The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




William FitzOsbern 1st Earl of Hereford and Alice de Toeni




Husband William FitzOsbern 1st Earl of Hereford 1

           Born: Abt 1030 - <Poitiers>, Poitou, (Vienne), France
     Christened: 
           Died: 20 Feb 1071 - Flanders <France>
         Buried:  - Cormeilles Abbey, (Eure), Normandy, France


         Father: Osbern (Abt 1000-      ) 1
         Mother: Emma of Ivry (Abt 1008-      ) 1


       Marriage: Abt 1051 - France



Wife Alice de Toeni 1

            AKA: Adelise of Tosny, Adelise de Toeni
           Born: Abt 1035 - <Tosny, (Eure), Normandy>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried:  - Lyre Abbey, Évreux, (Eure), Normandy, France


         Father: Roger "the Spaniard" de Toeni (Abt 0990-Abt 1039) 1
         Mother: Godehilde Borrell (Abt 0995-After 1077) 1




Children
1 F Emma FitzOsbern 1

           Born: Abt 1059 - <Breteuil, (Eure)>, Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1095
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ralph de Gael Seigneur de Gaël et Montfort (Bef 1040-After 1095) 1 2
           Marr: 1075 - Exning, Cambridgeshire, England





Walter FitzOther of Stanwell and Gwladys verch Ryall




Husband Walter FitzOther of Stanwell 3 4

            AKA: Walter FitzOtho
           Born: Abt 1045
     Christened: 
           Died: sh aft 1100
         Buried: 


         Father: Other (Abt 1020-      ) 5
         Mother: Beatrice (      -      ) 5


       Marriage: 

Events

• Keeper: of the forest of Windsor.

• Created: Castellan of Windsor Castle, 1078.




Wife Gwladys verch Ryall 6

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Gerald de Windsor 6

            AKA: Gerald FitzWalter, Gerald de Wyndesore
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 1136 7
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Nest verch Rhys (      -After 1136) 8 9 10
           Marr: Abt 1095



2 M William FitzWalter of Stanwell 11

            AKA: William FitzWalter de Windsor of Stanwell
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Walter FitzOther of Stanwell

From Wikipedia - Burnham, Buckinghamshire :

Burnham lies north of the River Thames , and sits on the border with Berkshire , between the towns of Maidenhead and Slough . It is served by Burnham railway station in the west of Slough on the main line between London and Reading, Berkshire . The M4 motorway passes through the south of the parish.

The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'homestead on a stream '. It was first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Burneham, when the manor belonged to Walter Fitz-Other.

-----------
From Wikipedia - Carew Baronets :

The Carew Baronetcy, of Haccombe in the County of Devon, was created in the Baronetage of England on 2 August 1661 for Thomas Carew , Member of Parliament for Tiverton . The Carews are an ancient Cornwall and Devon family and claim descent (along with the Dukes of Leinster and Earls of Plymouth ) from Walter Fitz-Other, Castellan of Windsor in 1078. Charles Carew , grandson of Reverend Thomas Carew, younger son of the sixth Baronet, sat as Member of Parliament for Tiverton . Patrick Henry Curtis Carew (b. 1931), great-grandson of Thomas Carew (1810-1876), third son of the seventh Baronet, is a Brigadier-General in the Royal Canadian Dragoons . 3 4


Research Notes: Child - Gerald de Windsor

From Wikipedia - Gerald de Windsor :

Gerald de Windsor, also known as Gerald FitzWalter, was the nobleman in charge of the Norman forces in Wales in the late 11th century.

Gerald was the son of Walter FitzOtho and Gwladys ferch Ryall , married Nest of Deheubarth , daughter of Prince Rhys ap Tewdwr and Gwladys ferch Rhiwallon , around c. 1095.

Gerald held the office of Constable of Pembroke Castle from 1102 , was granted the manor of Moulsford in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire ) by the King and built a motte and bailey castle at Carew in Pembrokeshire .

