The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Ralph de Gael 1st Earl of Norfolk, Suffolk & Cambridge and Emma




Husband Ralph de Gael 1st Earl of Norfolk, Suffolk & Cambridge 1 2

            AKA: Ralph de Gauder
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 

Events

• Seigneur of Montfort de Gael:

• Unknown:




Wife Emma 3

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: William Fitz Osbern Earl of Hereford (      -      ) 3
         Mother: 




Children


William III Taillefer Count of Toulouse, Albi and Quercy and Emma of Provence




Husband William III Taillefer Count of Toulouse, Albi and Quercy 4

           Born: 975
     Christened: 
           Died: Sep 1037
         Buried: 
       Marriage: Bef 992



Wife Emma of Provence 5

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1062
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Pons Count of Toulouse, Albi and Dijon 6 7

            AKA: Pons William Count of Toulouse
           Born: Between 990 and 1020
     Christened: 
           Died: 1060
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Almodis de la Marche Countess of Limoges (Abt 1000-1071) 8 9 10
           Marr: 1045




Research Notes: Husband - William III Taillefer Count of Toulouse, Albi and Quercy

From Wikipedia - William III, Count of Toulouse :

William III Taillefer (also spelled Tallefer or Tallifer; 975 - September 1037) was the Count of Toulouse , Albi , and Quercy from 972 or 978 to his death. He was the first of the Toulousain branch of his family to bear the title marchio , which he inherited (c.975) from Raymond II of Rouergue .

His parentage has been subject to reevaluation. He has traditionally been called son of Raymond III Pons and Garsinda .[1] However, recent research has revealed that William was instead son of Adelais of Anjou , known to have married a Raymond, "Prince of Gothia ". This discovery has required a complete reevaluation of the succession to the County of Toulouse during this period, and no scholarly consensus has developed.[2]

He and his vassals were notorious usurpers of church property. He stole from the abbey of Lézat , but gave it back between 1015 and 1025. Pope John XIX ordered him to stop his vassals from taking the lands of Moissac , a problem later remedied by his successor, Pons , who gave Moissac to Cluny .

William became the most powerful prince in western Languedoc and he saw the rise of the House of Capet in France and a corresponding decrease in royal authority recognised in the south. He bore the title of marchio prefatus in pago Tholosano: "prefect margrave in the Toulousain country." His influence extended into the Narbonensis and even Provence , on behalf of his wife. His power did not remain undiminished in his own city of Toulouse , where he was forced by a council of local noblemen and clerics to give up dues imposed on the market there.

Before 992, William married Emma , daughter of Rotbold III of Provence . From her he gained titles and lands to Provence. From a prior marriage, he had two sons, Raymond and Hugh, who died young. His eldest son by Emma, Pons , inherited Toulouse and the title of Margrave of Provence. His second son Bertrand became Count of Forcalquier , a Provençal fief. He had two daughters: Rangarda, wife of Peter Raymond of Carcassonne by Emma, and Ildegarda Elisa, wife of Fulk Bertrand of Provence by Emma. He had an illegitimate daughter that married Otto Raymond of L'Isle-Jourdain .

Notes
^ e.g. Lewis, p 341.
^ Some historians have suggested a single additional generation (referred to as Raymond III of Toulouse , his father Raymond Pons being stripped of an ordinal), while others follow the Codice de Roda in giving Raymond Pons a son Raymond who in turn had sons Hugh and Raymond. Identifying the last with the husband of Adelais inserts two generations, making William the great-grandson of Raymond Pons. Yet another reconstruction suggests that Raymond and Garsinda died childless, and that Toulouse passed to kinsman Raymond II of Rouergue , from whom the husband of Adelais would descend. See Martin de Framond, "La succession des comtes de Toulouse autour de l'an mil(940--1030): reconsidérations", Annales du Midi 204 (1993), pp 461--488; Thierry Stasser, "Adélaïde d'Anjou. Sa famille, ses mariages, sa descendance", Le Moyen Age 103,1 (1997): 9-52; FMG for different reconstructions. 4


Research Notes: Wife - Emma of Provence

From Wikipedia - Emma of Provence :

Emma (died 1062) was the daughter of Rotbold III of Provence and Ermengarda. She inherited the title Margrave of Provence from her elder brother William III in 1037 and married William III of Toulouse .
With William, she had four children:
Pons , who succeeded to Toulouse
Bertrand , who succeeded Pons in Toulouse (1060) and his mother in Provence
Ildegarda Elisa, wife of Fulk Bertrand of Provence
Rangarda, wife of Peter Raymond of Carcassonne 5


Research Notes: Child - Pons Count of Toulouse, Albi and Dijon

Second husband of Almodis (Almode) de la Marche.

