The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Lambert I "the Bearded" Count of Louvain and Gerberga of Lorraine




Husband Lambert I "the Bearded" Count of Louvain 1 2

           Born: Abt 950 - <Louvain [Leuven], Brabant, Flanders (Belgium)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 12 Sep 1015
         Buried: 


         Father: Reginar III Count of Hainaut (0920-0973) 2 3
         Mother: Adela (Abt 0929-0961) 2 4


       Marriage: Between 985 and 990



Wife Gerberga of Lorraine 5

            AKA: Gerberge de Lorraine
           Born: Abt 975
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 jan aft 1018
         Buried: 


         Father: Charles Duke of Lower Lorraine (Abt 0953-0992) 2
         Mother: Adelheid (Abt 0953-      ) 2 6




Children
1 F Maud of Louvain 7

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Eustace I Count of Boulogne (      -1049) 8


2 M Lambert II Count of Louvain 2 9

            AKA: Lambert II "Baudry" Count of Louvain
           Born: Abt 991 - <Lorraine, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: After 21 Sep 1062
         Buried:  - Cloister of Saint Gertrud, Nivelles, (Wallon Brabant, Wallonia, Belgium)
         Spouse: Oda (Abt 0995-1044) 2 10




Herman II Duke of Swabia and Gerberga of Burgundy




Husband Herman II Duke of Swabia 11

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 4 May 1003
         Buried: 


         Father: Conrad I Duke of Swabia (      -0997) 12
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 988



Wife Gerberga of Burgundy 13

            AKA: Gerberge de Bourgogne
           Born: 965 - Arles, (Bouches-du-Rhône, France)
     Christened: 
           Died: 1016 - Nordgau, Bavaria, (Germany)
         Buried: 


         Father: Conrad I King of Burgundy, King of West Franks (Abt 0925-0993) 14 15
         Mother: Mathilda of France, Queen of Burgundy (0943-0992) 16 17




Children
1 F Gisele of Swabia 18

            AKA: Gisela of Swabia, Gisele de Suabe
           Born: 11 Nov 995
     Christened: 
           Died: 14 Feb 1043
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Conrad II "the Salic" of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (      -1039) 19


2 F Mathilde of Swabia 2 20

            AKA: Mathilde de Suabe
           Born: Abt 995
     Christened: 
           Died: 1031
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Frederic II Duc de la Haute Lorraine, Comte de Bar (Abt 0995-1026) 2 20



Research Notes: Husband - Herman II Duke of Swabia

From Wikipedia, "Herman II, Duke of Swabia":
Herman II (died 4 May 1003) was the Conradine duke of Swabia from 997 to his death, as the son of and successor Conrad I.

Herman opposed the election of Henry IV, Duke of Bavaria, as king of Germany because he himself had been a contender. Henry separated Alsace from Swabia and took control of the duchy, a situation which continued through the reign of Herman's son and successor, Herman III.

He married Gerberga of Burgundy, and they had a daughter named Gisela who was the wife of Emperor Conrad II and another daughter Mathilda of Swabia who was the wife of Frederick II, Duke of Upper Lorraine.


Research Notes: Child - Gisele of Swabia

Source: Wikipedia - Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor


Birth Notes: Child - Mathilde of Swabia

May have been born about 980


Judicaël Comte de Rennes and Gerberge




Husband Judicaël Comte de Rennes 21 22

            AKA: Jubel Berenger
           Born:  - Bayeux, (Calvados, Basse-Normandie), Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 970 - Bayeux, (Calvados, Basse-Normandie), Normandy, France
         Buried: 


         Father: Bérenger Comte de Bayeux (Abt 0889-Bef 0931) 22
         Mother: [Filla de Gurvand, Comte de Rennes] (      -      )


       Marriage: 



Wife Gerberge 21

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Conan I Count of Rennes, Duke of Brittany 2 23 24

            AKA: Conan de Bretagne, Conan "le Tort" Duc de Bretagne, Comté de Rennes, Conan I Duke of Bretagne
           Born: Abt 927 - <Bretagne, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 29 Jun 992 - Conquereuil, (Loire-Atlantique), Bretagne, (France)
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ermengarde of Anjou (Abt 0952-0992) 25 26
           Marr: 980 - Rennes, (Illes-et-Vilaine), Brittany, (France)



Death Notes: Husband - Judicaël Comte de Rennes

May have died about 930.


