The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families



Bérenger Comte de Bayeux and [Filla de Gurvand, Comte de Rennes]




Husband Bérenger Comte de Bayeux 1

           Born: Abt 889
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 931
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife [Filla de Gurvand, Comte de Rennes]

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Gurvand Comte de Rennes (      -Abt 0877) 1
         Mother: [Fille de Nominoë de Bretagne] Heiress of Brittany (      -Abt 0888) 1




Children
1 M Judicaël Comte de Rennes 1 2

            AKA: Jubel Berenger
           Born:  - Bayeux, (Calvados, Basse-Normandie), Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 970 - Bayeux, (Calvados, Basse-Normandie), Normandy, France
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gerberge (      -      ) 2




Death Notes: Child - Judicaël Comte de Rennes

May have died about 930.


Research Notes: Child - Judicaël Comte de Rennes

From http://cybergata.com/roots/3857.htm :
In the next few years several Viking states, similiar to the one forming in Normandy, were established in Brittany. The county of Nantes was abandoned to the Vikings in 921 by King Robert I of France. William Longsword, Duke of the Normans, aqdvanced through the Contenin and the Avaranchin. About 936, William assented to the return to Brittany of Alain Barbetote, Count of Cournaille from England - the same year that Louis IV d'Outremer returned to France from England to reestablish Carolingian rule there. An earlier attempt by Alain to his inheritance in 931 had failed.
While other Breton counts were seeking refuge at the English court, Berenger of Rennes alone remained to withstand the Viking onslaught. He was surrounded by them.
Direct contact between the rulers of Brittany and the Kings of France gradually ceased in the course of the 10th century. No Duke of Brittany acknowledged fealty of performed homage directly to the King of France until 1099. Following Alain Barbatorte's death in 952, leaving no clear heir, a power vacuum in the duchy was filled by the Counts of Rennes.

~Annals and Antiquities of Lacok Abbey, Pedigree V. p. 264759 1 2


Gurvand Comte de Rennes and [Fille de Nominoë de Bretagne] Heiress of Brittany




Husband Gurvand Comte de Rennes 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 877
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife [Fille de Nominoë de Bretagne] Heiress of Brittany 1

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 888
         Buried: 


Children
1 F [Filla de Gurvand, Comte de Rennes]

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Bérenger Comte de Bayeux (Abt 0889-Bef 0931) 1





Duncan I MacCrinan King of Scots and < > [Daughter of Siward, Danish Earl of Northumbria]




Husband Duncan I MacCrinan King of Scots 3

            AKA: Donnchad mac Crínáin
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 14 Aug 1040 - [near Elgin]
         Buried: 


         Father: Crinan "the Thane" Lay Abbot of Dunkeld, Governor of  Scots Islands (Abt 0978-1045) 4 5 6
         Mother: Bethóc (Abt 0984-      ) 6 7 8


       Marriage: 

Events

• Crowned: King of Scots, 1034.




Wife < > [Daughter of Siward, Danish Earl of Northumbria] 9

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Siward Danish Earl of Northumbria (      -      )
         Mother: 




Children
1 M Malcolm III Canmore King of Scots 10 11




            AKA: Malcolm III King of Scotland, Malcolm III "Canmore" King of Scots, Máel Coluim mac Donnchada
           Born: Abt 1031
     Christened: 


           Died: 13 Nov 1093 - Alnwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ingibiorg (      -      ) 12
           Marr: 1059
         Spouse: Saint Margaret of Scotland (1045-1093) 13 14
           Marr: 1068 or 1069 - Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland




Death Notes: Husband - Duncan I MacCrinan King of Scots

Murdered by Macbeth near Elgin, 14 Aug. 1040.


Research Notes: Husband - Duncan I MacCrinan King of Scots

Source: Also familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford)

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 170-20.
"He besieged Durham, 1035. '1034. Duncan, the son of Crinan, abbot of Dunkeld, and Bethoc, daughter of Malcolm, the son of Kenneth, reigned six years.' This source believes the unbroken succession of the kings of the Scots from Fergus to Malcolm II is "soundly and convincingly authenticated." 3


Death Notes: Child - Malcolm III Canmore King of Scots

Slain while besieging Alnwick Castle.


