The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Theophilus Field and Alice




Husband Theophilus Field 1

           Born: 22 Jan 1573 - Cripplegate, London, Middlesex, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 2 Jun 1636 - Herefordshire, England
         Buried: 


         Father: John Field (1519-1588) 2
         Mother: Jane Anyas (1528-1609) 3


       Marriage: 



Wife Alice

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M James Field 4

           Born: 1601 - Cripplegate, London, Middlesex, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Ann Roger Clarke (1602-      ) 5




Raoul I de Lusignan and Alice d'Eu Countess of Eu, Lady of Hastings




Husband Raoul I de Lusignan 6 7

           Born: Between 1160 and 1165 - <Lusignan, (Vienne, Poitou-Charente)>, France
     Christened: 
           Died: 1 May 1219 - Melle, <(Deux-Sèvres, Poitou-Charente)>, France
         Buried: 


         Father: Hugh VIII "le Vieux" de Lusignan (Abt 1141-Abt 1173) 8 9
         Mother: Bourgogne de Rancon (      -After 1169)


       Marriage: Sep 1213

   Other Spouse: Marguerite de Courtenay Dame de Chateauneuf-sur-Cher & Margravine of Namir (1194-1270) 10 - Abt 1210

Events

• Comte d'Eu:




Wife Alice d'Eu Countess of Eu, Lady of Hastings 11 12

            AKA: Alice d'Eu Countess of Eu, Lady of Hastings, Alix d'Eu 8th Comtesse d'Eu & 4th Lady of Hastings
           Born: Abt 1191
     Christened: 
           Died: 15 May 1246 - La Mothe-Saint-Héray, (Deux-Sèvres), Poitou (Poitou-Charente), Framce
         Buried: 


         Father: Henry Count of Eu, Lord of Hastings (      -1183) 13
         Mother: Maud de Warenne (Abt 1162-Bef 1228) 12 14




Children
1 F Mahaut de Lusignan 15 16

            AKA: Maud d'Eu, Maud de Lusignan
           Born: Abt 1210
     Christened: 
           Died: 14 Aug 1241
         Buried:  - Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
         Spouse: Humphrey V de Bohun 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex (1208-1275) 16 17
           Marr: Abt 1236



Research Notes: Husband - Raoul I de Lusignan

2nd son of Hugues de Lusignan.

From Wikipedia - Raoul I of Lusignan :

Raoul I of Lusignan or Raoul I de Lusignan (1160 or 1164/1165 - Acre, Palestine , 1217 or Melle , May 1 , 1219 ), was the second son of Hugues de Lusignan, Co-Seigneur de Lusignan in 1164 (c. 1141 - 1169), and wife, married before 1162, Orengarde N, who died in 1169, and grandson of Hugh VIII . He became Seigneur d'Issoudun before 1200, Count of Eu by marriage, Seigneur de Melle, de Chize, de Civray and de La Mothe. He was buried at the Priory of Fontblanche, in Exoudun .
He married firstly c. 1210 (annulled before 1213) Marguerite de Courtenay (1194 - Marienthal , July 17 , 1270 and buried there), Dame de Chateauneuf-sur-Cher and Margravine of Namur (1229-1237), daughter of Peter II of Courtenay and second wife Yolande of Namur, Margravine of Namur , without issue. He later married secondly in September, 1213 Alix d'Eu, 8th Countess of Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings (c. 1191 - La Mothe-Saint-Heray, Poitou , May 14 or 15, 1246), daughter of Henri d'Eu (d. by March 17 , 1183 or 1190/1191), 7th Comte d'Eu and 3rd Lord of Hastings and wife as her first husband Mathilde or Maud de Warenne (c. 1162 - c. 1212 or by December 13 , 1228 ), and had two children:
Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 - August 14 , 1241 , buried at Llanthony, Gloucester ), married c. 1236 as his first wife Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex on April 28 , 1228 and Constable of England (bef. 1208 - Warwickshire , September 24 , 1275 , buried at Llanthony, Gloucester ), and had issue.
Raoul II de Lusignan


Research Notes: Child - Mahaut de Lusignan

First wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28 (Humphrey V de Bohun).


William FitzNigell 2nd Baron of Halton and Aliva




Husband William FitzNigell 2nd Baron of Halton 18 19

            AKA: William FitzNigel 2nd Baron of Halton, William Fitz Nigell
           Born: 1085 - Halton, West Riding, Yorkshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 1153
         Buried:  - Chester, Cheshire, England


         Father: Sir Nigell FitzIvo 1st Baron of Halton (Abt 1042-Abt 1080) 20 21 22
         Mother: 


       Marriage: Abt 1110 - Flamborough, East Riding, Yorkshire, England

Events

• Constable:

• Baron of Halton: 1080-1134.

