The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




William Jacob Maness and < >




Husband William Jacob Maness 1 2 3 4 5

            AKA: William Jacob Manes, William Manus Sr.
           Born: Abt 1715 - Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
     Christened: 
           Died: 1787 - Moore Co., North Carolina, (United States)
         Buried: 


         Father: John Maness (Abt 1655-1729) 6 7 8 9
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 

Events

• Emigrated: from Scotland to America, Abt 1747.

• Moved: by 1755, North Carolina, (United States).

• Living: 1755, Orange, North Carolina, (United States).

• Moved: Abt 1765, Cumberland, (Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Tax List: 1767, Cumberland, (Moore), North Carolina, (United States).

• Oath of Allegiance: to the State, Jul 1779, New Bern, Craven, North Carolina, (United States).

• Tax List: 1783, Wake (Moore), North Carolina, United States.




Wife < > 10

           Born: 1718 - Orange, North Carolina, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Henry Maness 11 12

           Born: 1737 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 1830 - Moore Co., North Carolina, United States
         Buried: 



2 M William Jacob Maness II 13 14 15 16

            AKA: Billy Manes, William Jacob Manes II, William Manis, William Manus Jr.
           Born: 1738 - Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
     Christened: 
           Died: 1832 - Moore Co., North Carolina, United States


         Buried:  - Maness Family Cemetery, Robbins, Moore, North Carolina, United States 17
         Spouse: Keziah Brooks (Abt 1740-1832) 18 19


3 M Ambrose Maness 20 21

           Born: 1740 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



4 M Arthur Maness 22 23

           Born: 1744 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



5 M Isaac Maness 24 25

           Born: 1746 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: <1775> - [near Erect], (Randolph), North Carolina, (United States)
         Buried: 



6 M John Smith Maness 26 27

           Born: 1749 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



7 F Lydia Maness 28 29

           Born: 1752 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



8 M Nathan Maness 30 31

           Born: 1756 - Bedford, Virginia, (United States)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Birth Notes: Husband - William Jacob Maness

May have been born in Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland or in Kildonan, Highland, Scotland.


Death Notes: Husband - William Jacob Maness

May have died in Orange County, North Carolina.


Research Notes: Husband - William Jacob Maness

From - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6516 (quoted by Dennis Mannes):
"William Maness, Sr. and Jr. arrived in Colonial America (Pennsyvania) shortly after the Battle of Culloden, 1745 (ca. 1747) sailing aboard the ship "Hope's End," out of Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland, though the ship's name is still in dispute. From there, they migrated to present-day Moore County, North Carolina." Source: Greg Maness

"Some of our "cousins" have argued that William Maness I could not be the son of John Maness because John is recorded as serving as J.o.P. in North Carolina in 1711 and William was born in Kildonan in 1715. Maybe . . . maybe not. However, I have always put forward the one possibilty that COULD confirm John is the father of William. It is generally held in our records (and I guess we can never confirm beyond the shadow of a doubt, but . . .) that John was born in Kildonan in 1655 . . . William in Kildonan in 1715. My contention is that John (even at an advanced age of approx. 60), being a proud member of Clan Gunn, returned to Scotland for the first Jacobite uprising in 1714/15. While there, William I was born and there are other records that indicate that William I and his father arrived together in America. It may or may not be true, but I haven't heard a better explanation of how someone living here in 1711 could have a son born in Scotland in 1715! Unfortunately, the Kildonan Parish church records burned around the time of the second Jacobite uprising (1745 -- Bonnie Prince Charlie and all that good stuff . . .) and after the Maness boys had left). We'll never know, but doesn't that make for something interesting to ponder???" Source: Greg Maness


Birth Notes: Child - William Jacob Maness II

May have been born in Kildonan, Isle of Arran, Scotland or in Kildonan, Highland, Scotland.
Other sources have Pennsylvania or Bedfored County, Virginia. Hwever, either of these is unlinkely since he is recorded as emigrating on the shop "Hope's End" between 1747 and 1749.

A William Nathan Maness was born in Pennsylvania about 1738 (info from Sons of the American Revolution application).


Burial Notes: Child - William Jacob Maness II

The Maness Family Cemetery is near Pleasant Hill Church, Moore County, North Carolina, north of Robbins off the Robbins-High Falls Road.


Research Notes: Child - William Jacob Maness II

Served in the Revolutionary War on the side of the Americans.

From Ancestry of Paul Bailey Maness (author Dennis Manness) - http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6515 :

He "migrated to NC about 1765 by wagon train, which stopped at the site of Smyrna Methodist Church north of Robbinson Grassy Creek. He settled near Bear Creek, in what was then Cumberland County, and owned 200 acres of land near Carter's Mill- April 27th, 1767. By May 4th, 1769 owned another 100 acres in what is now Robbins. He later bought more land, owning a total of about 600 acres. His occupation was = Farmer. He enlisted on July 28, 1775 as a private, First Battallion of the North Carolina Line( Col. Thomas Clark's Battallion), part of the Continental Army. This was a dangerous move , as most of the populationof Moore County were Scots, who were loyal to the British King.He was one of only about a half dozen local men who volunteered to fight for the American cause. He appears to have fought in northern campaigns and in the guerilla fighting that continued until 1783. Military records show his last pay period to include Feb. 1, 1785, which would indicate that he was one of the few men who stayed on "in readiness" as a peacekeeper. The 1790 Census shows him to have six sons and seven or eight daughters. Some of these children may have been adopted or the children of other family members. After the war, William served as Township Constable. He died in 1832 at the age of 94, and is buried north of Robbins off the Robbins-High Falls Rd. in the Maness Family Cemetary near Pleasant Hill Church (Moore County, NC)" Source: James Peterson.

