The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Anund "the Trail Blazer" King in Sweden [Legendary]




Husband Anund "the Trail Blazer" King in Sweden [Legendary] 1 2

            AKA: Braut-Önundr, Brøt-Anundr, Onund "Braut" Ingvarsson King in Sweden
           Born:  - Sweden
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Ingvar "the Tall" Eysteinsson King in Sweden [Legendary] (      -Abt 0620) 3
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Ingjald "Illråde" Anundsson King in Sweden [Legendary] 2 4

            AKA: Ingjald "Ill Ruler" King in Sweden, Ingjald "the Wicked" Onundsson King in Sweden
           Born: Abt 660 - Sweden
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gauthildr Algautsdóttir Princess of Västergötland [Legendary] (      -      ) 2 5




Research Notes: Husband - Anund "the Trail Blazer" King in Sweden [Legendary]

Legendary Swedish king of the House of Yngling.

From Wikipedia - Anund :

Brøt-Anundr (Old East Norse ) or Braut-Önundr (Old West Norse ) (meaning trail-blazer Anund or Anund the land-clearer) was a legendary Swedish king of the House of Yngling who reigned in the mid-seventh century. The name would have been Proto-Norse *Anuwinduz [1] , meaning "winning ancestor".

In his Ynglinga saga , Snorri Sturluson relates that Anund succeeded his father Ingvar on the Swedish throne, and after his father's wars against Danish vikings and Estonian pirates, peace reigned over Sweden and there were good harvests. Anund was a popular king who became very rich, not only because of the peace and the good harvests but also because he avenged his father in Estonia. That country was ravaged far and wide and in the autumn Anund returned with great riches.

In those days Sweden was dominated by vast and uninhabited forests, so Anund started making roads and clearing land and vast districts were settled by Swedes. Consequently he was named Bröt-Anund. He made a house for himself in every district and used to stay as a guest in many homes.

One autumn, King Anund was travelling between his halls (see Husbys ) and came to a place called Himinheiðr (sky heath) between two mountains. He was surprised by a landslide which killed him. 1 2


Research Notes: Child - Ingjald "Illråde" Anundsson King in Sweden [Legendary]

Legendary Swedish king.

From Wikipedia - Ingjald :
Ingjaldr hinn illráði or Ingjald illråde ("ill-ruler") was a legendary Swedish king of the House of Ynglings . Ingjald may have ruled sometime during the 7th century, and he was the son of the former king Anund .[1]


Ingjald is mentioned in the Ynglinga saga , Historia Norvegiæ , Hervarar saga , Upplendinga Konungum , Þorsteins saga Víkingssonar and Íslendingabók .

Ynglinga saga
Snorri Sturluson gave an extensive account on the life of Ingjald in the Ynglinga saga which is part of the Heimskringla .

Youth
The Ynglinga saga, a part of the Heimskringla relates that the viceroy of Fjädrundaland was named Ingvar and he had two sons, Alf and Agnar, who were of the same age as Ingjald. Svipdag the Blind was the viceroy of Tiundaland , the province of Uppsala where the Tings and the Yule (Midwinter) sacrifices were held (see the Temple at Uppsala ).
One Midwinter, when Ingjald and Alf were six years old, many people had assembled at Uppsala for the sacrifices. Alf and Ingjald played, but Ingjald found that he was the weaker boy and became so angry that he almost started to cry. His foster-brother Gautvid led him to his foster-father Svigdag the Blind and told Svipdag about Ingjald's lack of manliness and strength. Svipdag said that it was a shame and the next day he gave Ingjald a roasted wolf's heart to eat. From that day, Ingjald became a very ferocious person and had a bad disposition.

Anund arranged a marriage for his son Ingjald with Gauthild , the daughter of the Geatish king Algaut , who was the son of Gautrek the Mild and the grandson of Gaut . Gautrek consented as he believed that Ingjald had inherited his father's disposition. Gauthild's maternal grandfather was Olof the Sharp-sighted , the king of Närke .

