The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Rudolph I King of Burgundy and Guilla of Provence




Husband Rudolph I King of Burgundy 1

            AKA: Rudolf I of Burgundy, Rudolph I of Burgundy
           Born: 859
     Christened: 
           Died: 25 Oct 912
         Buried: 


         Father: Conrad II "the Younger" Duke of Transjurane Burgundy (      -      ) 2
         Mother: Waldrada of Worms (Abt 0801-      ) 3


       Marriage: 



Wife Guilla of Provence 4

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 924
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Rudolph II of Burgundy 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 11 Jul 937
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Bertha of Swabia (Abt 0907-After 0966) 6
           Marr: 922




Research Notes: Husband - Rudolph I King of Burgundy

Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874484 1


Research Notes: Wife - Guilla of Provence

From Wikipedia, "Guilla of Provence":
Guilla of Provence or of Burgundy (died before 924) was an early medieval Frankish queen in the Rhone valley.

It is certain that she was first consort of king Rudolf I of Upper Burgundy (who was proclaimed king in 888 and died on 25 October 911) and later, from 912, consort of Hugh of Arles, border count of Provence, who in 926 became king of Northern Italy.

Everything else in her genealogy is more or less uncertain. She is believed to have been a daughter of king Boso of Lower Burgundy (Provence), and she is presumed to have been the mother of king Rudolf II of Upper Burgundy and Italy. These two kinships enjoy some indicative support from near-contemporary sources. The first-mentioned kinship would make her a sibling, at least half-sister, of king Louis III of Italy. The second would mean she were an ancestress of the last independent Burgundian royal house, and through it ancestress of last Ottonian emperors, of the last Carolingian king of France, of a number of dukes of Swabia, of the later Guelph dynasty, and of the Salian Imperial House, as well as of practically all European royal families since High Middle Ages.

Furthermore, genealogies that are regarded mostly as wishful thinking by critical research, have for centuries claimed that:

Guilla's mother was Ermengarde of Italy, one of the heiresses of last Carolingians, who was daughter of Emperor Louis II, king of Italy, and became the last of the wives of king Boso of Lower Burgundy. This, however, is fairly unlikely, as Ermengarde's marriage with king Boso took place in 878, a date when Guilla was likely already born.
Guilla was the only wife of king Rudolf I of Upper Burgundy. This is not certain, as she possibly was yet of an age capable of child-bearing at her marriage in 912 with the count Hugh, the future Italian king; and her first husband, the king Rudolf I, is mentioned as having several children already by 888 (who thus could have been born of an earlier, to us unknown, wife of Rudolf).

Queen Guilla's date of death, after 912 and before 924, is determined because of a charter (expressing her to be dead) dated in 924. After her death, in 926, her widower, Count Hugh, took over the kingdom of Italy from Rudolf II of Burgundy (who was either stepson or own son of Guilla). 4


Guillaume Baron Montfort




Husband Guillaume Baron Montfort 7

           Born: Abt 960 - <Évreux, (Eure), Normandy>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1003
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Amauri Seigneur de Montfort 7

            AKA: Amaury Seigneur de Montfort, Amauri de Montfort
           Born: Abt 1000 - <Évreux, (Eure), Normandy>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: After 4 Feb 1031
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Bertrade de Gometz (Abt 1001-      ) 7
           Marr: Abt 1022 - Île-de-France, France





Andre I de Rameru and d'Arcis-sur-Aube and Guisemode




Husband Andre I de Rameru and d'Arcis-sur-Aube 8

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1118
         Buried: 


         Father: Hilduin III de Rameru Count of Montdidier (Between 1010/1021-Abt 1063) 9 10
         Mother: Adèle de Roucy (Abt 1014-Abt 1062) 11 12


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Adele (      -      )



Wife Guisemode 13

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 

Events

• Founded: Abbey de Bassefontaine, 1143.


Children
1 F Alix de Rameru Dame of Rameru 14

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Erard I Count of Brienne (      -1115) 15




Research Notes: Wife - Guisemode

Second wife of Andre I de Rameru. Widow of Hugue of Pleurs. Was she the mother of Alix de Rameru? 13


Gunderland Count of Hasbania




Husband Gunderland Count of Hasbania 16

           Born: Abt 732
     Christened: 
           Died: 773
         Buried: 


         Father: Sigrand Count of Hesbania (Abt 0709-      )
         Mother: Landrade (Abt 0713-      )


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Ingram Count of Hesbaye 17 18

            AKA: Ingeramne Duke of Hesbaye, Ingerman Count of Hesbania
           Born: Abt 752
     Christened: 
           Died:  - <Hesbaye (Belgium)>
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hedwig of Bavaria (      -      )




Research Notes: Husband - Gunderland Count of Hasbania

Possibly not the father of Ingram. 16


Research Notes: Child - Ingram Count of Hesbaye

From Wikipedia - Ingerman of Hesbaye :

Ingerman, or Ingram was a Frank and count of Hesbaye . His family is known as Robertians . His family line is not entirely sure, but he was probably the son of a Frank named Rodbert. Robert of Hesbaye and Cancor , founder of the Lorsch Abbey were probably his brothers. Landrada, mother of Chrodegang , Archbishop of Metz and first abbot of the Lorsch Abbey, was probably his sister.

Ingerman's daughter is certainly Ermengarde . She married into the Frankish royal family, the Carolingians and was the first wife of King Louis the Pious . 17 18



Gundobad King of Burgundy




Husband Gundobad King of Burgundy 19

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 516
         Buried: 


         Father: Gondioc King of the Burgundians (Abt 0420-0473) 20 21
         Mother: < > [Sister of Ricimer] (      -      ) 22


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Sigismund of Burgundy 23




           Born: 
     Christened: 


           Died: 524
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ostrogotha (Abt 0475-      ) 24 25
           Marr: 494 or 496



2 M Godomar

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Gundobad King of Burgundy

From Wikipedia - Gondioc :

Gundobad , the son of Gondioc, succeeded Ricimer in 472, but abdicated after the death of his father in the following year as Gondioc was succeeded by his brother Chilperic I . After the death of Chilperic, Burgundy was divided among the sons of Gondioc, Gundobad, Chilperic II of Burgundy , Godomar and Godegisel .

