The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Humphrey I de Bohun Lord of Bohun




Husband Humphrey I de Bohun Lord of Bohun 1

            AKA: Humphrey I "the Bearded" de Bohun
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 

Events

• Lord of Taterford:




Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Humphrey II "the Great" de Bohun Lord of Bohun 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Maud d'Evreux (      -      ) 1



Research Notes: Husband - Humphrey I de Bohun Lord of Bohun

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 80:
"Humphrey de Bohun, a kinsman and companion in arms of the Conqueror, generally known as 'Humphrey with the Beard,' was the founder of the House of Bohun in England. He does not seem to have profited much through his alleged relationship to the Conqueror, as at the General Survey he possessed only one lordship, Taterford, in Norfolk, in which he was succeeded by his son: Humphrey de Bohun [II]."


Research Notes: Child - Humphrey II "the Great" de Bohun Lord of Bohun

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 80:
"Humphrey de Bohun, who, in contradistinction to his father, or because of the wealth his wife brought him, or because of his conquest of so wealthy a lady, was surnamed the Great. He m., by command of King Stephen, Maud, only daughter of Edward d'Evereux, lord of Salisbury, or Saresbury, sheriff of Wiltshire, who owned manors in eight counties, and had: Humphrey de Bohun [III]."


Humphrey II "the Great" de Bohun Lord of Bohun and Maud d'Evreux




Husband Humphrey II "the Great" de Bohun Lord of Bohun 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Humphrey I de Bohun Lord of Bohun (      -      ) 1
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife Maud d'Evreux 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Edward d'Evreux Lord of Salisbury (      -      ) 1
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Humphrey III de Bohun Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford 1 2 3

            AKA: Humphrey "the Magnificent" de Bohun Lord of Bohun
           Born: Abt 1057
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1129
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Margaret of Hereford (      -1146) 4



Research Notes: Husband - Humphrey II "the Great" de Bohun Lord of Bohun

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 80:
"Humphrey de Bohun, who, in contradistinction to his father, or because of the wealth his wife brought him, or because of his conquest of so wealthy a lady, was surnamed the Great. He m., by command of King Stephen, Maud, only daughter of Edward d'Evereux, lord of Salisbury, or Saresbury, sheriff of Wiltshire, who owned manors in eight counties, and had: Humphrey de Bohun [III]."


Research Notes: Child - Humphrey III de Bohun Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 80:

"Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son and heir, who was steward and sewer to King Henry I. At the instigation of his father-in-law he espoused the cause of the Empress Maud and her son against King Stephen, and so faithfully maintained his allegiance that the Emress, by her especial charter, granted him the office of steward and sewer, in both Normandy and England. In 20 Henry II. he accompanied Richard de Lacie, Justiciary of England, into Scotland, with an army, to waste the country; and was one of the witnesses to the accord made by William of Scotland and Henry of England, as to the subjection of Scotland to the crown of England.

"This feudal Baron m. Margery, daughter and coheiress of Milo de Gloucester, first Earl of Hereford, lord high constable of England, whose charter was the earliest of express creation, the patent being dated in 1140, and, dying April 6, 1187, had issue: Humphrey de Bohun [IV]."


Humphrey V de Bohun 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex and Mahaut de Lusignan




Husband Humphrey V de Bohun 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex 5 6

           Born: by 1208
     Christened: 
           Died: 24 Sep 1275 - Warwickshire, England
         Buried:  - Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England


         Father: Henry de Bohun 5th Earl of Hereford (1176-1220) 7 8
         Mother: Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville (      -1236) 9


       Marriage: Abt 1236

Events

• 7th Earl of Essex: 1236.

• Constable of England:

• Sheriff of Kent:




Wife Mahaut de Lusignan 6 10

            AKA: Maud d'Eu, Maud de Lusignan
           Born: Abt 1210
     Christened: 
           Died: 14 Aug 1241
         Buried:  - Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England


         Father: Raoul I de Lusignan (Between 1160/1165-1219) 11 12
         Mother: Alice d'Eu Countess of Eu, Lady of Hastings (Abt 1191-1246) 13 14




Children
1 M Humphrey VI de Bohun 15 16

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 4 Aug 1265 - Evesham, Worcestershire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Eleanor de Braose (Abt 1228-1251) 17
           Marr: After Aug 1241 - Brecknock, Brycheiniog [Breconshire] (Brecknockshire), (Powys), Wales


2 F Alice de Bohun 6

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



3 F Maud de Bohun 6

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Humphrey V de Bohun 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28, "2nd Earl of Hereford and after div. of his mother 1236, 7th Earl of Essex, Constable of England, sheriff of Kent."

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."
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From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 - Warwickshire , 24 September 1275 ) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex , as well as Constable of England . He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Career
He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward , later to be Edward I of England .
After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land , he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

Marriage and children
He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 - 14 August 1241 , buried at Llanthony, Gloucester ), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan , Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:
Humphrey de Bohun, predeceased his father in 1265.
Alice de Bohun , married Roger V de Toeni
Maud de Bohun , married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke ; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

Death & burial
He died in 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Secunda , Gloucester .