The deceit
Snorri Sturluson relates that when his father Anund had died, Ingjald became the king of Sweden. The kings at Uppsala were the foremost among the kings of the various provinces since Odin ruled the country, and they were the supreme chiefs of the other kingdoms since the death of Agne and Sweden was divided between Erik and Alrik . The descendants of these two kings had spread, cleared land and settled new territories, until there were several petty kings.

In honour of his own ascendance to the throne, Ingjald invited the kings, the jarls and other important men to a grand feast in a newly built hall , just as large and sumptuous as the one in Uppsala. It was called the hall of the seven kings and had seven high seats. Algaut the Geatish king of West Götaland , King Ingvar of Fjädrundaland with his two sons Agnar and Alf, King Sporsnjall of Nerike and King Sigvat of Attundaland came but not King Granmar of Södermanland . The kings filled all seven seats but one. All the prominent people of Sweden had seats, except for Ingjald's own court whom he had sent to his old hall in Uppsala.

According to the custom of the time for those who inherited kings and jarls , Ingjald rested at the footstool until the Bragebeaker was brought in. Then he was supposed to stand up, take the beaker and make solemn vows, after which he would ascend his father's high seat. However, when the beaker was brought in, he took a bull's horn and made the solemn vow that he would enlarge his own kingdom by half towards all the four quarters, towards which he pointed his horn, or die.

When all the prominent guests were drunk, he ordered Svipdag's sons, Gautvid and Hylvid, to arm themselves and their men and to leave the building. Outside, they set fire to the building which burnt down and those who tried to escape were killed.
Thus Ingjald made himself the sole ruler of the domains of the murdered kings.

Wars
Granmar won allies in his son-in-law the sea-king Hjörvard of the Ylfings and his father-in-law Högne the Geatish king of East Götaland . They successfully withstood Ingjald's invasion where Ingjald realised that the men from the provinces he had conquered were not loyal to him. After a long standstill there was peace for as long as the three kings lived. However, one night Ingjald and his men surrounded a farm where Granmar and Hjörvard were at a feast and burnt the house down. He late disposed of five more kings, and he thus earned the name Illråde (ill-ruler) as he fulfilled his promise.

Snorri Sturluson tells that it was a common saying that Ingjald killed twelve kings by deceiving them that he only wished for peace, and that he thus earned his cognomen Illråde (ill-ruler or ill-adviser).

Downfall

Ingjald had two children, a son Olof Trätälja and a daughter Åsa . His daughter had inherited her father's psychopathic disposition. She married king Guðröðr of Skåne . Before she murdered her husband she managed to make him kill his own brother Halfdan the Valiant , the father of the great Ivar Vidfamne .

In order to avenge his father, Ivar Vidfamne gathered a vast host and departed for Sweden, where he found Ingjald at Ræning. When Ingjald and his daughter realized that it was futile to resist, they set the hall on fire and succumbed in the flames. 2 4



Warinius Lord of Altdorf and Ara




Husband Warinius Lord of Altdorf 6

           Born: Abt 715 - Altdorf, Swabia, Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Everhard Duke of Alsatia (Abt 0689-      ) 7
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife Ara 8

           Born: Abt 717
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Isenbart Lord of Altdorf 9

           Born: Abt 741 - Altdorf, Swabia, Germany
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ermentrude (Abt 0743-      ) 10





Ebles Mancer Count of Poitou and Aremburge




Husband Ebles Mancer Count of Poitou

           Born: 868 - <Poittou, (Vienne), France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 932
         Buried: 


         Father: Ranulf II Count of Poitou, Duke of Aquitaine (Abt 0855-0890)
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 892

   Other Spouse: Emiliane (      -      ) 11 - 911

Events

• Count of Poitou: 890-892, 903.




Wife Aremburge 11

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M William I Count of Poitou 12

            AKA: Guillaume III Count of Poitou, William III of Aquitaine
           Born: 900 - <Poitiers, Poitou, (Vienne), France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 3 Apr 963 - <Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers, Poitour, (Vienne), France>
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Adele de Normandie (      -After 0969) 13
           Marr: 935




Research Notes: Husband - Ebles Mancer Count of Poitou

Per Ancestral Roots, line 144A-18, "bastard of Ranulf II by Ermengarde, prob. a concubine"


Research Notes: Child - William I Count of Poitou

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008).line 144A-19. Also line 45-22 (Henry III) and 110-23 (Hildegarde).