"... I will tell you that the senior William MANESS first appeared in the Moore County area comes from ABSTRACTS OF MINUTES OF THE COURT OF PLEAS AND QUARTER SESSIONS OF CUMBERLAND CO., NC, Oct. 1755-Jan. 1779. On page 175, "May 21, 1765, Wm. MANUS (sic) is appointed constable in Capt. Cheney's District." This William is believed to have been William Jr. Also on the only surviving Tax List for Cumberland County for the period 1754-1776 is for the year 1767. On this list appeared William MINUS (Maness) and William MINUS Jr. We also find another mention of a William MANESS, Sr. was in a Land Grant from the Governor of NC in the year 1772. 100 acres of land was granted to Simeon Hart on Bear Creek in Moore County, adjoining the 100 acres grant to William MANESS..etc. A later 1783 tax list for Cumberland County, also contains a William MINUS Sr. William MINUS Jr. Wm Maness did not leave a will, but his administration of his estate was granted to Wm. MANIS (sic). Assumed to be Wm. Jr. a Geo. Glascock was his security, in the amt. of 50 pounds. These two Maness' came from Pensylvania to NC in the mid 1760's." Source: Juanita Kesler

"*Oath prescribed by Act of Assembly passed at Newbern, May 10th 1777, entitled an Act for the Security of the State. *The Highlander's Oath: I, do swear and as I shall answer to God at the great day of Judgment, I have not, nor shall have in my possession any gun, pistol or arm whatsoever, and never use tartan plaid of any other part of the Highland garb; and if I do so may I be cursed in my undertakings, family and property; may I never see my wife and children, father, mother, or relation; may I be killed in battle as a coward and lie without Christian burial, in a strange land, far from the graves of my forefathers and kindred. May all this come across me if I break my oath. 1778 - The following were listed as signing the Oath of Allegiance to the State: George Eason, Robert Gilles, Gilbert Eccles, George Meek, Adam Stewart and Charles Leitch. 1778 - The following took the Oath in July Court: James Burnside, Archibald Simson, Sion Horn, Duncan Buie, Alex. Spiers, John White, Phillip Raiford and Arch. Henry. 1779 - The following took the Oath in January Court: James Emmet, Cornelious Lofton, George McKay and Daniel Monroe. 1779? - The following took the Oath in July Court: Silvanus Wilson, Philemon Hodges, William Thomson, Thomas Kees, William Lee, Bartholomew Dunn, William Dunn, William Manus, John McIntire, Samuel Campbell, Duncan McNeill, James Cooper, Jacob Matthews and Arch. Curry. At April Court [year?] Angus McDugal took the Oath." Source: Bill Mele

"During the Revolution he served with Col. Thomas Clark's 1st NC Battalion, having enlisted 7/28/1773. Records show that he served through most, or all, of the Revolution. Army accounts indicate that he was paid 9/1/1784 and 1785." Source: Charles "Ken" Maness
------------
From findagrave.com -

Maness Cemetery
Also buried:
Garner Maness 1806-1863
Katie Maness 1814-1890
Issac Maness 1810-1841
Betsy Maness 1812-1875
Emma Maness 1846-1895
Henry Maness 1828-1830
Noah Maness 1860-1861



<Joseph > Jackson and < > [Shawnee Woman]




Husband <Joseph > Jackson

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife < > [Shawnee Woman]

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M William Jackson "Captain" Fish 32 33

            AKA: Paschal Fish Sr, William Jackson
           Born: Abt 1760
     Christened: 
           Died: Late Oct 1833
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Elizabeth Bishop (      -      )
           Marr: Abt 1780
         Spouse: < > [Shawnee Woman] (      -      )
           Marr: Abt 1789
         Spouse: Polly Rogers (1782-1848/1849) 34
           Marr: Abt 1798



Research Notes: Husband - <Joseph > Jackson

2/6/09 this researcher (kjf) argues:
The case against this Joseph Jackson as the father of William Jackson Fish consists of a combination of dates that do not make sense (see below), as William Jackson was adopted by the Shawnee (by Black Fish before 1778) before Joseph Jackson was captured in 1778 or 1782.

---------------
From The Hunters of Kentucky: A Narrative History of America's First Far West, 1750-1792 by Ted Franklin Belue, p. 232:

'In early February 1778, on the Upper Blue Licks, Daniel Boone--inexplicably, so it seemed to many--surrendered his twenty-six salt boilers to Black Fish's Shawnee war party 120 strong. Over the next five years, most of the hostages were freed or escaped. A few died in captivity. At least three of the captives--Micajah Calloway, Jack Dunn, and Joseph Jackson--"turned Indian."