Research Notes: Husband - Judicaël Comte de Rennes

From http://cybergata.com/roots/3857.htm :
In the next few years several Viking states, similiar to the one forming in Normandy, were established in Brittany. The county of Nantes was abandoned to the Vikings in 921 by King Robert I of France. William Longsword, Duke of the Normans, aqdvanced through the Contenin and the Avaranchin. About 936, William assented to the return to Brittany of Alain Barbetote, Count of Cournaille from England - the same year that Louis IV d'Outremer returned to France from England to reestablish Carolingian rule there. An earlier attempt by Alain to his inheritance in 931 had failed.
While other Breton counts were seeking refuge at the English court, Berenger of Rennes alone remained to withstand the Viking onslaught. He was surrounded by them.
Direct contact between the rulers of Brittany and the Kings of France gradually ceased in the course of the 10th century. No Duke of Brittany acknowledged fealty of performed homage directly to the King of France until 1099. Following Alain Barbatorte's death in 952, leaving no clear heir, a power vacuum in the duchy was filled by the Counts of Rennes.

~Annals and Antiquities of Lacok Abbey, Pedigree V. p. 264759


Guillaume d'Angoulême and Gerberge d'Anjou




Husband Guillaume d'Angoulême 27

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 6 Apr 1028 - Angoulême, (Charente, France)
         Buried: After 6 Apr 1028 - Saint-Cybard, Angoulême, (Charente, France)


         Father: Arnaud "Mancer" d'Angoulême (      -0991) 28
         Mother: Raingarde (      -      )


       Marriage: 



Wife Gerberge d'Anjou 29

           Born:  - <Anjou, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Geoffroi Comté d'Anjou (Abt 0938-0987) 30 31
         Mother: Adelaide of Vermandois (0950-0975/0978) 32




Children
1 M Geoffroy d'Angoulême 33

            AKA: Geoffroy d'Angoulême
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Dec 1048 - Angoulême, (Charente, France)
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Petronille d'Archiac Dame de Bouteville (      -Bef 1029) 34



Death Notes: Husband - Guillaume d'Angoulême

Murdered.


Research Notes: Husband - Guillaume d'Angoulême

From http://cybergata.com/roots/4566.htm :
Web Reference: Charles Cawley's Medieval Lands, Guillaume d'Angoulême .
Guillaume d'Angoulême was the son of Arnaud "Mancer" comté d'Angoulême and his first wife, Raingarde, sister of Bellus Homo. He succeeded his father as count in 988. He married, sometimes before 100, Gerberge d'Anjou, daughter of Geoffroy I "Grisgonelle" comté d'Anjou and his wife Adele de Meaux or Vermandois. Guillaume was murdered, 6 Apr 1028.


Research Notes: Child - Geoffroy d'Angoulême

From http://cybergata.com/roots/4564.htm :
Web Reference: Charles Cawley's Medieval Lands, Geoffroy d'Angoulême .
Geoffroy d'Angoulême, son of Guillaume IV, comté d'Angoulême and his wife Gerberge d'Anjou. He succeeded his father in 1030, and married Petronille d'Archiac, dame d'Archiac et de Bouteville, daughter of Mainard "le Riche" Seigneur d'Archiac and his wife Udulgardis.