• Established: Runcorn Priory, 1115.




Wife Aliva 23

           Born: Abt 1085 - East Halton, Skipton, West Riding, Yorkshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Yorfid Baron of Widnes (      -      ) 22
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Agnes FitzWilliam 22 24 25

            AKA: Agnes FitzNigell
           Born: Abt 1114 - East Halton, Skipton, West Riding, Yorkshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 1166
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Eustace FitzJohn 4th Baron of Halton (Abt 1110-1157) 22 26 27
           Marr: Abt 1127 - Flamborough, East Riding, Yorkshire, England


2 M William FitzWilliam 3rd Baron of Halton 22

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1150 - Normandy, France
         Buried: 




Research Notes: Husband - William FitzNigell 2nd Baron of Halton

From Wikipedia - Barons of Halton :

2 William FitzNigel
(1080-1134)
The son of Nigel of Cotentin. He also held the honour of being the Marshal of the Earls' host, which was an important position in the Norman military hierarchy. In addition to his land in Halton, his estate included land in other parts of Cheshire and also in Normandy .[4] He married the eldest daughter of Yorfid, the baron of Widnes . Yorfid left no male heir and on his death the Lancashire manors of Widnes, Appleton, Cronton and Rainhill came to William.[1] In 1115 he established a priory of the Augustinian Order of Canons Regular in Runcorn .[5] He was buried at Chester.[6]


Research Notes: Child - Agnes FitzWilliam

Sister of William FitzWilliam, 3rd Baron of Halton.


Research Notes: Child - William FitzWilliam 3rd Baron of Halton

From Wikipedia - Barons of Halton :

3 William FitzWilliam
(1134-1150)
The son of William FitzNigel. In 1134 he moved the priory from Runcorn to a site to the east of Halton. This became Norton Priory .[7] William died childless in Normandy.[8]


Eudes I Count of Maurienne and Savoy and Alix Duchess of Turin




Husband Eudes I Count of Maurienne and Savoy 28 29

            AKA: Eudo I Count of Savoy and Maurienne, Odo I Count of Maurienne (Savoy) and Chablis, Otto Count of Maurienne and Savoy
           Born: Abt 1002 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1 Mar 1060
         Buried: 


         Father: Humbert I Count of Savoy (Abt 0972-1042/1051) 29
         Mother: Ancelie von Lenzburg (Abt 0974-      ) 29


       Marriage: Abt 1046



Wife Alix Duchess of Turin 29 30 31

            AKA: Adelaide of Susa, Duchess of Turin
           Born: Abt 1015
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 Dec 1091
         Buried: 


         Father: Olderich Manfred II Margrave of Turin (      -1035) 28
         Mother: Berta (      -After 1037) 32




Children
1 M Amadeus II Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Margrave of Susa 29 33

            AKA: Amadeo II Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Amadeus I Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Margrave of Susa
           Born: Abt 1032 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 26 Jan 1080
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Jeanne of Geneva (Abt 1040-      ) 29 33
           Marr: Between 1065 and 1070


2 F Bertha of Savoy 31 34

            AKA: Bertha of Turin
           Born: 21 Sep 1051
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 Dec 1087 - Mainz, Germany


         Buried:  - Speyer Cathedral, Speyer, [Rhineland-Palatinate, ] Germany
         Spouse: Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor (1050-1106) 32 35
           Marr: 13 Jul 1066 - Trebur, (Groß-Gerau, Hesse, Germany)



Death Notes: Husband - Eudes I Count of Maurienne and Savoy

FamilySearch has d. 19 Jan 1057 or 1060.


Research Notes: Husband - Eudes I Count of Maurienne and Savoy

Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Margrave of Susa, Count of Chablis


Research Notes: Wife - Alix Duchess of Turin

Duchess of Turin, Margravine of Susa


Research Notes: Child - Amadeus II Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Margrave of Susa

Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Margrave of Susa


Research Notes: Child - Bertha of Savoy

From Wikipedia - Bertha of Savoy :

Bertha of Savoy, also called Bertha of Turin (21 September 1051 - 27 December 1087 in Mainz) was the first wife of Emperor Henry IV , and was German Queen and Holy Roman Empress. She is buried in the cathedral of Speyer.