'...Joseph Jackson, a salt-boiler-turned-Shawnee, returned to Kentucky in 1800 to "make a good citizen," he told Lyman Draper, who met him in 1844, noting that in appearance and mannerisms, Jackson was "Indian in every respect." In the end, though, poor Jackson, unhappily married, melancholy, and unable to reconcile his past, hanged himself. Jackson was a haunted man: In 1782 he had fought the Americans at Blue Licks; he 1790 he fought Col. Josiah Harmar's army; in 1791 he fought Gen. Arthur St. Clair; in 1794 he fought Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers. Perhaps what is most remarkable is that Joseph Jackson could have lived in Kentucky after his Shawnee life without fearing a noose from his neighbors.'

From interview with Patrick Scott of Bourbon County, Kentucky quoted in http://www.shawhan.com/families/scottw.rtf :
" Joseph Jackson: [Addenda, page 17.] Old Jackson, at Lee's Lick, in the lower end of this county [Bourbon County] was on the British side in the Blue Lick Battle. (Joe Jackson showed me the place, at the Lower Blue Licks where he was caught by the Indians. He was with them twenty or thirty years, till after the war. He married, late in life, a young woman. They did not always agree; and this spring of 1844 Jackson went and hung himself.)"
---------------------
The chronology of Joseph is thus (supporting the unlikelihood of the above Joseph Jackson as William Jackson Fish's father):

About 1760 or later William Jackson Fish was born
Before 1778 William adopted by Black Fish (as a small boy)
1778 Joseph Jackson captured by Shawnee
About 1780 William returned to white society
About 1780 William married Elizabeth Bishop
1782 Joseph fought Americans at Blue Licks
Before 1788 William returned to Shawnee
1788 William raided Ohio Valley with Shawnee
About 1789 William married a Shawnee woman
1790 Joseph fought Harmar's army
1791 Joseph fought Gen. St. Clair
1794 Joseph fought Gen. Wayne
1798 William married Polly Rogers (granddaughter of Black Fish)
1800 Joseph returned to Kentucky
After 1800 Joseph married a young wife in Kentucky
1828 William moved to Missouri
1831 Joseph agreed to building of a mission school
1833 William Jackson Fish died
1844 Lyman Draper met Joseph Jackson
After 1844 Joseph Jackson hanged himself

Could the Blue Licks Joseph Jackson have been a brother of William Jackson "Captain" Fish? If he was close in age to William, he would have been 17 or 19 when captured by the Shawnee.


Research Notes: Wife - < > [Shawnee Woman]

http://familytrees.genopro.com/beltster/Marshall/default.htm?page=BigTurtleClanOfWyandotts-LeanderAkaLeadingTurtle-ind156834.htm says that William Jackson's parents were Joseph Jackson and a Shawnee woman. Source of information is unknown.


Birth Notes: Child - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has b. abt 1760


Death Notes: Child - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

www.wyandot.org/emigrant.htm has late October, 1833.
http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has d. 1833
Another source states that he died at the Shawnee Mission in 1834. Burial?


Research Notes: Child - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

May have been 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware (see below).
--------------
From text accompanying a photograph from the Smithsonian Institution archives:

"[Leander] Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware. "
----------
If the math is correct and Paschal Fish's mother was 100% Shawnee, then his father [William Jackson] was probably 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware. On the other hand, if Paschal Fish's mother was Polly Rogers, either Polly was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware with William Jackson Fish identifying himself as Shawnee, or Polly was 100% Shawnee and William Jackson Fish was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware.

---------
From Historic Shawnee Names of the 1700s - http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html

"Fish aka William Jackson - Adopted-white born about 1760-died 1833 - adopted son of Black Fish before 1778, raiding Ohio River valley 1788, Little Turtle War, move to MO 1828, husband 1st about 1780 of Elizabeth Bishop-white, 2nd about 1789 of Shawnee Woman, 3rd 1798 of Polly Rogers-1/2 Shawnee Metis (granddaughter of Black Fish), father with Shawnee Woman of Arch/90, Pascal/92, Isaac/94, Andrew/95, Jesse/96-all 1/2 Shawnee Metis, no children of record with Elizabeth, with Polly of Elizabeth Nakease/98, John/99, William Jr/1800-all 1/4th Shawnee Metis"

See notes under Joseph Jackson. It is unlikely that the Joseph Jackson captured by the Shawnee with Daniel Boone in 1778 was this William Jackson's father since records show this William adopted by the Shawnee before that Joseph was captured.

---------------------

See KHC, vol. 9, pp. 166,167. Historian Rodney Staab of Shawnee Mission, Kansas, has furnished me with an excellent account of Chief Fish written by Fern Long. Her information conflicts somewhat with other sources, but it should not be missed by anyone doing research on the Jackson/Fish family. According to her 1978 article on Chief Fish, she agrees that [William Jackson Fish] was captured as a youth and raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. Paschal Fish was "a large-framed man" who "also acquired the Indian ways seeming to be totally Indian." but at the same time, she says "these Shawnees had associated with white people for generations and desired a settled life with homes, schools, churches, ___and agriculture."