Research Notes: Child - Malcolm III Canmore King of Scots

From Wikipedia - Malcolm III of Scotland :

Máel Coluim mac Donnchada (Modern Gaelic : Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh),[1] called in most Anglicised regnal lists Malcolm III, and in later centuries nicknamed Canmore, "Big Head"[2][3] or Long-neck [4] (died 13 November 1093), was King of Scots . It has also been argued recently that the real "Malcolm Canmore" was this Malcolm's great-grandson Malcolm IV , who is given this name in the contemporary notice of his death.[5] He was the eldest son of King Duncan I (Donnchad mac Crínáin). Malcolm's long reign, lasting 35 years, preceded the beginning of the Scoto-Norman age.

Malcolm's Kingdom did not extend over the full territory of modern Scotland : the north and west of Scotland remained in Scandinavian , Norse-Gael and Gaelic control, and the areas under the control of the Kings of Scots would not advance much beyond the limits set by Malcolm II (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) until the 12th century. Malcolm III fought a succession of wars against the Kingdom of England , which may have had as their goal the conquest of the English earldom of Northumbria . However, these wars did not result in any significant advances southwards. Malcolm's main achievement is to have continued a line which would rule Scotland for many years,[6] although his role as "founder of a dynasty" has more to do with the propaganda of his youngest son David, and his descendants, than with any historical reality.[7]

Malcolm's second wife, Saint Margaret of Scotland , was later beatified and is Scotland's only royal saint. However, Malcolm himself gained no reputation for piety. With the notable exception of Dunfermline Abbey he is not definitely associated with major religious establishments or ecclesiastical reforms.

Background
Malcolm's father Duncan I (Donnchad mac Crínáin) became king in late 1034, on the death of Malcolm II (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda), Duncan's maternal grandfather. According to John of Fordun , whose account is the original source of part at least of William Shakespeare 's Macbeth , Malcolm's mother was a niece of Siward, Earl of Northumbria ,[8][9] but an earlier king-list gives her the Gaelic name Suthen.[10]

Duncan's reign was not successful and he was killed by Macbeth (Mac Bethad mac Findlaích) on 15 August 1040. Although Shakespeare's Macbeth presents Malcolm as a grown man and his father as an old one, it appears that Duncan was still young in 1040,[11] and Malcolm and his brother Donalbane (Domnall Bán) were children.[12] Malcolm's family did attempt to overthrow Macbeth in 1045, but Malcolm's grandfather Crínán of Dunkeld was killed in the attempt.[13]

Soon after the death of Duncan his two young sons were sent away for greater safety - exactly where is the subject of debate. According to one version, Malcolm (then aged about 9) was sent to England, and his younger brother Donalbane was sent to the Isles.[14][15] Based on Fordun's account, it was assumed that Malcolm passed most of Macbeth's seventeen year reign in the Kingdom of England at the court of Edward the Confessor .[16][17]
According to an alternative version, Malcolm's mother took both sons into exile at the court of Thorfinn Sigurdsson , Earl of Orkney , an enemy of Macbeth's family, and perhaps Duncan's kinsman by marriage.[18]

An English invasion in 1054, with Earl Siward in command, had as its goal the installation of Máel Coluim , "son of the King of the Cumbrians (i.e. of Strathclyde )". This Máel Coluim, perhaps a son of Owen the Bald , disappears from history after this brief mention. He has been confused with King Malcolm III.[19][20] In 1057 various chroniclers report the death of Macbeth at Malcolm's hand, on 15 August 1057 at Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire .[21][22] Macbeth was succeeded by his stepson Lulach , who was crowned at Scone , probably on 8 September 1057. Lulach was killed by Malcolm, "by treachery",[23] near Huntly on 23 April 1058. After this, Malcolm became king, perhaps being inaugurated on 25 April 1058, although only John of Fordun reports this.[24]