Research Notes: Wife - Mahaut de Lusignan

First wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28 (Humphrey V de Bohun).


Death Notes: Child - Humphrey VI de Bohun

Died at the Battle of Evesham. Predeceased his father. Ancestral Roots Line 68-29 and 97-29 give d.v.p. 27 Aug. 1267. Wikipedia has 1265.


Research Notes: Child - Humphrey VI de Bohun

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-29 has d.v.p. 27 Oct. 1265
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From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."


Humphrey VI de Bohun and Eleanor de Braose




Husband Humphrey VI de Bohun 15 16

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 4 Aug 1265 - Evesham, Worcestershire, England
         Buried: 


         Father: Humphrey V de Bohun 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex (1208-1275) 5 6
         Mother: Mahaut de Lusignan (Abt 1210-1241) 6 10


       Marriage: After Aug 1241 - Brecknock, Brycheiniog [Breconshire] (Brecknockshire), (Powys), Wales



Wife Eleanor de Braose 17

           Born: Abt 1228 - Brecknock, Brycheiniog [Breconshire] (Brecknockshire), (Powys), Wales
     Christened: 
           Died: 1251
         Buried:  - Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales


         Father: William de Braose , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny (Abt 1204-1230) 18 19 20 21
         Mother: Eve Marshal (Abt 1194-Bef 1246) 19 22 23




Children
1 M Humphrey VII de Bohun 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex 24 25

           Born: Abt 1249
     Christened: 
           Died: 31 Dec 1298 - Pleshey Castle, Essex, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Maud de Fiennes (Between 1236/1259-Bef 1298) 25 26
           Marr: 17 Jul 1275


2 F Alianore de Bohun 27

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Feb 1314
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Robert de Ferrers 6th Earl of Derby (1239-1279) 28
           Marr: 26 Jun 1269



Death Notes: Husband - Humphrey VI de Bohun

Died at the Battle of Evesham. Predeceased his father. Ancestral Roots Line 68-29 and 97-29 give d.v.p. 27 Aug. 1267. Wikipedia has 1265.


Research Notes: Husband - Humphrey VI de Bohun

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-29 has d.v.p. 27 Oct. 1265
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From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."


Research Notes: Wife - Eleanor de Braose

First wife of Humphrey (VI) de Bohun. Co-heiress of William de Braose.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor de Braose :

Eleanor de Braose (c.1228- 1251) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father, who was the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , and her mother, Eva Marshal , a granddaughter of Strongbow . Her husband was Humphrey de Bohun, by whom she had three children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford .

Family
Eleanor was born in Brecknock , Breconshire , Wales in about 1228, the youngest daughter and co-heiress of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny, and Eva Marshal, both of whom owned considerable lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches and Ireland. She had three older sisters, Isabella de Braose , Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore , and Eve de Braose, wife of William de Cantelou. A manuscript which narrates the descent of the founders of Llanthony Abbey names Isabella, Matildis, Eve et Alianore as the four daughters of Willielmis de Brews quartus and his wife Evam filiam domini Willielmis Mareschalli.[1] The document clearly shows that Eleanor was the youngest of the four girls.

Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
When Eleanor was about two years old her father, known to the Welsh as Gwilym Ddu (Black William), was hanged by the orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales . Following the execution, her mother held de Braose lands and castles in her own right.

Marriage and children
On an unknown date after August 1241, at Brecknock, Breconshire, Eleanor married as his first wife,[2] Humphrey de Bohun, the son of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. The marriage took place after the death of Humphrey's mother, Maud.
Together Humphrey and Eleanor had three children:
Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford (c.1249- 31 December 1298), married Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Ingelram de Fiennes and Isabel de Conde, by whom he had issue, including Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford .

Gilbert de Bohun, married Margaret whose surname is not known and by whom he had issue. His brother granted him all of Eleanor's lands in Ireland.[3]

Alianore de Bohun (died 20 February 1314, buried Walden Abbey), on 26 June 1269 married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby , by whom she had two children.

Eleanor died in 1251 and was buried at Llanthony Priory . A manuscript names Elinor of Brewis, Ladi and heire of the land of Bricon among those buried at the priory of Llanthony.[4] Her husband married secondly Joan de Quincy, by whom he had a son, John de Bohun of Haresfield. He died on 37 October 1265.


Research Notes: Child - Humphrey VII de Bohun 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-30 has b. abt 1249, d. Pleshey, 31 Dec. 1298, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England.
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From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford:

"Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex (1249 - December 31 , 1297 ) was one of several noblemen of the same name to have held the earldom of Hereford, and a key figure in the Norman conquest of Wales .