-----------

From Wikipedia - Gundobad :

Gundobad, Patrician of the Western Roman Empire (472 -473 ) also became King of the Burgundians (473 -516 ), after his father Gundioc of Burgundy, though he had to fight off three brothers to seize his title.

When the former Patrician Ricimer , who had been the power behind the throne for the Western Empire , died in 472 , his nephew Gundobad seized the title. With his new power he elevated the current Count of the Domestics, Glycerius , to the position of Western Roman Emperor . Gundobad, however left office in 473, as his father, Gundioc, had died and he had inherited Burgundy along with his three brothers; Godegisel , Chilperic II and Gundomar .

But Gundobad was not content with his fractured portion of Burgundy, and turned against his brothers with hope of control over all the land.
In 486 he killed Gundomar, though little is known of this encounter.
In 493 he turned his sword against Chilperic, and drowned his wife. Gundobad exiled his two daughters, Chroma becoming a nun. The other, Clotilde , was found by the men of Clovis I , King of the Franks , who sent word to Gundobad, asking Clotilde's hand in marriage. Gundobad was too afraid to decline.

Gundobad's battle with Godegisel raged long. Unknowingly, both called upon Clovis trying to persuade him to join forces against the other. Clovis sided with Godegisel, who had offered him his pleasure of tribute and crushed Gundobad's force. Gundobad fled but King Clovis pursued him to Avignon . Gundobad feared the worst with Clovis's mighty army at the gates. But a man of wit called Aridius went from Gundobad to Clovis and charmed him into taking his advice, which was to spare Gundobad but force him into paying a yearly tribute.

Gundobad later broke his promise of tribute as he regained his power and besieged Godegisel, locked up in the city of Vienne . As famine devoured Vienne, Godegisel expelled the common people from the city for fear for himself. An outraged expelled artisan seeking vengeance on Godegisel went to Gundobad, and with his help he navigated the aqueduct and broke into the city. He murdered Godegisel in 501 in an Arian church along with the bishop.

Gundobad was now sole king of Burgundy. He made peace with the Franks, converted to Catholicism , and died peacefully succeeded by his son Sigismund in 516. He also had another son: Godomar . Godomar would succeed his brother after his death in 524. 19


Research Notes: Child - Sigismund of Burgundy

From Wikipedia - Sigismund of Burgundy :

Sigismund (died 524 ) was king of the Burgundians from 516 to his death. He was the son of king Gundobad , whom he succeeded in 516. Sigismund and his brother Godomar were defeated in battle by Clovis ' sons and Godomar fled. Sigismund was taken by Chlodomer , King of Orleans , where he was kept as a prisoner. Godomar then rallied the Burgundian army and won back his kingdom. Meanwhile, Chlodomer ordered the death of Sigismund and marched with his brother Theuderic I , King of Metz, on Burgundy in 524.

Sigismund was a student of bishop Saint Avitus of Vienne , the Catholic bishop of Vienne who converted Sigismund from the Arian faith of his Burgundian forebears. Sigismund was inspired to found a monastery dedicated to Saint Maurice at Agaune in Valais in 515 . The following year he became king of the Burgundians.

[The 6th century saw] significant events for Sigismund. His son opposed him in 517 , and insulted his new wife and Sigismund had him strangled. Then, overcome with remorse, Sigismund retreated to the monastery that he had founded.

In 523 , he led the Burgundians against the invading Franks of Childebert I , Clotaire I and Theodebert I . Though he put on a monk's habit and hid in a cell near his abbey, he was captured by Clotaire, taken to Orléans and put to death. Afterwards, he was honoured by the Burgundians as a martyr . His bones were recovered from the well at Columelle where his body had been thrown, and a shrine developed near Agaune. Eventually Sigismund was canonized .

Correspondence has survived between Avitus, who was a poet and one of the last masters of the classical arts, and Sigismund.
In the 14th century , Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor , transferred Sigismund's relics to Prague , hence he has become a patron saint of the Czech Republic .

Family and Issue
He married Ostrogotha, the illegitimate daughter of Theodoric the Great and a concubine in 494 as a part of Theodoric's negotiation for an alliance with Sigimund and the Burgundians. Both had the following issue:
Sigeric (? - 522, murdered by his own father)
Suavegotha (495 - ?) She was married to Theuderic I , son of Clovis I . 23


Research Notes: Child - Godomar

Source: Wikipedia - Gundobad


William de Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey and Gundred Countess of Surrey




Husband William de Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey 7 26




            AKA: William de Warren 1st Earl of Surrey
           Born: Abt 1055 - <Bellencombre, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Jun 1088 - <Lewes, Sussex, England>
         Buried:  - Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England


         Father: Ralph de Warenne (Abt 0998-      ) 7 26
         Mother: Emma (      -      )


       Marriage: 



Wife Gundred Countess of Surrey 7 27

            AKA: Gundrada
           Born: Abt 1063 - <Flanders (Belgium or France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 May 1085 - Castle Acre, Acre, Norfolk, England
         Buried:  - Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England


Children
1 M William II de Warenne 2nd Earl of Surrey 7 28 29

            AKA: William Earl of Warren and Surrey, William Earl Warenne, William Earl of Warenne
           Born: Abt 1065 - <Sussex, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 11 May 1138 - <England>
         Buried:  - Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England
         Spouse: Isabel de Vermandois Countess of Leicester (Abt 1081-1131) 30 31
           Marr: After 1118



2 F Edith de Warenne

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



3 M Reginald de Warenne

            AKA: Reynold de Warenne
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 1118
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - William de Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey

From Wikipedia - William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey :
William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, (died 1088 ) was one of the Norman aristocrats who fought at the Battle of Hastings and became great landowners in England .