He had five children with Nesta:
William (died 1173), Father of Raymond Fitzgerald
Maurice FitzGerald (born c. 1100, died 1 September 1176 ) and
David FitzGerald , Bishop of St David's (died c. 1176)[1],
Angharad
possibly Gwladys 6


William FitzPatrick 2nd Earl of Salisbury and Eléonore de Vitré




Husband William FitzPatrick 2nd Earl of Salisbury 1 12 13

           Born: Abt 1150 - <Salisbury, Wiltshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 17 Apr 1196 - <Salisbury, Wiltshire>, England
         Buried: 


         Father: Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury (Abt 1122-1168) 1 14
         Mother: Ela Talvas of Alençon and Ponthieu (Abt 1124-1174) 1 14 15


       Marriage: Abt 1184

Events

• 2nd Earl of Wiltshire:




Wife Eléonore de Vitré 1 12

            AKA: Alianore de Vitré, Eleanore de Vitré
           Born: Abt 1164 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1233
         Buried: 


         Father: Robert III de Vitré of Tilliers (Abt 1132-      ) 1 13
         Mother: Emma Dinan (Abt 1136-      ) 1




Children
1 F Ela Countess of Salisbury 1 12

           Born: 1187 - Amesbury, Wiltshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 24 Aug 1261 - Lacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire, England
         Buried:  - Lacock Abbey, Lacock, Wiltshire, England
         Spouse: William Longspée 3rd Earl of Salisbury (Abt 1176-1226) 1 16
           Marr: 1196




Research Notes: Husband - William FitzPatrick 2nd Earl of Salisbury

From Wikipedia - William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury :

William de Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. Though he is generally known as such, his proper title was Earl of Wiltshire , which title was conferred on his father by Empress Maud around 1143. He was also called William FitzPatrick.

He was the son and heir of Patrick of Salisbury , 1st Earl of Wiltshire, (but styled Earl of Salisbury) and Sybil, daughter of Patrick de Chaources (or Chaworth). [1].

Family
He married Eléonore, daughter of Robert III de Vitre of Tilliers. He died without male issue in 1196. Their only daughter and heiress, was Ela, Countess of Salisbury who married William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury , who was half-brother to the king.

Service to Richard I
William bore the golden sceptre at the coronation of King Richard I , but the next year when the king became a prisoner in Almaine, he was one of those who adhered to Prince John, Earl of Moreton, and later King John of England . In 1195, William was back with King Richard in the expedition into Normandy and upon his return to England was one of Richard's great council assembled at Nottingham. The Earl of Salisbury was one of the four earls who supported the canopy of state at the second coronation of Richard that same year

Disputed D'Evereux connections
In Sir Bernard Burke's Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, the family is written up under D'Evereux. However much this link to Edward d'Evereux is disputed, there is some valuable information on the Earls thereafter. 1 12 13


Burial Notes: Child - Ela Countess of Salisbury

The incription on her tombstone, originally written in Latin, reads:
Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works


Research Notes: Child - Ela Countess of Salisbury

Only daughter and heiress of William FitzPatrick, who had no son.

From Wikipedia - Ela, Countess of Salisbury :

Ela, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187- 24 August 1261), was a wealthy English heiress and the suo jure Countess of Salisbury, having succeeded to the title in 1196 upon the death of her father, William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury .[1] Her husband William Longespee , an illegitimate half-brother of kings Richard I of England and John of England assumed the title of 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his marriage to Ela, which took place in 1196 when she was nine years old.

Ela became a nun after William's death, then Abbess of Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire which she had founded in 1229. Mary, Queen of Scots , English kings Edward IV and Richard III , and three of the queens consort of King Henry VIII , Anne Boleyn , Jane Seymour , and Catherine Howard were among her many descendants.

Family
Ela was born in Amesbury , Wiltshire in 1187, the only child and heiress of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire and Eléonore de Vitré (c.1164- 1232/1233).[2] Her paternal grandparents were Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Ela Talvas. Her maternal grandparents were Robert III de Vitré and Emma de Dinan, daughter of Alan de Dinan and Eléonore de Penthievre. In 1196, she succeeded her father as 3rd Countess of Salisbury suo jure. There is a story that immediately following her father's death she was imprisoned in a castle in Normandy by one of her paternal uncles who wished to take her title and enormous wealth for himself.

According to the legend, Ela was eventually rescued by William Talbot, a knight who had gone to France where he sang ballads under windows in all the castles of Normandy until he received a response from Ela.[3]


In 1198, Ela's mother married her fourth husband, Gilbert de Malesmains.