"He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun, by Eleanor de Braose, a daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny and Eve Marshall. His mother died in 1251 ; his father died in 1265 of wounds sustained at the Battle of Evesham . He succeeded his grandfather, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford , in 1275 as Earl of Hereford and Essex and Lord High Constable .

"Humphrey de Bohun took part in Roger Mortimer 's war against the Welsh, and was present at the defeat at Cefnllys in November, 1262 , by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd . Around 1264 , he was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports .

"He also participated in the campaigns against the Gaules and Scots. He refused to pay tribute to Edward I of England and convened an army at Worcester on 24 Jun 1277. In the campaign he commanded the nobles of Marhces and recovered the land of Brecon. He was later imprisoned but freed by a ransom of 10,000 marcs.

"In 1294, Humprhey fought (again) against Edward at Gallois along with Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk and other barons. Ultimately, Humphrey regained the royal favor in Scotland on the side of Edward I, and won the victory at Falkirk on 22 July 1298. He died in Pleshley Castle, Essex on 31 December 1298 or 1 Jan 1299 and was buried with his wife at Walden Abbey in Essex, founded by Geoffrey de Mandeville "
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From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.150:

"From 1272 onwards, Bohun and Mortimer redoubled their efforts to repossess the Marcher Lordships granted to Llywelyn under the Treaty of Montgomery. In 1274, there was a dramatic addition to the ranks of the prince's enemies when his brother, Dafydd, and his chief vassal, Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn, fled to England, leaving behind them evidence of a plot to kill him."


Research Notes: Child - Alianore de Bohun

Second wife of Robert de Ferrers.


Humphrey VII de Bohun 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex and Maud de Fiennes




Husband Humphrey VII de Bohun 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex 24 25

           Born: Abt 1249
     Christened: 
           Died: 31 Dec 1298 - Pleshey Castle, Essex, England
         Buried: 


         Father: Humphrey VI de Bohun (      -Abt 1265) 15 16
         Mother: Eleanor de Braose (Abt 1228-1251) 17


       Marriage: 17 Jul 1275

Events

• Constable of England:




Wife Maud de Fiennes 25 26

            AKA: Mahaud de Fiennes
           Born: Between 1236 and 1259
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 31 Dec 1298
         Buried: 


         Father: Ingelram II de Fiennes (Abt 1210-1265) 19 29
         Mother: Isabel de Conde (Abt 1214-      ) 19 30




Children
1 M Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex 31 32




            AKA: Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford


           Born: Abt 1276 - Pleshey Castle, Essex, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 16 Mar 1322 - Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Princess of England (1282-1316) 33 34 35
           Marr: 14 Nov 1302 - Westminster Palace, London, England



Research Notes: Husband - Humphrey VII de Bohun 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-30 has b. abt 1249, d. Pleshey, 31 Dec. 1298, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England.
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From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford:

"Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex (1249 - December 31 , 1297 ) was one of several noblemen of the same name to have held the earldom of Hereford, and a key figure in the Norman conquest of Wales .

"He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun, by Eleanor de Braose, a daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny and Eve Marshall. His mother died in 1251 ; his father died in 1265 of wounds sustained at the Battle of Evesham . He succeeded his grandfather, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford , in 1275 as Earl of Hereford and Essex and Lord High Constable .

"Humphrey de Bohun took part in Roger Mortimer 's war against the Welsh, and was present at the defeat at Cefnllys in November, 1262 , by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd . Around 1264 , he was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports .

"He also participated in the campaigns against the Gaules and Scots. He refused to pay tribute to Edward I of England and convened an army at Worcester on 24 Jun 1277. In the campaign he commanded the nobles of Marhces and recovered the land of Brecon. He was later imprisoned but freed by a ransom of 10,000 marcs.

"In 1294, Humprhey fought (again) against Edward at Gallois along with Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk and other barons. Ultimately, Humphrey regained the royal favor in Scotland on the side of Edward I, and won the victory at Falkirk on 22 July 1298. He died in Pleshley Castle, Essex on 31 December 1298 or 1 Jan 1299 and was buried with his wife at Walden Abbey in Essex, founded by Geoffrey de Mandeville "
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From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.150:

"From 1272 onwards, Bohun and Mortimer redoubled their efforts to repossess the Marcher Lordships granted to Llywelyn under the Treaty of Montgomery. In 1274, there was a dramatic addition to the ranks of the prince's enemies when his brother, Dafydd, and his chief vassal, Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn, fled to England, leaving behind them evidence of a plot to kill him."


Research Notes: Wife - Maud de Fiennes

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 158C-29.

Also Wikipedia (Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)


Death Notes: Child - Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex

At the Battle of Boroughbridge, murdered in an ambush by the Welsh.