Gerhard II Count of Metz and Gisela Countess of Alsace




Husband Gerhard II Count of Metz 2 35

            AKA: Gerard de Bouzonville
           Born: Abt 1024 - <Lorraine, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Gisela Countess of Alsace 2

           Born: Abt 1028 - <Lorraine, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Gerard IV Count of Alsace, Duke of Upper Lorraine 2 35 36

            AKA: Gerard Duke of Lorraine
           Born: Bef 1050 - <Lorraine, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 4 Apr 1070 - Remiremont, (Vosges), Lorraine, France
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Hedwig of Namur (Abt 0995-Abt 1080) 2 36



Birth Notes: Child - Gerard IV Count of Alsace, Duke of Upper Lorraine

Wikipedia has b. abt. 1030.


Death Notes: Child - Gerard IV Count of Alsace, Duke of Upper Lorraine

May have died on 14 April 1070.


Research Notes: Child - Gerard IV Count of Alsace, Duke of Upper Lorraine

From Wikipedia - Gerard, Duke of Lorraine :

Gerard IV, Duke of Alsace (ca. 1030 - April 14 , 1070 ) was the count of Metz and Chatenois from 1047/1048, when his brother Duke Adalbert resigned them to him on becoming the Duke of Upper Lorraine . On Adalbert's death the next year, Gerard became duke and was so until his death. In contemporary documents, he is called Gerard of Alsace (after his familial homeland), Gerard of Chatenoy (after an ancestral castle near Neufchâteau ), or Gerard of Flanders (after his wife's homeland). His name is spelled Gérard in French and Gerhard in German .[1]

He was the second son of Gerard de Bouzonville , count of Metz , and Gisela, possible a daughter of Thierry I, Duke of Upper Lorraine . Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor , invested Adalbert with Lorraine in 1047 after confiscating it from Godfrey III . Godfrey did not back down, however, and killed Adalbert in battle. Henry subsequently bestowed it on Gerard, but the deposed duke continued to stir. Godfrey had the support of a faction of the noblesse who did not want a strong hand at the ducal helm and Gerard was imprisoned. Gerard, however, had the support of the chiefest of his bishops , that of Toul , Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg (later the sainted Pope Leo IX ), who procured his liberation in 1049. The emperor gave him troops to assist him in his fight, for the rebels had the support of some elements in the church. Gerard himself remained, as his brother had, faithful to the end to the imperial dynasty and his descendants would remain so as well even into the Hohenstaufen years.

His alliance with the church was regular but inconstant and he founded Moyenmoutier Abbey , Saint-Mihiel Abbey , and Remiremont Abbey . The former was the abbey of Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida , who excommunicated the patriarch of Constantinople , Michael I Cerularius , in 1054, thus precipitating the Great Schism , and the latter was his own final resting place.

On 18 June 1053 , Gerard and Prince Rudolf of Benevento led papal and Swabian troops into battle on behalf of Pope Leo. This was the Battle of Civitate and it was a disastrous loss for the pope. His enemy, the Normans , under Humphrey of Hauteville and Richard of Aversa , defeated his allies and captured his person, taking him prisoner in Benevento. Gerard, however, returned to Lorraine.

Among his other construction projects, was that of the castle of Prény , in the centre of the duchy, the beginnings of the capital city, Nancy . He died at Remiremont while trying to kill a revolt. Poisoning was suspected. The date of his death is either 14 April or 11 August .

He was married to Hedwige of Namur (or of Flanders), daughter of Albert I, Count of Namur , and Ermengarde, daughter of Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine . This marriage helped patch up relations with the baronage. They had the following issue:
Thierry II (c.1055-1115), successor in Lorraine
Gerard (1057-1108), count of Vaudémont
Beatrice, married Stephen I, Count of Burgundy , Mâcon , and Vienne
Gisela, abbess of Remiremont

He was the progenitor the line of duke which ruled Lorraine until 1755.