From Wikipedia - Pons, Count of Toulouse :

Pons (II) William[1] (abt 1020 - 1060) was the Count of Toulouse from 1037. He was the eldest son and successor of William III Taillefer and Emma of Provence . He thus inherited the title marchio Provincæ . He is known to have owned many allods and he relied on Roman , Salic , and Gothic law .

Already in 1030, he possessed a lot of power in the Albigeois . In 1037, he gave many allodial churches and castles, including one half of that of Porta Spina , in the Albigeois, Nimois , and Provence as a bridal gift to his wife Majore .

In 1038, he split the purchase of the Diocese of Albi with the Trencavel family. In 1040, he donated property in Diens to Cluny . In 1047, he first appears as count palatine in a charter donating Moissac to Cluny.

Pons married first wife, Majore, in 1022. She died in 1044. In 1045, he married, Almodis de La Marche , former wife of Hugh V of Lusignan , but he too repudiated her in 1053. His only child by Majore, Pons the Younger , did not inherit his county and march. His eldest sons by Almodis, William IV and Raymond IV , originally just count of Saint-Gilles , succeeded him in turn. His son Hugh became abbot of Saint-Gilles. He had one daughter, Almodis, who married the Count of Melgueil .

Pons died in Toulouse and was buried in Saint-Sernin , probably late in 1060 or early in 1061. 6 7


Richard I Duke of Normandy and Emma of Paris




Husband Richard I Duke of Normandy 8 11 12 13 14

            AKA: Richard I "Sans Peur" de Normandie Princeps Nortmannorum, Richard I "Sans Peur" Duke of Normandy, Richard I "the Fearless" Duke of Normandy
           Born: 28 Aug 933 - <Fécamp>, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Nov 996 - Fécamp, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France
         Buried:  - Fécamp, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France


         Father: William I "Longsword" Duke of Normandy (Abt 0892-0942) 8 15 16
         Mother: Sprote de Bretagne à la Danoise (Abt 0911-Abt 0972) 8 15 17


       Marriage: 960

   Other Spouse: Gunnora de Crepon (Abt 0936-Abt 1031) 18 19 20 21

   Other Spouse: < > [Mistress(es) of Richard I] (      -      ) 12

Events

• Named: his father's heir, 29 May 942.




Wife Emma of Paris

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 968
         Buried: 


         Father: Hugh Capet King of France (0941-0996) 22 23
         Mother: 




Children

Birth Notes: Husband - Richard I Duke of Normandy

Ancestral Roots has b. abt 933 in Fecamp, France.


Research Notes: Husband - Richard I Duke of Normandy

From http://cybergata.com/roots/441.htm :
Background Information. 220
Richard Fitz Gilbert, styled from his possession "de Bienfaite," "de Clare" and "de Tonbride," was son of Gilbert, comté de Brionne in Normandy, which Gilbert was son and heir of Godfrey, comté de Brionne, illegitimate son of Richard, Duc de Normandie.

~Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, (Clare), Vol. III, p. 242
• Background Information. 732
When Richard's father, William Longsword, was assassinated in 942, his Uncle, Bernard the Dane, brought Richard from Bayeyx, age ten years at the time, so that he might be solemnly invested with ducal sword and mantle and to receive homage of the Normans. He received the acknowledgement the Norman chiefs. King Louis captured and imprisoned the young Richard under the pretense of providing Richard with an education at Motleon. Richard, with the help of Osmon the Dane who had accompanied Richard to the king's court, was able to escape and return to Normandy. Louis, with the aid of Hugh the Great, attacked the Normans. The Kings of Denmark came to the assistance of the Normans and Louis was defeated.