He was a son of Ralph de Warenne and Emma and a grandnephew of duchess Gunnor , wife of duke Richard I of Normandy . As a young man he helped secure duke William 's hold on Normandy , most notably in the campaigns of 1052 through 1054 which culminated in the Battle of Mortemer [1]. After this battle Roger de Mortemer forfeited most of his lands, and the duke gave them to William[2]. The de Warenne surname derives from the castle of that name on the River Varenne , which flows through the territory William acquired in Upper Normandy[3].

William was one of the nobles who advised duke William when the decision to invade England was being considered. He fought at Hastings[4], and afterwards received the Rape of Lewes in Sussex [5], and subsequently lands in twelve other shires. In addition to the cluster around Lewes, there were clusters around the castles he built at Castle Acre in Norfolk and Conisbrough in Yorkshire. By the time of the Domesday survey he was one of the wealthiest landholders in England.

William was loyal to William II [6], and it was probably in early 1088 that he was created Earl of Surrey [7]. He died shortly afterwards of wounds he received while helping suppress the rebellion of 1088 . At the time of his death, it has been estimated that his wealth was equivalent to £73.9 billion in today's money.

Family
He married twice:
First, Gundred (Latin: Gundrada), sister of Gerbod the Fleming, Earl of Chester.
Second, to a sister of Richard Gouet

Children of William and Gundred
William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d. 1138)
Edith de Warenne who married Gerard de Gournay
Reynold de Warenne, who inherited lands from his mother in Flanders and died before 1118 7 26


Birth Notes: Wife - Gundred Countess of Surrey

FamilySearch has b. abt. 1063 in Normandy.


Research Notes: Wife - Gundred Countess of Surrey

Source: William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey

Sister of Gerbod the Fleming, Earl of Chester.

From Wikipedia - Gundred :

Gundred, Countess of Surrey (died May 27 , 1085 ) was probably born in Flanders , sister of Gerbod the Fleming, Earl of Chester .[1]

Gundred married William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey (d. June 20 , 1088 ), who rebuilt Lewes Castle , making it his chief residence. In 1078 he and Gundred founded a Cluniac Priory at Southover, adjoining Lewes , where both were buried.[2] [3]

The Countess had died at Castle Acre, Norfolk , one of her husband's estates.
In the course of the centuries which followed both tombstones disappeared from the priory but in 1774 William Burrell, Esq., an antiquary, discovered Gundred's in Isfield Church (seven miles from Lewes), over the remains of Edward Shirley, Esq., (d. 1550), whose father John was Clerk of the Kitchen to King Henry VII , and had it removed on October 2, 1775, to St. John's Church, Southover , the nearest place to its original site, and placed inside and at the south-west corner of the church, where, until 1847, it could be seen on the floor between pews with a very fine inscription detailing its origins etc.

In 1845, during excavations through the Priory grounds for the South Coast Railway, the lead chests containing the remains of the Earl and his Countess were discovered, and deposited temporarily, for the next two years, beneath Gundred's tombstone. In 1847 a Norman Chapel was erected by public subscription, adjoining the present vestry and chancel. Prior to re-interring the remains in this chapel, both cysts were opened to ascertain if there were any contents, which was found to be the case. New cysts were made and used, and the ancient ones preserved and placed in two recessed arches in the southern wall. Gundred's remains in a good state of preservation although the Earl's has lost some lead. Across the upper part of the right arch is the name Gvndrada. Her tombstone is of black marble.[4]

The children of William de Warenne and Gundred were:
William II de Warenne (d. May 11 , 1138 ), buried in Lewes Priory.[5] [6]
Reginald de Warenne, an adherent of Robert of Normandy.[7]
Edith de Warenne, married, firstly, Gerard, Baron de Gournay.[8]

Notes
^ She is explicitly so called by Orderic Vitalis , as well as the chronicle of Hyde Abbey. Historically, she has been made a daughter of William the Conqueror by his spouse Matilda of Flanders , (Bannerman, vol.IV, p.207-209; Burke,The Royal Families vol.1, "Descendants of William the Conqueror", p.iv-v & pedigree LXVIII; Burke,The Roll of Battle Abbey, p.106; Barlow, pages 16 and 160) or of Matilda alone (Stapleton), but Waters and Freeman showed that this could not be supported (Waters, Freeman). See Chandler for an extensive discussion. 7 27


Research Notes: Child - William II de Warenne 2nd Earl of Surrey

From Wikipedia - William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey
William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138 ), was the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred . He is more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey.

Sometime around 1093 he tried to marry Matilda (or Edith) , daughter of king Malcolm III of Scotland . She instead married Henry I of England , and this may be the cause of William's great dislike of Henry I, which was to be his apparent motivator in the following years.
He accompanied Robert Curthose in his 1101 invasion of England , and afterwards lost his English lands and titles and was exiled to Normandy . There he complained to Curthose that he expended great effort on the duke's behalf and had in return lost most of his possessions. Curthose's return to England in 1103 was apparently made to convince his brother to restore William's earldom. This was successful, though Curthose had to give up all he had received after the 1101 invasion, and subsequently
William was loyal to king Henry.

To further insure William's loyalty Henry considered marrying him to one of his many illegitimate daughters. He was however dissuaded by Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, for any of the daughters would have been within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity . The precise nature of the consanguinous relationship Anselm had in mind has been much debated, but it is most likely he was referring to common descent from the father of duchess Gunnor.

William was one of the commanders on Henry's side (against Robert Curthose) at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106. Afterwards, with his loyalty thus proven, he became more prominent in Henry's court.