Rollo Thurstan Brico and Gerlotte




Husband Rollo Thurstan Brico 2

            AKA: Rollo Thurstan Bigod
           Born: Abt 995 - <Maer, (Nord-Trondelag), Norway>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Gerlotte 2

           Born: Abt 913 - <Tillieres, Normandy, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Ansfred I Rollosson 2 37

            AKA: Ansfrid I Goz Viscomte d'Hiemes
           Born: Abt 937 - <Tillieres, Normandy, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Helloe Countess of Beulac (Abt 0942-      ) 2
           Marr: Abt 962




Gérold of Geneva and Gisele




Husband Gérold of Geneva 2 38

            AKA: Gerold Count of Geneva
           Born: Abt 1012 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: by 1080
         Buried: 


         Father: Aimon I Count of Vienne (Abt 0985-1016) 2
         Mother: Bertha Countess of Flanders (Abt 0987-      ) 2


       Marriage: 



Wife Gisele 2 38

            AKA: Gisela
           Born: Abt 1020 - <Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Jeanne of Geneva 2 39

            AKA: Joan of Geneva
           Born: Abt 1040 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Amadeus II Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Margrave of Susa (Abt 1032-1080) 2 39
           Marr: Between 1065 and 1070



Research Notes: Husband - Gérold of Geneva

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 274A-23 (Amadeus II)


Research Notes: Wife - Gisele

First wife of Gérold de Genève

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 274A-23 (Amadeus II)


Research Notes: Child - Jeanne of Geneva

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 274A-23 (Amadeus II)


Rainou Count of Forcalquier and Gersend of Forcalquier




Husband Rainou Count of Forcalquier

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Gersend of Forcalquier

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Garsenda II of Sabran

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Alfonso II of Provence (      -1209)
           Marr: 1193



Research Notes: Husband - Rainou Count of Forcalquier

Source: Wikipedia - Alfonso II, Count of Provence


Research Notes: Wife - Gersend of Forcalquier

Source: Wikipedia - Alfonso II, Count of Provence


Research Notes: Child - Garsenda II of Sabran

Source: Wikipedia - Alfonso II, Count of Provence


Robert I Count of Flanders and Gertrude of Saxony




Husband Robert I Count of Flanders 40 41

            AKA: Robert "the Friesian"
           Born: Between 1029 and 1035
     Christened: 
           Died: 13 Oct 1093 - Kassel, Hesse, (Germany)
         Buried: 


         Father: Baldwin V de Lille, Count of Flanders (1012-1067) 42 43 44
         Mother: Adele Capet Princess of France (Abt 1009-Abt 1079) 45 46


       Marriage: 1063



Wife Gertrude of Saxony 47 48

            AKA: Gertrude Billung
           Born: Abt 1030
     Christened: 
           Died: 4 Aug 1113
         Buried: 


         Father: Bernard II Duke in Saxony (Abt 0995-1059) 2 49 50
         Mother: Eilika of Schweinfurt (      -      )




Children
1 F Gertrude of Flanders 51

           Born: Abt 1070
     Christened: 
           Died: 1117
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Thierry II Duke of Lorraine (      -1115) 36 52



Birth Notes: Husband - Robert I Count of Flanders

Wikipedia has b. 1033.


Death Notes: Husband - Robert I Count of Flanders

May have died on 3 Oct 1093.


Research Notes: Husband - Robert I Count of Flanders

Second son of Baldwin V of Flanders. Second husband of Gertrude of Saxony.

From Wikipedia - Robert I, Count of Flanders :

Robert I of Flanders (1029/1032 - 13 October 1093 in Kassel ), known as Robert the Frisian, was count of Flanders from 1071 to 1092.


History
He was the younger son of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adèle , a daughter of King Robert II of France .

Robert was originally intended to secure the northern borders of Flanders by his marriage to Gertrude of Saxony , Dowager Countess of Holland, but after his brother's death in 1070 he displaced his nephews and became count of Flanders.

