The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos




Husband Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos 1

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Children
1 F Alice verch Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos 1

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         Spouse: Gruffydd ap Madog of Llan Uwch Llyn Tegid (      -      ) 2



Research Notes: Child - Alice verch Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos

May not have been the mother of Ieuan ap Gruffydd (see notes under Gruffydd ap Madog).


Maredudd ap Bleddyn




Husband Maredudd ap Bleddyn

            AKA: Maredydd ap Bleddyn
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           Died: Abt 1132
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         Father: Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (      -Abt 1075)
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Children
1 M Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn Ruler of Powys 3

            AKA: Madoc ap Maredudd Ruler of Powys
           Born: Abt 1091
     Christened: 
           Died: 1160
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Susanna verch Gruffudd ap Cynan (Abt 1095-      ) 4
         Spouse: Susanna ferch Gryffydd ap Cynan (      -      )



Research Notes: Husband - Maredudd ap Bleddyn

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, pp. 1015-1016:

"MAREDUDD ap BLEDDYN (d. 1182), prince of Powys, was the son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (d. 1075), founder of the last native dynasty of Powys. Durikng his earlier years he played only a subordinate part in Welsh affairs, being overshadowed by his brothers Iowerth [q.v.] and Cadwgan (d. 1112) [q.v.] He joined them in the support which they gave to their over-lord, Earl Robert of Shrewsbury, in his rebellion against Henry I (1102), but Iorwerth soon went over to the king and, while making his peace with Cadwgan, consigned Maredudd to a royal prison. In 1107 Maredudd escaped and returned to Powys. He remained, however, without territory for several years. Even when Iorwerth and Cadwgan were slain in succession in 1112 he did not improve his position. According to 'Brut y Tywysogion' (Oxford edit. p. 291), he was in 1113 'penteulu' (captain of the guard) to Owain ap Cadwgan, an office specially reserved by Welsh custom for landless members of the royal family (Ancient Laws of Wales, ed. 1841, i. 12). In that year, however, Owain divided with him the forfeited domains of Madog ap Fhiryd. Though the gift seems to have been resumed, Maredudd recovered it on Owain's death in 1116, and henceforward appears regularly among the princes of Powys. In 1118 he took part in the feud between Hywel of Rhos and Rhufoniog and the sons of Owain ab Edwin. In 1121 he was leader of the resistance offered by Powys to the invasion of Henry I. During the few remaining years of his life his power grew apace; in 1128 his nephew, Einon ap Cadwgan, bequeathed him his territory; in 1124 a second son of Cadwgan, Maredudd, was murdered; and in 1128 a third, Morgan, eied on pilgrimage. Two other enemies to his progress--his nephew, Ithel ap Rhiryd, and his great-nephew, Llywelyn ab Owain--Maredudd himself removed, the former by murder, the latter by mutilation. Thus at his death in 1132 he was lord of all Powys [see MADOG ap MAREDUDD]. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed.; Brut y Tywysogion, Oxford edit. of Red Book of Hergest.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"





Research Notes: Child - Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn Ruler of Powys

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn).

Source also: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

House of Mathrafal.

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6394 skips a generation (does not have Maredudd ap Bleddyn).


Meredydd ab Bleddyn




Husband Meredydd ab Bleddyn

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1 M Ithel Goch ab Meredydd ab Bleddyn

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Research Notes: Husband - Meredydd ab Bleddyn

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, Vol. 6, by J. Y. W. Lloyd, London, 1887, p. 113 (from Lewys Dwnn, vol. ii, p. 277).


Research Notes: Child - Ithel Goch ab Meredydd ab Bleddyn

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, Vol. 6, by J. Y. W. Lloyd, London, 1887, p. 113 (from Lewys Dwnn, vol. ii, p. 277).


Owain ap Bleddyn and Eve verch Madog ap Gwenwynwyn




Husband Owain ap Bleddyn

            AKA: Owain ap Blethin, Owen ap Blethin
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Wife Eve verch Madog ap Gwenwynwyn

            AKA: Eve verch Madoc ap Gwen-win-win
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         Father: Madog ap Gwenwynwyn (      -      )
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Iorwerth Hên ap Owain ap Bleddyn

            AKA: Iorwerth Gam ap Owain ap Blethin, Ierworth Hen ap Owen ap Blethin
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         Spouse: Ankarett verch Griffith ap Melior (      -      )



Research Notes: Husband - Owain ap Bleddyn

Eldest son of Bleddyn.

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 121 - "Owen, eldest son of Blethin. (Party per sinister, ermine and erminois lion ramp. or.) = Eve, dau. of Madoc ap Gwen-win-win. (Or. a lion ramp., gu.)