----------------
From Kansas State Historical Society
Letter 13 Jan 1831 from Richard W. Cummins, U.S. Ind. Agt., Delaware & Shawnee Agency to William Clark, S.I.A., St. Louis:
"Chiefs of Fish's or Jackson's band of Shawnees have agreed to allow a school to be started. Revd. Mr. McAllister & Thomas Johnson hope to have school in operation early in spring."


Theodoric King of the Ostrogoths and < > of Moesia [Concubine of Theodoric]




Husband Theodoric King of the Ostrogoths 35 36

            AKA: Theodoric "the Great" King of the Ostrogoths
           Born: Abt 454 - Pannonia (Hungary)
     Christened: 
           Died: 30 Aug 526 - Ravenna, (Italy)


         Buried: 


         Father: Theodemir King of the Ostrogoths (Abt 0430-0474)
         Mother: Erelieva Queen of the Ostrogoths (Abt 0434-      ) 37 38


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Audefleda Meroving Princess of the Franks (Abt 0452-0535) 39 - 493

Events

• King of the Ostrogoths: 471-526.

• Ruler of Italy: 493-526.

• Regent of the Visigoths: 511-526.

• Viceroy: of the (Eastern) Roman Empire.




Wife < > of Moesia [Concubine of Theodoric] 36

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Theodegotha 40

            AKA: Theodegotho
           Born: Abt 473
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Alaric II King of the Visigoths (Abt 0470-0507) 41 42
           Marr: 494


2 F Ostrogotha 36 43

            AKA: Arevagni Princess of the Ostrogoths
           Born: Abt 475
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Sigismund of Burgundy (      -0524) 44
           Marr: 494 or 496



Research Notes: Husband - Theodoric King of the Ostrogoths

Raised as a hostage in Constantinople.

From Wikipedia - Theodoric the Great :
Theodoric the Great (Gothic : Þiudareiks; Latin : Fl Theodoricus; Greek : (Thev'ðerichos, ??v'ð?rixos ); Old English : Þ; German : Dietrich von Bern ; Old Norse : Þjóðrekr, Þiðrek; 454 - August 30 , 526 ), was king of the Ostrogoths (471-526),[1] ruler of Italy (493-526), regent of the Visigoths (511-526), and a viceroy of the (Eastern) Roman Empire. He became a hero of Germanic legend.

Youth

The man who ruled under the name of Theodoric was born in 454 on the banks of the Neusiedler See near Carnuntum , a year after the Ostrogoths had thrown off nearly a century of domination by the Huns . The son of the King Theodemir and Erelieva , Theodoric went to Constantinople as a young boy, as a hostage to secure the Ostrogoths' compliance with a treaty Theodemir had concluded with the Byzantine Emperor Leo .

He lived at the court of Constantinople for many years and learned a great deal about Roman government and military tactics, which served him well when he became the Gothic ruler of a mixed but largely Romanized "barbarian people", as Oriental kingdoms used to call tribes living on the European continent, what is presently known as Western Europe [Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi] . Treated with favor by the Emperors Leo I and Zeno , he became magister militum (Master of Soldiers) in 483, and one year later he became consul . Afterwards, he returned to live among the Ostrogoths when he was 31 years old and became their king in 488.

Reign

At the time, the Ostrogoths were settled in Byzantine territory as foederati (allies) of the Romans, but were becoming restless and increasingly difficult for Zeno to manage. Not long after Theodoric became king, the two men worked out an arrangement beneficial to both sides. The Ostrogoths needed a place to live, and Zeno was having serious problems with Odoacer , the King of Italy who had overthrown the Western Roman Empire in 476. Ostensibly a viceroy for Zeno, Odoacer was menacing Byzantine territory and not respecting the rights of Roman citizens in Italy. At Zeno's encouragement, Theodoric invaded Odoacer's kingdom.

Theodoric came with his army to Italy in 488, where he won the battles of Isonzo and Verona in 489 and at the Adda in 490. In 493 he took Ravenna . On February 2, 493, Theodoric and Odoacer signed a treaty that assured both parties would rule over Italy. A banquet was organised in order to celebrate this treaty. It was at this banquet that Theodoric, after making a toast, killed Odoacer with his own hands.

Like Odoacer, Theodoric was ostensibly only a viceroy for the emperor in Constantinople. In reality, he was able to avoid imperial supervision, and dealings between the emperor and Theodoric were as equals. Unlike Odoacer, however, Theodoric respected the agreement he had made and allowed Roman citizens within his kingdom to be subject to Roman law and the Roman judicial system. The Goths, meanwhile, lived under their own laws and customs. In 519, when a mob had burned down the synagogues of Ravenna, Theodoric ordered the town to rebuild them at its own expense.

Theodoric the Great sought alliances with, or hegemony over, the other Germanic kingdoms in the west. He allied with the Franks by his marriage to Audofleda , sister of Clovis I , and married his own female relatives to princes or kings of the Visigoths , Vandals and Burgundian . He stopped the Vandals from raiding his territories by threatening the weak Vandal king Thrasamund with invasion, and sent a guard of 5,000 troops with his sister Amalfrida when she married Thrasamund in 500. For much of his reign, Theodoric was the de facto king of the Visigoths as well, becoming regent for the infant Visigothic king, his grandson Amalric , following the defeat of Alaric II by the Franks under Clovis in 507. The Franks were able to wrest control of Aquitaine from the Visigoths, but otherwise, Theodoric was able to defeat their incursions.