In 1110, Curthose's son William Clito escaped along with Helias of Saint-Saens , and afterwards Warenne received the forfeited Saint-Saens lands, which were very near his own in upper Normandy. By this maneuver king Henry further assured his loyalty, for the successful return of Clito would mean at the very least Warenne's loss of this new territory.
He fought at the Battle of Bremule in 1119, and was at Henry's deathbed in 1135.

Family
In 1118 William acquired the royal-blooded bride he desired when married Elizabeth de Vermandois . She was a daughter of count Hugh of Vermandois , a son of Henry I of France , and was the widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester .
By Elizabeth he had three sons and two daughters:
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey ;
Reginald de Warenne , who inherited his father's property in upper Normandy. He married Adeline, daughter of William, lord of Wormgay in Norfolk, by whom he had a son William, whose daughter and sole heir Beatrice married first Dodo, lord Bardolf, and secondly Hubert de Burgh ;
Ralph de Warenne
Gundrada de Warenne , who married first Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick , and second William, lord of Kendal , and is most remembered for expelling king Stephen 's garrison from Warwick Castle ;
Ada de Warenne , who married Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon

References
C. Warren Hollister, "[The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne ]", Historical Reflections 3 (1976) 83-91
C. Warren Hollister, Henry I (2001)
The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. M. Chibnall, vol. 2, p. 264 (Oxford, 1990).

**********
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Vermandois :

In her second marriage, to William de Warenne, Elizabeth had three sons and two daughters (for a total of fourteen children - nine during her first marriage, and five during her second):
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey and Warenne (b. 1119 dspm 1147) whose daughter Isabelle de Warenne, Countess of Surrey married 1stly
William, Count of Boulogne (dsp), yr son of King Stephen, and married 2ndly
Hamelin Plantagenet , an illegitimate half-brother of King Henry II of England by whom she had issue, later earls of Surrey and Warenne.
Reginald de Warenne, who inherited his father's property in upper Normandy. He married Adeline, daughter of William, lord of Wormgay in Norfolk, by whom he had a son William, whose daughter and sole heir Beatrice married first Dodo, lord Bardolf, and secondly Hubert de Burgh;
Ralph de Warenne (dsp)
Gundrada de Warenne , (Gundred) who married first
Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick and had issue; second (as his 2nd wife)
William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Warenne and Surrey and is most remembered for expelling king Stephen's garrison from Warwick Castle; and they had issue.
Ada de Warenne (d. ca. 1178 ), who married Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon , younger son of King David I of Scotland , Earl of Huntingdon by his marriage to the heiress Matilda or Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon (herself great-niece of William I of England ) and had issue. They were parents to Malcolm IV of Scotland and William I of Scotland and their youngest son became David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon . All Kings of Scotland since 1292 were the descendants of Huntingdon. 7 28 29


Research Notes: Child - Edith de Warenne

Source: William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey

Married Gerard de Gournay


Research Notes: Child - Reginald de Warenne

Source: Wikipedia - William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and Gundred

Inherited lands from his mother (Gundred) in Flanders. He was an adherent of Robert of Normandy


Henry III "the Black" Holy Roman Emperor and Gunhilda of Denmark




Husband Henry III "the Black" Holy Roman Emperor 32 33




            AKA: Heinrich III Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III "the Pious" Holy Roman Emperor
           Born: 29 Oct 1017
     Christened: 
           Died: 5 Oct 1056 - Bodfeld [Königspfalz], Harz, Saxony (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)


         Buried: 


         Father: Conrad II "the Salic" of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (      -1039) 34
         Mother: Gisele of Swabia (0995-1043) 35


       Marriage:  - Nijmegen, (Netherlands)

   Other Spouse: Agnes of Poitou (Abt 1025-1077) 33 - 21 Nov 1043 - Ingelheim, Besançon

Events

• Made: Duke of Bavaria as Henry VI, 1026.

• Crowned: King of Germany, Easter Day 1028, Cathedra of Aachen.

• Crowned: Holy Roman Emperor, 1046, Rome, (Italy).




Wife Gunhilda of Denmark

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1038 - Adriatic coast
         Buried: 


         Father: Canute the Great King of Denmark, England and Norway (      -      )
         Mother: Emma of Normandy (      -      )




Children
1 F Beatrice Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim

           Born: 1037
     Christened: 
           Died: 13 Jul 1061
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Henry III "the Black" Holy Roman Emperor

From Wikipedia - Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor :

Henry III (29 October 1017 - 5 October 1056 ), called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors . He was the eldest son of Conrad II of Germany and Gisela of Swabia and his father made him duke of Bavaria (as Henry VI) in 1026, after the death of Duke Henry V . Then, on Easter Day 1028, his father having been crowned Holy Roman Emperor, Henry was elected and crowned King of Germany in the cathedral of Aachen by Pilgrim, Archbishop of Cologne . After the death of Herman IV, Duke of Swabia in 1038, his father gave him that duchy (as Henry I) as well as the kingdom of Burgundy , which Conrad had inherited in 1033. Upon the death of his father on June 4 , 1039 , he became sole ruler of the kingdom and was crowned emperor by Pope Clement II in Rome (1046).

Early life and reign
Henry's first tutor was Bruno , Bishop of Augsburg . On Bruno's death in 1029, Egilbert, Bishop of Freising , was appointed to take his place. In 1033, at the age of sixteen, Henry came of age and Egilbert was compensated for his services. In 1035, Adalbero , Duke of Carinthia , was deposed by Conrad, but Egilbert convinced Henry to refuse this injustice and the princes of Germany, having legally elected Henry, would not recognise the deposition unless their king did also. Henry, in accordance with his promise to Egilbert, did not consent to his father's act and Conrad, stupefied, fell unconscious after many attempts to turn Henry. Upon recovering, Conrad knelt before his son and exacted the desired consent. Egilbert was penalised dearly by the emperor.
In 1036, Henry was married to Gunhilda of Denmark . She was a daughter of Canute the Great , King of Denmark , England , and Norway , by his wife Emma of Normandy . Early on, Henry's father had arranged with Canute to have him rule over some parts of northern Germany (the Kiel ) and in turn to have their children married. The marriage took place in Nijmegen at the earliest legal age.
In 1038, Henry was called to aid his father in Italy (1038) and Gunhilda died on the Adriatic Coast , during the return trip (during the same epidemic in which Herman IV of Swabia died). In 1039, his father, too, died and Henry became sole ruler and imperator in spe. pcnr...