Malcolm and Ingibiorg

If Orderic Vitalis is to be relied upon, one of Malcolm's earliest actions as King may have been to travel south to the court of Edward the Confessor in 1059 to arrange a marriage with Edward's kinswoman Margaret , who had arrived in England two years before from Hungary .[25] If he did visit the English court, he was the first reigning King of Scots to do so in more than eighty years. If a marriage agreement was made in 1059, however, it was not kept, and this may explain the Scots invasion of Northumbria in 1061 when Lindisfarne was plundered.[26] Equally, Malcolm's raids in Northumbria may have been related to the disputed "Kingdom of the Cumbrians", reestablished by Earl Siward in 1054, which was under Malcolm's control by 1070.[27]

The Orkneyinga saga reports that Malcolm married the widow of Thorfinn Sigurdsson, Ingibiorg , a daughter of Finn Arnesson .[28] Although Ingibiorg is generally assumed to have died shortly before 1070, it is possible that she died much earlier, around 1058.[29] The Orkneyinga Saga records that Malcolm and Ingibiorg had a son, Duncan II (Donnchad mac Maíl Coluim), who was later king.[4] Some Medieval commentators, following William of Malmesbury , claimed that Duncan was illegitimate, but this claim is propaganda reflecting the need of Malcolm's descendants by Margaret to undermine the claims of Duncan's descendants, the Meic Uilleim .[30] Malcolm's son Domnall, whose death is reported in 1085, is not mentioned by the author of the Orkneyinga Saga. He is assumed to have been born to Ingibiorg.[31]

Malcolm's marriage to Ingibiorg secured him peace in the north and west. The Heimskringla tells that her father Finn had been an adviser to Harald Hardraade and, after falling out with Harald, was then made an Earl by Sweyn Estridsson , King of Denmark , which may have been another recommendation for the match.[32] Malcolm enjoyed a peaceful relationship with the Earldom of Orkney , ruled jointly by his stepsons, Paul and Erlend Thorfinnsson . The Orkneyinga Saga reports strife with Norway but this is probably misplaced as it associates this with Magnus Barefoot , who became king of Norway only in 1093, the year of Malcolm's death.[33]

Malcolm and Margaret

Although he had given sanctuary to Tostig Godwinson when the Northumbrians drove him out, Malcolm was not directly involved in the ill-fated invasion of England by Harald Hardraade and Tostig in 1066, which ended in defeat and death at the battle of Stamford Bridge .[34] In 1068, he granted asylum to a group of English exiles fleeing from William of Normandy , among them Agatha , widow of Edward the Confessor's nephew Edward the Exile , and her children: Edgar Ætheling and his sisters Margaret and Cristina . They were accompanied by Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria . The exiles were disappointed, however, if they had expected immediate assistance from the Scots.[35]

In 1069 the exiles returned to England, to join a spreading revolt in the north. Even though Gospatric and Siward's son Waltheof submitted by the end of the year, the arrival of a Danish army under Sweyn Estridsson seemed to ensure that William's position remained weak. Malcolm decided on war, and took his army south into Cumbria and across the Pennines , wasting Teesdale and Cleveland then marching north, loaded with loot, to Wearmouth . There Malcolm met Edgar and his family, who were invited to return with him, but did not. As Sweyn had by now been bought off with a large Danegeld , Malcolm took his army home. In reprisal, William sent Gospatric to raid Scotland through Cumbria. In return, the Scots fleet raided the Northumbrian coast where Gospatric's possessions were concentrated.[36] Late in the year, perhaps shipwrecked on their way to a European exile, Edgar and his family again arrived in Scotland, this time to remain. By the end of 1070, Malcolm had married Edgar's sister Margaret, the future Saint Margaret of Scotland .[37]