Source: familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) has b. 910 in Poitier, d. bet 963 & 966 in Saint-Cyrien de Poitiers 12


Dalmas I Sire of Semur-en-Brionnais and Aremburge




Husband Dalmas I Sire of Semur-en-Brionnais 14

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died:  - <Burgundy, (France)>
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Aremburge 14

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Henry I Count of Nevers, Duke of Lower Burgundy (      -      ) 14
         Mother: Mathilda de Châlon (      -      ) 14




Children
1 F Hélie 15

            AKA: Eleanor
           Born: 1016
     Christened: 
           Died: 22 April after 1055
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Robert "the Old" Duke of Burgundy (Abt 1011-1076) 16 17
           Marr: Abt 1033




Death Notes: Child - Hélie

Died a nun


Pharamond King of the Franks [Legendary] and Argotta Princess of the Salian Franks




Husband Pharamond King of the Franks [Legendary] 18 19 20

            AKA: Faramund King of the Franks [Legendary]
           Born: Abt 369 - <Gallica Belgica (Belgium)>
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 428
         Buried: 


         Father: Marcomir Duke of the East Franks (Abt 0347-0404) 21 22 23
         Mother: < > [Daughter of Boaz] (      -      ) 24


       Marriage: Abt 394



Wife Argotta Princess of the Salian Franks 25 26

           Born: Abt 376 - <Gallia Lugdunensis (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Genebald II Duke of the Salian Franks (Abt 0345-Abt 0419) 27 28 29
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Clodio King of the Salic Franks [Legendary] 30 31 32

            AKA: Clodion King of the Salic Franks, Clodius King of the Salic Franks
           Born: Abt 395 - <Gallia Belgica (France or Belgium)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 447
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Basina de Thuringia (0398-Abt 0414) 33 34



2 M Clovis "the Riparian" Frankish King of Cologne 35 36

            AKA: of Cologne Clodion
           Born: Bef 420
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Pharamond King of the Franks [Legendary]

Legendary father of Clodio, part of a fictitious descent from the Trojans.

FamilySearch.org (Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer) has b. in Westphalia, Germany. Has title as King of the Salic Franks, and gives his father as Marcomir, Duke of the East Franks + a daughter of Boaz. This parentage is legendary and likely untrue.

--------------

From Wikipedia - Pharamond :

Pharamond or Faramund is a legendary early king of the Franks first referred to in the anonymous 8th century Carolingian text Liber Historiae Francorum , also known as the Gesta regnum Francorum. In this work, which is customarily dated to 727, the anonymous author begins by writing of a mythical Trojan origin for the Franks . The emphasis of the Liber was upon "construct[ing] a specific past for a particular group of people."[1]

The story is told of the election of the first Frankish king.[2] It says that after the death of Sunno , his brother Marcomer , leader of the Ampsivarii and Chatti , proposed to the Franks that they should have one single king, contrary to their tradition. The Liber adds that Pharamond, named as Marchomir's son, was chosen as this first king (thus beginning the tradition of long-haired kings of the Franks), and then states that when he died, his son Chlodio was raised up as the next king. The work says no more of him.

Because there is no reference in any source prior to this work[3] to this figure named Pharamond, who is placed prior to Chlodio (that is, before ca. 428), scholars consider him a legendary rather than historical figure.[4] As a matter of fact in several sources, for example Gregory of Tours , multiple kings are attested to rule simultaneously in later times. It is thus a dubious matter to assume that, even had Pharamond existed, he was ever recognized as sole king. The first king of the Franks who may have been close to this position was Clovis I , but after his death his empire was divided again amongst his sons who ruled again simultaneously.

The myth of Pharamond has led to new legends and romances in later times. In past times this has led to attempts to falsely write Pharamond into Prosper Tiro [5]. Martin Bouquet at a much later date invented an entire history of Pharamond.[1] 18 19 20


Research Notes: Child - Clodio King of the Salic Franks [Legendary]

Legendary. May not have been a real person, and, if a real person, may not have been the father of Merovech.