Thedoric's achievements began to unravel even before his death. He had married his daughter Amalasuntha to the Visigoth Eutharic , but Eutharic died in 522 or 523, so no lasting dynastic connection of Ostrogoths and Visigoths was established. In 522, the Catholic Burgundian king Sigismund killed his own son, Theodoric's grandson, Sergeric. Theodoric retaliated by invading, probably in 523, annexing the southern part of the Burgundian kingdom. The rest was ruled Sigismund's Arian brother Godomar , under Gothic protection against the Franks who had captured Sigismund. This brought the territory ruled by Theodoric to its height (see map), but in 523 or 524 the new Catholic Vandal king Hilderic imprisoned Amalfrida, and killed her Gothic guard. Theodoric was planning an expedition to restore his power over the Vandal kingdom when he died in 526.

Family and Issue
Theodoric was married once.

He had a concubine in Moesia , name unknown, and had two daughters:
Theodegotha (ca. 473 - ?). In 494, she was married to Alaric II as a part of her father's alliance with the Visigoths.
Ostrogotha or Arevagni (ca. 475 - ?). In 494 or 496, she was married to the king Sigismund of Burgundy as a part of her father's alliance with the Burgundians.

Married to Audofleda in 493 and had one daughter:
Amalasuntha , Queen of the Goths. She was married to Eutharic and had two children: Athalaric and Matasuentha (the latter being married to Witiges first, then, after Witiges' death, married to Germanus Justinus , neither had children). Any hope for a reconciliation between the Goths and the Romans in the person of a Gotho-Roman Emperor from this family lineage was shattered.

After his death in Ravenna in 526, Theodoric was succeeded by his grandson Athalaric . Athalaric was at first represented by his mother Amalasuntha, who was a regent queen from 526 until 534. The kingdom of the Ostrogoths, however, began to wane and was conquered by Justinian I starting in 535 and finally ending in 553 with the Battle of Mons Lactarius ."


Research Notes: Wife - < > of Moesia [Concubine of Theodoric]

From Wikipedia - Theodoric the Great :

Theodoric was married once.

He had a concubine in Moesia , name unknown, and had two daughters:
Theodegotha (ca. 473 - ?). In 494, she was married to Alaric II as a part of her father's alliance with the Visigoths.
Ostrogotha or Arevagni (ca. 475 - ?). In 494 or 496, she was married to the king Sigismund of Burgundy as a part of her father's alliance with the Burgundians.

Married to Audofleda in 493 and had one daughter:
Amalasuntha , Queen of the Goths. She was married to Eutharic and had two children: Athalaric and Matasuentha (the latter being married to Witiges first, then, after Witiges' death, married to Germanus Justinus , neither had children). Any hope for a reconciliation between the Goths and the Romans in the person of a Gotho-Roman Emperor from this family lineage was shattered.


Research Notes: Child - Theodegotha



Birth Notes: Child - Ostrogotha

Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodoric_the_great


Research Notes: Child - Ostrogotha

From Wikipedia - Theodoric the Great :

Theodoric was married once.

He had a concubine in Moesia , name unknown, and had two daughters:
Theodegotha (ca. 473 - ?). In 494, she was married to Alaric II as a part of her father's alliance with the Visigoths.
Ostrogotha or Arevagni (ca. 475 - ?). In 494 or 496, she was married to the king Sigismund of Burgundy as a part of her father's alliance with the Burgundians.

Married to Audofleda in 493 and had one daughter:
Amalasuntha , Queen of the Goths. She was married to Eutharic and had two children: Athalaric and Matasuentha (the latter being married to Witiges first, then, after Witiges' death, married to Germanus Justinus , neither had children). Any hope for a reconciliation between the Goths and the Romans in the person of a Gotho-Roman Emperor from this family lineage was shattered.


Thomas Darcy of Little Malden, Essex, England and < > of Little Malden, Essex




Husband Thomas Darcy of Little Malden, Essex, England 45

           Born: Abt 1330
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Henry Darcy of Little Malden, Essex, England (Abt 1294-      ) 45
         Mother: < > of Little Malden, Essex (Abt 1306-      ) 45


       Marriage: Abt 1359



Wife < > of Little Malden, Essex 45

           Born: Abt 1338 - <Little Malden, Essex, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Thomas Darcy of Little Malden, Essex 45

           Born: Abt 1360
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: < > Tirrell of Herons, Essex (Abt 1364-      ) 45




William Jackson "Captain" Fish and < > [Shawnee Woman]




Husband William Jackson "Captain" Fish 32 33

            AKA: Paschal Fish Sr, William Jackson
           Born: Abt 1760
     Christened: 
           Died: Late Oct 1833
         Buried: 


         Father: Chief Black Fish (1725-1779)
         Mother: Watmeme (1730-1797)




         Father: <Joseph > Jackson (      -      )
         Mother: < > [Shawnee Woman] (      -      )


       Marriage: Abt 1789

   Other Spouse: Elizabeth Bishop (      -      ) - Abt 1780

   Other Spouse: Polly Rogers (1782-1848/1849) 34 - Abt 1798

Events

• Adopted: by Black Fish (Shawnee), Bef 1778.