The naming of their children represented a break with the traditional Scots Regal names such as Malcolm, Cináed and Áed. The point of naming Margaret's sons, Edward after her father Edward the Exile , Edmund for her grandfather Edmund Ironside , Ethelred for her great-grandfather Ethelred the Unready and Edgar for her great-great-grandfather Edgar was unlikely to be missed in England, where William of Normandy's grasp on power was far from secure.[38] Whether the adoption of the classical Alexander for the future Alexander I of Scotland (either for Pope Alexander II or for Alexander the Great ) and the biblical David for the future David I of Scotland represented a recognition that William of Normandy would not be easily removed, or was due to the repetition of Anglo-Saxon Royal name-another Edmund had preceded Edgar-is not known.[39] Margaret also gave Malcolm two daughters, Edith , who married Henry I of England , and Mary, who married Eustace III of Boulogne .

In 1072, with the Harrying of the North completed and his position again secure, William of Normandy came north with an army and a fleet. Malcolm met William at Abernethy and, in the words of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle "became his man" and handed over his eldest son Duncan as a hostage and arranged peace between William and Edgar.[40] Accepting the overlordship of the king of the English was no novelty, previous kings had done so without result. The same was true of Malcolm; his agreement with the English king was followed by further raids into Northumbria, which led to further trouble in the earldom and the killing of Bishop William Walcher at Gateshead . In 1080, William sent his son Robert Curthose north with an army while his brother Odo punished the Northumbrians. Malcolm again made peace, and this time kept it for over a decade.[41]

Malcolm faced little recorded internal opposition, with the exception of Lulach's son Máel Snechtai . In an unusual entry, for the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle contains little on Scotland, it says that in 1078:
" Malcholom [Máel Coluim] seized the mother of Mælslæhtan [Máel Snechtai] ... and all his treasures, and his cattle; and he himself escaped with difficulty.[42] " Whatever provoked this strife, Máel Snechtai survived until 1085.[43]

Malcolm and William Rufus

When William Rufus became king of England after his father's death, Malcolm did not intervene in the rebellions by supporters of Robert Curthose which followed. In 1091, however, William Rufus confiscated Edgar Ætheling's lands in England, and Edgar fled north to Scotland. In May, Malcolm marched south, not to raid and take slaves and plunder, but to besiege Newcastle , built by Robert Curthose in 1080. This appears to have been an attempt to advance the frontier south from the River Tweed to the River Tees . The threat was enough to bring the English king back from Normandy , where he had been fighting Robert Curthose. In September, learning of William Rufus's approaching army, Malcolm withdrew north and the English followed. Unlike in 1072, Malcolm was prepared to fight, but a peace was arranged by Edgar Ætheling and Robert Curthose whereby Malcolm again acknowledged the overlordship of the English king.[44]

In 1092, the peace began to break down. Based on the idea that the Scots controlled much of modern Cumbria , it had been supposed that William Rufus's new castle at Carlisle and his settlement of English peasants in the surrounds was the cause. However, it is unlikely that Malcolm did control Cumbria, and the dispute instead concerned the estates granted to Malcolm by William Rufus's father in 1072 for his maintenance when visiting England. Malcolm sent messengers to discuss the question and William Rufus agreed to a meeting. Malcolm travelled south to Gloucester , stopping at Wilton Abbey to visit his daughter Edith and sister-in-law Cristina. Malcolm arrived there on 24 August 1093 to find that William Rufus refused to negotiate, insisting that the dispute be judged by the English barons. This Malcolm refused to accept, and returned immediately to Scotland.[45]


It does not appear that William Rufus intended to provoke a war,[46] but, as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports, war came:
" For this reason therefore they parted with great dissatisfaction, and the King Malcolm returned to Scotland. And soon after he came home, he gathered his army, and came harrowing into England with more hostility than behoved him ... " Malcolm was accompanied by Edward, his eldest son by Margaret and probable heir-designate (or tánaiste), and by Edgar.[47] Even by the standards of the time, the ravaging of Northumbria by the Scots was seen as harsh.[48]