Life
Bertha of Savoy was a daughter of Otto of Savoy (also called Eudes and Odo) and Adelaide of Susa . Her maternal grandparents were Ulric Manfred II of Turin and Bertha of the Obertenghi .
As children, during the lifetime of Emperor Henry III , Bertha and Henry IV were betrothed on 25 December 1055 in Zürich . The wedding took place on 13 July 1066 in Trebur . While Bertha was apparently in love with Henry from the outset, Henry initially viewed his wife with aversion. Although she was apparently a pretty young woman, the Saxon chronicler Bruno, an avowed opponent of Henry IV, reported on the Emperor's continual unfaithfulness: "He had two or three Kebsweiber (concubines ) at the same time, in addition [to his wife], yet he was not content. If he heard that someone had a young and pretty daughter or wife, he instructed that she be supplied to him by force. (...) His beautiful and noble wife Bertha (...) was in such a manner hated by him that he never saw her after the wedding any more than necessary, since he had not celebrated the wedding out of free will."
In 1069, Henry began procedures for a divorce, supplying what was for the time an unusually honest reason for the divorce: "The king explained publicly (before the princes), that his relationship with his wife was not good; for a long time he had deceived others, but now he did not want to do so any longer. He could not accuse her of anything that justified a divorce, but he was not capable of carrying out conjugal relations with her any longer. He asked them for the sake of God to remove him from the bonds of a marriage closed under bad signs ... so that the way to a luckier marriage might be opened. And nobody knowing any objection to raise, and his wife being an obstacle to a second marriage ceremony, he then swore that she was as he received her, unstained and her virginity intact." (Bruno of Merseburg)
The German episcopacy dared not submit to the King's demands, and called on Pope Alexander II for assistance. He sent Petrus Damiani as his Legate to the Synod in Frankfurt, and rejected the divorce. Henry then apparently submitted to his fate, his first daughter by Bertha being born in the year after the divorce attempt.
Bertha also accompanied her husband on his dangerous journey to Canossa , carrying her three-year-old son Conrad. She remained with her husband between 25-28 January 1077 in freezing cold weather before the walls of the castle, in order to reach the solution to Henry's dispute with the Pope. Together with Henry, Bertha later also journeyed to Rome , and on 31 March 1084 was crowned Empress.
On 27 December 1087, Bertha died in Mainz.

Children
From her marriage with Henry there were eventually five children:
Adelheid (1070-4 June 1079)
Henry (1071-2 August 1071)
Agnes of Germany (1072/73-24 September 1143 )
Conrad (12 February 1074 -27 July 1101 ), later Roman-German King and King of Italy
Henry V (8 January 1086 -23 May 1125 ), later Roman-German King and Holy Roman Emperor

Sources
Bruno von Merseburg: Brunonis Saxonicum bellum. Brunos Sachsenkrieg. - Übersetzt v. Franz-Josef Schmale. - In: Quellen zur Geschichte Kaiser Heinrichs IV. - Darmstadt, 1968. - (= Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters. Freiherr vom Stein-Gedächtnisausgabe ; 12). - S. 191-405.
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 45-23, 274-22, 274-23.


Roger "the Poitevin" Montgomery and Almodis Countess of La Marche




Husband Roger "the Poitevin" Montgomery 29 36

            AKA: Roger de Poitou, Roger de Poitou
           Born: Abt 1058 - Normandy, France
     Christened: 
           Died: Between 1122 and 1140 - <La Marche, (France)>
         Buried: 


         Father: Roger de Montgomery 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (Abt 1022-1094) 29 37 38 39 40
         Mother: Mabel Talvas (Abt 1026-1079) 29 41


       Marriage: Abt 1083 - Poitou, France



Wife Almodis Countess of La Marche 29

            AKA: Aumodis Countess of La Marche
           Born: Abt 1062 - <La Marche, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Aldebert II Count of La Marche & Poitou (      -1088) 42
         Mother: 




Children
1 F Avice de Lancaster 29

            AKA: Avicia de Lancaster
           Born: Abt 1088
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1149
         Buried: 
         Spouse: William "the Younger" Peverel of Peveril Castle, Derbyshire (Abt 1080-After 1155) 29 43
           Marr: Abt 1112 - La Marche, Normandy, France


2 F Pontia de la Marche 44

            AKA: Pontia de la Marche
           Born:  - <La Marche, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Vulgrin II Comte d'Angoulême (Abt 1108-1140) 44 45 46



Research Notes: Husband - Roger "the Poitevin" Montgomery

3rd son of Roger of Montgomery & Mabel of Bellême.

From Wikipedia - Roger the Poitevin :

Roger the Poitevin (Roger de Poitou) was born in Normandy , around the year 1058, and died between 1122 and 1140. He was an Anglo-Norman aristocrat, who possessed large holdings in both England and (in right of his wife) in France .

He was the third son of Roger of Montgomery, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and Mabel of Bellême . The appellation "the Poitevin" was for his marriage to an heiress from Poitou (see below).