• Legislation: Indian Removal Act passed by Congress, 28 May 1830.

• Moved: to Missouri, 1828.




Wife < > [Shawnee Woman]

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Arch Fish

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



2 M Isaac Fish 46

            AKA: Isaac Jackson Fish, Isaac Jackson
           Born: <1828>
     Christened: 
           Died: <26 Aug 1891> - <Oklahoma>, United States
         Buried:  - <Secondine or Armstrong Cemetery, Nowata County, Oklahoma>, United States



3 M Andrew Fish

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



4 M Jesse Fish

            AKA: Jesse Jackson Fish, Jesse Jackson
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Birth Notes: Husband - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has b. abt 1760


Death Notes: Husband - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

www.wyandot.org/emigrant.htm has late October, 1833.
http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has d. 1833
Another source states that he died at the Shawnee Mission in 1834. Burial?


Research Notes: Husband - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

May have been 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware (see below).
--------------
From text accompanying a photograph from the Smithsonian Institution archives:

"[Leander] Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware. "
----------
If the math is correct and Paschal Fish's mother was 100% Shawnee, then his father [William Jackson] was probably 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware. On the other hand, if Paschal Fish's mother was Polly Rogers, either Polly was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware with William Jackson Fish identifying himself as Shawnee, or Polly was 100% Shawnee and William Jackson Fish was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware.

---------
From Historic Shawnee Names of the 1700s - http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html

"Fish aka William Jackson - Adopted-white born about 1760-died 1833 - adopted son of Black Fish before 1778, raiding Ohio River valley 1788, Little Turtle War, move to MO 1828, husband 1st about 1780 of Elizabeth Bishop-white, 2nd about 1789 of Shawnee Woman, 3rd 1798 of Polly Rogers-1/2 Shawnee Metis (granddaughter of Black Fish), father with Shawnee Woman of Arch/90, Pascal/92, Isaac/94, Andrew/95, Jesse/96-all 1/2 Shawnee Metis, no children of record with Elizabeth, with Polly of Elizabeth Nakease/98, John/99, William Jr/1800-all 1/4th Shawnee Metis"

See notes under Joseph Jackson. It is unlikely that the Joseph Jackson captured by the Shawnee with Daniel Boone in 1778 was this William Jackson's father since records show this William adopted by the Shawnee before that Joseph was captured.

---------------------

See KHC, vol. 9, pp. 166,167. Historian Rodney Staab of Shawnee Mission, Kansas, has furnished me with an excellent account of Chief Fish written by Fern Long. Her information conflicts somewhat with other sources, but it should not be missed by anyone doing research on the Jackson/Fish family. According to her 1978 article on Chief Fish, she agrees that [William Jackson Fish] was captured as a youth and raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. Paschal Fish was "a large-framed man" who "also acquired the Indian ways seeming to be totally Indian." but at the same time, she says "these Shawnees had associated with white people for generations and desired a settled life with homes, schools, churches, ___and agriculture."

----------------
From Kansas State Historical Society
Letter 13 Jan 1831 from Richard W. Cummins, U.S. Ind. Agt., Delaware & Shawnee Agency to William Clark, S.I.A., St. Louis:
"Chiefs of Fish's or Jackson's band of Shawnees have agreed to allow a school to be started. Revd. Mr. McAllister & Thomas Johnson hope to have school in operation early in spring."


Research Notes: Child - Isaac Fish

An Isaac Fish is buried in Armstrong Cemetery or Secondine Cemetery (the same place?) in Nowata County, Oklahoma. That may be "our" Isaac.


Eafa of Wessex and < > [Kentish princess]




Husband Eafa of Wessex 47

            AKA: Eoffa de Wessex
           Born: Abt 723
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Eoppa of Wessex (Abt 0706-      ) 48
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife < > [Kentish princess] 49

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Eahlmund King of Kent

           Born: Abt 745
     Christened: 
           Died: 827 - Kent, England
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Eafa of Wessex

Did not rule.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 1-10

From Wikipedia - Eafa :

Eafa of Wessex was a member of the House of Wessex . Although a member of the direct male line from Cynric to Egbert , Eafa was never king due to usurpations by junior branches of the family (see House of Wessex family tree ). . He was born c. 730 and his death date is unknown.
His father was Eoppa . He married a Kentish princess (name unknown), thus giving his son Ealhmund a claim to the Kentish throne, which he duly occupied. Ealhmund went on to be the father of Egbert of Wessex , the first King of England.


Research Notes: Child - Eahlmund King of Kent

King in Kent 784

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 1-11. Married perhaps a daughter of Aethelberht II, King of Kent, 725-762.