Family
By Gertrude of Saxony he had five children:
Robert II
Adela (d. 1115), who first married king Canute IV of Denmark , and was the mother of Charles the Good , later count of Flanders. She then married Roger Borsa , duke of Apulia .
Gertrude, who married 1) Henry III, Count of Louvain and had 4 children.[1] 2) Thierry II, Duke of Lorraine , and was the mother of Thierry of Alsace , also later count of Flanders
Philip of Loo, whose illegitimate son William of Ypres was also a claimant to the county of Flanders
Ogiva, abbess of Messines

Count of Flanders
Robert's nephew Arnulf III (son of Baldwin VI of Flanders ) succeeded his father in 1070 and was supported by his mother Richilde, Countess of Mons and Hainaut . However, Robert challenged Arnulf's succession to the throne of Flanders and began rallying support mainly in northern Flanders (where the bulk of Arnulf's forces were located). Arnulf's ranks contained individuals such as Count Eustace II of Boulogne , Count Eustace III of Boulogne , and Godfrey of Bouillon .

Moreover, Arnulf was supported by King Philip I of France since Philip's aunt, Adela , married Baldwin V of Flanders . A contingent of ten Norman knights led by William FitzOsborn were among the forces sent by Philip to aid Arnulf. Robert's forces attacked Arnulf's numerically superior army at Cassel before it could organize. Arnulf himself was killed along with William FitzOsborn while Richilde was captured by Robert's forces. However, Robert himself was captured by Eustace II. Ultimately, Richilde was exchanged for Robert's freedom.[1] As a result of the battle Robert became count of Flanders.


Research Notes: Wife - Gertrude of Saxony

Widow of Florent I (Floris I), Count of Holland.

From Wikipedia - Gertrude of Saxony :

Gertrude of Saxony (also known as Gertrude Billung) (c. 1030 - August 4 , 1113 ), was the daughter of Bernard II, Duke of Saxony and Eilika of Schweinfurt . She married Floris I, Count of Holland (c. 1017 - June 28 , 1061 ) c. 1050, and upon his death, her son Dirk V became Count of Holland . Since he was still young, she became regent.

When Dirk V came into power, William I, Bishop of Utrecht , took advantage of the situation, occupying territory that he had claimed in Holland . Gertrude and her son withdrew to the islands of Frisia (Zeeland), leaving William to occupy the disputed lands.

In 1063 Gertrude married Robert of Flanders (Robert the Frisian), the second son of Baldwin V of Flanders . This act gave Dirk the Imperial Flanders as an appanage - including the islands of Frisia west of the Frisian Scheldt . She and her husband then acted as co-regents for the young count.

Family and children
She had a total of seven children with Floris I:
Albrecht (b. ca. 1051), a canon in Liege .
Dirk V (ca. 1052, Vlaardingen -17 June 1091 ).
Pieter (b. ca. 1053), a canon in Liége.
Bertha (ca. 1055-1094, Montreuil-sur-Mer ), who married Philip I of France in 1072.
Floris (b. ca. 1055), a canon in Liége.
Machteld (b. ca. 1057)
Adela (b. ca. 1061), who married Count Baudouin I of Guînes .

From her second marriage to Robert I she had five children:
Robert II of Flanders (c. 1065 - October 5 , 1111 ).
Adela (d.1115), who first married king Canute IV of Denmark , and was the mother of Charles the Good , later count of Flanders. She then married Roger Borsa , duke of Apulia .
Gertrude, who married Thierry II, Duke of Lorraine , and was the mother of Thierry of Alsace , also later count of Flanders.
Philip of Loo, whose illegitimate son William of Ypres was also a claimant to the county of Flanders.
Ogiva, abbess of Messines.


Thierry II Duke of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders




Husband Thierry II Duke of Lorraine 36 52

            AKA: Dietrich II Duke of Lorraine, Theodoric II "the Valiant" Duke of Lorraine
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1115
         Buried: 


         Father: Gerard IV Count of Alsace, Duke of Upper Lorraine (Bef 1050-1070) 2 35 36
         Mother: Hedwig of Namur (Abt 0995-Abt 1080) 2 36


       Marriage: 



Wife Gertrude of Flanders 51

           Born: Abt 1070
     Christened: 
           Died: 1117
         Buried: 


         Father: Robert I Count of Flanders (Between 1029/1035-1093) 40 41
         Mother: Gertrude of Saxony (Abt 1030-1113) 47 48




Children
1 M Thierry I of Lorraine, Count of Flanders 53 54

            AKA: Dietrich I of Lorraine, Count of Alsace, Thierry of Alsace, Thierry Count of Flanders
           Born: Abt 1099
     Christened: 
           Died: 17 Jan 1168
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Sybil of Anjou (Abt 1112-1165) 55 56
           Marr: 1131



Research Notes: Husband - Thierry II Duke of Lorraine

Second husband of Gertrude of Flanders.