Research Notes: Child - Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex

Ancestral Roots, Line 97-31 has b. abt 1276, slain at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1321/2, 4th Earl of Hereford and Essex, Lord High Constable of England.
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From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (1276 - March 16 , 1321 /1322 ) was a member of an important Anglo-Norman family of the Welsh Marches and was one of the Ordainers who opposed Edward II 's excesses.

Family Background
Humphrey de Bohun's birth year is uncertain although several contemporary sources indicate that it was 1276. His father was Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and his mother was Maud de Fiennes , daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes . He was born at Pleshey Castle located in Essex , England.

Humphrey de Bohun VIII succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford and Earl of Essex , and Constable of England (later called Lord High Constable ). Humphrey held the title of Bearer of the Swan Badge, a heraldic device passed down in the de Bohun family. This device did not appear on their coat of arms, (az, a bend ar cotised or, between 6 lioncels or) nor their crest (gu, doubled erm, a lion gardant crowned), but it does appear on his personal seal.

Scotland
Humphrey was one of several earls and barons under Edward I who laid siege to Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland in 1300 and later took part in many campaigns in Scotland. He also loved tourneying and gained a reputation as an "elegant" fop. In one of the campaigns in Scotland Humphrey evidently grew bored and departed England for a tournament along with Piers Gaveston and other young barons and knights. On return all of them fell under Edward I's wrath for desertion, but were forgiven. It is probable that Gaveston's friend, Edward (the future Edward II) had given them permission to depart.

Later Humphrey became one of Gaveston's and Edward II's bitterest opponents. He would also have been associating with young Robert Bruce during the early campaigns in Scotland, since Bruce, like many other Scots and Border men, moved back and forth from English allegiance to Scottish. (NOTE: Robert Bruce, King Robert I of Scotland, is closely connected to de Bohun. Between the time that he swore his last fealty to Edward I in 1302 and his defection four years later, Bruce stayed for the most part in Annandale , rebuilding his castle of Lochmaben in stone, making use of its natural moat. Rebelling and taking the crown of Scotland in February, 1306, Bruce was forced to fight a war against England which went poorly for him at first, while Edward I still lived. After nearly all his family were killed or captured he had to flee to the isle of Rathlin , Ireland. His properties in England and Scotland were confiscated.)

Humphrey de Bohun received many of Robert Bruce's forfeited properties. It is unknown whether Humphrey was a long-time friend or enemy of Robert Bruce, but they were nearly the same age and the lands of the two families in Essex and Middlesex lay very close to each other. After Bruce's self-exile, de Bohun took Lochmaben and Edward I awarded him Annandale and the castle. During this period of chaos Bruce's queen, Elizabeth de Burgh , daughter of the Earl of Ulster, was captured by Edward I and taken prisoner, and Hereford and his wife Elizabeth later became her custodians. She was exchanged for Humphrey after Bannockburn in 1314. Lochmaben was from time to time retaken by the Scots but remained in the de Bohun family for many years, in the hands of Humphrey's son William, Earl of Northampton , who held and defended it until his death in 1360...

...Ordainer
Like his father, grandfather, and great-great-grandfather, this Humphrey de Bohun was careful to insist that the king obey Magna Carta , Habeas Corpus , and the other baronially-established safeguards against monarchic tyranny. He was a leader of the reform movements that promulgated the Ordinances of 1311 and fought to insure their execution.
The subsequent revival of royal authority and the ascendancy of the Despensers (Hugh the elder and younger ) led de Bohun and other barons to rebel against the king again in 1322. De Bohun had special reason for opposing the Despensers, for he had lost some of his estates in the Welsh Marches to their rapacity.

Death at Boroughbridge
The rebel forces were halted by loyalist troops at the wooden bridge at Boroughbridge , Yorkshire, where Humphrey de Bohun, leading an attempt to storm the bridge, met his death on March 16, 1322.

Although the details have been called into question by a few historians, his death may have been particularly gory. As recounted in The Greatest Traitor by Ian Mortimer, page 124:

"[The 4th Earl of] Hereford led the fight on the bridge, but he and his men were caught in the arrow fire. Then one of de Harclay's pikemen, concealed beneath the bridge, thrust upwards between the planks and skewered the Earl of Hereford through the anus, twisting the head of the iron pike into his intestines. His dying screams turned the advance into a panic."'

Humphrey de Bohun may have contributed to the failure of the reformers' aims. There is evidence that he suffered for some years, especially after his countess's death in 1316, from clinical depression. [1]

Marriage and children
His marriage to Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet), daughter of King Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile , on November 14 , 1302 , at Westminster gained him the lands of Berkshire.
Elizabeth had an unknown number of children, probably ten, by Humphrey de Bohun.