Death
While marching north again, Malcolm was ambushed by Robert de Mowbray , Earl of Northumbria, whose lands he had devastated, near Alnwick on 13 November 1093. There he was killed by Arkil Morel, steward of Bamburgh Castle . The conflict became known as the Battle of Alnwick .[49] Edward was mortally wounded in the same fight. Margaret, it is said, died soon after receiving the news of their deaths from Edgar.[50] The Annals of Ulster say:

" Mael Coluim son of Donnchad, over-king of Scotland, and Edward his son, were killed by the French i.e. in Inber Alda in England. His queen, Margaret, moreover, died of sorrow for him within nine days.[51] " Malcolm's body was taken to Tynemouth Priory for burial, where it remains to this day. A body of a local farmer was sent north for burial in Dunfermline Abbey in the reign of his son Alexander or perhaps on Iona .[52]

On 19 June 1250, following the canonisation of Malcolm's wife Margaret by Pope Innocent IV , Margaret's remains were disinterred and placed in a reliquary. Tradition has it that as the reliquary was carried to the high altar of Dunfermline Abbey , past Malcolm's grave, it became too heavy to move. As a result, Malcolm's remains were also disinterred, and buried next to Margaret beside the altar.[53]

Issue
Malcolm and Ingebjorg had a son:
Duncan II of Scotland , suceeded his father as King of Scotland

Malcolm and Margaret had eight children, six sons and two daughters:
Edward, killed 1093.
Edmund of Scotland
Ethelred , abbot of Dunkeld
King Edgar of Scotland
King Alexander I of Scotland
King David I of Scotland
Edith of Scotland , also called Matilda, married King Henry I of England
Mary of Scotland , married Eustace III of Boulogne 10 11




<Joseph > Jackson and < > [Shawnee Woman]




Husband <Joseph > Jackson

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife < > [Shawnee Woman]

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M William Jackson "Captain" Fish 15 16

            AKA: Paschal Fish Sr, William Jackson
           Born: Abt 1760
     Christened: 
           Died: Late Oct 1833
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Elizabeth Bishop (      -      )
           Marr: Abt 1780
         Spouse: < > [Shawnee Woman] (      -      )
           Marr: Abt 1789
         Spouse: Polly Rogers (1782-1848/1849) 17
           Marr: Abt 1798




Research Notes: Husband - <Joseph > Jackson

2/6/09 this researcher (kjf) argues:
The case against this Joseph Jackson as the father of William Jackson Fish consists of a combination of dates that do not make sense (see below), as William Jackson was adopted by the Shawnee (by Black Fish before 1778) before Joseph Jackson was captured in 1778 or 1782.

---------------
From The Hunters of Kentucky: A Narrative History of America's First Far West, 1750-1792 by Ted Franklin Belue, p. 232:

'In early February 1778, on the Upper Blue Licks, Daniel Boone--inexplicably, so it seemed to many--surrendered his twenty-six salt boilers to Black Fish's Shawnee war party 120 strong. Over the next five years, most of the hostages were freed or escaped. A few died in captivity. At least three of the captives--Micajah Calloway, Jack Dunn, and Joseph Jackson--"turned Indian."

'...Joseph Jackson, a salt-boiler-turned-Shawnee, returned to Kentucky in 1800 to "make a good citizen," he told Lyman Draper, who met him in 1844, noting that in appearance and mannerisms, Jackson was "Indian in every respect." In the end, though, poor Jackson, unhappily married, melancholy, and unable to reconcile his past, hanged himself. Jackson was a haunted man: In 1782 he had fought the Americans at Blue Licks; he 1790 he fought Col. Josiah Harmar's army; in 1791 he fought Gen. Arthur St. Clair; in 1794 he fought Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers. Perhaps what is most remarkable is that Joseph Jackson could have lived in Kentucky after his Shawnee life without fearing a noose from his neighbors.'