King of Salic Franks, named after the Franks near the Sale river in Belgium.

From Wikipedia -List of Frankish kings :
Clodio , possible son of Pharamond, King at Dispargum and later Tournai (426 - 447)

From Wikipedia - Clodio :
Chlodio[1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty . He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum . From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul , where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River . In 448 , 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius , the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech , after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond . The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris .

Sources
Gregory of Tours , Historiën.
Sidonius Apollinaris , Loeb Classical Edition. 30 31 32


Christening Notes: Child - Clovis "the Riparian" Frankish King of Cologne

Clovis was baptized by Saint Remi, Bishop of Rheims.


Research Notes: Child - Clovis "the Riparian" Frankish King of Cologne

Kinsman of Clovis I. 35 36


Ragnvald Brusesson and Arlogia




Husband Ragnvald Brusesson 2

            AKA: Rognvald Brusesson
           Born: Abt 1011 - <Orkney Islands, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: Dec 1046 - Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland
         Buried:  - Papa Westroy, Orkney, Scotland


         Father: Brusi Sigurdsson (Abt 0987-1031) 2
         Mother: Ostrida Regenwaldsdatter (Abt 0990-      ) 2


       Marriage: Abt 1034 - <Russia>



Wife Arlogia 2

           Born: Abt 1015 - <Russia>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Waldemar Duke of Russia (Abt 0995-      ) 2
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Robert de Brusse 2

           Born: Abt 1036 - <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: Between 1080 and 1098
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Emma de Brittany (Abt 1034-Abt 1094) 2




Death Notes: Husband - Ragnvald Brusesson

Killed


Arnaud I Count of Comminges and Arsinde




Husband Arnaud I Count of Comminges 2

           Born: Abt 898 - Comminges, Gascony, (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Asnarius Count of Comminges (Abt 0872-      ) 2
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife Arsinde 2

            AKA: Arsende of Carcassonne
           Born: Abt 902 - Carcassonne, (Aude), France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Alfred Count of Carcassonne (Abt 0860-      ) 2
         Mother: Adelaide (Abt 0867-      ) 2




Children
1 M Roger I Count of Carcassonne 2

            AKA: Roger I "the Old" of Carcassonne, Roger II Count of Comminges
           Born: Abt 935 - <Carcassonne, (Aube)>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1012
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Adelaide (Abt 0949-      ) 2
           Marr: 1001 - France





Clotaire I "le Vieux" King of Soissons and King of the Franks and Arnégonde




Husband Clotaire I "le Vieux" King of Soissons and King of the Franks 37 38 39

            AKA: Chlothar I King of Soissons, King of the Franks, Lothair I King of Soissons
           Born: 497 - Soissons, (Aisne, Picardy), Neustria, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 23 Nov 561
         Buried:  - Abbey of Saint-Medard, Soissons, (Aisne, Picardy), Neustria, France


         Father: Clovis I King of the Franks (Abt 0466-0511) 40 41 42
         Mother: Clotilde Queen of the Franks (0475-0545) 43 44 45 46


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Guntheuc (      -      ) - Abt 524

   Other Spouse: Radegund (      -      )

   Other Spouse: Ingund (Abt 0500-      ) 47 48

   Other Spouse: Chunsina (      -      ) 49



Wife Arnégonde 50 51 52

            AKA: Aregund, Arnegunde
           Born: Abt 515
     Christened: 
           Died: 573
         Buried:  - Saint-Denis Basilica, Paris, (Île-de-France), Neustria, France


         Father: Baderic King of Thuringia (Abt 0480-Abt 0529)
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Chilpéric I King of Soissons and King of Neustria 53 54

           Born: Abt 539 - <Neustria>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Sep 584
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Fredegund (0543-0597) 55 56
         Spouse: Audovera (      -      )




Research Notes: Husband - Clotaire I "le Vieux" King of Soissons and King of the Franks

Succeeded Clovis I in Soissons.
----------
From Wikipedia - List of Frankish kings :

Upon [the death of Clovis I], the kingdom was split among his four sons:

Soissons - Chlothar I, 511-561

Paris - Childebert I, 511-558 then Chlothar I, 558-561

Orléans - Chlodomer, 511-524 then Childebert I, 524-558 then Chlothar I, 558-561

Reims - Theuderic I, 511-534 then Theudebert I, 534-548 then Theudebald, 548-555 then Chlothar I, 555-561.