From Wikipedia - Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine :

Theodoric II (died 1115), called the Valiant, was the duke of Lorraine from 1070 to his death. He was the son and successor of Gerhard and Hedwige de Namur. He is sometimes numbered Theodoric I if the dukes of the House of Ardennes , who ruled in Upper Lorraine from 959 to 1033, are ignored in favour of the dukes of Lower Lorraine as predecessors of the later dukes of Lorraine.

In fact, Sophia, the daughter of Duke Frederick II of the House of Ardennes, who had inherited the counties of Bar and Montbéliard , had a husband named Louis , who contested the succession. In order to receive the support of his brother, he gave him the county of Vaudémont and convened an assembly of nobles, who elected him duke over Louis. Soon Louis was dead, but his son, Theodoric II of Bar , claimed the succession anyway. However, Emperor Henry IV confirmed Theodoric the Valiant in the duchy. Probably for this reason, Theodoric remained faithful to the emperors throughout his rule. He fought the Saxons while they were at war with the Emperor between 1070 and 1078 and he opposed the popes Gregory VII and Urban II when they were in conflict with the Emperor.

In 1095, he planned to take up the Cross (i.e., go on Crusade , specifically the First ), but his ill health provoked him to drop out, nevertheless convincing his barons to go east. Thereafter, he took little part in imperial affairs, preferring not to intervene between Henry IV and his son Henry , or against Lothair of Supplinburg , duke of Saxony .

Family and children
His first wife was Hedwige (d. 1085 or 1090), daughter of Frederick, count of Formbach , they married around 1075.

They had the following issue:
Simon , his successor in Lorraine
Gertrude (d. 1144), married Floris II of Holland

His second wife was Gertrude (1080-1117), daughter of Robert I of Flanders and Gertrude of Saxony .

They had the following issue:
Theodoric (1100-1168), lord of Bitche and count of Flanders (1128-1168)
Henry I (d. 1165), bishop of Toul
Ida, married Sigefroy (d. 1104), count of Burghausen
Ermengarde, married Bernard de Brancion
Gisela, married Frederick, count of Saarbrücken


Research Notes: Child - Thierry I of Lorraine, Count of Flanders

Youngest son of Thierry II, Duke of Lorraine.

From Wikipedia - Thierry, Count of Flanders :

Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 - January 17 , 1168 ), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders ). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade , the failed 1157-1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar , and the 1164 invasion of Egypt ), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading.

Life
After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France . William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges , Ghent , Lille , and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, and upon his arrival he engaged in battle against William.

Louis VI had Raymond of Martigné , the Archbishop of Reims , excommunicate him, and Louis himself then besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England , William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst , where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven , and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27 , 1128 , leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county.

Thierry set up his government in Ghent and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order to gain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut , who had advanced his own claim on Flanders.

In 1132 his wife, Suanhilde, died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem , and married Sibylla of Anjou , daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a very prestigious marriage.

This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land . While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi , and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead . He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia , ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven .

Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade . He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre , where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made.

He participated in the Siege of Damascus , led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem , and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France , and Conrad III of Germany , he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut , but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home.

During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois ; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain , with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry II of Leez , Bishop of Liège . In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut .

In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois , daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois . In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar , but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany . Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return.

In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I , another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli . He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse.

He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten , between Saint-Omer and Gravelines . His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry.