Until the earl's death the boys of the family, possibly the girls, were given a classical education under the tutelage of a Sicilian Greek, Master "Digines" (Diogenes), who may have been Humphrey de Bohun's boyhood tutor. He was evidently well-educated, a book collector and scholar, interests his son Humphrey and daughter Margaret (Courtenay) inherited.
Mary or Margaret (the first-born Margaret) and the first-born Humphrey were lost in infancy and are buried in the same sarcophagus in Westminster Abbey. Since fraternal twins were known in the Castilian royal family of Elizabeth Bohun, who gave birth to a pair who lived to manhood, Mary (Margaret?) and Humphrey, see next names, may have been twins, but that is uncertain. The name of a possible lost third child, if any, is unknown--and unlikely.

Hugh de Bohun? This name appears only in one Medieval source which gives Bohun names (see Flores Historiarum) and was a probably a copyist error for "Humphrey". It was never used by the main branch of the Bohuns in England. (Le Melletier, q.v., 16-17, 38-45, 138, in his comprehensive research into this family, cites no one named Hugh Bohun.) Date unknown, but after 1302 since she and Humphrey did not marry until late in 1302.
Humphrey de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Mary or Margaret) Infant.
Mary or Margaret de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Humphrey) Infant.

John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (About 1307 - 1336 )
Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (About 1309 to 1311 - 1361 ).
Margaret de Bohun (About 1308-1310 - 1391), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon Gave birth to about 16 to 18 children (including an Archbishop, a sea commander and pirate, and more than one Knight of the Garter) and died in her eighties.
William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (About 1310-1312 -1360 ). Twin of Edward.
Edward de Bohun (About 1310-1312 -1334 ). Twin of William. Married Margaret, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros , but they had no children. He served in his ailing elder brother's stead as Constable of England. He was close friend of young Edward III, and died a heroic death attempting to rescue a drowning man-at-arms from a Scottish river while on campaign.
Eleanor de Bohun (birth date unknown, could have been as late as 1314 or 15 - 1363 ) [2], married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth , 1st Baron Dagworth.
Eneas de Bohun, (Birth date unknown, died after 1322, when he's mentioned in his father's will). Nothing known of him. Name may reflect his father's classical education or the Earl's Welsh connections; could be either.
Isabel de Bohun (b. May ? , 1316 ). Elizabeth died in childbirth, and this child died on that day or very soon after. Buried with her mother in Waltham Abbey, Essex.


Hugh de Courtenay and Margaret de Bohun




Husband Hugh de Courtenay 19

           Born: 12 Jul 1303 - Okehampton, Devonshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 2 May 1377 - Exeter, Devonshire, England
         Buried:  - Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England


         Father: Hugh de Courtenay (1273-1340) 19
         Mother: Agnes Saint John (Abt 1275-1345) 19


       Marriage: 11 Aug 1325



Wife Margaret de Bohun 19 36

           Born: 3 Apr 1311 - Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 16 Dec 1391 - Exeter, Devonshire, England
         Buried:  - Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England


         Father: Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex (Abt 1276-1322) 31 32
         Mother: Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, Princess of England (1282-1316) 33 34 35




Children
1 F Margaret Courtenay 19

           Born: Abt 1326 - <Exeter, Devonshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 2 Aug 1385
         Buried: 2 Aug 1385 - Cobham, Kent, England
         Spouse: John de Cobham (Abt 1321-1407) 19
           Marr: Between 1332 and 1334 - Cobham, Kent, England



Research Notes: Wife - Margaret de Bohun

From Wikipedia - Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon :

Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon (3 April 1311 - 16 December 1391 ) was an English noblewoman of the fourteenth century who lived most of her life in the county of Devonshire . She was a granddaughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her eighteen children included an Archbishop of Canterbury and six knights.


Family and marriage
Lady Margaret de Bohun was born on 3 April 1311 at Caldecote, Northampton , the third daughter and sixth child of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford , Lord Constable of England and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Fiennes , and her maternal grandparents were King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile .

Margaret was left an orphan shortly before her tenth birthday. On 16 March 1321 at The Battle of Boroughbridge , her father was brutally murdered in an ambush by the Welsh. Her mother had died five years previously in childbirth.

She, along with her siblings, received a classical education under a Sicilian Greek, Master Diogenes. As a result, Margaret became a lifelong scholar, and avid book collector.

At the age of fourteen, on 11 August 1325 Lady Margaret married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (12 July 1303 - 2 May 1377 ). She had been betrothed to him since 27 September 1314 . He was the son of Hugh Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon and Agnes St.John. Part of her dowry was the manor of Powderham, near Exeter . Margaret assumed the title of 2nd Countess of Devon on 23 December 1340 .

Her eldest brother John de Bohun (23 November 1306 -20 January 1336 ) succeeded as 5th Earl of Hereford in 1326, having married Alice Fitzalan of Arundel in 1325. She had a younger brother William de Bohun (1312- 1360), who was created 1st Earl of Northampton in 1337 by King Edward III . He married Elizabeth de Badlesmere , by whom he had two children. Margaret's elder sister Lady Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304 -7 October 1363 ), married in 1327, her first husband, James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde . They were the ancestors of Anne Boleyn .