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872468 :

King of Kent (762-764, c784-c785)
It has been suggested that Ealhmund was the same as the earlier Eanmund, whose name appears confirming a charter of Sigered, the king of West Kent. If this is so then Ealhmund was the more senior king. He has been associated with with Ealhmund, the father of the famous Egbert of Wessex---if this is so, then we know that he was descended from Ingeld, the brother of Ine. It is quite probable that his father or grandfather had married into the Kentish royal family, thus establishing his claim on the Kentish kingdom. Ealhmund was, however, deposed by Offa of Mercia when he invaded Kent in 764. He would have been a yound king at the time, probably in his early twenties, with no power to oppose Offa. He almost certainly went into exile, but later became allied with Egbert II, the king who had displaced him but who in turn rebelled against Offa. When Egbert died, sometime in the early 780's, Ealhmund returned to the kingship. For a second time he faced the wrath of Offa, which this time was more violent and conclusive. Ealhmund was almost certainly killed, and Kent came directly under Offa's rule until the revolution of Eadbert Praen in 796.
!British Kings and Queens pg. 224

From Wikipedia - Ealhmund of Kent :

Ealhmund was born in 745 and died in 827 . Ealhmund, was King of Kent in 784 . His father was Eoffa de Wessex .
There is little historical evidence for his reign. An abstract of a charter dated 784 survives [1] , in which Ealhmund granted land to the Abbot of Reculver . But by the following year Offa of Mercia seems to have been ruling directly, as he issued a charter [2] without any mention of a local king.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , Ealhmund was the father of Ecgberht III , later King of Wessex and Kent and son of Eafa the West Saxon, and therefore a member of the House of Wessex (see House of Wessex family tree ).



<Christen>




Husband <Christen>

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Mette Kirstine Christensdatter 50

            AKA: Mette Cathrine Christensdatter
           Born: 1792 - Læsø, Nordjylland, Denmark
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1866
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hans Pedersen (1760-      ) 50




Thomas de Spencer and <Dorothy>




Husband Thomas de Spencer 51 52 53

           Born: 1366 - Badby, Northamptonshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1450 - Badby, Northamptonshire, England
         Buried: 


         Father: Nicholas Spencer (1340-1425) 54 55
         Mother: Joan Pollard (1344-1425) 56


       Marriage: 



Wife <Dorothy>

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Henry de Spencer 57 58 59

           Born: Abt 1392 - Badby, Northamptonshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1476 - Badby, Northamptonshire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Isabella Lincoln (Abt 1397-After 1475) 60 61
           Marr: 1417 - Badby, Northamptonshire, England



Death Notes: Husband - Thomas de Spencer

May have died in 1435.


Frederick I Count of Luxembourg and <Ermentrude> of Gleiberg




Husband Frederick I Count of Luxembourg 62 63

            AKA: Frederick of Luxembourg
           Born: Abt 965
     Christened: 
           Died: 6 Oct 1019
         Buried: 


         Father: Siegfried of Luxembourg (Abt 0922-0988) 64
         Mother: Hedwig of Nordgau (Between 0922/0937-0993) 65


       Marriage: Bef 995

Events

• Count of Moezelgouw:

• Count of Salm:




Wife <Ermentrude> of Gleiberg 62

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Ogive de Luxembourg 66 67

            AKA: Otgiva of Luxembourg, Otgive of Luxembourg, Ogive de Luxembourg
           Born: Abt 995
     Christened: 
           Died: 21 Feb 1030 or 1036
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Baldwin IV "the Bearded" Count of Valenciennes & Count of Flanders (0980-1035/1036) 67 68 69
           Marr: Abt 1012



Research Notes: Husband - Frederick I Count of Luxembourg

From Ancestral Roots, line 143-20. "FREDERICK I OF LUXEMBOURG, b. abt. 965, d. 1019, Count of Salm and Luxembourg; m. bef. 995, NN heiress (Ermentrude?) of Gleiberg, dau. of Heribert I, d. 992, Count of Gleiberg, Count in the Kinziggau, by his wife, by Ermentrud (Imizi), dau. of Megingoz, count in Avalgau, by Gerberga of Alsace (Herbert I was son of Udo, Count in the Wetterau, by his wife, a dau. of HERBERT I (50-17), Count of Vermandois)."
-------
From Wikipedia - Frederick of Luxembourg :

Frederick of Luxembourg (965 - 6 October 1019 ), count of Moezelgouw , was a son of count Siegfried of Luxembourg and Hedwig of Nordgau .

By a wife whose name is unknown (certain historians give her as Ermentrude, countess of Gleiberg), he had :
Henry II († 1047), count of Luxembourg and duke of Bavaria
Frederick (1003 † 1065), Duke of Lower Lorraine
Giselbert (1007 † 1059), count of Longwy, of Salm and of Luxembourg
Adalbéron III († 1072), bishop of Metz
Thierry, father of :
Thierry († 1075)
Henry († 1095), count palatine of Lorraine
Poppon († 1103), bishop of Metz
Ogive (v. 990 † 1036), married in 1012 to Baldwin IV (980 † 1035), count of Flanders
Ermengarde (1000 † 1057), married Welf II of Altdorf, count in Lechrain († 1030)
Oda, canoness at Remiremont, then abbess of Saint-Rémy at Lunéville
Gisèle (1019 † after 1058), married to Radulfe, lord of Aalst († after 1038)


Research Notes: Wife - <Ermentrude> of Gleiberg

From Ancestral Roots, line 143-20 (Frederick I of Luxembourg):
The name of Frederick's wife is not known; she was the heiress of Heribert I, Count of Gleiberg, Count in the Kinziggau, by his wife Ermentrude (Imizi).