Research Notes: Wife - Eve verch Madog ap Gwenwynwyn

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 121 - "Owen, eldest son of Blethin. (Party per sinister, ermine and erminois lion ramp. or.) = Eve, dau. of Madoc ap Gwen-win-win. (Or. a lion ramp., gu.)


Research Notes: Child - Iorwerth Hên ap Owain ap Bleddyn

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 121 - "Ierworth Hen, son and heir of Owen ap Blethin. (The like.) = Ankarett, dau. and heire of Griff. ap Melior ap Ellider, by Ankarett, dau. and heire of Ll'n ap Merich ap Karedoc ap Jestyn ap Gwrgant. (1 and 4, Ermine, a lion ramp. az. 2 and 3 gu., three chevronels ar.)


Mael ap Bleddyn ap Morudd




Husband Mael ap Bleddyn ap Morudd 5

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         Father: Bleddyn ap Morudd ap Cynddelw (      -      ) 5
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Wife

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Children
1 M Paradwen Lord of Dolgelli 6

            AKA: Paradwen ap Idnerth ab David Ysgydeur, Bradwen ap Mael ap Bleddyn ap Morudd
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Research Notes: Child - Paradwen Lord of Dolgelli

Source: Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 37 has Bradwen ap Mael ap Bleddyn ap Morudd.

History of Powys Fadog, vol. 5, p. 100 gives his father as Idnerth ab David Ysgydeur ab Owain Eurdorchog ab Llywelyn Eurdorchog, Lord of Iàl and Ystrad Alun.

Which is right?


Heilen ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn




Husband Heilen ap Tudor 7

            AKA: Heilyn ap Sir Tudor, Heilyn ap Tudur ap Ednyfed Fychan
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         Father: Sir Tudor ap Ednyfed Vychan of Nant and Llangynhafal (      -      ) 7 8 9
         Mother: Adlais verch Richard ap Cadwaladr (      -      ) 7 10


       Marriage: 



Wife Agnes verch Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn 7 10

            AKA: Annesta verch Owain ap Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn
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         Father: Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn Lord of Dinmael, Denbigh (      -      ) 7
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Gruffydd ap Heilen

            AKA: Griffith ap Heilen, Gruffydd ap Heilyn
           Born: Abt 1275
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         Spouse: Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd (      -      )


2 M Goronwy ap Heilin

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Research Notes: Husband - Heilen ap Tudor

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:
"HEILIN AP SIR TUDOR, Knt.,...m. Agnes, dau of Bloddyn, Lord of Dinmael, in Denbighland, living 25 May, 2 HENRY III., 1218, third son of Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Edeirnion... By this lady Heilin had issue, 1. GRIFFITH AP HEAILIN; 2. Grono ap Heilin... 3.Angharad..."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362: "Heilyn ap Sir Tudor, grantee in a charter of Prince Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, dated Dolwyddelen, 1281; m. Agnes, dau. of Bleddyn, Lord of Dinmael, Denb., 3rd son of Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Edeirnion, 10th in descent from Rhodri Mawr, King of Wales 843-877, by whom he had with other issue,--Gruffydd ap Heilyn..." 8


Research Notes: Child - Gruffydd ap Heilen

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:

"The eldest son [of Heilin ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bloddyn], GRIFFITH AP HEILIN, was father of GWILYM AP GRIFFITH, living 26 EDWARD III., who m. Efa, dau. of Griffith ap David, of Cochwillan, eldest son of Tudor ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn, in Caernarvon, (who d. about 1284,) grandson of Yarddyr ap Cynddelw, Lord of Uchaf, and had two sons, 1. Bleddyn ap Gwilym... 2. Griffith ap Gwilym, of Penrhyn"

Was Gwen his wife? Or was she Eva (i.e., swapped)? Swapping them (Eva as wife of Gruffydd ap Heilen) would bring Penrhyn and Cwchwillan into the family one generation sooner and the following would therefore make sense:

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341 -- "Gruffydd ab Heilin, jure usoris of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan."


Research Notes: Child - Goronwy ap Heilin

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341.


Dafydd ap Bleddyn Fychan and Margred ferch Llywelyn




Husband Dafydd ap Bleddyn Fychan

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         Father: Bleddyn Fychan ap Bleddyn (      -      )
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Wife Margred ferch Llywelyn

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Children
1 F Margred ferch Dafydd ap Bleddyn Fychan

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         Spouse: Jenkin Hanmer (      -      )



Research Notes: Husband - Dafydd ap Bleddyn Fychan

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy


Research Notes: Wife - Margred ferch Llywelyn

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy


Research Notes: Child - Margred ferch Dafydd ap Bleddyn Fychan

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy


Gruffydd ap Madog of Llan Uwch Llyn Tegid and Alice verch Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos




Husband Gruffydd ap Madog of Llan Uwch Llyn Tegid 2

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         Father: Madog ap Iorwerth of Penllyn (      -      ) 1
         Mother: Eva verch Gruffydd ap Einion (      -      ) 1