Richard married Esmé, daughter of Hugh the Great, who died young and childless. Richard married his mistress, Gunnora, who was said to be the sister of Herfaste, a Dane of noble birth. According to Guillaume de Jumièges, Richard had three sons. One was Richard, the second Duke of Normandy, Robert, who became the Archbishop of Rouen, and Mauger or Maugis, who married in 1012 Germaine, the daughter and heiress of Count Bouchard, and because of this marriage, he became Earl of Corbeil. Richard's daughter, Emma, was twice crowned Queen of England having first married King Ethelred in 1002, and then King Canute. She and Ethelred were the parents of Edward "the Confessor. By her other husband, she mothered King Hardicanute. Richard also was known to have at least three illegitimate children

~The Peshale Family, 870-1913, pg. 30-41, Much of this may be more myth than truth!
• Web Reference: Richard I of Nomandy by Steward Baldwin, whose information is based on hard evidence.

~Weis' Ancestral Roots . . ., 1:18, 118:23. 119::24, 119A:22, 121E:20 - son of William I "Longsword" and Sporta, m. 1st to Emma, daughter of Hugh Capet, m. 2nd to Gunnora to make his children with her legitimate, 177:3, 184:1, 214:22m 235:19, 250:20

---
From Wikipedia - Richard I, Duke of Normandy :

Richard I of Normandy (born 28 August 933 , in Fécamp Normandy , France died November 20 , 996 , in Fécamp) was the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996; he is considered the first to actually have held that title. He was called Richard the Fearless (French, Sans Peur).

Birth
He was born to William I of Normandy , ruler of Normandy, and his wife, Sprota . He was still a boy when his father died in 942. His mother was a Breton concubine captured in war and bound to William by a Danish marriage. After William died, Sprota became the wife of Esperleng, a wealthy miller; Rodulf of Ivry was their son and Richard's half-brother.

Life
Richard was still a boy when his father died, and so he was powerless to stop Louis IV of France when he seized Normandy. Louis kept him in confinement in his youth at Lâon, but he escaped with the assistance of Osmond de Centville , Bernard de Senlis (who had been a companion of Rollo of Normandy ), Ivo de Bellèsme , and Bernard the Dane (ancestor of families of Harcourt and Beaumont ). In 968, Richard agreed to "commend" himself to Hugh, Count of Paris. He then allied himself with the Norman and Viking leaders, drove Louis out of Rouen, and took back Normandy by 947. He later quarrelled with Ethelred II of England regarding Viking invasions of England because Normandy had been buying up much of the stolen booty.

Richard was bilingual, having been well educated at Bayeux. He was more partial to his Danish subjects than to the French. During his reign, Normandy became completely Gallicized and Christianized. He introduced the feudal system and Normandy became one of the most thoroughly feudalized states on the continent. He carried out a major reorganization of the Norman military system, based on heavy cavalry. He also became guardian of the young Hugh, Count of Paris, on the elder Hugh's death in 956.

Marriages
He married 1st (960) Emma (not to be confused with Emma of France ), daughter of Hugh "The Great" of France , and Hedwiga de Sachsen . They were betrothed when both were very young. She died 19 Mar 968, with no issue.
According to Robert of Torigni , not long after Emma's death, Duke Richard went out hunting and stopped at the house of a local forester. He became enamoured of the forester's wife, Seinfreda, but she being a virtuous woman, suggested he court her unmarried sister, Gunnor , instead. Gunnor became his mistress, and her family rose to prominence. Her brother, Herefast de Crepon , may have been involved in a controversial heresy trial. Gunnor was, like Richard, of Norse descent, being a Dane by blood. Richard finally married her to legitimize their children:
Richard II "the Good", Duke of Normandy (966)
Robert , Archbishop of Rouen , Count of Evreux , died 1037.
Geoffrey, Count of Eu, b. abt 962 died abt 1015. (Parentage [mother] not certain)
Mauger, Earl of Corbeil , died after 1033; his alleged grandson (or perhaps great-grandson) was Robert Fitzhamon , an important Anglo-Norman baron.
Robert Danus, died between 985 and 989
Emma of Normandy (c.985-1052) wife of two kings of England.
Maud of Normandy, wife of Odo II of Blois , Count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres
Hawise of Normandy (b. ca. 978), d. 21 February 1034 . m. Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany
Beatrice of Normandy , Abbess of Montvilliers d.1034 m. Ebles of Turenne (d.1030 (divorced)
Papia m. Gilbert de St Valery.
Fressenda (ca. 995-ca. 1057), m. Tancred of Hauteville .
Muriella m. Tancred of Hauteville .