Around 1074 Roger acquired, probably through the influence of his father, a great lordship in England, with lands in Salfordshire , Essex , Suffolk , Nottinghamshire , Derbyshire , Lincolnshire and Hampshire . The principal part of the Lordship -- Salfordshire -- was in what was then called inter Mersam et Ripam, that is, "between the Mersey and the Ribble ", and is now part of Lancashire.

Also before 1086 he married Almodis, daughter of Count Aldebert II of La Marche in Poitou, and sister and presumptive heiress of count Boso III who was childless and unmarried.

Roger's lordship extends beyond the Ribble as far as Cumberland
Around 1091 Roger's brother-in-law Boso died, but Roger was apparently preoccupied with Norman and English affairs, and his wife's uncle Odo became count of La Marche.

In 1092 Roger acquired a large part of what is now north Lancashire. These grants gave Roger effective control of all the lands north of the River Ribble to the River Lune , which formed a natural border between the secure Norman lands in England and the strongly contested Scottish frontier lands in Cumberland . Due to long established lines of communication across Morecambe Bay , Roger also assumed authority over the regions of Furness and Cartmel ; these remained a part of Lancashire until as recently as 1974. The expansion of Roger's lands followed his support of King William II Rufus 's invasion of Cumbria in AD1092, where Dolfin of Dunbar probably ruled as a vassal of Scottish King Malcolm Canmore (Alternatively, after c. AD 1070 Dolfin may have seized and ruled Cumbria as an independent Lord with an ancestry that traced back to another Dolfin, son of Thorfinn, and the ancient Lords of Cumbria). Dolfin was driven out and the Anglo-Scottish border was established north of Carlisle . Roger also acquired the great honour of Eye centered in Suffolk .

1094 and after
Roger's father died in 1094, leaving his estates to Roger's elder brothers, and Roger now had to pick his own course in the complicated politics of late 11th century England and France. His first big choice came later in 1094, during the conflicts between William Rufus and Robert Curthose . Rufus had been generous to Roger and was his overlord in England, while Roger's elder brother Robert was loyal to Curthose.

Rufus sent Roger to hold the castle at Argentan in Normandy, but Roger quickly and without a fight surrendered it to Philip I of France , who was an ally of Curthose. Naturally he lost Rufus's trust and had little influence on the remaining four years of the reign.

Roger, along with his brothers, was a supporter of Curthose in his conflicts with Henry I of England during the early years of Henry's reign. After their failed rebellion of 1102, they lost their English holdings and were exiled.

Roger then went to his wife's holdings in Poitou. Almodis's uncle Odo was ousted as count of La Marche in 1104, and subsequently the sons of Roger and Almodis are styled as count. Roger himself appears not have had much influence in affairs there, and in 1109 he was permitted to return to England (Robert Curthose having in the interim been defeated and imprisoned), where he stayed for a while but did not recover his earlier holdings.

Offspring
The children of Roger and Almodis include:
Aldebert IV of La Marche
Boso IV of La Marche
Odo II of La Marche
Pontia of La Marche, who married Wulgrin II of Angoulême
Avice de Lancaster




Almos Magyar Prince in Hungary




Husband Almos Magyar Prince in Hungary 47

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 895
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Arpád Magyar Prince in Hungary 48

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 907
         Buried: 





Pepin II of Heristal, Duke of Austrasia and Alpaida




Husband Pepin II of Heristal, Duke of Austrasia 49 50

            AKA: Pepin of Herstal
           Born: Abt 645 - Herstal, Liège, Austrasia (Belgium)
     Christened: 
           Died: 16 Dec 714 - Junille, (Meuse, Lorraine), France
         Buried: 


         Father: Ansegisel of Metz, Duke Ansgise (Abt 0602-Between 0648/0669) 51 52 53
         Mother: Saint Begga of Landen (Abt 0613-0693) 54 55 56


       Marriage: 

Events

• Acceded: as Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia & Neustria, 687.




Wife Alpaida 57 58

            AKA: Alphaida, Aupais
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Charles Martel King of the Franks 50 59 60 61 62

            AKA: Carollus Martellus, Charles "the Hammer" King of the Franks
           Born: Abt 676 - Herstal, Liège, Austrasia (Belgium)
     Christened: 
           Died: 22 Oct 741 - Ciersy Sur Oise, Austrasia (France)
         Buried:  - Monastery of St. Denis, Saint-Denis, [Île-de-France, France]
         Spouse: Swanachild (Abt 0691-      )
         Spouse: Rotrude of Treves (0690-0724) 63



Birth Notes: Husband - Pepin II of Heristal, Duke of Austrasia

May have been b. abt. 635. Ancestral Roots line 190-10 has b. abt. 645.