From interview with Patrick Scott of Bourbon County, Kentucky quoted in http://www.shawhan.com/families/scottw.rtf :
" Joseph Jackson: [Addenda, page 17.] Old Jackson, at Lee's Lick, in the lower end of this county [Bourbon County] was on the British side in the Blue Lick Battle. (Joe Jackson showed me the place, at the Lower Blue Licks where he was caught by the Indians. He was with them twenty or thirty years, till after the war. He married, late in life, a young woman. They did not always agree; and this spring of 1844 Jackson went and hung himself.)"
---------------------
The chronology of Joseph is thus (supporting the unlikelihood of the above Joseph Jackson as William Jackson Fish's father):

About 1760 or later William Jackson Fish was born
Before 1778 William adopted by Black Fish (as a small boy)
1778 Joseph Jackson captured by Shawnee
About 1780 William returned to white society
About 1780 William married Elizabeth Bishop
1782 Joseph fought Americans at Blue Licks
Before 1788 William returned to Shawnee
1788 William raided Ohio Valley with Shawnee
About 1789 William married a Shawnee woman
1790 Joseph fought Harmar's army
1791 Joseph fought Gen. St. Clair
1794 Joseph fought Gen. Wayne
1798 William married Polly Rogers (granddaughter of Black Fish)
1800 Joseph returned to Kentucky
After 1800 Joseph married a young wife in Kentucky
1828 William moved to Missouri
1831 Joseph agreed to building of a mission school
1833 William Jackson Fish died
1844 Lyman Draper met Joseph Jackson
After 1844 Joseph Jackson hanged himself

Could the Blue Licks Joseph Jackson have been a brother of William Jackson "Captain" Fish? If he was close in age to William, he would have been 17 or 19 when captured by the Shawnee.


Research Notes: Wife - < > [Shawnee Woman]

http://familytrees.genopro.com/beltster/Marshall/default.htm?page=BigTurtleClanOfWyandotts-LeanderAkaLeadingTurtle-ind156834.htm says that William Jackson's parents were Joseph Jackson and a Shawnee woman. Source of information is unknown.


Birth Notes: Child - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has b. abt 1760


Death Notes: Child - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

www.wyandot.org/emigrant.htm has late October, 1833.
http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html has d. 1833
Another source states that he died at the Shawnee Mission in 1834. Burial?


Research Notes: Child - William Jackson "Captain" Fish

May have been 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware (see below).
--------------
From text accompanying a photograph from the Smithsonian Institution archives:

"[Leander] Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware. "
----------
If the math is correct and Paschal Fish's mother was 100% Shawnee, then his father [William Jackson] was probably 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware. On the other hand, if Paschal Fish's mother was Polly Rogers, either Polly was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware with William Jackson Fish identifying himself as Shawnee, or Polly was 100% Shawnee and William Jackson Fish was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware.

---------
From Historic Shawnee Names of the 1700s - http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html

"Fish aka William Jackson - Adopted-white born about 1760-died 1833 - adopted son of Black Fish before 1778, raiding Ohio River valley 1788, Little Turtle War, move to MO 1828, husband 1st about 1780 of Elizabeth Bishop-white, 2nd about 1789 of Shawnee Woman, 3rd 1798 of Polly Rogers-1/2 Shawnee Metis (granddaughter of Black Fish), father with Shawnee Woman of Arch/90, Pascal/92, Isaac/94, Andrew/95, Jesse/96-all 1/2 Shawnee Metis, no children of record with Elizabeth, with Polly of Elizabeth Nakease/98, John/99, William Jr/1800-all 1/4th Shawnee Metis"

See notes under Joseph Jackson. It is unlikely that the Joseph Jackson captured by the Shawnee with Daniel Boone in 1778 was this William Jackson's father since records show this William adopted by the Shawnee before that Joseph was captured.

---------------------

See KHC, vol. 9, pp. 166,167. Historian Rodney Staab of Shawnee Mission, Kansas, has furnished me with an excellent account of Chief Fish written by Fern Long. Her information conflicts somewhat with other sources, but it should not be missed by anyone doing research on the Jackson/Fish family. According to her 1978 article on Chief Fish, she agrees that [William Jackson Fish] was captured as a youth and raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. Paschal Fish was "a large-framed man" who "also acquired the Indian ways seeming to be totally Indian." but at the same time, she says "these Shawnees had associated with white people for generations and desired a settled life with homes, schools, churches, ___and agriculture."