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Janet verch Cynvelyn ap Dolphwyn (      -      ) 1



Wife Alice verch Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos 1

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         Father: Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos (      -      ) 1
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Ieuan ap Gruffydd of Llanuwchllyn and Cevn Trevlaith

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1370
         Buried:  - Llanuwchllyn, Llanstundwy, Evionydd, Wales
         Spouse: Gwenllian verch Ieuan ap Howel (      -      ) 11
         Spouse: Annesta verch Llewelyn ap Einion (      -      ) 11



Research Notes: Husband - Gruffydd ap Madog of Llan Uwch Llyn Tegid

From History of Powys Fadog, pp. 120-121:

"Gruffydd ab Madog of Llan Uwch Llyn Tegid, married, according to the Harl. MS. 2288, Alice, daughter of Bleddyn Vychan ab Bleddyn of Havod Unnos (see 'Palau'), who is there stated to have been the mother of all his children. According to other accounts, he married Janet, daughter of Cynvelyn ab Dolphwyn, Lard of Manavon (azure, a lion passant argent), who was the mother of Ieuan, and that afterwards he married Gwellian, daughter of Ieuan ab Howel ab Meredydd ab Howel ab Madog ab Cadwgan ab Elystan Glodrudd, Prince of Fferlis. By one or other of these three ladies, Gruffydd had issue--1, Ieuan, of whom presently; 2, Howel y Gadair of Cádair Benllyn, of whom presently; 3, Rhys, ancestor of the Joneses of Llandyrnog and Helygen in Tegeingl; 3, Goronwy of Penllyn, ancestor of the Lloys of Y Ddwyvaen in Dinmael, the Lloyds of Glanhavon in Mochnant, and of Trevor Hall in Nanheudwy, and of Lewys Gwynn ab Cadwaladr of Llan y Cil; and 4, Gruffydd of Trevgoed."


Research Notes: Wife - Alice verch Bleddyn Vychan ap Bleddyn of Havod Unnos

May not have been the mother of Ieuan ap Gruffydd (see notes under Gruffydd ap Madog).


Research Notes: Child - Ieuan ap Gruffydd of Llanuwchllyn and Cevn Trevlaith

From History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, p. 121:
"Ieuan ab Gruffydd, of Llanuwchllyn and Cevn Trevlaith, in the parish of Llanstundwy in Evionydd. He died in 1370, and was buried at Llanuwchllyn, where his tomb still remains, on which he is represented in armour, with a shield charged with the arms of his house, and this inscription, 'HIC IACET IOANNES AB GRIFFIT AB MADOG AB IERVERTH, CVIVS ANIMÆ PROPITIETVR DEVS. AMEN. ANO. DNI. MCCCLXX.' He married, first, Gwenllian, daughter and heiress of Ieuan ab Howel ab Meredydd ab Einion ab Gwgan ab Merwydd ab Collwyn ab Tanguo, Lord of Evionydd and Ardudwy, one of the Noble Tribes, who bore, sable, a chev. inter three fleurs-de-lys argent, and who lived for some time at Bronwen's Tower in Harlech, whence it was called Caer Collwyn. By this lady he had issue a son named Owain, who succeeded to Cevn Trevlaith. Ieuan married, secondly, Annesta, daughter of Llewelyn ab Einion ab Meilir Grûg, Lord of Trev Gynon (sable, a chev. inter three horse's heads erased argent), by whom he had a younger son, Rhys of Cyn Llwyd, of whom hereafter, and an elder son-- Ieuan Vychan of Llanuwchllyn..."


Hyfaidd ap Bleiddig




Husband Hyfaidd ap Bleiddig

            AKA: Hyfaidd ap Bledri, Hyfeid ap Bleiddig
           Born: Abt 820 - Dyfed, Wales
     Christened: 
           Died: 893
         Buried: 


         Father: Bleiddig (Abt 0790-      )
         Mother: Tangwystl ferch Owain (Abt 0794-      )


       Marriage: 



Wife

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Children
1 M Llywarch ap Hyfaidd King of Dyfed

            AKA: Llywarch of Dyfed, Llywarch ap Hymeid
           Born: Cir 867 - Dinefwr Castle, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 904
         Buried: 



2 M Rhydderch ap Hyfaidd of Dyfed

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Research Notes: Husband - Hyfaidd ap Bleiddig

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg170.htm#3499


Research Notes: Child - Llywarch ap Hyfaidd King of Dyfed

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg170.htm#3498

A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81 has name as Llywarch ap Hyfaidd, in the line of Kings of Dyfed.

