in Kildonan in 1715. My contention is that John (even at an advanced age of approx. 60), being a proud member of Clan Gunn, returned to Scotland for the first Jacobite uprising in 1714/15. While there, William I was born and there are other records that indicate that William I and his father arrived together in America. It may or may not be true, but I haven't heard a better explanation of how someone living here in 1711 could have a son born in Scotland in 1715! Unfortunately, the Kildonan Parish church records burned around the time of the second Jacobite uprising (1745 -- Bonnie Prince Charlie and all that good stuff . . .) and after the Maness boys had left). We'll never know, but doesn't that make for something interesting to ponder???" Source: Greg Maness

Noted events in his life were:

• Emigrated: from Scotland to America, Abt 1747.

• Moved: by 1755, North Carolina, (United States).

• Living: 1755, Orange, North Carolina, (United States).

• Moved: Abt 1765, Cumberland, (Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Tax List: 1767, Cumberland, (Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Oath of Allegiance: to the State, Jul 1779, New Bern, Craven, North Carolina, (United States).

• Tax List: 1783, Wake (Moore), North Carolina, United States.

William married < >.181 < was born in 1718 in Orange, North Carolina, (United States).

Children from this marriage were:

          i.  Henry Maness (born in 1737 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States) - died in 1830 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

1232      ii.  William Jacob Maness II (born in 1738 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland - died in 1832 in Moore Co., North Carolina, United States)

        iii.  Ambrose Maness (born in 1740 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States))

         iv.  Arthur Maness (born in 1744 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States))

          v.  Isaac Maness (born in 1746 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States) - died <1775> in [near Erect], (Randolph), North Carolina, (United States))

         vi.  John Smith Maness (born in 1749 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States))

        vii.  Lydia Maness (born in 1752 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States))

       viii.  Nathan Maness (born in 1756 in Bedford Co., Virginia, (United States))


2465. < > 181 was born in 1718 in Orange, North Carolina, (United States).

< married William Jacob Maness.176 177 178 179 180 William was born about 1715 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland and died in 1787 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States) about age 72. Other names for William were William Jacob Manes and William Manus Sr.

3456. Charles Merritt,17 son of Thomas Marriott 15 and Mary Guye,15 was born about 1652 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) and died about 1718 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) about age 66.

Charles married Eleanor Evans.17 Eleanor was born <1656> in <Chowen, (North) Carolina, (United States)> and died about 1719 in Catawayske Meadows, Edgecombe, (North) Carolina, (United States) about age 63.

The child from this marriage was:

1728       i.  Charles Merritt Jr. (born about 1688 in Edgecomb, (North) Carolina, (United States))


3457. Eleanor Evans,17 daughter of Peter Evans, was born <1656> in <Chowen, (North) Carolina, (United States)> and died about 1719 in Catawayske Meadows, Edgecombe, (North) Carolina, (United States) about age 63.

Eleanor married Charles Merritt.17 Charles was born about 1652 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) and died about 1718 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) about age 66.

previous  13th Generation  Next




4928. John Maness 183 184 185 186 was born about 1655 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland and died on 21 Feb 1729 in Chowan (Bertie), North Carolina, (United States) about age 74. Another name for John was John Manes.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland or in Kildonan, Highland, Scotland. Website "Descendants of John Maness" has b. 1655 in Loch Catrine, near Inverness, Scotland

Research Notes: From http://genforum.genealogy.com/maness/messages/461.html - Beverly Pasternak 1 Jan 2001:
John Maness b 1655 d 21 Feb 1728 or 29 Bertie Co NC wife unk., son William Maness b 1715 Scotland d 1787 wife unknown.
Wm's son William II served in Revolution b 1738 Bedford Co VA d 1832 Moore Co NC wife unknown.
Wm II son Shadrach m. Celia Wallace

Noted events in his life were:

• Occupation: Justice of the Peace, 1711, North Carolina, (United States).

• Will: 1729, Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States).

John married someone.

His children were:

          i.  Jacob Maness (born in 1695 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) - died in <North Carolina, United States>)

         ii.  Henry Maness (born in 1700 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) - died in 1756 in Chowan (Bertie), North Carolina, (United States))

2464     iii.  William Jacob Maness (born about 1715 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland - died in 1787 in Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States))

         iv.  Ambrose Maness

          v.  Benjamin Maness


6912. Thomas Marriott,15 son of Robert Marriot 15 and Sense Hickling,15 was born in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died in 1665 in Henrico, Virginia, (United States).

Thomas married Mary Guye.15 Mary was born in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died on 25 Nov 1660 in Swans Point, Surry, Virginia, (United States).

The child from this marriage was:

3456       i.  Charles Merritt (born about 1652 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States) - died about 1718 in Chowan (Bertie), (North) Carolina, (United States))


6913. Mary Guye 15 was born in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died on 25 Nov 1660 in Swans Point, Surry, Virginia, (United States).

Mary married Thomas Marriott.15 Thomas was born in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died in 1665 in Henrico, Virginia, (United States).