Chlothar I eventually inherited all of the Frankish kingdoms after the deaths of his brothers or their successors. After his own death, the kingdom was once again split among his four sons:

Soissons (eventually Neustria) - Chilperic I, 561-584 then Chlothar II, 584-629

Paris - Charibert I, 561-567 then Chilperic I, 567-584 then Chlothar II, 584-629

Orléans (eventually Burgundy) - Guntram, 561-592 then Childebert II, 592-595 then Theuderic II, 595-613 then Sigebert II, 613 then Chlothar II, 613-629

Reims and Metz (eventually Austrasia) - Sigebert I, 561-575 then Childebert II, 575-595 then Theudebert II, 595-612 then Theuderic II, 612-613 then Sigebert II, 613 then Chlothar II, 613-623

-----------

From Wikipedia - Chlothar I :

Chlothar I (or Chlothachar, Chlotar, Clothar, Clotaire, Chlotochar, or Hlothar, giving rise to Lothair ; 497 - 561 ), called the Old (le Vieux), King of the Franks , was one of the four sons of Clovis . He was born about 497 in Soissons (now in Aisne département , Picardie , France ).

On the death of his father in 511 , he received, as his share of the kingdom, the town of Soissons , which he made his capital; the cities of Laon , Noyon , Cambrai , and Maastricht ; and the lower course of the Meuse River . But he was very ambitious, and sought to extend his domain.

He was the chief instigator of the murder of his brother Chlodomer 's children in 524 , and his share of the spoils consisted of the cities of Tours and Poitiers . He took part in various expeditions against Burgundy and, after the destruction of that kingdom in 534 , obtained Grenoble , Die , and some of the neighbouring cities.

When the Ostrogoths ceded Provence to the Franks, he received the cities of Orange , Carpentras , and Gap . In 531 , he marched against the Thuringii with his nephew Theudebert I and in 542 , with his brother Childebert I against the Visigoths of Spain . On the death of his great-nephew Theodebald in 555 , Clotaire annexed his territories. On Childebert's death in 558 he became sole king of the Franks.

He also ruled over the greater part of Germany , made expeditions into Saxony , and for some time exacted from the Saxons an annual tribute of 500 cows. The end of his reign was troubled by internal dissensions, his son Chram rising against him on several occasions. Following Chram into Brittany , where the rebel had taken refuge, Clotaire shut him up with his wife and children in a cottage, which he set on fire. Overwhelmed with remorse, he went to Tours to implore forgiveness at the tomb of St Martin , and died shortly afterwards.

Family
Clotaire's first marriage was to Guntheuc , widow of his own brother Chlodomer, sometime around 524. They had no children.
His second marriage, which occurred around 532 , was to Radegund , daughter of Bertachar , King of Thuringia , whom he and his brother Theuderic defeated. She was later canonized . They had no children.
His third and most successful marriage was to Ingund , by whom he had five sons and two daughters:
Gunthar, predeceased father
Childeric, predeceased father
Charibert , King of Paris
Guntram , King of Burgundy
Sigebert , King of Austrasia
Chlothsind , married Alboin , King of the Lombards

His next marriage was to a sister of Ingund, Aregund , with whom he had a son:
Chilperic , King of Soissons
His last wife was Chunsina (or Chunsine), with whom he had one son:
Chram , who became his father's enemy and predeceased him 37 38 39


Research Notes: Wife - Arnégonde

According to Ancestral Roots, Line 240A (Clotaire I), Arnégonde was his 2nd wife, sister of his first wife Ingonde. According to Wikipedia, fourth wife of Clotaire I, sister of his fourth wife, Ingund.