Marriage and children
In 1196, the same year she became countess and inherited her father's numerous estates, Ela married William Longespee, an illegitimate son of King Henry II of England , by his mistress Ida de Tosny, who later married Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk . Longespee became 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his wife. The Continuator of Florence recorded that their marriage had been arranged by King Richard I of England , who was William's legitimate half-brother.[1]


Together William and Ela had at least eight or possibly nine children:
William II Longespee , titular Earl of Salisbury (c.1209- 7 February 1250), married in 1216 Idoine de Camville, daughter of Richard de Camville and Eustache Basset, by whom he had four children. William was killed while on crusade at the Battle of Mansurah .

Richard Longespee, clerk and canon of Salisbury.
Stephen Longespee , Seneschal of Gascony and Justiciar of Ireland (1216- 1260), married as her second husband 1243/1244 Emmeline de Ridelsford, daughter of Walter de Ridelsford and Annora Vitré, by whom he had two daughters: Ela, wife of Sir Roger La Zouche, and Emmeline, the second wife of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly .

Nicholas Longespee, Bishop of Salisbury (died 28 May 1297)
Isabella Longespee (died before 1244), married as his first wife shortly after 16 May 1226, William de Vescy, Lord of Alnwick, by whom she had issue.
Petronilla Longespee, died unmarried
Ela Longespee (died 9 Februry 1298), married firstly Thomas de Warwick, Earl of Warwick; married secondly Sir Philip Basset
Ida Longespee , married firstly Ralph de Somery, Baron of Dudley; she married secondly William de Beauchamp, Baron of Bedford , by whom she had six children, including Maud de Beauchamp, wife of Roger de Mowbray.[4]
Ida de Longespee (she is alternatively listed as William and Ela's granddaughter: see notes below), married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex , by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter FitzRobert, wife of William de Odyngsells.

Later life
In 1225, Ela's husband William was shipwrecked off the coast of Brittany , upon returning from Gascony. He spent months recovering at a monastery on the Island of Ré in France. He died at Salisbury Castle on 7 March 1226 just several days after arriving in England. Ela held the post of Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years following her husband's death.

Three years later in 1229, Ela founded Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire as a nunnery of the Augustinian order. In 1238, she entered the abbey as a nun ; she was made Abbess of Lacock in 1240, and held the post until 1257. The Book of Lacock recorded that Ela founded the monasteries at Lacock and Henton.[1] During her tenure as abbess, Ela obtained many rights for the abbey and village of Lacock.

Ela, Countess of Salisbury died on 24 August 1261 and was buried in Lacock Abbey. The incription on her tombstone, originally written in Latin, reads:
Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works[5]


Her numerous descendants included English kings Edward IV and Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex , Sir Winston Churchill , Diana, Princess of Wales , the Dukes of Norfolk , Mary Boleyn , and queens consort Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Howard.

References
^ a b c Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, England, Earls of Salisbury 1196-1310 (Longespee)
^ The Earls of Salisbury are sometimes mistakenly assigned the surname "d'Evreux", but it is spurious, arising from confusion over the nickname of a fictitious ancestor, Walter le Ewrus (Walter the Fortunate). The family of the Earls of Salisbury never used the name "d'Evreux", they do not descend from the Norman Counts of Evreux, nor do the later Devereux derive from them. See Cokayne, George (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. XI. Gloucester England: A. Sutton. p. 373, note (b). ISBN 0904387828 .

^ Thomas B. Costain, The Conquering Family, pp.291-92, published by Doubleday and Company, Inc., New York, 1949.
^ This Ida is sometimes confused with another Ida Longespee, who married Sir Walter FitzRobert of Woodham Walter, Essex , by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter FitzRobert, wife of William de Odyngsells. This latter Ida Longespee has been given different parents by different genealogists; G. Andrews Moriarty suggested the two Idas were sisters; Gerald Paget suggests the Ida who married Walter FitzRobert may have been the daughter of William Longespee II, Earl of Salisbury, by his wife, Idoine de Camville.

^ History of Chitterne: Ela, Countess of Salibury 1 12


Geoffrey FitzPeter 1st Earl of Essex and Beatrice de Say




Husband Geoffrey FitzPeter 1st Earl of Essex 17 18

            AKA: Geoffrey FitzPiers 1st Earl of Essex, Geoffrey Fitz Peter 1st Earl of Essex, Geoffrey Fitz Piers 3rd Earl of Essex
           Born: Abt 1162 - <Walden, Essex>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 14 Oct 1213
         Buried:  - Shouldam Priory, Norfolk, England


         Father: Piers de Lutegareshale (Abt 1134-1198) 1 19
         Mother: Maud de Mandeville Lady of Costow, Wiltshire (Abt 1138-      ) 1 19


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Aveline de Clare (1164-1225) 20 21 - by 29 may 1205 - <England>

Events

• Adult: 1184.