Hugh and Margaret had a total of eighteen children. More than half reached adulthood. Their notable descendants include Charles, Prince of Wales , and British Prime Minister , Sir Winston Churchill .

List of Children
Sir Hugh Courtenay KG (22 March 1327 Tiverton Castle, Devon -2 September 1349 ), married 1341 Lady Elizabeth Brian (died 23 September 1375 , daughter of Guy Brian, Lord of Tor-Brian. Together they had one son, Hugh.(Born 1343).
Sir Edward Courtenay of Godlington.(1329- 1372), married in 1356 Emmeline Dauney, by whom he had issue.
Margaret Courtenay.(1328 - 2 August 1385 ), married John Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham by whom she had issue.
Sir Thomas Courtenay (1331- before 1374)
Sir Phillip Courtenay of Powderham, Lord Deputy of Ireland . (1340 - 29 July 1406 ), married Anne Wake by whom he had issue, including Richard Courtenay, Bishop of Norwich .
Elizabeth Courtenay. (c.1333- 7 August 1395 ), married firstly, John de Vere (1335-1350); she married secondly in 1359, Sir Andrew Luttrell by whom she had issue.
Catherine Courtenay.(1335-31 December 1399. She was married three times: William Mohun , Thomas Engain , and Lord William Harrington
Joan Courtenay. (born 1337), married John Chiverton
Matilda Courtenay (born 1339)
Eleanor Courtenay
Guinora Courtenay (born 1348)
Isabel Courtenay (born 1353)
Philippa Courtenay (born 1357)
William Courtenay (1342 St. Martin's, Exeter- 31 July 1396), Archbishop of Canterbury, and previously of London (1381-1396)
John Courtenay (born 1346)
Sir Peter Courtenay, Constable of Windsor(1349 -2 February 1404 ), married Margaret Clyveden
Sir Humphrey Courtenay (born c.1355)
Anne Courtenay (born 1351), died unmarried.


Death
Margaret died on 16 December 1391 at the age of eighty. She is buried in Exeter Cathedral .



Anquetil de Harcourt Seigneur of Harcourt and Ève de Boissey




Husband Anquetil de Harcourt Seigneur of Harcourt 37 38

            AKA: Anchetile de Harcourt
           Born: 987 - Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Turchetil de Harcourt Seigneur de Turqueville (Abt 0951-After 1024) 39
         Mother: Anceline de Montfort-sur-Risle (      -      ) 40


       Marriage: 



Wife Ève de Boissey 38

            AKA: Eve de Bossey Le-Chapel, Eve de Bossey le Chapel
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Robert I "le Fort" de Harcourt Seigneur of Harcourt 38 41

           Born: 1037
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Collette d' Argouges (1039-      ) 38 42


2 M Errand de Harcourt Seigneur of Harcourt 38

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 





Hugh II de Bolebec Lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire




Husband Hugh II de Bolebec Lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire 43 44

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1165
         Buried: 


         Father: Walter I de Bolebec Baron of Styford, Northhants. (      -Abt 1142) 45
         Mother: Helewise (      -      ) 46


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Isabella de Bolebec 44 47

            AKA: Isabel de Bolebec
           Born: Abt 1165
     Christened: 
           Died: 3 Feb 1245
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Henry of Nonant Lord of Totnes, Devonshire (      -1206)
         Spouse: Robert de Vere 3rd Earl of Oxford (1164-Bef 1221) 48 49 50
           Marr: 1207



Death Notes: Husband - Hugh II de Bolebec Lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire

Wikipedia has d. abt. 1166


Research Notes: Husband - Hugh II de Bolebec Lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire

Source: Wikipedia - Isabel de Bolebec


Research Notes: Child - Isabella de Bolebec

From: Wikipedia - Isabel de Bolebec
Isabel de Bolebec, (Isabella) countess of Oxford (c. 1165 - 1245 ) was eldest daughter and co-heiress of Hugh II de Bolebec , lord of Whitchurch , Buckinghamshire , England (d. c. 1166) and a patroness of the Order of Friars Preacher (Dominicans ) in England.

She married first Henry of Nonant (Novaunt), lord of Totnes, Devonshire (d.s.p. 1206); in 1207 she petitioned the crown for the right to marry whom she wished. That same year she married her dead niece Isabel's brother-in-law, Robert de Vere , heir to the earldom of Oxford.[1] Her only known child, Hugh de Vere (later fourth earl of Oxford), was born within the next year, and Isabel became countess of Oxford when Robert inherited the earldom from his brother in 1214.

Earl Robert joined the barons whose dissatisfaction with King John of England prompted their rebellion, and the earl was one of twenty-five barons elected by the terms of Magna Carta to ensure the king's continued good behavior. That position led to his excommunication when Pope Innocent III released John from the terms of Magna Carta, and the king took Castle Hedingham , Essex, the earl's seat, in 1216.
Robert made peace with the regents of John's son, Henry III of England , in 1217 and eventually served as a judge until his death in 1222. The widowed Countess Isabel purchased the wardship of her minor son and his inheritance for 6000 marcs. They traveled together on pilgrimage 'beyond the seas' in 1237.