Source Wikipedia - Chlothar I - Aregund was Clotaire's 4th wife, sister of Ingund (Clotaire's 3rd wife).

From Wikipedia - Aregund :

Aregund, Aregunda, Arnegund, Aregonda, or Arnegonda was the wife of Clotaire I , king of the Franks , and the mother of Chilperic I of Neustria . She was the sister of Ingund , one of Clotaire's other wives. She lived during the sixth century.

Her sepulchre , among dozens of others, was discovered in 1959 in the Saint Denis Basilica by archaeologist Michel Fleury . It contained remarkably well-preserved clothing items and jewellery , which were used to identify her.

In an episode of the television series, Digging for the Truth , aired in May 2006, host Josh Bernstein arranged a DNA test of a sample of her remains to see if it showed any Middle Eastern characteristics. It did not. This was meant to disprove the notion put forwards by the Da Vinci Code that the Merovingians were descended from Jesus, though it should be noted Aregund was merely married into the dynasty, not a blood descendant- so presumably the results of this test are irrelevant. Some also claim that based on studies the burial could not have been done around the time of Aregund's death but likely dates from decades later and the remains were of a woman (?)than Aregund was supposed to have been.

References
Erlande-Brandenburg, Alain, "Saint-Denis Cathedral", Editions Quest-France, Rennes, n.d. 50 51 52


Death Notes: Child - Chilpéric I King of Soissons and King of Neustria

Stabbed when returning from the chase to his royal villa of Chelles.


Research Notes: Child - Chilpéric I King of Soissons and King of Neustria

King of Neustria 561-584.

King of Soissons, succeeding Chlothar I (Clotaire I).

From Wikipedia - Chilperic I :

Chilperic I (c. 539 - September 584 ) was the king of Neustria (or Soissons ) from 561 to his death. He was one of the sons of Clotaire I , sole king of the Franks , and Aregund.

Immediately after the death of his father in 561 , he endeavoured to take possession of the whole kingdom, seized the treasure amassed in the royal town of Berny and entered Paris . His brothers, however, compelled him to divide the kingdom with them, and Soissons, together with Amiens , Arras , Cambrai , Thérouanne , Tournai , and Boulogne fell to Chilperic's share. His eldest brother Charibert received Paris , the second eldest brother Guntram received Burgundy with its capital at Orléans , and Sigebert received Austrasia . On the death of Charibert in 567 , his estates were augmented when the brothers divided Charibert's kingdom among themselves and agreed to share Paris.

Not long after his accession, however, he was at war with Sigebert, with whom he would long remain in a state of-at the very least-antipathy. Sigebert defeated him and marched to Soissons, where he defeated and imprisoned Chilperic's eldest son, Theudebert . The war flared in 567, at the death of Charibert. Chilperic immediately invaded Sigebert's new lands, but Sigbert defeated him. Chilperic later allied with Guntram against Sigebert (573 ), but Guntram changed sides and Chilperic again lost the war.
When Sigebert married Brunhilda , daughter of the Visigothic sovereign in Spain (Athanagild ), Chilperic also wished to make a brilliant marriage. He had already repudiated his first wife, Audovera , and had taken as his concubine a serving-woman called Fredegund . He accordingly dismissed Fredegund, and married Brunhilda's sister, Galswintha . But he soon tired of his new partner, and one morning Galswintha was found strangled in her bed. A few days afterwards Chilperic married Fredegund.

This murder was the cause of more long and bloody wars, interspersed with truces, between Chilperic and Sigebert. In 575 , Sigebert was assassinated by Fredegund at the very moment when he had Chilperic at his mercy. Chilperic then made war with the protector of Sigebert's wife and son, Guntram. Chilperic retrieved his position, took from Austrasia Tours and Poitiers and some places in Aquitaine , and fostered discord in the kingdom of the east during the minority of Childebert II .
In 578 , Chilperic sent an army to fight the Breton ruler Waroch of the Vannetais along the Vilaine . The Frankish army consisted of units from the Poitou , Touraine , Anjou , Maine , and Bayeux . The Baiocassenses (men from Bayeux) were Saxons and they in particular were routed by the Bretons.[1] The armies fought for three days before Waroch submitted, did homage for Vannes, sent his son as a hostage, and agreed to pay an annual tribute. He subsequently broke his oath, but Chilperic's dominion over the Bretons was relatively secure, as evidence by Venantius Fortunatus celebration of it in a poem.