• Sheriff of Northamptonshire: 1184-1189.

• Earl of Essex:

• Justiciar of England: 1189-11 Jul 1198.

• Chief Justiciar of England: 11 Jul 1198-14 Oct 1213.




Wife Beatrice de Say 22

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: William de Say (      -      ) 22
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville 22

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 Aug 1236
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Henry de Bohun 5th Earl of Hereford (1176-1220) 23 24




Research Notes: Husband - Geoffrey FitzPeter 1st Earl of Essex

First husband of Aveline de Clare.

From Wikipedia - Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex :

Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (Piers de Lutegareshale), (c. 1162 - 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John . The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers

Life
He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II . Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex . This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset , Bishop of Durham , who, as Chief Justiciar , was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198 , King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar , which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king also recognized Geoffrey as Earl of Essex .

Marriage and issue

Spouses
m1. Beatrice de Say, daughter of William de Say[2].
m2. Aveline, daughter of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford , Earl of Hertford .

Children of Beatrice
Note that his sons by this marriage took the de Mandeville surname.
Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex .
William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex .
Henry, Dean of Wolverhampton.
Maud Fitzgeoffrey, who married Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford .

Children of Aveline
John Fitzgeoffrey , Lord of Shere and Justiciar of Ireland.
Cecily Fitzgeoffrey.
Hawise Fitzgeoffrey.
Geoffrey's first two sons died without issue. Apparently the earldom was associated with their mother's Mandeville heritage, for the earldom was inherited by the husband of their sister Maud, instead of their half-brother John. 17 18


Research Notes: Wife - Beatrice de Say

First wife of Geoffrey Fitz Piers. 22


Research Notes: Child - Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville

After Henry's death (1220), Countess of Essex 22


John Saint John and Alice FitzPiers




Husband John Saint John 1

           Born: Abt 1225 - <Basing, Hampshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 29 Sep 1302
         Buried: 


         Father: Robert Saint John (Abt 1199-1267) 1
         Mother: Agnes Cantilupe (Abt 1202-      ) 1


       Marriage: Jun 1256



Wife Alice FitzPiers 1

           Born: Abt 1234 - <Basing, Hampshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Reginald FitzPiers (Abt 1208-      ) 1
         Mother: Alice (Abt 1212-      ) 1




Children
1 F Agnes Saint John 1

           Born: Abt 1275 - <Basing, Hampshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 11 Jun 1345 - Exeter, Devonshire, England
         Buried: 27 Jun 1345 - Cowick, Devonshire, England
         Spouse: Hugh de Courtenay (1273-1340) 1
           Marr: 1292





Robert de Neville and Mary FitzRandolph




Husband Robert de Neville 1

           Born: Abt 1240 - Raby, Durham, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 1271
         Buried: 


         Father: Robert Neville (Abt 1223-1282) 1
         Mother: 


       Marriage: Abt 1260 - Middleham, Yorkshire, England



Wife Mary FitzRandolph 1

           Born: Abt 1244 - <Middleham>, Yorkshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 11 Apr 1320 - Coverham, Yorkshire, England
         Buried:  - Coverham Abbey, Coverham, Yorkshire, England


         Father: Ralph FitzRandolph (Abt 1206-      ) 1
         Mother: Anastasia Percy (Abt 1216-      ) 1




Children
1 M Randolf de Neville 1

           Born: 18 Oct 1262 - <Raby>, Durham, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 18 Apr 1332
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering (Abt 1267-1329) 1
           Marr: Abt 1282 - Warkworth, Northumberland, England





Ralph FitzRandolph and Anastasia Percy




Husband Ralph FitzRandolph 1

           Born: Abt 1206 - <Middleham>, Yorkshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Ralph FitzRandolph (Abt 1180-      ) 1
         Mother: Margery Bigot (Abt 1184-      ) 1


       Marriage: 



Wife Anastasia Percy 1

           Born: Abt 1216 - <Alnwick>, Northumberland, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: William de Percy 6th Baron Percy (Abt 1193-Bef 1245) 1 25
         Mother: Joan de Briwere (Abt 1197-Bef 1233) 1