Countess Isabel was one of the chief benefactors of the Dominican Order in England. She assisted the friars sent to England in 1221 to find quarters in the city of Oxford , contributing to the building of their oratory there c. 1227. When the friars needed a larger priory , she and the bishop of Carlisle bought land south of Oxford and contributed most of the funds and materials needed. She was buried in the new church there.

The countess was litigious, engaging in a number of lawsuits, including one long dispute with Woburn Abbey .

Notes
^ Her niece bore the same first and surname, Isabel de Bolebec, and also married a de Vere, Robert's brother Aubrey de Vere, 2nd earl of Oxford . That has led to confusion and difficulty separating the two women. Isabel the younger had died by 1207, and her aunts Isabel and Constance were her co-heirs.


Sources
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, "Isabel de Bolebec."
Complete Peerage, "Robert De Vere, 3rd earl of Oxford", vol. X, 211-213, X:210-3
Survey of the Antiquities of the city of Oxford...by Anthony Wood (Oxford Historical Society, 1890)
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 50-29, 60-28, 246-27, 267-27
Magna Charta Sureties 1215 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Page: 120-1, 154-3
Burke's Peerage & Baronetage by John Burke, Page: 2498
Retrieved from ""


Aubrey IV de Vere 2nd Earl of Oxford and Isabel de Bolebec [the younger]




Husband Aubrey IV de Vere 2nd Earl of Oxford

           Born: Bef 1164
     Christened: 
           Died: Oct 1214
         Buried: 


         Father: Aubrey III de Vere 1st Earl of Oxford and Count of Guînes (Abt 1115-1194) 51
         Mother: Agnes of Essex (Abt 1151-Abt 1206)


       Marriage: Bef 1207



Wife Isabel de Bolebec [the younger]

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1207
         Buried: 


Children

Research Notes: Husband - Aubrey IV de Vere 2nd Earl of Oxford

Sources: Wikipedia - Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford and Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford.


Research Notes: Wife - Isabel de Bolebec [the younger]

From Wikipedia - Isabel de Bolebec:
Her niece bore the same first and surname, Isabel de Bolebec [daughter of Hugh II de Bolebec and wife of Robert de Vere], and also married a de Vere, Robert's brother Aubrey de Vere, 2nd earl of Oxford . That has led to confusion and difficulty separating the two women. Isabel the younger had died by 1207, and her aunts Isabel and Constance were her co-heirs.


Henry of Nonant Lord of Totnes, Devonshire and Isabella de Bolebec




Husband Henry of Nonant Lord of Totnes, Devonshire

            AKA: Henry of Novaunt Lord of Totnes, Devonshire
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1206
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Isabella de Bolebec 44 47

            AKA: Isabel de Bolebec
           Born: Abt 1165
     Christened: 
           Died: 3 Feb 1245
         Buried: 


         Father: Hugh II de Bolebec Lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire (      -Abt 1165) 43 44
         Mother: 



   Other Spouse: Robert de Vere 3rd Earl of Oxford (1164-Bef 1221) 48 49 50 - 1207


Children

Research Notes: Husband - Henry of Nonant Lord of Totnes, Devonshire

From Wikipedia - Isabel de Bolebec.


Research Notes: Wife - Isabella de Bolebec

From: Wikipedia - Isabel de Bolebec
Isabel de Bolebec, (Isabella) countess of Oxford (c. 1165 - 1245 ) was eldest daughter and co-heiress of Hugh II de Bolebec , lord of Whitchurch , Buckinghamshire , England (d. c. 1166) and a patroness of the Order of Friars Preacher (Dominicans ) in England.

She married first Henry of Nonant (Novaunt), lord of Totnes, Devonshire (d.s.p. 1206); in 1207 she petitioned the crown for the right to marry whom she wished. That same year she married her dead niece Isabel's brother-in-law, Robert de Vere , heir to the earldom of Oxford.[1] Her only known child, Hugh de Vere (later fourth earl of Oxford), was born within the next year, and Isabel became countess of Oxford when Robert inherited the earldom from his brother in 1214.

Earl Robert joined the barons whose dissatisfaction with King John of England prompted their rebellion, and the earl was one of twenty-five barons elected by the terms of Magna Carta to ensure the king's continued good behavior. That position led to his excommunication when Pope Innocent III released John from the terms of Magna Carta, and the king took Castle Hedingham , Essex, the earl's seat, in 1216.
Robert made peace with the regents of John's son, Henry III of England , in 1217 and eventually served as a judge until his death in 1222. The widowed Countess Isabel purchased the wardship of her minor son and his inheritance for 6000 marcs. They traveled together on pilgrimage 'beyond the seas' in 1237.