Children
By his first wife, Gunhilda of Denmark , he had:
Beatrice (1037 - 13 July 1061 ), abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim
By his second wife, Agnes , he had:
Adelaide (1045, Goslar - 11 January 1096 ), abbess of Gandersheim from 1061 and Quedlinburg from 1063
Gisela (1047, Ravenna - 6 May 1053 )
Matilda (October 1048 - 12 May 1060 , Pöhlde ), married 1059 Rudolf of Rheinfelden , duke of Swabia and antiking (1077)
Henry , his successor
Conrad (1052, Regensburg - 10 April 1055 ), duke of Bavaria (from 1054)
Judith (1054, Goslar - 14 March 1092 or 1096 ), married firstly 1063 Solomon of Hungary and secondly 1089 Ladislaus I Herman , duke of Poland

Sources
Gwatkin, H. M. , Whitney, J. P. (ed) et al. The Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1926.
Norwich, John Julius . The Normans in the South 1016-1130. Longmans: London, 1967. 32 33


Research Notes: Wife - Gunhilda of Denmark

Source: Wikipedia - Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor


Research Notes: Child - Beatrice Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim

Source: Wikipedia - Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor


Uchtred Lord of Galloway and Gunnild of Dunbar




Husband Uchtred Lord of Galloway 7 36

            AKA: Uchtred of Galloway
           Born: Abt 1118 - <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 22 Sep 1174
         Buried: 


         Father: Fergus Lord of Galloway (Abt 1090-1161) 7 36
         Mother: Elizabeth Princess of England (Abt 1095-      ) 7 37


       Marriage: Abt 1156 - Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland



Wife Gunnild of Dunbar 7 38

           Born: Abt 1134 - <Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Waltheof Lord of Allerdale (Abt 1062-1138) 7 39
         Mother: Sigrid (Abt 1075-After 1126) 7 40




Children
1 M Roland Lord of Galloway 7 41

            AKA: Roland of Galloway
           Born: Abt 1164 - <Galloway, Perthshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 19 Dec 1200 - Northamptonshire, England
         Buried:  - Abbey of Saint Andrew, Northamptonshire, England
         Spouse: Elena de Morville (Abt 1172-1217) 7 42





Richard I Duke of Normandy and Gunnora de Crepon




Husband Richard I Duke of Normandy 7 43 44 45 46

            AKA: Richard I "Sans Peur" de Normandie Princeps Nortmannorum, Richard I "Sans Peur" Duke of Normandy, Richard I "the Fearless" Duke of Normandy
           Born: 28 Aug 933 - <Fécamp>, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Nov 996 - Fécamp, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France
         Buried:  - Fécamp, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France


         Father: William I "Longsword" Duke of Normandy (Abt 0892-0942) 7 47 48
         Mother: Sprote de Bretagne à la Danoise (Abt 0911-Abt 0972) 7 47 49


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: < > [Mistress(es) of Richard I] (      -      ) 44

   Other Spouse: Emma of Paris (      -Abt 0968) - 960

Events

• Named: his father's heir, 29 May 942.




Wife Gunnora de Crepon 50 51 52 53

            AKA: Gonnor de Crepon, Gunnora Duchess of Normandy, Gunnor de Crêpon
           Born: Abt 936 - <Normandy, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1031 - France
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Robert II d'Évreux Count of Évreux 54

            AKA: Robert de Normandie
           Born: Abt 965 - Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1037
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Harleve of Rouen (Abt 0968-      ) 7 54



2 F Emma Princess of Normandy 7 55

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1052
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Æthelred II "the Redeless" King of England (Abt 0968-1016) 7 56 57
           Marr: Abt 1002
         Spouse: Canute King of Denmark and England (      -      )
           Marr: 1017



3 F Hawise de Normandy Countess of Rennes, Duchess of Brittany 58

            AKA: Havlive de Normandie
           Born: Abt 976 - Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 21 Feb 1034 - Évreux, (Eure), Normandy, France
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Geoffroi Duc de Bretagne (Abt 0971-1008) 59 60
           Marr: 996 - Bretagne [Brittany], France



4 M Richard II Duke of Normandy 7 46 61 62

            AKA: Richard II 4th Duc de Normandie, Richard II "the Good" Duke of Normandy
           Born: Abt 985 - Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 28 Aug 1027 - Fécamp, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France
         Buried:  - Fécamp, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France
         Spouse: Judith of Brittany (Abt 0982-1017) 7 63 64
           Marr: Abt 996 - Normandy, France
         Spouse: Astrid of Denmark (      -      )
           Marr: 1017
         Spouse: Poppa (      -      )
           Marr: Abt 1024




Birth Notes: Husband - Richard I Duke of Normandy

Ancestral Roots has b. abt 933 in Fecamp, France.


Research Notes: Husband - Richard I Duke of Normandy

From http://cybergata.com/roots/441.htm :
Background Information. 220
Richard Fitz Gilbert, styled from his possession "de Bienfaite," "de Clare" and "de Tonbride," was son of Gilbert, comté de Brionne in Normandy, which Gilbert was son and heir of Godfrey, comté de Brionne, illegitimate son of Richard, Duc de Normandie.

~Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, (Clare), Vol. III, p. 242
• Background Information. 732
When Richard's father, William Longsword, was assassinated in 942, his Uncle, Bernard the Dane, brought Richard from Bayeyx, age ten years at the time, so that he might be solemnly invested with ducal sword and mantle and to receive homage of the Normans. He received the acknowledgement the Norman chiefs. King Louis captured and imprisoned the young Richard under the pretense of providing Richard with an education at Motleon. Richard, with the help of Osmon the Dane who had accompanied Richard to the king's court, was able to escape and return to Normandy. Louis, with the aid of Hugh the Great, attacked the Normans. The Kings of Denmark came to the assistance of the Normans and Louis was defeated.

Richard married Esmé, daughter of Hugh the Great, who died young and childless. Richard married his mistress, Gunnora, who was said to be the sister of Herfaste, a Dane of noble birth. According to Guillaume de Jumièges, Richard had three sons. One was Richard, the second Duke of Normandy, Robert, who became the Archbishop of Rouen, and Mauger or Maugis, who married in 1012 Germaine, the daughter and heiress of Count Bouchard, and because of this marriage, he became Earl of Corbeil. Richard's daughter, Emma, was twice crowned Queen of England having first married King Ethelred in 1002, and then King Canute. She and Ethelred were the parents of Edward "the Confessor. By her other husband, she mothered King Hardicanute. Richard also was known to have at least three illegitimate children

~The Peshale Family, 870-1913, pg. 30-41, Much of this may be more myth than truth!
• Web Reference: Richard I of Nomandy by Steward Baldwin, whose information is based on hard evidence.

~Weis' Ancestral Roots . . ., 1:18, 118:23. 119::24, 119A:22, 121E:20 - son of William I "Longsword" and Sporta, m. 1st to Emma, daughter of Hugh Capet, m. 2nd to Gunnora to make his children with her legitimate, 177:3, 184:1, 214:22m 235:19, 250:20

---
From Wikipedia - Richard I, Duke of Normandy :

Richard I of Normandy (born 28 August 933 , in Fécamp Normandy , France died November 20 , 996 , in Fécamp) was the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996; he is considered the first to actually have held that title. He was called Richard the Fearless (French, Sans Peur).

Birth
He was born to William I of Normandy , ruler of Normandy, and his wife, Sprota . He was still a boy when his father died in 942. His mother was a Breton concubine captured in war and bound to William by a Danish marriage. After William died, Sprota became the wife of Esperleng, a wealthy miller; Rodulf of Ivry was their son and Richard's half-brother.

Life
Richard was still a boy when his father died, and so he was powerless to stop Louis IV of France when he seized Normandy. Louis kept him in confinement in his youth at Lâon, but he escaped with the assistance of Osmond de Centville , Bernard de Senlis (who had been a companion of Rollo of Normandy ), Ivo de Bellèsme , and Bernard the Dane (ancestor of families of Harcourt and Beaumont ). In 968, Richard agreed to "commend" himself to Hugh, Count of Paris. He then allied himself with the Norman and Viking leaders, drove Louis out of Rouen, and took back Normandy by 947. He later quarrelled with Ethelred II of England regarding Viking invasions of England because Normandy had been buying up much of the stolen booty.

Richard was bilingual, having been well educated at Bayeux. He was more partial to his Danish subjects than to the French. During his reign, Normandy became completely Gallicized and Christianized. He introduced the feudal system and Normandy became one of the most thoroughly feudalized states on the continent. He carried out a major reorganization of the Norman military system, based on heavy cavalry. He also became guardian of the young Hugh, Count of Paris, on the elder Hugh's death in 956.

Marriages
He married 1st (960) Emma (not to be confused with Emma of France ), daughter of Hugh "The Great" of France , and Hedwiga de Sachsen . They were betrothed when both were very young. She died 19 Mar 968, with no issue.
According to Robert of Torigni , not long after Emma's death, Duke Richard went out hunting and stopped at the house of a local forester. He became enamoured of the forester's wife, Seinfreda, but she being a virtuous woman, suggested he court her unmarried sister, Gunnor , instead. Gunnor became his mistress, and her family rose to prominence. Her brother, Herefast de Crepon , may have been involved in a controversial heresy trial. Gunnor was, like Richard, of Norse descent, being a Dane by blood. Richard finally married her to legitimize their children:
Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
Robert , Archbishop of Rouen , Count of Evreux , died 1037.
Geoffrey, Count of Eu, b. abt 962 died abt 1015. (Parentage [mother] not certain)
Mauger, Earl of Corbeil , died after 1033; his alleged grandson (or perhaps great-grandson) was Robert Fitzhamon , an important Anglo-Norman baron.
Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
Emma of Normandy (c.985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois , Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres
Hawise of Normandy (b. ca. 978), d. 21 February 1034 . m. Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany
Beatrice of Normandy , Abbess of Montvilliers d.1034 m. Ebles of Turenne (d.1030 (divorced)
Papia m. Gilbert de St Valery.
Fressenda (ca. 995-ca. 1057), m. Tancred of Hauteville .
Muriella m. Tancred of Hauteville .

Mistresses
Richard was known to have had several other mistresses and produced children with many of them. Known children are:
Geoffrey, Count of Brionne , (b. ca. 970)
William, Count of Eu (ca. 972 -26 January 1057/58) m. Leseline de Turqueville (d. 26 January 1057/58).

Death
He died in Fecamp , France on November 20 , 996 of natural causes. 7 43 44 45 46


Research Notes: Wife - Gunnora de Crepon

First wife of Richard I - Danish wife. Then married Emma. After Emma died about 968, married Gunnora in a Christian marriage to legitimize their children.

Herfast de Crepon was her brother.
---
From http://cybergata.com/roots/442.htm :
Web Reference: Robert de Torigny and the family of Gunnor, Duchess of Normandy . We don't known the names of her parents, but we do know that she had three sisters and a brother. She was the Mistress of Richard I, Duke of Normandy, as well as being the Grandmother of William the Conqueror The descendants of Gunnor and her siblings had a great impact on English History by being part of the Norman Conquest of England. They were ancestors of the Fitz Osberns, the Montgomerys, the Mortimers, the Warennes, the Giffards and the Beaumonts.