Mistresses
Richard was known to have had several other mistresses and produced children with many of them. Known children are:
Geoffrey, Count of Brionne , (b. ca. 970)
William, Count of Eu (ca. 972 -26 January 1057/58) m. Leseline de Turqueville (d. 26 January 1057/58).

Death
He died in Fecamp , France on November 20 , 996 of natural causes. 8 11 12 13 14


Research Notes: Wife - Emma of Paris

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 121E-20 (Richard I)


Notes: Marriage

Betrothed about 945 and married 960


Robert de Brusse and Emma de Brittany




Husband Robert de Brusse 8

           Born: Abt 1036 - <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: Between 1080 and 1098
         Buried: 


         Father: Ragnvald Brusesson (Abt 1011-1046) 8
         Mother: Arlogia (Abt 1015-      ) 8


       Marriage: 



Wife Emma de Brittany 8

           Born: Abt 1034 - Brittany, (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1094
         Buried: 


         Father: Alan Count of Brittany (Abt 1000-1046) 8
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Adam Brus 8

            AKA: Adelm Brus
           Born: Abt 1051 - <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: Between 1080 and 1098
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Emma Ramsey (Abt 1062-      ) 8





Richard le Goz Vicomte d'Avranches and Emma




Husband Richard le Goz Vicomte d'Avranches 8 24

            AKA: Richard d'Avranches, Richard Goz d'Avranches
           Born: Abt 1025 - <Avranches, (Manche), Normandy, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1084
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Emma 25

            AKA: Emma de Conteville
           Born: Abt 1043
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children

Death Notes: Husband - Richard le Goz Vicomte d'Avranches

FamilySearch has d. 1066


Research Notes: Wife - Emma

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 132A-25 (Ranulph II). This source says "alleged to be a half-sister of William the Conqueror; Prof Douglas says 'fictitious.' 25


Hugh de Lacy and Emma de Bois l'Évêque




Husband Hugh de Lacy 26

            AKA: Hugh de Lacy, Hugh de Lacie, Hugh de Lascy
           Born: Abt 1018 - Laci (Lassy), (Calvados), Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: Abt 1042 - Laci (Lassy), (Calvados), Normandy, France



Wife Emma de Bois l'Évêque 27

            AKA: Emma de Bois l'Éveque
           Born: Abt 1028 - Bois l'Évêque, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Gilbert de Bois l'Évêque (Abt 1000-      ) 28
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Ilbert de Lacy 29

            AKA: Ilbert de Lacy
           Born: Abt 1045 - Laci (Lassy), (Calvados), Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1093 - Pontefract, West Riding, Yorkshire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hawise (Abt 1045-      ) 30
           Marr: Abt 1060 - Laci (Lassy), (Calvados), Normandy, France





Louis II King of Germany and Emma de Andech




Husband Louis II King of Germany

           Born: Abt 805
     Christened: 
           Died: 8 Sep 876 - Frankfurt, Germany
         Buried: 


         Father: Louis I Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Franks (0778-0840) 31 32 33 34
         Mother: Ermengarde of Hesbaye (Abt 0778-0818) 35 36 37


       Marriage: 



Wife Emma de Andech

           Born: Abt 805 - Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Guelph I Count of Altdorf, Duke of Bavaria (Abt 0767-0818) 32 36 38
         Mother: Edith von Sachsen (Abt 0774-      ) 39




Children
1 M Carloman King of Bavaria

           Born: Abt 821 - Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 880 - Bavaria, Germany
         Buried: 



2 M Charles III Holy Roman Emperor

           Born: Abt 823
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Louis II King of Germany

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875189 :

King of Germany. Louis received Bavaria and the eastern lands of the empire of his grandfather Charlemange when the empire was divided among Louis' brothers.