Family
His first wife, Suanhilde, died in 1132, leaving only one daughter:
Laurette of Flanders , who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst ; Henry II, Duke of Limburg ; Raoul I of Vermandois , Count of Vermandois ; Henry IV of Luxembourg . Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170.
Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou , daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine , and widow of William Clito . Their children were:
Philip of Flanders (died 1191)
Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne
Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut
Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy
Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault
Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai


Sources


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2. http://www.familysearch.org.

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4. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-19 (Reginar III).

5. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-20, 155-20 (Lambert I).

6. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-19 (Charles of Lorraine).

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13. Wikipedia.org, "Gerberga of Burgundy."

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15. Wikipedia.org, "Conrad I of Burgundy."

16. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 157-19, 133-19, 101-21 (Robert II).

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41. Wikipedia.org, Robert I, Count of Flanders.

42. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-22, 128-22 (Adele of France).

43. http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

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45. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 128-22, 162-22 (Baldwin V).

46. Wikipedia.org, Adela of France, Countess of Flanders.

47. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I).

48. Wikipedia.org, Gertrude of Saxony.

49. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I), 149-22 (Albert III).

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51. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-24.

52. Wikipedia.org, Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine.

53. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-25, 165-25, 129-25 (Sybil of Anjou).

54. Wikipedia.org, Thierry, Count of Flanders.

55. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 129-25, 165-25 (Thierry of Lorraine).

56. Wikipedia.org, Sibylla of Anjou.


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1 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-20, 148-20 (Gerberga).

2 http://www.familysearch.org.

3 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-19.

4 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-19 (Reginar III).

5 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-20, 155-20 (Lambert I).

6 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 149-19 (Charles of Lorraine).

7 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 148-21, 158-21.

8 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 158-21 (Maud of Louvain).

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-21.

10 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 155-21 (Lambert II).

11 Wikipedia.org, "Herman II, Duke of Swabia."

12 Wikipedia.org, "Conrad I, Duke of Swabia."

13 Wikipedia.org, "Gerberga of Burgundy."

14 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 101-21 (Robert II).

15 Wikipedia.org, "Conrad I of Burgundy."

16 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 157-19, 133-19, 101-21 (Robert II).

17 Wikipedia.org, "Matilda of France."

18 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 157-21.

19 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-21.

20 Wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_II,_Duke_of_Upper_Lorraine.

21 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 119A-21 (Ermengarde of Anjou).

22 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/3857.htm.

23 http://www.familysearch.org, Disc #125 Pin #891165 Maitland Dirk Brower & Kevin Bradford.

24 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 121E-21 (Richard II).

25 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 119A-21.

26 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #874597 Maitland Dirk Brower.

27 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4566.htm.

28 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4568.htm.

29 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4567.htm.

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-20 (Adelaide de Vermandois).

31 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4316.htm.

32 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 118-20, 121-20.

33 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4564.htm.

34 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/4565.htm.

35 Wikipedia.org, Gerard, Duke of Lorraine.

36 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-24 (Gertrude of Flanders).

37 Website - Genealogy, thepeerage.com.

38 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23 (Amadeus II).

39 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23.

40 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23.

41 Wikipedia.org, Robert I, Count of Flanders.

42 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 162-22, 128-22 (Adele of France).

43 http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

44 Wikipedia.org, Baldwin V, Count of Flanders.

45 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 128-22, 162-22 (Baldwin V).

46 Wikipedia.org, Adela of France, Countess of Flanders.

47 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I).

48 Wikipedia.org, Gertrude of Saxony.

49 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-23 (Robert I), 149-22 (Albert III).

50 Wikipedia.org, Bernard II, Duke of Saxony.

51 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-24.

52 Wikipedia.org, Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine.

53 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 164-25, 165-25, 129-25 (Sybil of Anjou).

54 Wikipedia.org, Thierry, Count of Flanders.

55 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 129-25, 165-25 (Thierry of Lorraine).

56 Wikipedia.org, Sibylla of Anjou.


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