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 83:

"If the intention of the rulers of Dyfed and Brycheiniog in seeking the patronage of Alfred was to remain free from the clutches of the house of Rhodri, they failed. About 904, Llywarch ap Hyfaidd, king of Dyfed, died; his kingdom came into the possession of Hywel ap Cadell ap Rhodri, the ruler of Seisyllwg and the husband of Elen, Llywarch's daughter. It would appear that Hywel also took possession of Brycheiniog, for its royal line ends with Tewdwr ap Griffri, who died about 930. The enlarged kingdom came to be known as Deheubarth, a unit of central importance in the history of Wales during the following four centuries."


Hrólfr "Thurstain" Hrollaugsson and Gerlotte de Blois




Husband Hrólfr "Thurstain" Hrollaugsson 12

            AKA: Rollo "Thurstain" Hrollaugsson
           Born: Bef 890
     Christened: 
           Died: After 920
         Buried: 


         Father: Drogo "Thurstain" Rðgnvaldsson (Abt 0874-      ) 13
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife Gerlotte de Blois

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Children
1 M Anslac Seigneur de Thurstain et de Briquebec 14

            AKA: Lancelot de Brioquebec
           Born: Abt 905 - Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Hrólfr "Thurstain" Hrollaugsson

From http://cybergata.com/roots/4174.htm :
This ancestry is said to descend from Rongwald or Raungwaldar, Earl of Maere, or the Fair haired, who was the father of Hrolf, or Rollo, the first Duke of Nomandy. Rongwald, like the majority of his countrymen and kinsmen, had several children by a favorite slave, whom he married "more Dancico," and Hrolf Thurstain, the son of one of them, followed his uncle Rollo into Normandy and was able marry Gerlotte de Blois, daughter of Thibaut, Count of Blois and Chartres. From them descended the Lord of Briquebec, Bec-Cripin, Montfort-sur-Risle and others who figure as campanions of the Conqueror.
~The Conquerors and his Companions, pg. 18


Research Notes: Child - Anslac Seigneur de Thurstain et de Briquebec

From http://cybergata.com/roots/426.htm :
Anslech's brother, Aunsfred, the Dane, Vicomté d'Exmes was the father of Turtain Goz, Vicomté d'Exmes and Argental, who was the father of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, who with Hugh de Montgomerie, Earl of Shewbury, united his forces in resisting various inroads on the Welsh into England.

Anslech Thurstain, Baron of Briuebec, was the son of Hrolf, or Robert Turstain who was living in 920 and married Gerlotte de Blois, daughter of Theobald, Count of Blois and Chartres. Theobald was the son of Hrollagur, or Drogo, the half-brother of Rollo, who, in his division of Normandy in fiefs among his followers, seems to have allotted the northern district of la Manche to Drogo. The latter took the surname of Turstain, in memory of the supposted descent of his ancestry from Thor, the son of Odin. Drogo and Rollo were sons of Rogvald, Jarl of Moere, 885, who was the grandson of Ivar, Jarl of Upland, 850, who married the daughter of King Trondhemilm, whose grandfahter, Eisten, King of Trondheim, 780, was himself grand son of Sigur Hrin, King of Sweden, living in 735. The latter's father, King Randver, was the grandson of Ivar Vidfamer, King of the Danes, who himself was the grandson of Olaf the Sharp-eyed, King of Rerik.

~A Genealogical History of the Family of Montgomery, pg. 12


Sources


1. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), p. 120.

2. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), pp. 120-121.

3. Website - Genealogy, http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6396.

4. Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), p. 137.

5. Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 37.

6. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 5. London: Whiting & Co., 1885.), p. 100.

7. Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales (Vol. 1. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Co., 1872), p. 362.

8. Burke, John and John Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland, Vol. 1 (London, 1847), p. 736.

9. Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, Dictionary of Welsh Biography (National Library of Wales. 2007. Welsh Biography Online. <http://wbo.llgc.org.uk/en/index.html> ), http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html.

10. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 4. London: Whiting & Co., 1884.), p. 341.

11. Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), p. 121.

12. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4174.htm.

13. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2283.htm.

14. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/426.htm.


Sources


1 Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), p. 120.

2 Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), pp. 120-121.

3 Website - Genealogy, http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6396.

4 Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.), p. 137.

5 Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed, Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry. (Philadelphia: (Privately Printed), 1902.), p. 37.

6 Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 5. London: Whiting & Co., 1885.), p. 100.

7 Nicholas, Thomas, Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales (Vol. 1. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Co., 1872), p. 362.

8 Burke, John and John Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland, Vol. 1 (London, 1847), p. 736.

9 Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, Dictionary of Welsh Biography (National Library of Wales. 2007. Welsh Biography Online. <http://wbo.llgc.org.uk/en/index.html> ), http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html.

10 Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 4. London: Whiting & Co., 1884.), p. 341.

11 Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog (Vol. 6. London: Whiting & Co., 1887.), p. 121.

12 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4174.htm.

13 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/2283.htm.

14 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/426.htm.


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