6914. Peter Evans 15 was born in 1632 in (North) Carolina, (United States).

Peter married someone.

His child was:

3457       i.  Eleanor Evans (born <1656> in <Chowen, (North) Carolina, (United States)> - died about 1719 in Catawayske Meadows, Edgecombe, (North) Carolina, (United States))



previous  14th Generation




13824. Robert Marriot 15 was born in 1599 in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died in 1664 in Henrico, Virginia, (United States) at age 65.

Robert married Sense Hickling.15 Sense was born in 1603 in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died on 28 Mar 1670 in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England at age 67.

The child from this marriage was:

6912       i.  Thomas Marriott (born in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England - died in 1665 in Henrico, Virginia, (United States))


13825. Sense Hickling 15 was born in 1603 in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died on 28 Mar 1670 in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England at age 67.

Sense married Robert Marriot.15 Robert was born in 1599 in Long Clawson, Leicestershire, England and died in 1664 in Henrico, Virginia, (United States) at age 65.

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63. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:ML73-F8N : accessed 12 February 2016), Gerge R Kirk, Narcissa, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 162, sheet 3A, NA. Cit. Date: 11 Feb 2016.

64. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJMY-9DW : accessed 12 February 2016), G R Kirk, Township 3, Craig, Oklahoma, United States; citing sheet 8B, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washin. Cit. Date: 11 Feb 2016.

65. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "United States Census, 1930", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XC4M-6TJ : accessed 12 February 2016), G R Kirk, 1930. Cit. Date: 11 Feb 2016.

66. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VBK4-NY8 : accessed 12 February 2016), George R Kirk, Ottawa Township, Ottawa, Oklahoma, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 58-20, sheet. Cit. Date: 11 Feb 2016.

67. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial# 108847155. Cit. Date: 27 Sep 2016.

68. Personal Documents, Letter from Barbara L. Holman to Switzer descendents. Cit. Date: 7 Sep 2006.

69. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I59.

70. Personal Documents, Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk (Henry Switzer).

71. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I60.

72. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 70. v.

73. Personal Documents, Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk.

74. http://www.familysearch.org, https://www.familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11119-2202-74?cc=1325221. Cit. Date: 4 Sep 2011.

75. Personal Documents, Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk.

76. Personal Documents, Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk.

77. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I137. Cit. Date: 25 Aug 2001.

78. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 9012161.

79. http://www.familysearch.org, "Ancestral File v4.19," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/MCZK-ZTG : accessed 4 September 2011), entry for Henry SEITZ.

80. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I130. Cit. Date: 25 Aug 2001.

81. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 34526097. Cit. Date: 27 Sep 2016.

82. www.findagrave.com, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=underwood&GSiman=1&GScid=2251594&GRid=99422283&. Cit. Date: 9 Oct 2013.

83. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/M44X-2WQ. Cit. Date: 9 Oct 2013.

84. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MKQP-BGY. Cit. Date: 19 Oct 2013.

85. Website:, http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html.

86. Museum or other archive, Smithsonian Institution archives.

87. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kearns_family_2&id=I5812. Cit. Date: 17 Jun 2011.

88. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=Search&includedb=&lang=en&ti=&surname=zane&stype=Exact&given=Hester+A&bplace=&byear=&brange=0&dplace=&dyear=&drange=0&mplace=&myear=&mrange=0&father=&mother=&spouse=&skipdb=&period=All&submit.x=Search.

89. Cartmell, T. K, Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virgina From its Formation in 1738 to 1908 (Winchester, Va.: Eddy Press Corporation, 1909), pp. 436-437.

90. U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, Wyandot Tribal Roll 1867: List of the Wyandotte Tribe of Indians (Wyandot Nation of Kansas. Transcribed c. 1995.), Cit. Date: 11 Apr 2009. http://www.wyandot.org/1867.htm

91. Cemeteries, Huron Cemetery - Wyandotte National Burial Ground.

92. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3194409&id=I0358.

93. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.martin/2944.1/mb.ashx Mary June Power, McCarty.

94. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.oklahoma.counties.ottawa/207.1/mb.ashx. Cit. Date: 3 Apr 2002.

95. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MF6K-6DL : accessed 21 January 2016), Richard Large, Richland, Labette, Kansas, United States; citing sheet 7B, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Wash. Cit. Date: 20 Jan 2016.

96. www.findagrave.com, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9098113 Mary Jane Davidson Large.

97. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial# 95141741. Cit. Date: 27 Sep 2016.

98. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M6FQ-RV6 : accessed 21 January 2016), William Carnal, Johnson, Polk, Missouri, United States; citing enumeration district ED 111, sheet 192C, NARA mi. Cit. Date: 20 Jan 2016.

99. FamilySearch Historical Files (www.familysearch.org), "Missouri Marriages, 1750-1920," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V28T-46N : accessed 21 January 2016), Albert A. Thomas and Nancy A. Dobbs, 15 Apr 1883; citing Mcdonald,Missouri; FHL microfilm 930,075. Cit. Date: 20 Jan 2016.

100. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=sandyebauer&id=I40582.

101. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:2:SYDW-NX8 : accessed 2016-02-12), entry for Martha A. /Crook/. Cit. Date: 12 Feb 2016.

102. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 27164172&.

103. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I1264. Cit. Date: 16 Feb 2006.

104. Personal Documents, Letter from Barbara L. Holman, September 7, 2006.

105. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I1264.

106. Personal Documents, Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk.

107. Personal Documents, Family records of LeRoy Paschal Fish and Carol Jean Kirk.

108. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3195770613.

109. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 21.ix. & 70.

110. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 34693135. Cit. Date: 11 Mar 2009.

111. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 70.

112. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I3987.

113. Website:, http://www.arfamilies.info/afcemsearcymcmahan.htm.

114. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=adalittle&id=I45888. Cit. Date: 5 Aug 2010.

115. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 9010960. Cit. Date: 27 Sep 2016.

116. Website:, http://www.arfamilies.info/afcemsearcymcmahan.htm
Married May 13, 1883 Book B, page 191 Searcy County, Arkansas
.

117. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I121.

118. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1873052&id=I519748967.

119. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rainas%2Dshrader&id=I7026. Cit. Date: 23 Jun 2013.

120. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I122. Cit. Date: 25 Aug 2001.

121. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/M44X-GG8. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

122. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/M44X-GGJ. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

123. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/M44X-2W8. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

124. edited by George W. Martin, Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1907-1908, Vol. X (Topeka, 1908.), p. 402.

125. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.rogers/1099.1112/mb.ashx.

126. edited by George W. Martin, Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, 1907-1908, Vol. X (Topeka, 1908.), p. 401.

127. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.oklahoma.counties.ottawa/207.1/mb. Cit. Date: 3 Apr 2002.

128. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=allenjkirk&id=I12232.

129. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=sandyebauer&id=I47226.

130. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=sandyebauer&id=I48157.

131. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=sandyebauer&id=I48160.

132. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=sandyebauer&id=I40608.

133. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 7. iv. & 21.

134. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4177.

135. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jcrogers&id=I3625.

136. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3195710730.

137. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 21.

138. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial# 65161397. Cit. Date: 27 Sep 2016.

139. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1873052&id=I104801948.

140. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1873052&id=I111716893.

141. Webb, Janet, "Migration of the Plemons/Plemmons Family," 5-Branches Newsletter Vol. 6 No. 4 (December 2004): 4-5; Quarterly newsletter for Plemmons/Plemons families. See also www.5branches.net

142. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I309. Cit. Date: 25 Aug 2001.

143. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rainas%2Dshrader&id=I1485. Cit. Date: 23 Jun 2013.

144. Census, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cenfiles/ga/gilmer/1850/index/indx06mu.txt.

145. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/MW6Y-J37. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

146. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/M44X-T1K. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

147. Website:, http://www.telegraph-office.com/McEwen_family_history/John_Kirk_1751-1822-mirror_of_history.pdf.

148. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kbullis&id=P3273424275. Cit. Date: 23 Jun 2013.

149. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kbullis&id=P3273428356. Cit. Date: 23 Jun 2013.

150. Census, http://files.usgwarchives.org/sc/lancaster/census/1790/lanc1790.txt.

151. Census, http://files.usgwarchives.org/sc/lancaster/census/1830/lanc1830.txt.

152. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667714.

153. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4179.

154. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 4. iii & Generation 4 (7).

155. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jcrogers&id=I3621.

156. Wikipedia.org, Manes, Missouri.

157. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001.

158. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 7.

159. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cathyconn&id=I4180.

160. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3382520574.

161. Webb, Janet, "Migration of the Plemons/Plemmons Family," 5-Branches Newsletter Vol. 6 No. 4 (December 2004): 4-5.

162. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1873052&id=I104802001.

163. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rainas-shrader&id=I1479. Cit. Date: 23 Jun 2013.

164. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:af4124&id=I133.

165. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rainas%2Dshrader&id=I6748. Cit. Date: 23 Jun 2013.

166. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/MW6Y-NB1. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

167. FamilySearch Pedigree Resource File (www.familysearch.org), https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/MW6Y-N1K. Cit. Date: 15 Oct 2013.

168. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667716.

169. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3197130831.

170. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://genforum.genealogy.com/maness/messages/461.html.

171. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. v. & 4.

172. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 4.

173. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial# 115687329.

174. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1873052&id=I101842726.

175. Webb, Janet, "Migration of the Plemons/Plemmons Family," 5-Branches Newsletter Vol. 6 No. 4 (15 Dec 2004): 4-5.

176. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667717.

177. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3197139216.

178. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6516.

179. Website:, http://www.ncgenweb.us/cumberland/oath.htm.

180. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), Generation 2.

181. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243828.

182. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 17909404.

183. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667725.

184. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #104 Pin #462730.

185. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), p. 1. Cit. Date: 21 Aug 2009.

186. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi. Rec. Date: 25 Aug 2001, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6517.


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