Research Notes: Wife - Alpaida

Concubine of Pepin II and mother of Charles Martel.


Birth Notes: Child - Charles Martel King of the Franks

Ancestral Roots has b. 676; Wikipedia has abt. 688


Research Notes: Child - Charles Martel King of the Franks

From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871722:

"Charles is particularly remembered in history for winning the battle of Tours in 732. The battle, near Poitiers on 11 October, ended the invasion of a 90,000 man Moorish [Saracen] army led by the Yemenite Abd ar-Rahman. The Moors had crossed the Pyrenees by 720 when they captured Narbonne. After sacking and burning Bordeaux, they defeated an army under Eudes, Duke of Aquitaine (RIN # 4056). Attracted by its riches, the Moors marched on Tours, but were defeated by Charles (afterwards called Charles the Hammer) then 44 years of age. Abd ar-Rahman is killed and the invaders retreated across the Pyrenees to Spain where they will not be driven from until 1492. In 735, Charles conquered Burgundy, adding its lands to the Kingdom of the Franks.
"!The People's Chronology; 65"
-------
From Wikipedia - Charles Martel :
Charles Martel (Latin : Carolus Martellus) (ca. 688 - 22 October 741),[1][2][3][4][5] called Charles the Hammer, was a Frankish military and political leader, who served as Mayor of the Palace under the Merovingian kings and ruled de facto during an interregnum (737-43) at the end of his life, using the title Duke and Prince of the Franks . In 739 he was offered the title of Consul by the Pope , but he refused.[6] He is perhaps best remembered for winning the Battle of Tours in 732, in which he defeated an invading Muslim army and halted northward Islamic expansion in western Europe.[7]

A brilliant general-he lost only one battle in his career (the Battle of Cologne )-he is a founding figure of the Middle Ages , often credited with a seminal role in the development of feudalism and knighthood , and laying the groundwork for the Carolingian Empire .[8] [9]

Birth and youth
Martel was born in Herstal , in present-day Belgium , the illegitimate son of the mayor and duke Pippin II and his concubine Alpaida .[10]

The following tale is told of Charles and of the origins of his name:[citation needed ] in 676, Pepin of Herstal and his wife Plectrude were talking together in a room when they were intruded upon by a messenger, bringing news that the Mayor's mistress, Alpaida , had given birth to a son at Herstal. The messenger, fearful of arousing the wrath of Plectrude, decided not to announce the news directly. Instead, he said: "Long live the king, it is a carl" ('man'). Pepin, equally cautious of his wife, dismissed the messenger as follows: "A carl, is it? Then let him be called that." This was done, and, so legend claims, the child was named "Carl". In Germany he's still called "Karl Martell". Alpaida also bore Pepin another son, Childebrand.

<<b>>Contesting for power<</b>>
In December 714, Pepin of Heristal died. Prior to his death, he had, at his wife Plectrude's urging, designated Theudoald , his grandson by their son Grimoald , his heir in the entire realm. This was immediately opposed by the nobles because Theudoald was a child of only eight years of age. To prevent Charles using this unrest to his own advantage, Plectrude had him gaoled in Cologne , the city which was destined to be her capital. This prevented an uprising on his behalf in Austrasia , but not in Neustria .

Death

Charles Martel died on October 22, 741, at Quierzy-sur-Oise in what is today the Aisne département in the Picardy region of France. He was buried at Saint Denis Basilica in Paris . His territories were divided among his adult sons a year earlier: to Carloman he gave Austrasia and Alemannia (with Bavaria as a vassal), to Pippin the Younger Neustria and Burgundy (with Aquitaine as a vassal), and to Grifo nothing, though some sources indicate he intended to give him a strip of land between Neustria and Austrasia.

Gibbon called him "the hero of the age" and declared "Christendom ... delivered ... by the genius and good fortune of one man, Charles Martel."

Family and children
Charles Martel married twice:

His first wife was Rotrude of Treves , (690-724) (daughter of St. Leutwinus, Bishop of Treves ). They had the following children:
Hiltrud (d. 754), married Odilo I , Duke of Bavaria
Carloman
Landrade (Landres), married Sigrand, Count of Hesbania
Auda, Aldana, or Alane, married Thierry IV, Count of Autun and Toulouse
Pippin the Short

His second wife was Swanhild . They had the following child:
Grifo
Charles Martel also had a mistress, Ruodhaid . They had the following children:
Bernard (b. before 732-787)
Hieronymus
Remigius , archbishop of Rouen (d. 771)
Ian (d. 783)


Alphonso Count of Ghesnes




Husband Alphonso Count of Ghesnes 29 64

           Born: Abt 1030 - <Hedingham, Essex, England>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Aubrey I de Vere 29 65 66

            AKA: Aubrey I De Vere, Alberic de Vere
           Born: Abt 1060 - France
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1088 - England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Beatrice de Gand (Abt 1062-      ) 67 68
           Marr: Abt 1060 - France



Birth Notes: Child - Aubrey I de Vere

http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019545.htm has b. 1030 in Hedingham, Essex, England.