---
From Wikipedia - Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy :

Gunnora or Gunnor (c. 936-1031) was the wife and consort of Richard I of Normandy . Her parentage is unknown, earliest sources reporting solely that she was of Danish ancestry and naming siblings including brother Herfast de Crepon who is sometimes erroneously given as her father.

She was living with her sister Seinfreda, the wife of a local forester, when Richard, hunting nearby, heard of the beauty of the forester's wife. He is said to have ordered Seinfreda to come to his bed, but the lady substituted her unmarried sister, Gunnora. Richard, it is said, was pleased that by this subterfuge he had been saved from committing adultery, and the two became lovers. Gunnora long acted as Richard's mistress or wife by more danico , but when Richard was prevented from nominating their son Robert to be Archbishop of Rouen , the two were married, making their children legitimate in the eyes of the church.

Gunnora, both as mistress and duchess, was able to use her influence to see her kin favored, and several of the most prominent Conquest-era Norman magnates, including the Montgomery , Warenne , Mortimer , Vernon/Redvers , and Fitz Osbern families, were descendants of her brother and sisters.

Richard and Gunnora were parents to six children:
Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
Robert , Archbishop of Rouen , Count of Evreux , died 1037.
Mauger, Earl of Corbeil , died after 1033.
Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
Emma of Normandy (c. 985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois , Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres 50 51 52 53


Research Notes: Child - Robert II d'Évreux Count of Évreux

From Wikipedia - Robert II (Archbishop of Rouen) :

Robert II was son of duke Richard I of Normandy and his second wife Gunnora . He was a younger brother of duke Richard II , and uncle of duke Robert II . He was archbishop of Rouen (989 to 1037), to which at that time his marriage was not an impediment, and also count of Évreux .

In the 990s, archishop Robert plotted to cause the overthrow of the Capetians from the throne they very recently had obtained.

The early years of duke Robert II's reign were turbulent: his elder brother Richard II had died suddenly after a year of ruling the duchy, and Robert II was naturally accused of fratricide. Archbishop Robert evidently believed it, and duke Robert II laid siege to him at Évreux, forcing him into exile: he laid all of Normandy under an interdict. For several years conditions worsened: with even Alan III of Brittany joining in the attack on the duke. But by 1031, "the situation had been largely retrieved, and the chief agent in effecting the recovery was the metropolitan archbishop of Rouen." Archbishop Robert was always closely involved in the government of the duchy. Without him, duke Robert II would never have been able to rule. His uncle's support was essential. Archbishop Robert was recalled from exile and the stabilization of Normandy began. A reconciliation took place: the interdict was lifted. The war with Brittany was ended by his mediation. From this time until his death in 1037 he was the dominant political influence in the duchy of Normandy.

Robert married Harleve of Rouen and had the following children by her:[1]
Richard, Count of Évreux (d. 1067).
Rudolph d'Évreux
daughter, married Gerard de Fleitel
William d'Évreux (may be fictitious)

Duke Robert II went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1035 and died in progress. According to duke Robert's will, archbishop Robert became the regent of the duchy and the main guardian of the little heir, Robert II's bastard son, William .

For a couple of years all was peaceful enough. But the death of archbishop Robert on 16 March 1037 ended the stability of the duchy. William the bastard's relatives sought to remove him, resulting in the long anarchy of his minority. 54


Research Notes: Child - Emma Princess of Normandy

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 1-18 (Aethelred II) 7 55


Death Notes: Child - Hawise de Normandy Countess of Rennes, Duchess of Brittany

May have died in Rouen (or buried there?).


Birth Notes: Child - Richard II Duke of Normandy

FamilySearch and thepeerage.com have b. abt. 963.


Research Notes: Child - Richard II Duke of Normandy

Duke of Normandy 20 Nov. 996-1026.

From Wikipedia - Richard II, Duke of Normandy :

Richard II (born 23 August 963, in Normandy , France - 28 August 1027, in Normandy), called the Good, was the son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora . He succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy in 996. Richard held his own against a peasant insurrection, and helped Robert II of France against the duchy of Burgundy . He also repelled an English attack on the Cotentin Peninsula that was led by Ethelred II of England. He pursued a reform of the Norman monasteries.

Richard attempted to improve relations with England through his sister's marriage to King Ethelred, but she was strongly disliked by the English. However, this connection later gave his grandson, William the Conqueror , part of his claim to the throne of England.

He married firstly (996) Judith (982-1017), daughter of Conan I of Brittany , by whom he had the following issue:
Richard (c. 1002/4), duke of Normandy
Adelaide (c. 1003/5), married Renaud I, Count of Burgundy
Robert (c. 1005/7), duke of Normandy
William (c. 1007/9), monk at Fécamp , d. 1025
Eleanor (c. 1011/3), married to Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders
Matilda (c. 1013/5), nun at Fecamp, d. 1033

Secondly he married Poppa of Envermeu, by whom he had the following issue:
Mauger (c. 1019), Archbishop of Rouen
William (c. 1020/5), count of Arques


Traditionally, Richard had a third wife named Astrid (Estritha), daughter of Sweyn Forkbeard , King of England , Denmark , and Norway , and Sigrid the Haughty . This is extremely unlikely, however, given the political situation. 7 46 61 62


Gunther King of the Burgundians [Semi-legendary]




Husband Gunther King of the Burgundians [Semi-legendary] 65 66




            AKA: Gundahar King of the Burgundians, Gundahari King of the Burgundians, Gundicaire King of the Burgundians, Gundicar King of the Burgundians, Gundicus King of the Burgundians
           Born: Abt 385 - (Germany)
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 437 - Bourgogne [Burgundy], (France)
         Buried: 


         Father: Giolahaire King of the Burgundians (Abt 0360-      ) 67
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Gondioc King of the Burgundians 20 21

            AKA: Gunderic King of the Burgundians, Gundioc King of the Burgundians, Gundioch King of the Burgundians, Gundowech King of the Burgundians
           Born: Abt 420 - Bourgogne [Burgundy], (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: 473
         Buried: 
         Spouse: < > [Sister of Ricimer] (      -      ) 22




Research Notes: Husband - Gunther King of the Burgundians [Semi-legendary]

Semi-legendary king of Burgundy.