Countess Isabel was one of the chief benefactors of the Dominican Order in England. She assisted the friars sent to England in 1221 to find quarters in the city of Oxford , contributing to the building of their oratory there c. 1227. When the friars needed a larger priory , she and the bishop of Carlisle bought land south of Oxford and contributed most of the funds and materials needed. She was buried in the new church there.

The countess was litigious, engaging in a number of lawsuits, including one long dispute with Woburn Abbey .

Notes
^ Her niece bore the same first and surname, Isabel de Bolebec, and also married a de Vere, Robert's brother Aubrey de Vere, 2nd earl of Oxford . That has led to confusion and difficulty separating the two women. Isabel the younger had died by 1207, and her aunts Isabel and Constance were her co-heirs.


Sources
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, "Isabel de Bolebec."
Complete Peerage, "Robert De Vere, 3rd earl of Oxford", vol. X, 211-213, X:210-3
Survey of the Antiquities of the city of Oxford...by Anthony Wood (Oxford Historical Society, 1890)
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 50-29, 60-28, 246-27, 267-27
Magna Charta Sureties 1215 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Page: 120-1, 154-3
Burke's Peerage & Baronetage by John Burke, Page: 2498
Retrieved from ""


Sources


1. Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 80.

2. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 193-5 (Margaret of Hereford).

3. Wikipedia.org, List of nicknames of European royalty and nobility: H.

4. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 193-5.

5. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-28, 123-29 (Maud d'Eu).

6. Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

7. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-27.

8. Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), pp. 81-82.

9. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-27 (Henry de Bohun).

10. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-29, 97-28 (Humphrey de Bohun V).

11. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-38 (Alice d'Eu).

12. Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan; Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

13. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-28.

14. Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan.

15. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-29, 68-29 (Eleanor de Braose).

16. Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), p. 136.

17. Wikipedia.org, Eleanor de Braose.

18. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-8.

19. http://www.familysearch.org.

20. Website:, http://www.castlewales.com/kington.html.

21. Wikipedia.org, William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny.

22. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 66-28, 177-8 (William de Braose).

23. Wikipedia.org, Eva Marshal.

24. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-30.

25. Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.

26. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158C-29, 97-30 (Humphrey VII de Bohun).

27. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 68-30, 57-30 (Robert de Ferrers).

28. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 57-30.

29. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158C-28.

30. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158C-28 (Enguerrand II de Fiennes.

31. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-31.

32. Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.

33. Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Rhuddlan.

34. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 6-29, 97-31 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun).

35. Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 49.

36. Wikipedia.org, Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon; Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.

37. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I4092.

38. Wikipedia.org, "House of Harcourt."

39. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1994.htm.

40. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1587.htm.

41. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I3645.

42. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I3646.

43. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-26.

44. Wikipedia.org, Isabel de Bolebec.

45. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-25.

46. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-25 (Walter I de Bolebec).

47. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-27, 60-28 (Hawise de Quincy).

48. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-27, 60-28 (Hawise de Quincy).

49. Wikipedia.org, Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford.

50. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871756.

51. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872200.


Sources


1 Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 80.

2 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 193-5 (Margaret of Hereford).

3 Wikipedia.org, List of nicknames of European royalty and nobility: H.

4 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 193-5.

5 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-28, 123-29 (Maud d'Eu).

6 Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-27.

8 Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), pp. 81-82.

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-27 (Henry de Bohun).

10 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-29, 97-28 (Humphrey de Bohun V).

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-38 (Alice d'Eu).

12 Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan; Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

13 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-28.

14 Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan.

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-29, 68-29 (Eleanor de Braose).

16 Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), p. 136.

17 Wikipedia.org, Eleanor de Braose.

18 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-8.

19 http://www.familysearch.org.

20 Website:, http://www.castlewales.com/kington.html.

21 Wikipedia.org, William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny.

22 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 66-28, 177-8 (William de Braose).

23 Wikipedia.org, Eva Marshal.

24 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-30.

25 Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.

26 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158C-29, 97-30 (Humphrey VII de Bohun).

27 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 68-30, 57-30 (Robert de Ferrers).

28 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 57-30.

29 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158C-28.

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158C-28 (Enguerrand II de Fiennes.

31 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-31.

32 Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.

33 Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Rhuddlan.

34 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 6-29, 97-31 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun).

35 Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 49.

36 Wikipedia.org, Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon; Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.

37 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I4092.

38 Wikipedia.org, "House of Harcourt."

39 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1994.htm.

40 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1587.htm.

41 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I3645.

42 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I3646.

43 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-26.

44 Wikipedia.org, Isabel de Bolebec.

45 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-25.

46 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-25 (Walter I de Bolebec).

47 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 267-27, 60-28 (Hawise de Quincy).

48 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-27, 60-28 (Hawise de Quincy).

49 Wikipedia.org, Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford.

50 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871756.

51 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872200.


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