Research Notes: Child - Aubrey I de Vere

Held manors in Essex, Suffolk, Middlesex and Cambridge, Castle Hedingham being the chief seat.


Alpin




Husband Alpin 69

           Born: Abt 778 - <Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 834 - Galloway, (Scotland)
         Buried: 


         Father: Eochaid "the Poisonous" King of Dál Riata (      -After 0781) 70
         Mother: Fergusa (Abt 0755-      ) 29


       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Cináed King of the Picts 29 71 72

            AKA: Kenneth I King of the Picts, Cináed mac Ailpín King of the Picts, Kenneth MacAlpin King of the Picts and Scots
           Born: Abt 810 - Iona, Argyllshire, Scotland
     Christened: 
           Died: 13 Feb 858 - Cinnbelachoir [near Scone], Scotland
         Buried:  - Iona, Argyllshire, Scotland




Death Notes: Husband - Alpin

Slain. FamilySearch has d. 20 Jul 834.


Research Notes: Husband - Alpin

Uncertain from this point back in time (see notes under Cináed [810-858]). This may not have been Cináed's father, and Alpin's descent may not be as given.

The Armorial vol. I: 35-40, 79-87, 143-148, 192-196; vol. II: 9-14, 92-102 with cited authorities. This reference also provides the descent to Kenneth MacAlpin of the lines of the Kings of Strathclyde and of the Picts), line 170-12.


Death Notes: Child - Cináed King of the Picts

FamilySearch has 6 Feb 859


Research Notes: Child - Cináed King of the Picts

From Ancestral Roots, line 710-13.
"This is the famous Kenneth MacAlpin, King of the Picts and Scots, 843-d. 858. (For more details on generations 1-13, see also H. Pirie-Gordon, "Succession of the Kingdom of Strathclyde,"The Armorial vol. I: 35-40, 79-87, 143-148, 192-196; vol. II: 9-14, 92-102 with cited authorities. This reference also provides the descent to Kenneth MacAlpin of the lines of the Kings of Strathclyde and of the Picts)."

-----------

From Wikipedia - Kenneth MacAlpin :

Cináed mac Ailpín (Modern Gaelic : Coinneach mac Ailpein)[1], commonly Anglicised as Kenneth MacAlpin and known in most modern regnal lists as Kenneth I (born 810 died 13 February 858 ) was king of the Picts and, according to national myth , first king of Scots , earning him the posthumous nickname of An Ferbasach, "The Conqueror".[2] Kenneth's undisputed legacy was to produce a dynasty of rulers who claimed descent from him. Even though he cannot be regarded as the father of Scotland, he was the founder of the dynasty which ruled that country for much of the medieval period.

Kenneth's origins are uncertain, as are his ties, if any, to previous kings of the Picts or Dál Riata. Among the genealogies contained in the Middle Irish Rawlinson B.502 manuscript, dating from around 1130, is the supposed descent of Malcolm II of Scotland . Medieval genealogies are unreliable sources, but some historians accept Kenneth's descent from the Cenél nGabrain of Dál Riata. The manuscript provides the following ancestry for Kenneth:

... Cináed mac Ailpín son of Eochaid son of Áed Find son of Domangart son of Domnall Brecc son of Eochaid Buide son of Áedán son of Gabrán son of Domangart son of Fergus Mór ...[7]

Leaving aside the shadowy kings before Áedán son of Gabrán, the genealogy is certainly flawed insofar as Áed Find, who died c. 778, could not reasonably be the son of Domangart, who was killed c. 673. The conventional account would insert two generations between Áed Find and Domangart: Eochaid mac Echdach , father of Áed Find, who died c. 733, and his father Eochaid .