<Hans>




Husband <Hans>

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Jens? Hansen

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



2 M Jens Hansen Smed 70

            AKA: Jens Hansen Smed
           Born: Abt 1763 - <Bolleskov, > Dronninglund, Nordjylland, Denmark
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 20 May 1827 - Dronninglund, (Hjørring), Nordjylland, Denmark
         Spouse: Christiane Jensdatter (1779/1780-      ) 70



Research Notes: Child - Jens Hansen Smed

Note: In 2011, the current researcher inadvertently misidentified the parents of Jens Christian Jensen as "Jens Hansen Smed" and Christiane Jensdatter. These were parents of another Jens Christian Jensen born on 21 Oct 1821 in Bolle, christened on 28 Oct 1821. Please do not make that same mistake.


Sources


1. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667717.

2. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3197139216.

3. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6516.

4. Website:, http://www.ncgenweb.us/cumberland/oath.htm.

5. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), Generation 2.

6. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667725.

7. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #104 Pin #462730.

8. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), p. 1.

9. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pbmaness&id=I6517.

10. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243828.

11. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243832.

12. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. iv.

13. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #139 Pin #1667716.

14. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3197130831.

15. Web - Message Boards, Discussion Groups, Email, http://genforum.genealogy.com/maness/messages/461.html.

16. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. v. & 4.

17. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial # 17909404.

18. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 4.

19. www.findagrave.com, Find A Grave Memorial# 115687329.

20. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243836.

21. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. x. & 6.

22. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243838.

23. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. vi.

24. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243841.

25. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. i. & 3.

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27. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. viii.

28. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243846.

29. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. ii.

30. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243848.

31. <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. iii.

32. Website:, http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html.

33. Museum or other archive, Smithsonian Institution archives.

34. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kearns_family_2&id=I5812.

35. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105823 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

36. Wikipedia.org, Theodoric the Great.

37. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #308141 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

38. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875428.

39. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105822 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

40. Wikipedia.org, Amalaric; Theodoric the Great.

41. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316460.

42. Wikipedia.org, Alaric II; Amalaric.

43. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316459 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

44. Wikipedia.org, Sigismund of Burgundy; Gundobad.

45. http://www.familysearch.org.

46. www.findagrave.com, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=fish&GSbyrel=in&GSdyrel=in&GSst=38&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GSsr=41&GRid=44438384&df=all&.

47. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872469.

48. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872470.

49. Wikipedia.org, House of Wessex family tree.

50. Johnson, DeWayne B. and Lorna Wallace Johnson, Johnson/Wallace Family Tree.

51. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I018415.

52. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2077.

53. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16739.

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56. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2080.

57. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I021330.

58. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2075.

59. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16743.

60. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I021329.

61. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16748.

62. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 143-20.

63. Wikipedia.org, Frederick of Luxembourg.

64. Wikipedia.org, Siegfried of Luxembourg.

65. Wikipedia.org, Hedwig of Nordgau.

66. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-21 (Baldwin IV)).

67. http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

68. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-21.

69. Wikipedia.org, Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders.

70. Personal Documents, Donald Johnson's letter 23 July 1972.


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23 <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. vi.

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25 <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. i. & 3.

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27 <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. viii.

28 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243846.

29 <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. ii.

30 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=foxbonham&id=P3253243848.

31 <Loyd, Linda D.>, Descendants of John Maness (http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/l/o/y/Linda-D-Loyd/PDFGENE6.pdf), 2. iii.

32 Website:, http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html.

33 Museum or other archive, Smithsonian Institution archives.

34 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kearns_family_2&id=I5812.

35 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105823 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

36 Wikipedia.org, Theodoric the Great.

37 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #308141 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

38 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875428.

39 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105822 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

40 Wikipedia.org, Amalaric; Theodoric the Great.

41 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316460.

42 Wikipedia.org, Alaric II; Amalaric.

43 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316459 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

44 Wikipedia.org, Sigismund of Burgundy; Gundobad.

45 http://www.familysearch.org.

46 www.findagrave.com, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=fish&GSbyrel=in&GSdyrel=in&GSst=38&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GSsr=41&GRid=44438384&df=all&.

47 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872469.

48 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872470.

49 Wikipedia.org, House of Wessex family tree.

50 Johnson, DeWayne B. and Lorna Wallace Johnson, Johnson/Wallace Family Tree.

51 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I018415.

52 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2077.

53 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16739.

54 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I018442.

55 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2079.

56 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2080.

57 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I021330.

58 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dunova73&id=I2075.

59 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16743.

60 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=cbryant6&id=I021329.

61 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=rad1003&id=I16748.

62 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 143-20.

63 Wikipedia.org, Frederick of Luxembourg.

64 Wikipedia.org, Siegfried of Luxembourg.

65 Wikipedia.org, Hedwig of Nordgau.

66 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-21 (Baldwin IV)).

67 http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

68 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-21.

69 Wikipedia.org, Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders.

70 Personal Documents, Donald Johnson's letter 23 July 1972.


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