Children
1 F Mary FitzRandolph 1

           Born: Abt 1244 - <Middleham>, Yorkshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 11 Apr 1320 - Coverham, Yorkshire, England
         Buried:  - Coverham Abbey, Coverham, Yorkshire, England
         Spouse: Robert de Neville (Abt 1240-1271) 1
           Marr: Abt 1260 - Middleham, Yorkshire, England





Fulk Fitzreinsfred and Alice St. Quintin




Husband Fulk Fitzreinsfred 1

           Born: Abt 1050 - <England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Alice St. Quintin 1

           Born: Abt 1052 - <England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Godith 1

           Born: Abt 1091 - <England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gilbert de Lancaster (Abt 1089-      ) 1
           Marr: Abt 1104 - England





Roger FitzRichard 1st Lord of Warkworth, Northumberland and Alice de Vere of Essex




Husband Roger FitzRichard 1st Lord of Warkworth, Northumberland 26

           Born: Abt 1140
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1177
         Buried: 


         Father: Richard (      -      ) 26
         Mother: Jane Bigod (      -      ) 26


       Marriage: 



Wife Alice de Vere of Essex 27 28

            AKA: Adelicia de Vere
           Born: Bef 1141
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1185
         Buried: 


         Father: Aubrey II de Vere of Great Addington & Drayton (Abt 1080-1141) 1 27 29 30
         Mother: Adeliza de Clare (Between 1066/1080-Abt 1163) 31 32 33



   Other Spouse: Robert de Essex Lord of Rayleigh (      -      ) 26

Events

• Living: 1185.


Children

Research Notes: Husband - Roger FitzRichard 1st Lord of Warkworth, Northumberland

Second husband of Adelicia de Vere. 26


Badeion de Monmouth of Monmouth, Monmouthshire and Rohese FitzRichard




Husband Badeion de Monmouth of Monmouth, Monmouthshire 34

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Rohese FitzRichard 1

            AKA: Rohesia de Clare
           Born: Abt 1090 - <Clare, Suffolk>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 1149 - England
         Buried: 


         Father: Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare (Abt 1065-Abt 1115) 1 35 36 37
         Mother: Adelaide de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis (Abt 1058-      ) 38 39 40




Children
1 F Rohese de Monmouth 34

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hugh de Lacy (Abt 1115-1186) 1 41




Sources


1 http://www.familysearch.org.

2 Wikipedia.org, "Ralph de Gael", http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_de_Guader.

3 Wikipedia.org, Gerald de Windsor; Constables and Governors of Windsor Castle; Carew Baronets.

4 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 12A-21.

5 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 12A-21 (Walter FitzOther).

6 Wikipedia.org, Gerald de Windsor.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 178-2 (Nest).

8 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), 178-2.

9 Davies, John, A History of Wales. (Rev. ed. New York: Penguin Group, 2007.).

10 Wikipedia.org, Nest ferch Rhys.

11 Wikipedia.org, Constables and Governors of Windsor Castle.

12 Wikipedia.org, Ela, Countess of Salisbury.

13 Wikipedia.org, William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.

14 Wikipedia.org, Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury.

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 108-26, 83-25 (William de Warenne).

16 Wikipedia.org, William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury.

17 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246B-27 (Aveline de Clare), 97-27 (Henry de Bohun).

18 Wikipedia.org, Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex.

19 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246B-27 (Aveline de Clare).

20 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246B-27, 246C-27.

21 Wikipedia.org, John FitzGeoffrey; Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford.

22 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-27 (Henry de Bohun).

23 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-27.

24 Browning, Charles Henry, The Magna Charta Barons and their American Descendants (Philadelphia, 1898.), pp. 81-82.

25 Wikipedia.org, Baron Percy.

26 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246D-26 (Adelicia de Vere).

27 Wikipedia.org, Aubrey de Vere II.

28 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246D-26.

29 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019514.htm.

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-25 (Adeliza de Clare).

31 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019515.htm.

32 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-25; 246D-25.

33 Wikipedia.org, Aubrey de Vere II; Gilbert Fitz Richard.

34 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177A-7 (Margeret de Braose).

35 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 184-3, 246-24 (Adelaide de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis), 246B-24 (Adelaide).

36 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019557.htm.

37 Wikipedia.org, Gilbert Fitz Richard; Aubrey de Vere II.

38 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 246-24, 246B-24.

39 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019558.htm.

40 Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

41 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177A-7 (Margaret de Braose).


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