He was detested by Gregory of Tours , who dubbed him as the Nero and Herod of his time (History of the Franks book vi.46): he had provoked Gregory's wrath by wresting Tours from Austrasia, seizing of ecclesiastical property, and appointing as bishops counts of the palace who were not clerics. His reign in Neustria also saw the introduction of the Byzantine punishment of eye-gouging. Yet, he was also a man of culture: he was a musician of some talent, and his verse (modeled on that of Sedulius ) is well-regarded; he reformed the Germanic alphabet; and he worked to reduce the worst effects of Salic law upon women.
It was one day in September of 584 , while returning from the chase to his royal villa of Chelles , that Chilperic was stabbed to death.

...Family
Chilperic's first marriage was to Audovera. They had four children:
Theudebert , died in the war of 575
Merovech (d.578 ), married the widow Brunhilda and became his father's enemy
Clovis , assassinated by Fredegund in 580
Basina , nun, led a revolt in the abbey of Poitiers
His short second marriage to Galswintha produced no children.
His concubinage and subsequent marriage to Fredegund produced four more legitimate offspring:
Samson, died young
Rigunth , betrothed to Reccared but never married
Theuderic, died young
Clotaire , his successor in Neustria, later sole king of the Franks 53 54



Arnold von Schannis




Husband Arnold von Schannis 2

           Born: Abt 948 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Ancelie von Lenzburg 2

           Born: Abt 974 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Humbert I Count of Savoy (Abt 0972-1042/1051) 2





Arnold le Gros




Husband Arnold le Gros 2

           Born: Abt 936 - <Courcerault, (Orne)>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Abbo le Breton (Abt 0909-      ) 2
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Geroy Le Goz de Montreuil 2

            AKA: Giroie Le Goz de Montreuil
           Born: Abt 968 - <Heugon, (Orne or Pas-de-Calais)>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gisela Bertrand de Bastenburg (Abt 0978-      ) 2




Sources


1 Wikipedia.org, Anund.

2 http://www.familysearch.org.

3 Wikipedia.org, Ingvar.

4 Wikipedia.org, Ingjald.

5 Wikipedia.org, Algautsdóttir.

6 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875372.

7 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875374.

8 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875373.

9 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875369.

10 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875370.

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-18 (Ebles Mancer).

12 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-19.

13 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 144A-19 (William I of Poitou).

14 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-22 (Robert the Old).

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-22 (Robert the Old), 113-22 (Robert the Old).

16 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-22, 113-22.

17 Wikipedia.org, Robert I, Duke of Burgundy.

18 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99021 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

19 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873345.

20 Wikipedia.org, Pharamond.

21 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99022 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

22 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873346.

23 Wikipedia.org, Marcomer.

24 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316476 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

25 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875190.

26 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105872 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

27 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316370 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

28 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875191.

29 Wikipedia.org, Genobaud.

30 Wikipedia.org, Clodio.

31 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873344.

32 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99020 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

33 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140415 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

34 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593875434.

35 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-1.

36 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #140410.

37 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99006 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

38 Wikipedia.org, Chlothar I; List of Frankish kings.

39 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873337.

40 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #99017 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

41 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873339.

42 Wikipedia.org, Clovis I; List of Frankish kings.

43 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-3 (Clovis I).

44 Wikipedia.org, Clotilde.

45 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #105696 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

46 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873340.

47 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #316387 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

48 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873338.

49 Wikipedia.org, Chlothar I, Chram.

50 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-4 (Clotaire I).

51 Wikipedia.org, Aregund.

52 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873001.

53 Wikipedia.org, Chilperic I.

54 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593873575.

55 Wikipedia.org, Chlothar II.

56 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 240A-5 (Chilpéric I).


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