Although later traditions provided details of his reign and death, Kenneth's father Alpin is not listed as among the kings in the Duan Albanach , which provides the following sequence of kings leading up to Kenneth:

Naoi m-bliadhna Cusaintin chain, The nine years of Causantín the fair;, a naoi Aongusa ar Albain, The nine of Aongus over Alba; cethre bliadhna Aodha áin, The four years of Aodh the noble; is a tri déug Eoghanáin. And the thirteen of Eoghanán. Tríocha bliadhain Cionaoith chruaidh, The thirty years of Cionaoth the hardy, It is supposed that these kings are the Constantine son of Fergus and his brother Óengus II (Angus II), who have already been mentioned, Óengus's son Uen (Eóganán), as well as the obscure Áed mac Boanta , but this sequence is considered doubtful if the list is intended to represent kings of Dál Riata, as it should if Kenneth were king there.[8]

The idea that Kenneth was a Gael is not entirely rejected, but modern historiography distinguishes between Kenneth as a Gael by culture, and perhaps in ancestry, and Kenneth as a king of Gaelic Dál Riata. Kenneth could well have been the first sort of Gael. Kings of the Picts before him, from Bridei son of Der-Ilei, his brother Nechtan as well as Óengus I (Angus I) son of Fergus and his presumed descendants were all at least partly Gaelicised.[9] The idea that the Gaelic names of Pictish kings in Irish annals represented translations of Pictish ones was challenged by the discovery of the inscription Custantin filius Fircus(sa), the latinised name of the Pictish king Caustantín son of Fergus, on the Dupplin Cross .[10]

Other evidence, such as that furnished by place-names, suggests the spread of Gaelic culture through western Pictland in the centuries before Kenneth. For example, Atholl , a name used in the Annals of Ulster for the year 739, has been thought to be "New Ireland ", and Argyll derives from Oir-Ghàidheal, the land of the "eastern Gaels".

Kenneth died from a tumour on 13 February, 858 at the palace of Cinnbelachoir, perhaps near Scone . The annals report the death as that of the "king of the Picts", not the "king of Alba". The title "king of Alba" is not used until the time of Kenneth's grandsons, Donald II (Domnall mac Causantín) and Constantine II (Constantín mac Áeda). The Fragmentary Annals of Ireland quote a verse lamenting Kenneth's death:

Because Cináed with many troops lives no longer
there is weeping in every house;
there is no king of his worth under heaven
as far as the borders of Rome.[14]

Kenneth left at least two sons, Constantine and Áed , who were later kings, and at least two daughters. One daughter married Run , king of Strathclyde , Eochaid being the result of this marriage. Kenneth's daughter Máel Muire married two important Irish kings of the Uí Néill . Her first husband was Aed Finliath of the Cenél nEógain . Niall Glúndub , ancestor of the O'Neill , was the son of this marriage. Her second husband was Flann Sinna of Clann Cholmáin. As the wife and mother of kings, when Máel Muire died in 913, her death was reported by the Annals of Ulster, an unusual thing for the misogynistic chronicles of the age.


Alved Lord of Barnstable and Totnes




Husband Alved Lord of Barnstable and Totnes 29 73

            AKA: Alured de Totenais
           Born: Abt 1015 - <Barnstaple, Devonshire>, England
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Johel de Totenais 29 73 74

            AKA: Juhel of Totnes, Judhael de Toteneis of Totnes & Barnstable, co. Devon, Juhel de Toteneis
           Born: Abt 1049 - Barnstaple, Devonshire, England
     Christened: 
           Died: After 1123
         Buried: 
         Spouse: < > de Pecguigny (Abt 1054-      ) 29



Research Notes: Child - Johel de Totenais

From Wikipedia - Juhel of Totnes :

Juhel of Totnes[1] was a Breton nobleman and supporter of William I of England of the eleventh century.


Life
He was in 1069 one of the leaders of Breton forces on the Norman side, fighting against the remaining forces that had been loyal to Harold II of England [2] He was Lord of Totnes , and holder of many manors in south-west England, at the time of the Domesday Survey (1086)[3]. He was however dispossessed or pushed out of Totnes shortly afterward. According to Frank Barlow [4] William II of England

replaced the Breton Judhel, whom he expelled from Totnes at the beginning of his reign for an unknown reason, with his favourite, Roger (I) of Nonant.


Family
His daughter Aenor married Philip de Braose [5], son of William de Braose, 1st Lord of Bramber .


Sources


1. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915342.

2. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915351.

3. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915341.

4. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915347.

5. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915343.

6. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-38 (Alice d'Eu).

7. Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan; Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

8. Wikipedia.org, Hugh VIII of Lusignan; County of La Marche.

9. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 275-24.

10. Wikipedia.org, ul I of Lusignan.

11. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-28.

12. Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan.

13. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 139-27, 123-27 (Maud de Warenne).

14. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-27.

15. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-29, 97-28 (Humphrey de Bohun V).

16. Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

17. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-28, 123-29 (Maud d'Eu).

18. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025193.htm.

19. http://www.familysearch.org, mpact Disc #125 Pin #879421 Maitland Dirk Brower.

20. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025197.htm.

21. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #894665 Maitland Dirk Brower.

22. Wikipedia.org, Barons of Halton.

23. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #890149 Maitland Dirk Brower.

24. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025189.htm.

25. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #879420 Maitland Dirk Brower.

26. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025188.htm.

27. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #881644 Maitland Dirk Brower.

28. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22.

29. http://www.familysearch.org.

30. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22 & 274A-22.

31. Wikipedia.org, Bertha of Savoy.

32. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-23.

33. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23.

34. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-23.

35. Wikipedia.org, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

36. Wikipedia.org, Roger the Poitevin.

37. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 124-26 (Robert de Caen).

38. Wikipedia.org, Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.

39. Website:, http://www.renderplus.com/hartgen/htm/montgomery.htm.

40. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/409.htm.

41. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/428.htm.

42. Wikipedia.org, Roger the Poitevin; County of La Marche.

43. Wikipedia.org, "William Peverel the Younger."

44. Wikipedia.org, Wulgrin II, Count of Angoulême.

45. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 153A-25 (Marguerite de Turenne).

46. Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1121.htm.

47. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-1 (Arpád).

48. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-1.

49. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91670 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

50. http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

51. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-9.

52. Wikipedia.org, Ansegisel.

53. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91673 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

54. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-9 (Duke Ansegisel).

55. Wikipedia.org, Saint Begga.

56. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91674 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

57. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-10 (Pepin II of Heristal).

58. Wikipedia.org, Alpaida.

59. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-11, 191-11, 50-11 (Rotrou).

60. Wikipedia.org, Charles Martel.

61. http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91488 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

62. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871722.

63. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-11.

64. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019553.htm.

65. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019545.htm.

66. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874437.

67. Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019546.htm has Beatrice (Beatrix) Gand (Ghent). Was that the same person??.

68. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874438.

69. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-12.

70. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-11.

71. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 710-13.

72. Wikipedia.org, Kenneth MacAlpin.

73. Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-5 (Bertha of Hereford).

74. Wikipedia.org, Juhel of Totnes.


Sources


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2 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915351.

3 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915341.

4 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915347.

5 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3317154&id=I666915343.

6 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-38 (Alice d'Eu).

7 Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan; Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

8 Wikipedia.org, Hugh VIII of Lusignan; County of La Marche.

9 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 275-24.

10 Wikipedia.org, ul I of Lusignan.

11 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-28.

12 Wikipedia.org, Raoul I of Lusignan.

13 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 139-27, 123-27 (Maud de Warenne).

14 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-27.

15 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 123-29, 97-28 (Humphrey de Bohun V).

16 Wikipedia.org, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford.

17 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 97-28, 123-29 (Maud d'Eu).

18 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f51/a0025193.htm.

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23 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #890149 Maitland Dirk Brower.

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25 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #125 Pin #879420 Maitland Dirk Brower.

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29 http://www.familysearch.org.

30 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-22 & 274A-22.

31 Wikipedia.org, Bertha of Savoy.

32 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 45-23.

33 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274A-23.

34 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 274-23.

35 Wikipedia.org, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

36 Wikipedia.org, Roger the Poitevin.

37 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 124-26 (Robert de Caen).

38 Wikipedia.org, Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury.

39 Website:, http://www.renderplus.com/hartgen/htm/montgomery.htm.

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41 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/428.htm.

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43 Wikipedia.org, "William Peverel the Younger."

44 Wikipedia.org, Wulgrin II, Count of Angoulême.

45 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 153A-25 (Marguerite de Turenne).

46 Website:, http://cybergata.com/roots/1121.htm.

47 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-1 (Arpád).

48 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 243-1.

49 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91670 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

50 http://www.familysearch.org, (Kevin Bradford).

51 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-9.

52 Wikipedia.org, Ansegisel.

53 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91673 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

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55 Wikipedia.org, Saint Begga.

56 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91674 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

57 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-10 (Pepin II of Heristal).

58 Wikipedia.org, Alpaida.

59 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 190-11, 191-11, 50-11 (Rotrou).

60 Wikipedia.org, Charles Martel.

61 http://www.familysearch.org, Compact Disc #94 Pin #91488 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer).

62 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871722.

63 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 50-11.

64 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019553.htm.

65 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019545.htm.

66 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874437.

67 Website - Genealogy, http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f001/f95/a0019546.htm has Beatrice (Beatrix) Gand (Ghent). Was that the same person??.

68 http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593874438.

69 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-12.

70 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 170-11.

71 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 710-13.

72 Wikipedia.org, Kenneth MacAlpin.

73 Weis, Frederick Lewis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr; William R. Beall and Kaleen E. Beall, eds, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (8th ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2008.), Line 177-5 (Bertha of Hereford).

74 Wikipedia.org, Juhel of Totnes.


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