----------------
From Kansas State Historical Society
Letter 13 Jan 1831 from Richard W. Cummins, U.S. Ind. Agt., Delaware & Shawnee Agency to William Clark, S.I.A., St. Louis:
"Chiefs of Fish's or Jackson's band of Shawnees have agreed to allow a school to be started. Revd. Mr. McAllister & Thomas Johnson hope to have school in operation early in spring." 15 16


Alaric I King of the Visigoths and < > Princess of the Visigoths




Husband Alaric I King of the Visigoths 18

           Born: Abt 370 - Pannonia (Hungary)
     Christened: 
           Died: 410 - Cosenza, Italy
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife < > Princess of the Visigoths 19

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F < > Princess of the Visigoths 20

           Born: Abt 375
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 





< > Princess of the Visigoths




Husband

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife < > Princess of the Visigoths 19

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 

   Other Spouse: Alaric I King of the Visigoths (Abt 0370-0410) 18


Children


Eafa of Wessex and < > [Kentish princess]




Husband Eafa of Wessex 21

            AKA: Eoffa de Wessex
           Born: Abt 723
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Eoppa of Wessex (Abt 0706-      ) 22
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 



Wife < > [Kentish princess] 23

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Eahlmund King of Kent

           Born: Abt 745
     Christened: 
           Died: 827 - Kent, England
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - Eafa of Wessex

Did not rule.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 1-10

From Wikipedia - Eafa :

Eafa of Wessex was a member of the House of Wessex . Although a member of the direct male line from Cynric to Egbert , Eafa was never king due to usurpations by junior branches of the family (see House of Wessex family tree ). . He was born c. 730 and his death date is unknown.
His father was Eoppa . He married a Kentish princess (name unknown), thus giving his son Ealhmund a claim to the Kentish throne, which he duly occupied. Ealhmund went on to be the father of Egbert of Wessex , the first King of England. 21


Research Notes: Child - Eahlmund King of Kent

King in Kent 784

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 1-11. Married perhaps a daughter of Aethelberht II, King of Kent, 725-762.

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872468 :

King of Kent (762-764, c784-c785)
It has been suggested that Ealhmund was the same as the earlier Eanmund, whose name appears confirming a charter of Sigered, the king of West Kent. If this is so then Ealhmund was the more senior king. He has been associated with with Ealhmund, the father of the famous Egbert of Wessex---if this is so, then we know that he was descended from Ingeld, the brother of Ine. It is quite probable that his father or grandfather had married into the Kentish royal family, thus establishing his claim on the Kentish kingdom. Ealhmund was, however, deposed by Offa of Mercia when he invaded Kent in 764. He would have been a yound king at the time, probably in his early twenties, with no power to oppose Offa. He almost certainly went into exile, but later became allied with Egbert II, the king who had displaced him but who in turn rebelled against Offa. When Egbert died, sometime in the early 780's, Ealhmund returned to the kingship. For a second time he faced the wrath of Offa, which this time was more violent and conclusive. Ealhmund was almost certainly killed, and Kent came directly under Offa's rule until the revolution of Eadbert Praen in 796.
!British Kings and Queens pg. 224

From Wikipedia - Ealhmund of Kent :

Ealhmund was born in 745 and died in 827 . Ealhmund, was King of Kent in 784 . His father was Eoffa de Wessex .
There is little historical evidence for his reign. An abstract of a charter dated 784 survives [1] , in which Ealhmund granted land to the Abbot of Reculver . But by the following year Offa of Mercia seems to have been ruling directly, as he issued a charter [2] without any mention of a local king.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , Ealhmund was the father of Ecgberht III , later King of Wessex and Kent and son of Eafa the West Saxon, and therefore a member of the House of Wessex (see House of Wessex family tree ).