Research Notes: Wife - Emma de Andech

Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593877269


Research Notes: Child - Carloman King of Bavaria

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875188 :

Carloman was named as successor to the Holy Roman Empire by his cousin Louis II. But his uncle Charles (RIN # 831) convinced him to go to Germany first, then rushed to Rome and was crowned Emperor as Charles II. Carloman became King of Bavaria and reigned until 880.



Research Notes: Child - Charles III Holy Roman Emperor

Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593879140
Holy Roman Emperor 881-887.


Emma de Brittany




Husband

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Emma de Brittany 40

            AKA: Emma de Brittany
           Born: Abt 1025 - Brittany, (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 

   Other Spouse: Ivo de Contentin (Abt 1023-Abt 1042) 41


Children


Ivo de Contentin and Emma de Brittany




Husband Ivo de Contentin 41

            AKA: Ivo de Contentin, Ivo de Contentin
           Born: Abt 1023 - Contentin, Manche, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1042 - Normandy, France
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Emma de Brittany 40

            AKA: Emma de Brittany
           Born: Abt 1025 - Brittany, (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Odard de Dutton 42

            AKA: Odard de Dutton
           Born: Abt 1046 - Contentin, Manche, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1086 - Dutton, Runcorn, Cheshire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Alice (Abt 1044-      ) 43





Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I and Emma




Husband Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I 44

            AKA: Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I
           Born: Abt 1198
     Christened: 
           Died: 7 Dec 1269
         Buried: 


         Father: Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I Prince of Powys Fadog (Abt 1191-1236) 45
         Mother: Isota (      -      ) 46


       Marriage: 



Wife Emma 46

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog

            AKA: Gruffudd Fychan I, Gruffyd Maelor, Gruffydd Vychan I
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1283
         Buried: 



2 F Margaret verch Gruffydd 47

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Sir John Arderne (1266-1308) 47




Research Notes: Husband - Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I

Confirm that his grandfather was Gruffudd Maelor I. See History of Wales p. 124, 161

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6400 lists a daughter Margaret verch Gruffydd, whose mother is Emma. 44


Research Notes: Child - Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-33 (Elizabeth le Strange) has Gruffydd Fychan ap Madog, liv. 1283, son of Madog ap Gruffydd, d. 1278, son of Gruffydd, of Bromfield, d. 1269.

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81 has Gruffudd Fychan I, son of Gruffudd ap Madog ap Gruffudd.


Sources


1 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 53-25 (Sir Robert de Beaumont).

2 Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), p. 121.

3 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 53-25 (Robert de Beaumont).

4 Wikipedia.org, William III, Count of Toulouse.

5 Wikipedia.org, Emma of Provence.

6 Wikipedia.org, Pons, Count of Toulouse.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 185A-5 (Almode), 185-2 (Emma of Mortain).

8 http://www.familysearch.org.

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 275-21 (Hugh V de Lusignan).

10 Wikipedia.org, Almodis de la Marche.

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-3 (Nesta).

12 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f87/a0018708.htm.

13 Wikipedia.org, Richard I, Duke of Normandy.

14 Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-19.

16 Wikipedia.org, William I, Duke of Normandy.

17 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/423.htm.

18 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #875034 Maitland Dirk Brower.

19 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-20.

20 Wikipedia.org, Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy.

21 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/442.htm.

22 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Lines 53-20, 101-20, 106-20, 141-20.

23 Wikipedia.org, Hugh Capet.

24 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132B-25 (Ranulph II).

25 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-25 (Ranulph II).

26 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #877627 Maitland Dirk Brower.

27 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #877628 Maitland Dirk Brower.

28 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #887229 Maitland Dirk Brower.

29 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #877630 Maitland Dirk Brower.

30 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #877631 Maitland Dirk Brower.

31 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14, 148-14.

32 Wikipedia.org, Louis the Pious.

33 Wikipedia.org, Chasseneuil-du-Poitou.

34 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871724.

35 Wikipedia.org, Ermengarde of Hesbaye.

36 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 140-14 (Louis I).

37 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f98/a0019865.htm.

38 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871880.

39 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871881.

40 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650905.

41 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650904.

42 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650899.

43 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653650900.

44 Website - Genealogy, Gruffydd Maelor II ap.

45 Website - Genealogy, http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6398.

46 Website - Genealogy, http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6400.

47 Website - Genealogy, http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6402.


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