From Wikipedia - Gunther :

Gunther (Gundahar, Gundahari, Latin Gundaharius or Gundicharius, Old English Gúðere, Old Norse Gunnarr, anglicised as Gunnar) is the German name of a semi-legendary king of Burgundy of the early 5th century . Legendary tales about him appear in Latin , medieval Middle High German , Old Norse , and Old English texts, especially concerning his relations with Siegfried (Sigurd in Old Norse) and his death by treachery in the hall of Attila the Hun .

Historical information

In AD 406 the Alans , Vandals , the Suevi , and possibly the Burgundians crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul . In 411 , the Burgundian king Gundahar or Gundicar set up a puppet emperor, Jovinus , in cooperation with Goar , king of the Alans. With the authority of the Gallic emperor that he controlled, Gundahar settled on the left or western (i.e. Roman) bank of the Rhine, between the river Lauter and the Nahe , seizing Worms , Speyer , and Straßburg . Apparently as part of a truce, the Emperor Honorius later officially "granted" them the land. Olympiodorus of Thebes also mentions a Guntiarios who was called "commander of the Burgundians" in the context of the 411 usurping of Germania Secunda by Jovinus. (Prosper, a. 386)

Despite their new status as foederati , Burgundian raids into Roman upper Gallia Belgica became intolerable and were ruthlessly brought to an end in 436 , when the Roman general Aëtius called in Hun mercenaries who overwhelmed the Rhineland kingdom (with its capital at the old Celtic Roman settlement of Borbetomagus , now called Worms) in 437. Gundahar was killed in the fighting, reportedly along with the majority of the Burgundian tribe. (Prosper; Chronica Gallica 452; Hydatius; and Sidonius Apollinaris) 65 66



Research Notes: Child - Gondioc King of the Burgundians

From Wikipedia - Gondioc :

Gondioc (also Gundioc, Gundowech, died 473 ) was king of Burgundy following the destruction of Worms by the Huns in 436 , succeeding Gundahar . Gondioc married the sister of Ricimer , the Gothic general at the time ruling the Western Roman Empire .

Gundobad , the son of Gondioc, succeeded Ricimer in 472, but abdicated after the death of his father in the following year as Gondioc was succeeded by his brother Chilperic I . After the death of Chilperic, Burgundy was divided among the sons of Gondioc, Gundobad, Chilperic II of Burgundy , Godomar and Godegisel . 20 21


Sources


1 Wikipedia.org, "Rudolph I of Burgundy."

2 Wikipedia.org, "Conrad II, Duke of Transjurane Burgundy."

3 Wikipedia.org, "Waldrada of Worms."

4 Wikipedia.org, "Guilla of Provence."

5 Wikipedia.org, "Rudolph II of Burgundy."

6 Wikipedia.org, "Bertha of Swabia."

7 http://www.familysearch.org.

8 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-23, 71A-27 (Geoffroi III de Joinville).

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-22, 151-22 (Adele de Roucy), 149-23 (Adelaide of Namur).

10 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f92/a0019295.htm.

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151-22, 246-22, 149-23 (Adela de Rameru), 151A-22 (Hilduin III de Rameru).

12 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f96/a0019619.htm.

13 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 151A-23 (Andre I de Rameru).

14 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-27 (Geoffroi III de Joinville), 151A-24.

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 71A-27 (Geoffroi III de Joinville).

16 Website:, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875389.

17 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14 (Louis I).

18 Wikipedia.org, Ingerman of Hesbaye.

19 Wikipedia.org, Gundobad; Gondioc.

20 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99217 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

21 Wikipedia.org, Gongioc.

22 Wikipedia.org, Gondioc.

23 Wikipedia.org, Sigismund of Burgundy; Gundobad.

24 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316459 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

25 Wikipedia.org, Theodoric the Great.

26 Wikipedia.org, William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey.

27 Wikipedia.org, Gundred.

28 Wikipedia.org, William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey.

29 Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd. (Vol. 5. London: Whiting & Co., 1885.), p. 413.

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 50-24, 53-24, 83-24, 84-24, 88-25, 89-25, 140-24, 170-23 184-4, 215-24.

31 Wikipedia.org, Elizabeth of Vermandois.

32 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-22.

33 Wikipedia.org, Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor.

34 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-21.

35 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 157-21.

36 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-24 (Gunnild of Dunbar).

37 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121B-26, 38-24 (Gunnild of Dunbar).

38 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-24.

39 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-23.

40 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-23 (Waldeve).

41 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-25.

42 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 38-25 (Roland).

43 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-3 (Nesta).

44 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f87/a0018708.htm.

45 Wikipedia.org, Richard I, Duke of Normandy.

46 Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

47 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-19.

48 Wikipedia.org, William I, Duke of Normandy.

49 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/423.htm.

50 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #875034 Maitland Dirk Brower.

51 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-20.

52 Wikipedia.org, Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy.

53 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/442.htm.

54 Wikipedia.org, Robert II (Archbishop of Rouen).

55 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-18 (Aethelred II).

56 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-18, 34-19.

57 Wikipedia.org, Ethelred "the Unready."

58 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #878212 Maitland Dirk Brower.

59 http://www.familysearch.org, Disc #125 Pin #878217 Maitland Dirk Brower.

60 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4202.htm.

61 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-22 (Judith of Brittany).

62 Wikipedia.org, Richard II, Duke of Normandy.

63 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-22.

64 Wikipedia.org, Judith of Brittany.

65 Wikipedia.org, Gunther.

66 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316469 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

67 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316470 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).


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