Norman Darcy of Lincolnshire and < >




Husband Norman Darcy of Lincolnshire 6

           Born: Abt 1031
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: Abt 1061 - Dieppe, (Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France



Wife < > 6

           Born: Abt 1035 - <Lincolnshire, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Norman Darcy of Cawkwell, Lincolnshire 6

           Born: Abt 1062 - <Lincolnshire, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1115 - Stalingborough, Lincolnshire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: < > (Abt 1063-      ) 6
           Marr: Abt 1090 - <Nocton>, Lincolnshire, England





Richard III Duke of Normandy and < > [Unknown mistress]




Husband Richard III Duke of Normandy 24

           Born: Abt 997
     Christened: 
           Died: 6 Aug 1028
         Buried: 


         Father: Richard II Duke of Normandy (Abt 0985-1027) 6 25 26 27
         Mother: Judith of Brittany (Abt 0982-1017) 6 28 29


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Adele Capet Princess of France (Abt 1009-Abt 1079) 30 31 - 10 Jan 1027

Events

• Duke of Normandy: 1026-1028.




Wife < > [Unknown mistress] 32

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Alice of Normandy 6 33

            AKA: Alix de Normandie
           Born: Abt 1021 - <Normandy, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ranulph I Vicomte of the Bessin (Abt 1017-      ) 6 34




Death Notes: Husband - Richard III Duke of Normandy

Died in 1027 or 1028.


Research Notes: Husband - Richard III Duke of Normandy

Eldest son. First husband of Adele of France.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 132A-23

From Wikipedia - Richard III, Duke of Normandy :

Richard III (997 - 1027) was the eldest son of Richard II , who died in 1027. Before succeeding his father, perhaps about 1020, he had been sent by his father in command of a large army, to attack bishop/count Hugh of Chalon in order to rescue his brother-in-law, Reginald , later Count of Burgundy , who the count/bishop had captured and imprisoned. He was betrothed to Adela, countess of Corbie (1009-June 5, 1063), second daughter of Robert II of France and Constance of Arles , but they never married.

After his father's death, he ruled the Duchy of Normandy only briefly, dying mysteriously, perhaps by poison, soon after his father. The duchy passed to his younger brother Robert I . Adela later married Baldwin V, Count of Flanders .

By unknown women, he had two known children:
Alice/Alix of Normandy who married Ranulf, Viscount of Bayeux.
Nicolas, the Lay Abbot of Rouen (b? - d. 27 Feb 1092). He helped his cousin, Duke William II the Conqueror with the contribution of 15 ships and 100 soldiers for the invasion of England in 1066. 24


Research Notes: Child - Alice of Normandy

Illegitimate daughter of Richard III. 6 33


Sources


1 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/3857.htm.

2 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 119A-21 (Ermengarde of Anjou).

3 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-20.

4 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-19.

5 Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cr%C3%ADn%C3%A1n_of_Dunkeld.

6 http://www.familysearch.org.

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-19, 172-19.

8 Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bethoc.

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), ine 170-20 (Duncan I MacCrinan).

10 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-21, 171-21.

11 http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

12 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 171-21 (Malcolm III Canmore).

13 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 1-21, 158-23 (Eustace III).

14 Wikipedia.org, Saint Margaret of Scotland.

15 Website:, http://www.shawnee-traditions.com/Names-7.html.

16 Museum or other archive, Smithsonian Institution archives.

17 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=kearns_family_2&id=I5812.

18 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319843 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

19 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319844 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

20 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #319842 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

21 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872469.

22 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872470.

23 Wikipedia.org, House of Wessex family tree.

24 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-23, 166-22.

25 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-22 (Judith of Brittany).

26 Wikipedia.org, Richard II, Duke of Normandy.

27 Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

28 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-22.

29 Wikipedia.org, Judith of Brittany.

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 128-22, 162-22 (Baldwin V).

31 Wikipedia.org, Adela of France, Countess of Flanders.

32 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 132A-23 (Richard III).

33 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), line 132A-24.

34 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.).


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